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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>TheTwelveCaesars>Augustus PAGE 1/3123»»»

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

Octavian Augustus, the first and possibly greatest Roman emperor, founded the Roman empire after defeating Mark Antony and Cleopatra. He reformed the coinage and the military, and embarked on a huge building program all across the empire. Augustus was succeeded by his stepson Tiberius after a long reign of 41 years. He was 77, having ruled from 27 B.C. to 14 A.D.


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Restitution Issue Under Trajan(?)
Click for a larger photo Augustus with Gaius and Lucius denarii with this unusual style, and some apparently from the same dies, have been attributed in sales and auction listings to an anonymous restitution under Trajan. The well-known normal restitution issues are, however, identified by modified legends. On this type the legend has not been changed from Augustus' issue. In addition, at Rome, an engraver should have know the correct form of the tools of the pontiff and augur. Perhaps these coins are ancient counterfeits or imitatives.
RS68469. Billon denarius, BMCRE I 536, and pl. 13, 18 (attributed to the reign of Augustus, Lugdunum mint), F, debased silver, dark toning, weight 2.930 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 315o, Rome(?) mint, Restitution issue struck under Trajan; obverse AVGVSTI F COS DESIG CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head right, one tie over neck; reverse AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Adult-proportioned Caius and Lucius Caesar standing togate, shields and spears between, and holding volumina, above, simpulum to left, on left, and lituus with split base to right, on right; very rare; $225.00 (€168.75)

Cyprus, Time of Augustus, 27 B.C. - 14 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising sign. Perhaps Augustus selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority. Tiberius (born Nov. 13) was a Scorpio.
SH59392. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 3916, SNG Cop -, aVF, weight 2.854 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 315o, Cypriot mint, obverse capricorn right, star above; reverse scorpion left, star above; $205.00 (€153.75)

Click for a larger photo The brothers, Caius and Lucius, were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, daughter of Augustus. They were due to succeed Augustus but predeceased him in 4 and 2 A.D. respectively. Gaius, the elder of the two brothers has his shield placed in front of that of his younger brother and the ladle above him marking him as Pontifex. Lucius has lituus above marking him as augur. Gaius should have the more prestigious position on the left but this variety has him on the right.
RS71476. Silver denarius, RIC I 212, BMCRE I 538, BnF I 1665, Giard Lyon 86, SRCV I -, F, toned, scratches, scrapes, typical tight flan, weight 3.647 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 90o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 2 B.C. - 5 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head right; reverse C L CAESARES AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Caius and Lucius Caesars togate stand facing, each resting hand on a round shield with spear behind, X in center, above center on left a lituus right and on right a simpulum left; rare; $180.00 (€135.00)

Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Abdera, Thrace
Click for a larger photo In ancient Athens it was proverbial to ridicule Abdera by saying that the air in Abdera causes stupidity. But Abdera counted among its citizens the philosophers Democritus, Protagoras and Anaxarchus, historian and philosopher Hecataeus of Abdera, and the lyric poet Anacreon.
SH68886. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1730, Varbanov II 7 (R6), AMNG II 244, SNG Cop 382, SGICV 485, aVF, some corrosion, weight 4.523 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Abdera mint, 63 - 68 A.D.; obverse NEPΩNI KΛAY∆IΩ KAIΣAPI ΣEBAΣTOY, bare head of Nero left; reverse ΘEΩ AB∆HPEITAI, bare head of Augustus (or Claudius) left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Harlan J. Berk; scarce; $175.00 (€131.25)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Moneyer C. Plotius Rufus
Click for a larger photo The wreath on the reverse is the corona civica, the oak wreath awarded to Roman citizens ex senatus consulto (by special decree of the Senate) for saving the life of another citizen by slaying an enemy in battle. It became a prerogative for Roman emperors to be awarded the Civic Crown, originating with Augustus, who was awarded it in 27 B.C. for saving the lives of citizens by ending the series of civil wars.
RB65443. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC I 388, BMCRE I 150, Cohen 502, SRCV I 1663, F, scrapes, uneven strike, weight 9.693 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 15 B.C.; obverse AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST, legend in three lines within oak wreath; reverse C PLOTIVS RVFVS III VIR A A A F F, legend surrounding large S C; $160.00 (€120.00)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Calagurris, Hispania Tarraconensis
Click for a larger photo Under Roman rule many cities were administered by a pair of magistrates called duumvirs. The inscription tells us this coin was struck in the Municipium Calagurris Iulia, under the duumvirs C. Sempronius Barba and Q. Baebius Flavus. In imperial times, cities sometimes honored the emperor by making him one of the two duumvirs.
RP90901. Bronze AE 29, RPC I 447, Villaronga-Benages 3127, SNG Cop 584, SNG Tübingen 18, SNG München 53, VF, green patina with red earthen highlighting, old scratches on bull, weight 12.121 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 45o, Calagurris mint, 2 B.C. - 14 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR AVGVSTVS P P, laureate head right; reverse bull standing right on ground line, M CAL I (downward on left), C SEMP BARBA III (above), Q BAEB FLAVO (in exergue), II / VIR (in two lines on right); $160.00 (€120.00)

