Coins and Antiquities Consignment Shop
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity! Please call us if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business! Welcome Guest. Please login or register. Internet challenged? We are happy to take your order over the phone. Please call if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business!

Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
Recent Additions
Recent Price Reductions

Show empty categories
Shop Search
Shopping Cart
Contact Us
About Forum
Shopping at Forum
Our Guarantee
Payment Options
Shipping Options & Fees
Privacy & Security
Forum Staff
Selling Your Coins
Identifying Your Coin
FAQs
Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ ViminaciumView Options:  |  |  | 

Viminacium, Moesia Superior

Viminacium, a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 240 A.D. and the capital of the Roman province of Moesia Superior, was located about 20 km to the east of modern Kostolac, Serbia. The usual legend on colonial coinage is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium and the usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII Claudia and IV Flavia Felix, which were quartered in the province. The rebel Pacatian opened his mint at Viminacium in 248. Valerian also opened an imperial mint at Viminacium. The city was destroyed in 440 by the Huns, rebuilt by Justinian I, and destroyed again by the Avars in 584.


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The PAX AVGG type with this obverse legend is missing from the major references, except one. It is a die match to Gbl MIR 835c. We were unable to find another example online. Perhaps all examples of this very rare variant were struck with this single die pair.
RS90027. Silver antoninianus, Gbl MIR 835c (same dies), RIC V -, RSC IV -, Hunter IV -, SRCV III -, F, irregular flan shape, small edge cracks, porous, weight 2.363 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 3rd emission, c. 257 - 258 A.D.; obverse IMP VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PAX AVGG (the peace of the two emperors), Pax standing half left, raising olive branch in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand; very rare; $75.00 (66.75)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RS64741. Silver antoninianus, Gbl MIR 815d, RIC V 245 (Milan), RSC IV 147 (Milan), cf. SRCV III 9954 (...P F AVG, Rome), Hunter IV -, aVF, excellent portrait, small flan split, weight 4.332 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 2nd emission, 254 - 255 A.D.; obverse IMP VALERIANVS P AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse PAX AVGG (the peace of the two emperors), Pax standing half left, raising olive branch in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand; $38.00 (33.82)


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

Click for a larger photo
Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
RP71499. Bronze AE 28, H-J Viminacium 32 (R2); Varbanov I 138 (R3); AMNG I/I 105; BMC Thrace p. 17, 25, aF, well centered, rough, encrusted, weight 15.422 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 45o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 247 - 248 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN VIIII (year 9 of the Viminacium colonial era) in exergue; $28.00 (24.92)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one snake bringing another snake healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
RS83692. Silver antoninianus, Gbl MIR 824c, RIC V 254 (Mediolanum), RSC IV 196, SRCV III 9974, Hunter IV - (p. xxxvii), Cunetio -, F, well centered, die wear, scratch on reverse, encrusted, edge cracks, weight 3.577 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 2nd issue, 253 - 255 A.D.; obverse IMP VALERIANVS P AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS AVGG (the health of the two emperors), Salus standing slightly left, head left, from patera in right hand, feeding snake rising from altar at feet on left, long scepter vertical in left hand; scarce; $25.00 (22.25)







CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES


REFERENCES

Boric-Brescovic, B. Coins of the Colony of Viminacium. (Belgrade, 1976).
Hristova, N. and G. Jekov. The Local Coinage of the Roman Empire - Moesia Superior, Viminacium. (Blagoevgrad, 2004).
Martin, F. Kolonial Prgungen aus Moesia Superior und Dacia. (Budapest-Bonn, 1992).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Pick, B. and K. Regling. Die antiken Mnzen von Dacien und Mesien, Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/I. (Berlin, 1910).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Hungary, Budapest, Magyar Nemzeti Mzeum, II: Dacia-Moesia superior. (Milan, 1994).
Varbanov, Ivan. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, (English Edition), Volume I: Dacia, Moesia Superior & Moesia Inferior. (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Friday, February 24, 2017.
Page created in 0.905 seconds
Viminacium