After Alexander the Great's death, Egypt was administred by Ptolemy, one of his friends and generals. In 305 B.C. Ptolemy crowned himself king, establishing one of the most important and flourishing hellenistic monarchies. The culture was a complex mixture of egyptian and greek traditions, best represented by the famous city of Alexandria. As all other hellenistic kingdoms, Egypt suffered a slow decline in parallel with the mighty rising of Rome, and it's end witnessed the great story of Queen Cleopatra, Julius Caesar and Marc Antony.
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C.
Huge bronze! The largest of all Ptolemaic bronze coins.
SH65393. Bronze octobol, Svoronos 446; Weiser 19; BMC Ptolemies p. 37, 158; SNG Cop 142; Noeske 64; Hosking 13; Malter 67, VF, weight 93.293 g, maximum diameter 45.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, head turned back right, E between legs; $750.00 (€562.50)
Lot of 81 Bronze Coins, Paphos, Cyprus, Time of Cleopatra VII, c. 35 B.C.
LT38166. Bronze Lot, 20 Cleopatrahemiobol; Bank of Cyprus 69; Paphos II 469 ff.; Hosking 68; Cox Curium 128; Michaelidou 35; Svoronos -; Weiser -, SNG Cop -, Fair to Fine, Paphos mint, c. 35 BC; obverse laureate head of Zeus; reverse statue of Zeus Salaminos standing, holding stalks of grain, star above (part of this statue has been recovered); actual coins in the photograph, as is, no returns; $580.00 (€435.00)
Ptolemais was a maritime city of Galilee (Acts 21:7). It was originally Accho, but was renamed Ptolemais under the rule of Ptolemy I Soter.
SH62932. Silver tetradrachm, cf. Svoronos 185; SNG Cop -; BMC Ptolemies -; SNG Milan -; Noeske -; Hazzard -; Hosking -, VF, toned, weight 12.815 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 45o, Galilee, Ake Ptolemais mint, 285 - 246 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, ∆ left; rare; $540.00 (€405.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Magas in Kyrene, c. 277 - 249 B.C.
Magas was the stepson of Ptolemy I, the son of Berenice I, and half-brother to Ptolemy II. In 276 B.C., he crowned himself King in Kyrene, married the daughter of Antiochos I and invaded Egypt with his Seleukid allies. The Seleukid army was defeated by Ptolemy II and Magas faced an internal revolt of Libyan nomads. Still, Kyrene remained independent as long as he lived.
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros) or Ptolemy X Alexander, c. 114 - 80 B.C.
After Ptolemy VIII died in 116 B.C., Cleopatra III ruled with her mother Cleopatra II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother Cleopatra III murdered, and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.
GP62519. Bronze AE 14, unpublished, cf. Svoronos 1696 (1 spec., 35mm), Cox Curium 119 (25mm), Weiser -, Hosking -, Noeske -, Malter -, VF, weight 2.053 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, c. 114 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEOΣ, eagle standing left, pesatos(?) with diadem and straps left; possibly unique; $310.00 (€232.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VIIIEuergetes II (Physcon), Second Reign, 145 - 116 B.C.
Ptolemy VIII and his older brother Ptolemy VI ruled jointly from 170 to 164 B.C. The brothers disagreed and Ptolemy VIII was forced to withdraw to Kyrenaica, which he ruled. After his brother's death, in 145 B.C., he claimed the throne and married Cleopatra II (his brother's widow and also his sister). Later he married Cleopatra III (his niece and stepdaughter) after which relations with Cleopatra II were strained. Ptolemy VIII was unpopular with the Alexandrians, who nicknamed him Physkon (pot belly). --- Greek Coins and Their Values by David R. Sear
SH63045. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1615, SNG Cop 608, SNG Milan -, Noeske -, BMC Ptolemies -, VF, weight 13.344 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, Cyprus, Kitium mint, 119 - 118 B.C.; obverse diademed bust right wearing aegis; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, LNB (year 52) left, KI right; scarce mint and coin; $310.00 (€232.50)
Kingdom of Mauretania, Ptolemy, 24 - 40 A.D.
Ptolemy was the son of KingJuba II and Queen Cleopatra Selene II. His mother was the daughter of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony. Ptolemy was educated in Rome and Roman citizen. In late 40, Caligula invited Ptolemy to Rome. After welcoming him with appropriate honors, he ordered his assassination. Mauretania became a Roman province.
