OctavianAugustus, the first and possibly greatest Roman emperor, founded the Roman empire after defeating Mark Antony and Cleopatra. He reformed the coinage and the military, and embarked on a huge building program all across the empire. Augustus was succeeded by his stepson Tiberius after a long reign of 41 years. He was 77, having ruled from 27 B.C. to 14 A.D.
Struck around the time of Jesus' birth. This type is considered a possible "Tribute Penny" because it is a denarius that circulated in the lifetime of Christ and the image and inscription are of "Caesar."
The brothers, Caius and Lucius, were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, daughter of Augustus. They were due to succeed Augustus but predeceased him in 4 and 2 A.D. respectively.
SH71020. Silver denarius, RIC I 207, RSC I 43, BMCRE I 533, BnF I 1651 ff., SRCV I 1597, gVF+, details nearly as struck, frosty surfaces, banker's mark, tight flan, weight 3.624 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 270o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 2 B.C. - 4 A.D.; obverseCAESARAVGVSTVS DIVI FPATER PATRIAE, laureate head right; reverse C L CAESARES AVGVSTI FCOS DESIGPRINC IVVENT, Caius and Lucius Caesars stand facing, togate, each resting hand on a round shield with spear behind, above center on left a simpulum right and on right a lituus left; $320.00 (€240.00)
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Restitution Issue Under Trajan(?)
Augustus with Gaius and Luciusdenarii with this unusual style, and some apparently from the same dies, have been attributed in sales and auction listings to an anonymous restitution under Trajan. The well-known normal restitution issues are, however, identified by modified legends. On this type the legend has not been changed from Augustus' issue. In addition, at Rome, an engraver should have know the correct form of the tools of the pontiff and augur. Perhaps these coins are ancient counterfeits or imitatives.
RS68469. Billondenarius, BMCRE I 536, and pl. 13, 18 (attributed to the reign of Augustus, Lugdunum mint), F, debased silver, dark toning, weight 2.930 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 315o, Rome(?) mint, Restitution issue struck under Trajan; obverseAVGVSTI FCOS DESIGCAESARAVGVSTVS DIVI FPATER PATRIAE, laureate head right, one tie over neck; reverseAVGVSTI FCOS DESIGPRINC IVVENT, Adult-proportioned Caius and Lucius Caesar standing togate, shields and spears between, and holding volumina, above, simpulum to left, on left, and lituus with split base to right, on right; very rare; $225.00 (€168.75)
Augustus and Livia, 17 January 39 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Methymna, Lesbos
RPC notes of Methymna: "A few very rare bronze coins had been made in the late Hellenistic period (Franke 28-310); these were followed by equally rare and early imperial issues which are interesting and unusual for their dynastic types and inscriptions."
SH90557. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 2338 (4 specimens), Franke Methymna 3, BMC Troas -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, aF, nice green patina, nice portraits for grade, weight 3.844 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Methymna mint, probably struck late in Augustus' reign; obverse ΣEBAΣTOΣ MAΘY, bare head of Augustus right; reverse ΘEA ΛIBIA, head of Livia right; extremely rare; $225.00 (€168.75)
Cyprus, Time of Augustus, 27 B.C. - 14 A.D.
Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising sign. Perhaps Augustus selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority. Tiberius (born Nov. 13) was a Scorpio.
SH59392. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 3916, SNG Cop -, aVF, weight 2.854 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 315o, Cypriot mint, obverse capricorn right, star above; reverse scorpion left, star above; $205.00 (€153.75)
The brothers, Caius and Lucius, were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, daughter of Augustus. They were due to succeed Augustus but predeceased him in 4 and 2 A.D. respectively. Gaius, the elder of the two brothers has his shield placed in front of that of his younger brother and the ladle above him marking him as Pontifex. Lucius has lituus above marking him as augur. Gaius should have the more prestigious position on the left but this variety has him on the right.
RS71476. Silver denarius, RIC I 212, BMCRE I 538, BnF I 1665, Giard Lyon 86, SRCV I -, F, toned, scratches, scrapes, typical tight flan, weight 3.647 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 90o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 2 B.C. - 5 A.D.; obverseCAESARAVGVSTVS DIVI FPATER PATRIAE, laureate head right; reverse C L CAESARES AVGVSTI FCOS DESIGPRINC IVVENT, Caius and Lucius Caesars togate stand facing, each resting hand on a round shield with spear behind, X in center, above center on left a lituus right and on right a simpulum left; rare; $180.00 (€135.00)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Abdera, Thrace
In ancient Athens it was proverbial to ridicule Abdera by saying that the air in Abdera causes stupidity. But Abdera counted among its citizens the philosophers Democritus, Protagoras and Anaxarchus, historian and philosopher Hecataeus of Abdera, and the lyric poet Anacreon.
SH68886. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1730, Varbanov II 7 (R6), AMNG II 244, SNG Cop 382, SGICV 485, aVF, some corrosion, weight 4.523 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Abdera mint, 63 - 68 A.D.; obverse NEPΩNI KΛAY∆IΩ KAIΣAPI ΣEBAΣTOY, bare head of Nero left; reverse ΘEΩ AB∆HPEITAI, bare head of Augustus (or Claudius) left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Harlan J. Berk; scarce; $175.00 (€131.25)
Kingdom of Thrace, Rhoemetalces I, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D., AugustusReverse
When the Cotys VII, King of Thrace, died about 48 B.C. Rhoemetalces I became the guardian of his nephew Rhescuporis I, his brother's young son and heir. In 13 B.C., Rhescuporis I was defeated and slain in battle by Vologases, chief of the Thracian Bessi, who was leading a revolt against Rome. As Rhescuporis I had left no heir, Rhoemetalces became king. An ally of Augustus, the Roman Historian Tacitus described Rhoemetalces as attractive and civilized. After his death, Augustus divided his realm, half for his son Cotys VIII and the other half for Rhoemetalces' brother Rhescuporis II. Tacitus states that Cotys received the cultivated parts, most towns and most Greek cities of Thrace, while Rhescuporis received the wild and savage portion with enemies on its frontier.