Thessalonica, Macedonia, Julius Caesar, and Augustus, c. 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. (Possibly Later)
Click for a larger photo RPC tentatively dates the type to the reign of Augustus but notes it may have been struck as late as the reign of Domitian.
RP70490. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 1555; BMC Macedonia p. 115, 60; cf. SNG Cop 395 (Julius Caesar laureate); SGICV I 151 (same), F+, weight 8.287 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. (Possibly Later); obverse ΘEOC, bare head of Julius Caesar right; reverse ΘECCAΛONI KEΩN, bare head of Augustus right; $150.00 (€112.50)

Click for a larger photo Around 15 B.C., the kingdom of Noricum was annexed by the Roman Empire. The Danube marked the new border of the empire, and the Romans built fortifications and settlements on the banks, including a military camp at the Celtic town Vindobona (Vienna).
RP59855. Copper as, RIC I 382, BMCRE I 137, SRCV I 1681, Cohen -, F, smoothing, weight 11.454 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 15 B.C.; obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST, bare head right; reverse CN PISO CN F III VIR A A A F F, legend around large S•C; $150.00 (€112.50)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Moneyer M. Sanquinius
Click for a larger photo The wreath on the reverse is the corona civica, the oak wreath awarded to Roman citizens ex senatus consulto (by special decree of the Senate) for saving the life of another citizen by slaying an enemy in battle. It became a prerogative for Roman emperors to be awarded the Civic Crown, originating with Augustus, who was awarded it in 27 B.C. for saving the lives of citizens by ending the series of civil wars.
RB65442. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC I 342, BMCRE I 197, Cohen 521, SRCV I 1666, F, uneven strike, smoothing, weight 6.936 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 150o, Rome mint, 17 B.C.; obverse AVGVSTVS / TRIBVNIC / POTEST, legend in three lines within oak wreath; reverse M SANQVINIVS Q F III VIR A A A F F, legend surrounding large S C; ; $145.00 (€108.75)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Antioch, Syria
Click for a larger photo Possibly struck in the year Christ was born! Most Biblical scholars believe Jesus was born in 4 B.C.
RP90565. Bronze AE 27, McAlee 206(b), Wruck 11, RPC I 4247, SNG Cop 139, VF, weight 16.961 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 5 - 4 B.C.; obverse IMP•AVGVST•TR•POT (from upper right), laureate head head right; reverse S C within laurel wreath with eight bunches of leaves between inner and outer linear borders; $140.00 (€105.00)



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Obverse legends:

AVGVSTVS
AVGVSTVSDIVIF
AVGVSTVSTRPOT
AVGVSTVSTRPOTVII
CAESARAVGPONTMAXTRIBVNICPOT
CAESARAVGTRIBVNPOTES
CAESARAVGVSTPONTMAXTRIBVNICPOT
CAESARAVGVSTVS
CAESARAVGVSTVSDIVIF
CAESARAVGVSTVS DIVIFPATERPATRIAE
CAESARAVGVSTVSSPQR
CAESARAVGVSTVSTRIBVNICPOTEST
CAESARAVGVSTVSTRPOT
CAESARAVGTRIBVNPOTES
CAESARCOSVI
CAESARDIVIFCOSVI
CAESARIAVGVSTO
CAESARIMP
CAESARIMPVII
CAESARIIIVIRRPC
CAESARPONTMAX
CCAESARIIIVIRRPC
CCAESARIMP
CCAESARIIIVIRRPC
DIVOAVGVSTO
DIVOAVGVSTOSPQR
DIVOAVGVSTOSPQROBCIVESSER
DIVVSAVGVSTVS
DIVVSAVGVSTVSPATER
DIVVSAVGVSTVSSC
DIVIIVLIF
GALVSMESSALLAIIIVIR
IMPCAESAR
IMPCAESARAVGVST
IMPCAESARAVGVSTTRPOTIIX
IMPCAESARDIVIF
IMPCAESARDIVIFAVGVSTVSIMPXX
IMPCAESARDIVIFCOSVILIBERTATISPRVINDEX
IMP CAESAR DIVI F III VIR ITER
IMP CAESAR DIVI F VIR ITER R P C
IMP CAESARI
IMP CAESAR DIVI IVLI
IMP IX TR POV
LAMIASILIVSANNIVS
OB CIVIS SERVATOS
PBETILIENVSBASSVS
PVLCHERTAVRVSREGVLVS
SCOBRPCVMSALVTIMPCAESARAVGCONS
S P Q R IMP CAESARI
S P Q R IMP CAESARI AVG COS XI TR POT VI
S P Q R PARENT CONSSVO










Rarity of Denominations, Average Weights of Well Preserved Coins, and Other Information:

 
Gold aureus

Silver denarius

Silver quinarius

Sestertius with his head

Sestertius without his head

As and Dupondius
S

C

R1

R2

R1

C


3.82 grams (97.5% silver)



Catalog current as of Monday, October 20, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Augustus