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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Twelve Caesars ▸ AugustusView Options:  |  |  |   

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

Octavian Augustus, the first and possibly greatest Roman emperor, founded the Roman empire after defeating Mark Antony and Cleopatra. He reformed the coinage and the military, and embarked on a huge building program all across the empire. Augustus was succeeded by his stepson Tiberius after a long reign of 41 years. He was 77, having ruled from 27 B.C. to 14 A.D.


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Antioch, Syria

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Possibly struck in the year of Christ's birth! Most biblical scholars believe Jesus was born between 6 and 4 B.C.
SH75809. Silver tetradrachm, McAlee 181; RPC I 4152; Prieur 51; BMC Galatia p. 166, 132; Cohen DCA 400, VF, nice style, centered, toned, some porosity, weight 14.049 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 5 - 4 B.C.; obverse KAIΣAPOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY, laureate head right; reverse ETOYΣ ZK NIKHΣ (year 27 Actian victory era), Tyche seated right, holds palm; river-god Orontes swimming to right below; two monograms and IB (12th consulship) in right field; ex CNG e-auction 354, lot 362; $650.00 (565.50)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Restitution Issue Struck in Thrace under Titus

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The restoration coins of Titus and Domitian attributed by BMC to Lugdunum have been reattributed in RPC II and the new RIC II, part 1 to Thrace, and perhaps Perinthus. The types are rarely found in the west and are most frequently found in the Balkans, some share a countermark identical to some coins of Perinthus, the epigraphy does not fit Lugdunum or Rome, and the inconsistent die axis is characteristic of the Perinthus mint.
SH73458. Brass sestertius, RPC II 511, RIC II, part 1, Titus 403 (R); BMCRE II Titus 263; BnF III -; Hunter I -; Cohen I -; SRCV I -, gF, centered, nice green patina, weight 24.742 g, maximum diameter 35.0 mm, die axis 180o, Thrace, Perinthus(?) mint, 80 A.D.; obverse DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, Augustus seated left on curule chair, feet on footstool, radiate and togate, patera in right, long scepter vertical behind in left; reverse IMP T CAES DIVI DIVI VESP F AVG P M TR P P COS VIII (clockwise starting at 12:00), large S C, REST above; huge 35 mm bronze!; rare; $600.00 (522.00)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain Mint, Anatolia or Syria

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The mint, the questor who struck this type, and even the identity of the person in the portrait remain uncertain. The type has previously been attributed to Macedonia and the portrait identified as Brutus (Friedlander) or Caesar (Grant). David Sear notes the type has never been found in Macedonia. Finds point to Syria or Anatolia. It is possible that the type was issued, with his own portrait, by Sosius, a general under Marc Antony who was quaestor in 39 B.C. Much more likely, however, the portrait is of Augustus.
RB71004. Bronze AE 24, RPC I 5409; Sear CRI 957 (Syria); AMNG II 29 (Pella), F, green patina, weight 17.823 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Anatolian or Syrian mint, obverse bare head right; reverse hasta (spear), sella questoria (questor's seat of office), and fiscus (imperial treasury), Q (for questor) below; previously a rare type but recent finds have made it somewhat easier to aquire; $450.00 (391.50)


C. Asinius Gallus, Proconsul of Asia, 6 - 5 B.C., Temnos, Aeolis

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The larger denomination of the same series honored Augustus. On this coin Gallus gives himself the epithet Aγνος, meaning pure or holy! Later he was an ambitious and powerful senator. A foe of Tiberius, in 11 B.C. he married Tiberius' ex-wife, Vipsania. He was suspected of and never denied fathering Tiberius' son, Drusus the Younger. After Vipsania died, he courted the widow of Germanicus, Agrippina. In 30 A.D., Tiberius had him imprisoned and for three years kept him in solitary confinement and on the very edge of starvation until he died. To add further insult he was discredited by damnatio memoriae.
SH74030. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2447; SNG Cop 276; SNG Mnchen 627; BMC Troas p. 146, 25; SNGvA -, aEF, attractive olive green patina, weight 4.159 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, Temnos mint, 5 B.C.; obverse ACINIOC ΓAΛΛOC AΓNOC, bare head of Asinius Gallus right; reverse APOΛΛAC ΦAINIOY TAMNITAN, head of Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy; rare; $400.00 (348.00)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Caius and Lucius Reverse

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Struck around the time of Jesus' birth.This type is considered a possible "Tribute Penny" because it is a denarius that circulated in the lifetime of Christ and the image and inscription are of "Caesar."

