OctavianAugustus, the first and possibly greatest Roman emperor, founded the Roman empire after defeating Mark Antony and Cleopatra. He reformed the coinage and the military, and embarked on a huge building program all across the empire. Augustus was succeeded by his stepson Tiberius after a long reign of 41 years. He was 77, having ruled from 27 B.C. to 14 A.D.
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain Mint, Anatolia or Syria
The mint, the questor who struck this type, and even the identity of the person in the portrait remain uncertain. The type has previously been attributed to Macedonia and the portrait identified as Brutus (Friedlander) or Caesar (Grant). David Sear notes the type has never been found in Macedonia. Finds point to Syria or Anatolia. It is possible that the type was issued, with his own portrait, by Sosius, a general under Marc Antony who was quaestor in 39 B.C. Much more likely, however, the portrait is of Augustus.
RB71004. Bronze AE 24, RPC I 5409; Sear Imperators 957 (Syria); AMNG II 29 (Pella), F, green patina, weight 17.823 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Anatolian or Syrian mint, obversebare head right; reversehasta (spear), sella questoria (questor's seat of office), and fiscus (imperial treasury), Q (for questor) below; previously a raretype but recent finds have made it somewhat easier to aquire; $450.00 (€337.50)
Cyprus, Time of Augustus, 27 B.C. - 14 A.D.
Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising sign. Perhaps Augustus selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority. Tiberius (born Nov. 13) was a Scorpio.
SH59392. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 3916, SNG Cop -, aVF, weight 2.854 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 315o, Cypriot mint, obverse capricorn right, star above; reverse scorpion left, star above; $200.00 (€150.00)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Abdera, Thrace
In ancient Athens it was proverbial to ridicule Abdera by saying that the air in Abdera causes stupidity. But Abdera counted among its citizens the philosophers Democritus, Protagoras and Anaxarchus, historian and philosopher Hecataeus of Abdera, and the lyric poet Anacreon.
SH68886. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1730, Varbanov II 7 (R6), AMNG II 244, SNG Cop 382, SGICV 485, aVF, some corrosion, weight 4.523 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Abdera mint, 63 - 68 A.D.; obverse NEPΩNI KΛAY∆IΩ KAIΣAPI ΣEBAΣTOY, bare head of Nero left; reverse ΘEΩ AB∆HPEITAI, bare head of Augustus (or Claudius) left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Harlan J. Berk; scarce; $175.00 (€131.25)
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Moneyer C. Plotius Rufus
The wreath on the reverse is the corona civica, the oak wreath awarded to Roman citizens ex senatus consulto (by special decree of the Senate) for saving the life of another citizen by slaying an enemy in battle. It became a prerogative for Roman emperors to be awarded the Civic Crown, originating with Augustus, who was awarded it in 27 B.C. for saving the lives of citizens by ending the series of civil wars.
RB65443. Orichalcumdupondius, RIC I 388, BMCRE I 150, Cohen 502, SRCV I 1663, F, scrapes, uneven strike, weight 9.693 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 15 B.C.; obverseAVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST, legend in three lines within oak wreath; reverse C PLOTIVS RVFVS III VIR A A A F F, legend surrounding large S C; $160.00 (€120.00)
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Calagurris, Hispania Tarraconensis
Under Roman rule many cities were administered by a pair of magistrates called duumvirs. The inscription tells us this coin was struck in the Municipium Calagurris Iulia, under the duumvirs C. Sempronius Barba and Q. Baebius Flavus. In imperial times, cities sometimes honored the emperor by making him one of the two duumvirs.
RP90901. Bronze AE 29, RPC I 447, Villaronga-Benages 3127, SNG Cop 584, SNG Tübingen 18, SNG München 53, VF, green patina with red earthen highlighting, old scratches on bull, weight 12.121 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 45o, Calagurris mint, 2 B.C. - 14 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESARAVGVSTVS P P, laureate head right; reverse bull standing right on ground line, M CAL I (downward on left), C SEMPBARBA III (above), Q BAEB FLAVO (in exergue), II / VIR (in two lines on right); $160.00 (€120.00)
Thessalonica, Macedonia, Julius Caesar, and Augustus, c. 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. (Possibly Later)
RPC tentatively dates the type to the reign of Augustus but notes it may have been struck as late as the reign of Domitian.
