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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>TheTwelveCaesars>Augustus PAGE 1/3123»»»

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

Octavian Augustus, the first and possibly greatest Roman emperor, founded the Roman empire after defeating Mark Antony and Cleopatra. He reformed the coinage and the military, and embarked on a huge building program all across the empire. Augustus was succeeded by his stepson Tiberius after a long reign of 41 years. He was 77, having ruled from 27 B.C. to 14 A.D.


Octavian and L. Pinarius Scarpus, Imperator and Provincial Governor of Cyrenaica, September 31 - 29 B.C.

Click for a larger photo According to Crawford, this type was the last denarius of the Roman Republic. L. Pinarius Scarpus commanded four legions for Marc Antony in Cyrenaica against Octavian's African army, which was under the command of Cornelius Gallus. After learning of Antony's defeat at Actium, Scarpus changed his allegiance to Octavian. This issue was struck shortly after the battle of Actium, the open hand signalizing a gesture of friendship toward Octavian.
RR71863. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1554; Crawford 546/6; Sydenham 1282; RSC I 500; Sear CRI 413; Kent-Hirmer pl. 32, 114; BnF I 896, VF, centered, toned, weight 3.560 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Cyrenaica provincial mint, L Pinarius Scarpus, Sep 31 - 29 B.C.; obverse open right hand reaching left, IMP. CAESARI above, SCARPVS IMP below; reverse Victory standing right on globe, wreath tied with a fillet in right, palm branch over shoulder in left, DIVI. F on right, AVG. PONΓ (sic) on left; ex Savoca Coins; rare; $850.00 (€739.50)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Restitution Issue Struck in Thrace under Titus

Click for a larger photo The restoration coins of Titus and Domitian attributed by BMC to Lugdunum have been reattributed in RPC II and the new RIC II, part 1 to Thrace, and perhaps Perinthus. The types are rarely found in the west and are most frequently found in the Balkans, some share a countermark identical to some coins of Perinthus, the epigraphy does not fit Lugdunum or Rome, and the inconsistent die axis is characteristic of the Perinthus mint.SH73458. Brass sestertius, RPC II 511, RIC II, part 1, Titus 403 (R); BMCRE II Titus 263; BnF III -; Hunter I -; Cohen I -; SRCV I -, gF, centered, nice green patina, weight 24.742 g, maximum diameter 35.0 mm, die axis 180o, Thrace, Perinthus(?) mint, 80 A.D.; obverse DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, Augustus seated left on curule chair, feet on footstool, radiate and togate, patera in right, long scepter vertical behind in left; reverse IMP T CAES DIVI DIVI VESP F AVG P M TR P P COS VIII (clockwise starting at 12:00), large S C, REST above; huge 35 mm bronze!; rare; $600.00 (€522.00)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Commemorative minted by Tiberius

Click for a larger photo Struck before the standard became a radiate head or bust only for the dupondius.RB73192. Copper as, RIC I Tiberius 81, BMCRE I 146, Cohen I 228 (Augustus), SRCV I 1789, VF, superb portrait, well centered, nice sea-green patina, weight 10.840 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 22 - 30 A.D.; obverse DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, radiate head left; reverse altar with double panelled door, ornaments on top, S - C flanking sides, PROVIDENT below; $500.00 (€435.00)


Augustus and Agrippa, c. 9 - 3 B.C., Colonia Augusta Nemausus, Southern Gaul

Click for a larger photo The reverse commemorates the conquest of Egypt in 30 B.C. This theme was probably used at Nemausus because the colony was settled by Egyptian Greeks and veterans from Anthony's army that had surrendered to Octavian at Actium.SH70945. Bronze dupondius, RIC I 158, RPC I 524, SNG Cop 699, SNG Tübingen 152, SRCV I 1730, VF, well centered, green patina, flan flaw below busts, weight 13.251 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 315o, Nemausus (Nimes, France) mint, c. 9 - 3 B.C.; obverse IMP DIVI F, back to back heads of Agrippa and Augustus, Agrippa (on left) facing left wearing a rostral crown, Augustus laureate head right; reverse COL NEM, crocodile right chained to a palm, wreath with long ties above, two palm fronds below; ex Roma Numismatics; $480.00 (€417.60)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain Mint, Anatolia or Syria

Click for a larger photo The mint, the questor who struck this type, and even the identity of the person in the portrait remain uncertain. The type has previously been attributed to Macedonia and the portrait identified as Brutus (Friedlander) or Caesar (Grant). David Sear notes the type has never been found in Macedonia. Finds point to Syria or Anatolia. It is possible that the type was issued, with his own portrait, by Sosius, a general under Marc Antony who was quaestor in 39 B.C. Much more likely, however, the portrait is of Augustus.RB71004. Bronze AE 24, RPC I 5409; Sear CRI 957 (Syria); AMNG II 29 (Pella), F, green patina, weight 17.823 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Anatolian or Syrian mint, obverse bare head right; reverse hasta (spear), sella questoria (questor's seat of office), and fiscus (imperial treasury), Q (for questor) below; previously a rare type but recent finds have made it somewhat easier to aquire; $450.00 (€391.50)


Roman Republic, Octavian (Later Augustus), Imperator and Consul, Autumn 30 - Summer 29 B.C.

Click for a larger photo David Sear writes that CAESAR is on the reverse separated from IMP may indicate that it does not refer to Octavian, but rather to Julius Caesar. Also, the star in the center of the shield may represent the Julian star, and thus the divine Caesar. Mars on the obverse would then suggests Octavian is the avenger of his slain adoptive father.
RR73978. Silver denarius, RSC I 44a, RIC I 274, Sear CRI 428, BMCRE 644, BnF I 87, SRCV I 1563, VF, some porosity, weight 3.929 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Italian (Rome?) mint, autumn 30 - summer 29 B.C.; obverse beardless head of youthful Mars right wearing a crested Corinthian helmet, IMP below; reverse round shield, CAESAR inscribed around upper part of the rim, boss ornamented with a star, sword and spear crossed in saltire behind; ex CNG e-auction 346, lot 422; $450.00 (€391.50)


Thessalonica, Macedonia, Julius Caesar and Augustus, c. 28 - 27 B.C.