GB59023. Bronze half unit, Mazard 498, Müller Afrique 198, SNG Cop -., Fair, rough, weight 6.325 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea (now Cherchell, Algeria) mint, 24 - 40 A.D.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Ptolemy right; reverselion standing right, star above; very rare; $300.00 (€225.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Ptolemy IV's surname, Philopator, means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
SH59538. Bronze drachm, Svoronos 992; Weiser 60 (Ptolemy III, 247 - 243 B.C.); SNG Cop 205; SNG Milan 216, Noeske 147, Hosking 36, BMC Ptolemies p. 74, 71 (Ptolemy V), aVF, weight 73.463 g, maximum diameter 41.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, filleted cornucopia left, ΣE monogram between eagle's legs; a massive 73 gram Ptolemaic bronze!; $290.00 (€217.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy Nios under Ptolemy II, 268 - 259 B.C.
Svoronos knew only the single BMC example. Very rare and missing from most collections.
Ptolemy Nios was the son of Lysimachos and Arsinoe II, as well as the step-son and co-ruler of Ptolemy II from 268 - 259 B.C. He was removed from his co-regency after he rebelled in 259 B.C., but remained as ruler of Telmessos in Lycia until after 240 B.C.
SH64051. Bronze dichalkon, Svoronos 792, pl. XXV, 22 (Ake-Ptolemais); BMC Ptolemies p. 65, 29 (Ptolemy IV, Ptolemais); Ashton Fethiye -; Weiser -; Noeske -; Hosking -, SNG Cop -, VF, weight 5.093 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Lycia, Telmessos mint, c. 260 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, tripod left, ΠTO right; very rare; $270.00 (€202.50)
Ptolemy II requested copies of Jewish texts for the Library at Alexandria. There they were translated and transcribed by seventy Jewish scholars hired for the purpose, creating the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). Many of the oldest Biblical verses among the Dead Sea Scrolls, particularly those in Aramaic, correspond more closely with the Septuagint than with the Hebrew text.
SH54977. Silver quarter-ma'ah-obol, Meshorer TJC 32; Mildenberg Yehud pl. 21, 24; Hendin 1087, gF, weight 0.192 g, maximum diameter 6.4 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem? mint, obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right; reverseeagle standing half left on thunderbolt, wings open, head left, Aramaic YHDH (Yehudah) on left; $240.00 (€180.00)
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ). Cox, D.H. Coins from the Excavations at Curium, 1932-1953. ANSNNM 145. (New York, 1959). Hazzard, R.A. Ptolemaic Coins: An Introduction for Collectors. (Toronto, 1995). Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010). Hill, G.F. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Greek Coins of Cyprus. (London, 1904). Hill, G.F. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Phoenicia.. (London, 1910). Kreuzer, M. The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII, Marc Antony and Augustus in Cyprus. (Springfield, MA, 2004). Malter, Joel. The Coinage of Ancient Egypt, Auction II, February 23 and 24, 1978. (Encino, CA, 1978). Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001). Michaelidou, L, ed. Museum of the History of Cypriot Coinage, Coin Catalogue. (Nicosia, 1996). Michaelidou, L. and E. Zapiti. Coins of Cyprus, From the Collection of the Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation. (Nicosia, 2008). Mildenberg, L. "Yehud: A Preliminary Study of the Provincial Coinage of Judaea" in Essays Thompson. Mørkholm, O. Early Hellenistic Coinage. From the Accession of Alexander to the Peace of Apamea (336-188 BC). (Cambridge, 1991). Nicolaou, I. Paphos II. The Coins from the House of Dionysos. Department of Antiquities Cyprus. (Nicosia, 1990). Noeske, H-C. Die Münzen der Ptolemäer. (Frankfurt, 2000). Pitchfork, C. The Jon Hosking Collection of Ptolemaic Coins. Nicholson Museum, University of Sydney. (Sydney, 2000). Polk, R.S. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, the Ptolemies, Kings of Egypt. (London, 1882). Price, M.J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991). Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979). Robinson, E.S.G. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, The Greek Coins of Cyrenaica. (London, 1927). Svoronos, J. Ta Nomismata tou Kratous ton Ptolemaion. (Athens, 1904-08). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 8: Egypt, NorthAfrica, Spain - Gaul. (New Jersey, 1994). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Italy, Milano XIII, Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche, Aegyptus, Part 1: Ptolemaei. (Milan, 1989). Weiser, W. Katalog Ptolemäischer Bronzemünzen der Sammlung des Instituts für Altertumskunde, Universität Köln. (Opladen, 1995).
Catalog current as of Wednesday, April 16, 2014. Page created in 1.358 seconds