RP70490. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 1555; BMC Macedonia p. 115, 60; cf. SNG Cop 395 (Julius Caesar laureate); SGICV I 151 (same), F+, weight 8.287 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. (Possibly Later); obverse ΘEOC, bare head of Julius Caesar right; reverse ΘECCAΛONI KEΩN, bare head of Augustus right; $150.00 (€112.50)
Augustus and Agrippa, c. 9 - 3 B.C., Nemausus, Gaul
The reverse commemorates the conquest of Egypt in 30 B.C. This theme was probably used at Nemausus because the colony was settled by Egyptian Greeks and veterans from Anthony's army that had surrendered to Octavian at Actium.
SH72076. Bronze dupondius, RIC I 158, RPC I 524, SNG Cop 699, SNG Tübingen 152, SRCV I 1730, aVF, porous, tight flan, weight 11.989 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 135o, Colonia Augusta Nemausus (Nimes, France) mint, c. 9 - 3 B.C.; obverse IMP DIVI F, back to back heads of Augustus and Agrippa, Agrippa (on left) head left wearing a rostral crown, Augustus laureate head right; reverse COL NEM, crocodile right chained to a palm, wreath with long ties above, two palm fronds below; $145.00 (€108.75)
RB90729. Copper dupondius, RIC ITiberius 79, BMCRE I 143, Cohen 252, aF, nice portrait, uneven green patina, weight 13.663 g, maximum diameter 28.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 22 - 26 A.D.; obverse DIVVS AVGVSTVSPATER, radiate head left; reverse S C within oak wreath; $140.00 (€105.00)
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Antioch, Syria, Mesopotamian(?) Imitative
RP67921. Bronze semis, for official prototype see McAlee 209, RPC I 4105 (normal S C, Antioch mint, c. 14 - 37 A.D.), F, weight 6.916 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, Mesopotamian(?) mint, c. 22 BC; obverseAVGVSTTR POT, laureate head right; reverse retrograde S C, within linear circle surrounded by laurel wreath; rare; $135.00 (€101.25)
RP64022. Bronze as, RPC I 2235 (CA coinage, Class 2, mint uncertain), RIC I 486 (Asia Mint), VF, weight 8.407 g, maximum diameter 24.92 mm, die axis 0o, Asia, Uncertain mint, c. 25 B.C.; obverseCAESAR, bare head right; reverseAVGVSTVS, legend in one line in laurel wreath; $125.00 (€93.75)
AVGVSTVS AVGVSTVSDIVIF AVGVSTVSTRPOT AVGVSTVSTRPOTVII CAESARAVGPONTMAXTRIBVNICPOT CAESARAVGTRIBVNPOTES CAESARAVGVSTPONTMAXTRIBVNICPOT CAESARAVGVSTVS CAESARAVGVSTVSDIVIF CAESARAVGVSTVS DIVIFPATERPATRIAE CAESARAVGVSTVSSPQR CAESARAVGVSTVSTRIBVNICPOTEST CAESARAVGVSTVSTRPOT CAESARAVGTRIBVNPOTES CAESARCOSVI CAESARDIVIFCOSVI CAESARIAVGVSTO CAESARIMP CAESARIMPVII CAESARIIIVIRRPC CAESARPONTMAX CCAESARIIIVIRRPC CCAESARIMP CCAESARIIIVIRRPC DIVOAVGVSTO DIVOAVGVSTOSPQR DIVOAVGVSTOSPQROBCIVESSER DIVVSAVGVSTVS DIVVSAVGVSTVSPATER DIVVSAVGVSTVSSC DIVIIVLIF GALVSMESSALLAIIIVIR IMPCAESAR IMPCAESARAVGVST IMPCAESARAVGVSTTRPOTIIX IMPCAESARDIVIF IMPCAESARDIVIFAVGVSTVSIMPXX IMPCAESARDIVIFCOSVILIBERTATISPRVINDEX IMP CAESARDIVI F III VIR ITER IMP CAESARDIVI F VIR ITER R P C IMP CAESARI IMP CAESAR DIVI IVLI IMP IX TR POV LAMIASILIVSANNIVS OB CIVIS SERVATOS PBETILIENVSBASSVS PVLCHERTAVRVSREGVLVS SCOBRPCVMSALVTIMPCAESARAVGCONS S P Q R IMP CAESARI S P Q R IMP CAESARI AVG COS XI TR POT VI S P Q R PARENT CONSSVO
Rarity of Denominations, AverageWeights of Well Preserved Coins, and Other Information:
Sestertius with his head
Sestertius without his head
As and Dupondius
3.82 grams (97.5% silver)
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