Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Reign as of , 101 - 88 B.C.
Ptolemy IX Lathyros ("grass pea") was of three times, 116 B.C. to 110 B.C., 109 B.C. to 107 B.C. and 88 B.C. to 81 B.C., with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. When this coin was struck Ptolemy IX ruled in and Ptolemy X in .
Serifs are unique to just a few Ptolemaic coins from this time period. Perhaps all are the of a single engraver. Serifs also appear on a very Kition of this ruler. They appear on the K behind the of on the latest of the octadrachms. The heavy-set portrait compares well to MFA 59.51, and not so well to images of Ptolemy I.
, apparently unpublished and unique!, VF, 13.234 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 0o, Paphos mint, as of , year 27, 91 - 90 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy IX right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on a thunderbolt, left, wings closed, date LKZ (year 27) before, ΠA mint mark behind, all letters with serifs; ex Gerhard Nachfolger, auction 303 (25 Sep 2014), lot 2880;
Hellenistic Greek, Bronze Relief Ring Fragment, Eastern Mediterranean, 3rd - 1st Century B.C.
This bronze ring fragment is very similar to the referenced ring fragment in the British Museum (click here to see it online).AS84167. cf. BM Collection 1917.0501.1267 (very similar ring fragment), bezel
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Huge bronze! The largest of all Ptolemaic bronze coin types.GP75643. Bronze octobol,
446; 19; p. 37, 158; 142; 64; 13; 67, aF, 77.706 g, maximum 46.9 mm, 0o, mint, diademed of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, turned back right, E between legs;
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Magas in Kyrene, c. 277 - 249 B.C.
Magas was the stepson of Ptolemy I, the son of Berenice I, and half-brother to Ptolemy II. In 276 B.C., he crowned himself in Kyrene, married the daughter of Antiochos I and invaded with his Seleukid allies. The Seleukid army was defeated by Ptolemy II and Magas faced an internal revolt of Libyan nomads. , Kyrene remained independent as long as he lived.
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III , 246 - 222 B.C.
Ptolemy III was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in . He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response he invaded , occupied Antioch and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9.GP75645. Bronze tetrobol,
(Yehudah), Ptolemaic Rule, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Ptolemy II requested copies of Jewish texts for the Library at . There they were translated and transcribed by seventy Jewish scholars hired for the purpose, creating the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). Many of the oldest Biblical verses among the Dead Sea Scrolls, particularly those in Aramaic, correspond more closely with the Septuagint than with the Hebrew text.SH54977. Silver quarter ma'ah,
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV , 221 - 204 B.C.
Ptolemy IV's surname, , means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and . He was a cruel and evil monarch.GP83551. Bronze
, 1125; 140 ff.; 199; 49 (Ptolemy II, 253 - 249 B.C.); p. 57, 106 ff. (Ptolemy III); -, aVF, 63.564 g, maximum 40.5 mm, 0o, mint, c. 221 - 204 B.C.; horned of Zeus right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, filleted left, ∆I between eagle's legs; a massive Ptolemaic bronze!;
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Kyrene, c. 322 - 313 B.C.
Silphium grew only in Kyrenaica and most coins of the region, including this one, depict it. The stalk was eaten as a vegetable. Parts of the were used to treat all kinds of maladies including cough, sore throat, fever, indigestion, pain, and warts. The fruit was considered both an aphrodisiac and a contraceptive, and was worth its in . Unfortunately, we will never know if its medicinal properties were real or imagined because the became extinct in the first century A.D. It's said that ate the last .GB84582. Bronze AE 14,
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX II (Lathyros), 2nd Reign, 88 - 80 B.C.
Similar coins with either a over T, or over Delta, are fairly common. This apparently unpublished coin is from the same period.GP62533. Bronze AE 24, unpublished, cf.
Marathos, , 173 - 172 B.C.
Marathos, the most northern coastal town in , was apparently under Ptolemaic hegemony when this coin was struck. The of is usually attributed to be also that of Ptolemy VI. Destroyed by its neighbor and rival Aradus, c. 145 B.C., Marathos was later rebuilt as a colony of Aradus.GP73972. Bronze AE 21,
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