SH63439. Bronze AE 26, Youroukova 204 - 208; RPC I 1711; BMC Thrace 4; Weber 2743, gVF, countermark on obv, weight 10.33 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 180o, obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ POIMHTAΛKOY, jugate heads of Rhoemetalces I, diademed, and Queen Pythodoris right, countermark; reverse KAIΣAPOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY, bare head of Augustus right; ex CNG auction 159, lot 137; ex Garth R. Drewry Collection; ex Alex G. Malloy XVIII (1 December 1980), lot 663; $160.00 (€120.00)
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Moneyer C. Plotius Rufus
The wreath on the reverse is the corona civica, the oak wreath awarded to Roman citizens ex senatus consulto (by special decree of the Senate) for saving the life of another citizen by slaying an enemy in battle. It became a prerogative for Roman emperors to be awarded the Civic Crown, originating with Augustus, who was awarded it in 27 B.C. for saving the lives of citizens by ending the series of civil wars.
RB65443. Orichalcumdupondius, RIC I 388, BMCRE I 150, Cohen 502, SRCV I 1663, F, scrapes, uneven strike, weight 9.693 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 15 B.C.; obverseAVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST, legend in three lines within oak wreath; reverse C PLOTIVS RVFVS III VIR A A A F F, legend surrounding large S C; $160.00 (€120.00)
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Calagurris, Hispania Tarraconensis
Under Roman rule many cities were administered by a pair of magistrates called duumvirs. The inscription tells us this coin was struck in the Municipium Calagurris Iulia, under the duumvirs C. Sempronius Barba and Q. Baebius Flavus. In imperial times, cities sometimes honored the emperor by making him one of the two duumvirs.
RP90901. Bronze AE 29, RPC I 447, Villaronga-Benages 3127, SNG Cop 584, SNG Tübingen 18, SNG München 53, VF, green patina with red earthen highlighting, old scratches on bull, weight 12.121 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 45o, Calagurris mint, 2 B.C. - 14 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESARAVGVSTVS P P, laureate head right; reverse bull standing right on ground line, M CAL I (downward on left), C SEMPBARBA III (above), Q BAEB FLAVO (in exergue), II / VIR (in two lines on right); $160.00 (€120.00)
Thessalonica, Macedonia, Julius Caesar, and Augustus, c. 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. (Possibly Later)
RPC tentatively dates the type to the reign of Augustus but notes it may have been struck as late as the reign of Domitian.
RP70490. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 1555; BMC Macedonia p. 115, 60; cf. SNG Cop 395 (Julius Caesar laureate); SGICV I 151 (same), F+, weight 8.287 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. (Possibly Later); obverse ΘEOC, bare head of Julius Caesar right; reverse ΘECCAΛONI KEΩN, bare head of Augustus right; $150.00 (€112.50)
AVGVSTVS AVGVSTVSDIVIF AVGVSTVSTRPOT AVGVSTVSTRPOTVII CAESARAVGPONTMAXTRIBVNICPOT CAESARAVGTRIBVNPOTES CAESARAVGVSTPONTMAXTRIBVNICPOT CAESARAVGVSTVS CAESARAVGVSTVSDIVIF CAESARAVGVSTVS DIVIFPATERPATRIAE CAESARAVGVSTVSSPQR CAESARAVGVSTVSTRIBVNICPOTEST CAESARAVGVSTVSTRPOT CAESARAVGTRIBVNPOTES CAESARCOSVI CAESARDIVIFCOSVI CAESARIAVGVSTO CAESARIMP CAESARIMPVII CAESARIIIVIRRPC CAESARPONTMAX CCAESARIIIVIRRPC CCAESARIMP CCAESARIIIVIRRPC DIVOAVGVSTO DIVOAVGVSTOSPQR DIVOAVGVSTOSPQROBCIVESSER DIVVSAVGVSTVS DIVVSAVGVSTVSPATER DIVVSAVGVSTVSSC DIVIIVLIF GALVSMESSALLAIIIVIR IMPCAESAR IMPCAESARAVGVST IMPCAESARAVGVSTTRPOTIIX IMPCAESARDIVIF IMPCAESARDIVIFAVGVSTVSIMPXX IMPCAESARDIVIFCOSVILIBERTATISPRVINDEX IMP CAESARDIVI F III VIR ITER IMP CAESARDIVI F VIR ITER R P C IMP CAESARI IMP CAESAR DIVI IVLI IMP IX TR POV LAMIASILIVSANNIVS OB CIVIS SERVATOS PBETILIENVSBASSVS PVLCHERTAVRVSREGVLVS SCOBRPCVMSALVTIMPCAESARAVGCONS S P Q R IMP CAESARI S P Q R IMP CAESARI AVG COS XI TR POT VI S P Q R PARENT CONSSVO
Rarity of Denominations, Average Weights of Well Preserved Coins, and Other Information:
Sestertius with his head
Sestertius without his head
As and Dupondius
3.82 grams (97.5% silver)
Catalog current as of Wednesday, September 17, 2014. Page created in 1.95 seconds