The brothers, Caius and Lucius, were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, daughter of Augustus. They were due to succeed Augustus but predeceased him in 4 and 2 A.D. respectively.
RS75377. Silver denarius, RIC I 207, RSC I 43, BMCRE I 533, BnF I 1651 ff., SRCV I 1597 (Lyon 82), VF, excellent portrait, toned, reverse slightly off center, weight 3.829 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 270o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 2 B.C. - 4 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head right; reverse C L CAESARES AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Caius and Lucius Caesars stand facing, togate, each resting hand on a round shield with spear behind, above center on left a simpulum right and on right a lituus left; $370.00 (321.90)


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Struck around the time of Jesus' birth.This type is considered a possible "Tribute Penny" because it is a denarius that circulated in the lifetime of Christ and the image and inscription are of "Caesar."

The brothers, Caius and Lucius, were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, daughter of Augustus. They were due to succeed Augustus but predeceased him in 4 and 2 A.D. respectively.
RS74868. Silver denarius, RIC I 207, RSC I 43, BMCRE I 533, BnF I 1651 ff., SRCV I 1597 (Lyon 82), NGC VF, strike 4/5, surface 2/5, marks (4183723-015), weight 3.63 g, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 2 B.C. - 4 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head right; reverse C L CAESARES AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Caius and Lucius Caesars stand facing, togate, each resting hand on a round shield with spear behind, above center on left a simpulum right and on right a lituus left; $370.00 (321.90)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Seleucia Pieria, Syria

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Seleucia Pieria was built by Seleucus I Nicator, c. 300 B.C. It then changed hands several times between the Ptolemies and Seleucids. When the Seleucid Empire was subdued by the Armenian conqueror Tigranes II, Seleucia Pieria resisted. Pompey the Great restored Seleucid rule, giving the city to Antiochus I Theos of Commagene, a direct descendant of Seleucus I Nicator and a loyal ally of Rome. Seleucia enjoyed substantial autonomy, de facto independence, which it kept even to the end of the Roman occupation.
RP75810. Silver tetradrachm, RPC I 4328; Prieur 1186; BMC Galatia p. 273, 32, aVF, nice portrait, toned, minor porosity, weight 15.010 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 180o, Seleucia Pieria mint, 5 - 6 A.D.; obverse KAIΣAPO ΣEBAΣTOY, laureate head right, bead and reel border; reverse filleted fulmen (thunderbolt) set on pulvinar (throne) of Zeus, ΣEΛEYKΩN / THΣ IEPAΣ above, A to left, H to right, I∆P (year 114) under seat, KAI / AYTONOMOY below, all within wreath; CNG e-auction 354, lot 393; rare; $370.00 (321.90)


Roman Cilicia (Ninica-Claudiopolis?), Octavian/Augustus, c. 30 - 29 B.C.

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This type was previously attributed to Macedonia and the portrait as Brutus or Caesar. RPC I, supported by find data, attributes it to Cilicia, probably Cilicia Pedias, and identifies the portrait as Octavian/Augustus, and likely immediately post-Actian. Seyrig proposed the coins were struck for Octavian/Augustus for the founding of Colonia Iulia Felix Augusta Ninica, and the epithet could be apply to both Octavian and the colony. VE and TER abbreviate the names of the two duumviri (municipal officers) of the colony.
RP74281. Bronze provincial as, RPC I 4082, aVF, countermark: Fair, weight 11.247 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, Ninica-Claudiopolis(?) mint, c. 30 - 29 B.C.; obverse PRINCEPS FELIX, bare head of Octavian right; countermark: type obscure in oval punch; reverse VE TER COLONIA IVLIA II VIR, Athena standing left, helmeted and draped; very rare; $350.00 (304.50)


Divus Augustus, Commemorative Issued by Trajan Decius, 250 - 251 A.D.