Click for a larger photo Gaebler (AMNG, p. 125) believed the ∆ stands for 4 asses. Touratsoglou (p. 25) interprets it to indicate year four an era of beginning with the Battle of Actium, which would date the issue to 28 - 27 B.C.RP90713. Leaded bronze AE 23, Touratsoglou 48 (V11/R44), RPC I 1554, Varbanov III 5153, SGICV 151, F, weight 10.222 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 28 - 27 B.C. (perhaps later); obverse ΘOEΣ, laureate head of Julius Caesar right; reverse ΘEΣΣAΛONIKEΩN, bare head of Augustus right, ∆ (year 4 of Augustus) below; $185.00 (€160.95)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

Click for a larger photo Tauropolos is an epithet for the goddess Artemis, variously interpreted as worshipped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of Artemis "Tauropolos" by Iphigenia in her temple at Brauron in Attica was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians. Tauropolia was a festival of Artemis held at Athens. - WikipediaGB73165. Bronze AE 24, RPC I 1626; SNG ANS 164 - 165; SNG Cop 89 - 91; SNG Tübingen 994; BMC Macedonia p. 52, 73, VF, weight 13.459 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, c. 31 - 27 B.C.; obverse KAIΣAP ΘEOY YIOΣ (Caesar son of God), bare head right; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, Artemis Tauropolos riding bull right, holding billowing veil with both hands; $180.00 (€156.60)


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Abdera, Thrace

Click for a larger photo In ancient Athens it was proverbial to ridicule Abdera by saying that the air in Abdera causes stupidity. But Abdera counted among its citizens the philosophers Democritus, Protagoras and Anaxarchus, historian and philosopher Hecataeus of Abdera, and the lyric poet Anacreon.SH68886. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1730, Varbanov II 7 (R6), AMNG II 244, SNG Cop 382, SGICV 485, aVF, some corrosion, weight 4.523 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Abdera mint, 63 - 68 A.D.; obverse NEPΩNI KΛAY∆IΩ KAIΣAPI ΣEBAΣTOY, bare head of Nero left; reverse ΘEΩ AB∆HPEITAI, bare head of Augustus (or Claudius) left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Harlan J. Berk; scarce; $155.00 (€134.85)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain Mint, Anatolia or Syria

Click for a larger photo The mint, the questor who struck this type, and even the identity of the person in the portrait remain uncertain. The type has previously been attributed to Macedonia and the portrait identified as Brutus (Friedlander) or Caesar (Grant). David Sear notes the type has never been found in Macedonia. Finds point to Syria or Anatolia. It is possible that the type was issued, with his own portrait, by Sosius, a general under Marc Antony who was quaestor in 39 B.C. Much more likely, however, the portrait is of Augustus.RB72873. Bronze AE 24, RPC I 5409; Sear CRI 957 (Syria); AMNG 226 - 227; AMNG II 29 (Pella), aF, weight 17.596 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Anatolian or Syrian mint, obverse bare head right; reverse hasta (spear), sella questoria (questor's seat of office), and fiscus (imperial treasury), Q (for questor) below; $150.00 (€130.50)




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OBVERSE LEGENDS

AVGVSTVS
AVGVSTVSDIVIF
AVGVSTVSTRPOT
AVGVSTVSTRPOTVII
CAESARAVGPONTMAXTRIBVNICPOT
CAESARAVGTRIBVNPOTES
CAESARAVGVSTPONTMAXTRIBVNICPOT
CAESARAVGVSTVS
CAESARAVGVSTVSDIVIF
CAESARAVGVSTVS DIVIFPATERPATRIAE
CAESARAVGVSTVSSPQR
CAESARAVGVSTVSTRIBVNICPOTEST
CAESARAVGVSTVSTRPOT
CAESARAVGTRIBVNPOTES
CAESARCOSVI
CAESARDIVIFCOSVI
CAESARIAVGVSTO
CAESARIMP
CAESARIMPVII
CAESARIIIVIRRPC
CAESARPONTMAX
CCAESARIIIVIRRPC
CCAESARIMP
CCAESARIIIVIRRPC
DIVOAVGVSTO
DIVOAVGVSTOSPQR
DIVOAVGVSTOSPQROBCIVESSER
DIVVSAVGVSTVS
DIVVSAVGVSTVSPATER
DIVVSAVGVSTVSSC
DIVIIVLIF
GALVSMESSALLAIIIVIR
IMPCAESAR
IMPCAESARAVGVST
IMPCAESARAVGVSTTRPOTIIX
IMPCAESARDIVIF
IMPCAESARDIVIFAVGVSTVSIMPXX
IMPCAESARDIVIFCOSVILIBERTATISPRVINDEX
IMP CAESAR DIVI F III VIR ITER
IMP CAESAR DIVI F VIR ITER R P C
IMP CAESARI
IMP CAESAR DIVI IVLI
IMP IX TR POV
LAMIASILIVSANNIVS
OB CIVIS SERVATOS
PBETILIENVSBASSVS
PVLCHERTAVRVSREGVLVS
SCOBRPCVMSALVTIMPCAESARAVGCONS
S P Q R IMP CAESARI
S P Q R IMP CAESARI AVG COS XI TR POT VI
S P Q R PARENT CONSSVO



Catalog current as of Saturday, April 18, 2015.
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Roman Coins of Augustus