Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Reign as of , 101 - 88 B.C.
Ptolemy IX Lathyros ("grass pea") was of three times, 116 B.C. to 110 B.C., 109 B.C. to 107 B.C. and 88 B.C. to 81 B.C., with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. When this coin was struck Ptolemy IX ruled in and Ptolemy X in .
Serifs are unique to just a few Ptolemaic coins from this time period. Perhaps all are the of a single engraver. Serifs also appear on a very Kition of this ruler. They appear on the K behind the of on the latest of the octadrachms. The heavy-set portrait compares well to MFA 59.51, and not so well to images of Ptolemy I. SH72904. Silver , apparently unpublished and unique!, VF, 13.234 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 0o, Paphos mint, as of , year 27, 91 - 90 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy IX right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on a thunderbolt, left, wings closed, date LKZ (year 27) before, ΠA mint mark behind, all letters with serifs; $2250.00 (€1957.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX II (Lathyros), 116 - 108 B.C.
The of this undated closely resembles the of the referenced year 2 and of Ptolemy IX.SH90360. Silver , apparently unpublished and unique! for cf. 1661 (Ptolemy IX, 115 B.C., , ΠA, LB) and 1662 ( , same), VF, light corrosion, scratches, 3.125 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 315o, c. 116 B.C.; Diademed of Ptolemy I right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings closed, no ; ex Gerhard Nachfolger, auction 296 (3 Feb 2014), lot 1975; $1080.00 (€939.60)
, Ptolemy I, as in , 323 - 305 B.C.
Ptolemy Lagides was a Macedonian general who, after Alexander's death, became the of under the nominal kings Philip III Arrhidaeus and the infant Alexander IV. By custom, kings in asserted their right to the throne by burying their predecessor. Probably because he wanted to preempt Perdiccas, the imperial regent, from staking his claim in this way, Ptolemy took stole the body of Alexander. Ptolemy then openly joined the coalition against Perdiccas. Thus began the long series of wars between the , Alexander's successors. In 305, Ptolemy took the titles and pharaoh, founding the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Ptolemaic Dynasty.GP72061. Bronze , 172 (as ); p. 8, 62 (295 - 284, ); 36; 5; 21; -; -, VF, , red and brown , 4.503 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 315o, mint, 310 - 305 B.C.; diademed and horned of deified Alexander the Great right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY (no title, upward on left), standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings open, above helmet on left; ex ; ; $370.00 (€321.90)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Huge bronze! The largest of all Ptolemaic bronze coins.GP75643. Bronze octobol, 446; 19; p. 37, 158; 142; 64; 13; 67, aF, 77.706 g, maximum 46.9 mm, 0o, mint, diademed of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, turned back right, E between legs; $300.00 (€261.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Magas in Kyrene, c. 277 - 249 B.C.
Magas was the stepson of Ptolemy I, the son of Berenice I, and half-brother to Ptolemy II. In 276 B.C., he crowned himself in Kyrene, married the daughter of Antiochos I and invaded with his Seleukid allies. The Seleukid army was defeated by Ptolemy II and Magas faced an internal revolt of Libyan nomads. , Kyrene remained independent as long as he lived.GB65215. Bronze , 324; 112; 431; 443; 54; p. 76, 14; -, VF, 7.158 g, maximum 22.7 mm, 0o, Kyrene mint, c. 277 - 261 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy right; ΠTOΛEM BAΣIΛ MAΓ, horizontal winged thunderbolt, above; ; $250.00 (€217.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX II (Lathyros) or Ptolemy X Alexander, c. 114 - 80 B.C.
After Ptolemy died in 116 B.C., III ruled with her mother II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother III murdered, and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.GP62519. Bronze AE 14, unpublished, cf. 1696 (1 spec., 35mm), 119 (25mm), -, -, -, -, VF, 2.053 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 0o, Paphos mint, c. 114 - 80 B.C.; of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEOΣ, standing left, pesatos(?) with diadem and straps left; possibly unique; $240.00 (€208.80)
(Yehudah), Ptolemaic Rule, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Ptolemy II requested copies of Jewish texts for the Library at . There they were translated and transcribed by seventy Jewish scholars hired for the purpose, creating the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). Many of the oldest Biblical verses among the Dead Sea Scrolls, particularly those in Aramaic, correspond more closely with the Septuagint than with the Hebrew text.SH54977. Silver quarter-ma'ah-obol, 32; pl. 21, 24; 1087, gF, 0.192 g, maximum 6.4 mm, 180o, Jerusalem(?) mint, 285 - 246 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy I right; standing half left on thunderbolt, wings open, left, Aramaic YHDH (Yehudah) on left; $215.00 (€187.05)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy Nios under Ptolemy II, 268 - 259 B.C.
knew only the single BMC example. Very and missing from most collections.
Ptolemy Nios was the son of and , as well as the step-son and co-ruler of Ptolemy II from 268 - 259 B.C. He was removed from his co-regency after he rebelled in 259 B.C., but remained as ruler of Telmessos in until after 240 B.C.SH64051. Bronze , 792, pl. XXV, 22 (Ake-Ptolemais); p. 65, 29 (Ptolemy IV, Ptolemais); -; -; -; -, -, VF, 5.044 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, , Telmessos mint, c. 260 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings closed, tripod left, ΠTO right; very ; $215.00 (€187.05)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV , 221 - 204 B.C.
1149 is the same as 1148 but with the addition of the .
Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and .GP72049. Bronze tetrobol, 42 (with c/m); 1149 (same); 211 (same); p. 75, 76 (same, Ptolemy V); 151 (no c/m); 97 (Pt. V), VF, 39.031 g, maximum 38.0 mm, 0o, mint, horned of Zeus right, wearing ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, turned back right, ΣE between eagle's legs, rectangular ; big 38 mm bronze; $200.00 (€174.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV , 221 - 204 B.C.
Ptolemy IV's surname means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and . He was a cruel and evil monarch.GP75645. Bronze AE 37, 974 (Ptolemy III), 224 - 226, 91 - 92, 155 ff., VF, 42.461 g, maximum 37.4 mm, 0o, mint, of Zeus right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing half left on , wings closed, right, filleted right ascending from behind shoulder, E between legs; huge 42 gram bronze!; $200.00 (€174.00)
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