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RIC notes that the commencement of the divi series of antoniniani may be attributed with certainty by their weight to Trajan Decius and issue may have continued into the reign of Trebonianus Gallus.
RS72390. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV Decius 78 (R); RSC I Augustus 578; Hunter III p. 255, 2; SRCV III 9459, EF, a few marks, slightly grainy surfaces, weight 3.312 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 250 - 251 A.D.; obverse DIVO AVGVSTO, radiate young head of Divus Augustus right; reverse CONSECRATIO, large nearly square flaming altar, three steps and two panel doors on front; rare; $280.00 (243.60)


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Strabo wrote, "The Romans possess Lugdunum, founded below a ridge at the confluence of the Arar and the Rhone. It is the most populous of all the other cities except Narbo; for it is a center of commerce, and the Roman emperors strike their silver and gold coinage there." (4.3.2)
RS74865. Silver denarius, RSC I 43c, RIC I 208, BMCRE I 536, SRCV I 1578, gF, well centered, toned, bankers mark on cheek, weight 3.583 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 2 B.C. - 5 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head right; reverse C L CAESARES AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Caius and Lucius Caesars stand facing, shields and spears between, above center on left simpulum right and on right lituus left; $250.00 (217.50)




  



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OBVERSE LEGENDS

AVGVSTVS
AVGVSTVSDIVIF
AVGVSTVSTRPOT
AVGVSTVSTRPOTVII
CAESARAVGPONTMAXTRIBVNICPOT
CAESARAVGTRIBVNPOTES
CAESARAVGVSTPONTMAXTRIBVNICPOT
CAESARAVGVSTVS
CAESARAVGVSTVSDIVIF
CAESARAVGVSTVS DIVIFPATERPATRIAE
CAESARAVGVSTVSSPQR
CAESARAVGVSTVSTRIBVNICPOTEST
CAESARAVGVSTVSTRPOT
CAESARAVGTRIBVNPOTES
CAESARCOSVI
CAESARDIVIFCOSVI
CAESARIAVGVSTO
CAESARIMP
CAESARIMPVII
CAESARIIIVIRRPC
CAESARPONTMAX
CCAESARIIIVIRRPC
CCAESARIMP
CCAESARIIIVIRRPC
DIVOAVGVSTO
DIVOAVGVSTOSPQR
DIVOAVGVSTOSPQROBCIVESSER
DIVVSAVGVSTVS
DIVVSAVGVSTVSPATER
DIVVSAVGVSTVSSC
DIVIIVLIF
GALVSMESSALLAIIIVIR
IMPCAESAR
IMPCAESARAVGVST
IMPCAESARAVGVSTTRPOTIIX
IMPCAESARDIVIF
IMPCAESARDIVIFAVGVSTVSIMPXX
IMPCAESARDIVIFCOSVILIBERTATISPRVINDEX
IMP CAESAR DIVI F III VIR ITER
IMP CAESAR DIVI F VIR ITER R P C
IMP CAESARI
IMP CAESAR DIVI IVLI
IMP IX TR POV
LAMIASILIVSANNIVS
OB CIVIS SERVATOS
PBETILIENVSBASSVS
PVLCHERTAVRVSREGVLVS
SCOBRPCVMSALVTIMPCAESARAVGCONS
S P Q R IMP CAESARI
S P Q R IMP CAESARI AVG COS XI TR POT VI
S P Q R PARENT CONSSVO



Catalog current as of Wednesday, September 02, 2015.
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Roman Coins of Augustus