, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
considered himself an artist, perhaps he was and took an interest in his coinage - the of are considered by many to be the finest numismatic art of the Roman Empire.RB84073. , 443 (S), 428, 119, 83, 262, -, -, -, VF, , excellent portrait, attractive brown , slightly off center, some light corrosion, 25.990 g, maximum 35.0 mm, 180o, mint, 65 A.D.; AVG GER IMP P P, laureate left, globe at point of neck; seated left on and shields, wearing helmet and military garb, in offering in her right hand, her left hand resting on at side, right foot drawn back and resting on helmet, ( ) flanking across at center, in ; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
and Divus , , 36 B.C., , Gaul
was originally founded as the Roman city , a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means , the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, was transformed to by natural sound change.RR70870. Bronze , 515, 7, 689, F, 16.797 g, maximum 29.9 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 36 B.C.; IMP DIVI , two heads back to back: laureate of Divus to left and of to right; between them branch with its tip bent to right over Octavian's ; Prow of galley to right, ornamented with an eye and ; superimposed on globe and above deck, below; ; $540.00 (€480.60)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
Strabo wrote, "The Romans possess , founded below a ridge at the confluence of the Arar and the Rhone. It is the most populous of all the other cities except Narbo; for it is a center of commerce, and the strike their silver and there." (4.3.2)
RS84720. Silver , 167a, 451, 137, 1373, 197, 1610, VF, marks, scratches, horn silver encrustations, 3.677 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 225o, ( , France) mint, 15 - 13 B.C.; DIVI•F, right; bull butting right, left foreleg raised, lashing tail, IMP•X in , linear ; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 47, lot 465; $300.00 (€267.00)
, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., of Matthew 22:20-21
Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was , He said, ''Render therefore unto the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since was at the time, this is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible.RS84757. Silver , , group 4, 150; 30 (C); 48; 16a; 1763, VF/F, dark on , , struck with a worn die, tiny edge cracks, 3.719 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 45o, ( , France) mint, c. 18 - 35 A.D.; , laureate right; (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand, feet on footstool; $290.00 (€258.10)
Gallic Empire, , Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
The is a wand or rod, entwined at one end by two serpents, each of whose bodies folds again in the form of two half-circles, while the passes above the wand. It was an attribute peculiar to Mercury.RA84495. , 333; , 2, 84; AKG 78; 2426; 381; 82; 10984, aEF, fantastic detail, , traces of , brown copper, light corrosion, edge splits, 3.078 g, maximum 20.3 mm, 180o, ( , France) mint, 265 - 268 A.D.; IMP C POSTVMVS , and draped right; (fruitful age), winged ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, ex VAuction 304 (27 Feb 2014), lot 412; ex Ancient Imports; $170.00 (€151.30)
, , 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed.RL77188. , Lyons 133, 25, 16734, 102, 6, EF, dark on , 3.120 g, maximum 18.7 mm, 0o, 1st , ( , France) mint, 321 A.D.; CRISPVS , laureate and right; (blessed tranquility), inscribed VO/TIS / XX in three lines, surmounted by globe, three stars above, C left, R right, PLG crescent in ; $150.00 (€133.50)
, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.
On 28 September 351, at the Battle of Mursa Major, defeated the usurper . The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history. During the fighting Marcellinus, a general of was killed, but himself survived.RL84442. heavy maiorina, Lyons 145, II 231, 194, 18821, 69, -, VF, green , portrait, some unstruck, areas of , 4.619 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 180o, 1st , ( , France) mint, Aug - end 352 A.D.; D N MAGNENTIVS , bare-headed, draped, and right, A behind; AVG ET CAE (victories of our lords, Emperor and ), two Victories standing , together holding containing in four lines, ( ) above, SP below, RPLG in ; $150.00 (€133.50)
, , 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed.RL84258. , Lyons 133, 25, 16734, 102, 6, EF, traces of , attractive nice surfaces, nearly as struck, 3.186 g, maximum 18.7 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 321 A.D.; CRISPVS , laureate and right; (blessed tranquility), inscribed VO/TIS / XX in three lines, surmounted by globe, three stars above, C left, R right, PLG crescent in ; $135.00 (€120.15)
, , 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
Certificate of Authenticity issued by .
David notes, "a previously unpublished variant of the series listed by (Le Monnayage de l'Atelier de ) on pages 163 and 164, numbers 155-6 and 159-61 (cf. , p. 134, 202-4)...good F, and interesting as an unpublished variant."RL70838. , unpublished variant; cf. XIII, 155-6 and 159-61; Lyons 202 - 204, gF, 3.451 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, 1st , ( , France) mint, as , 322 - 323 A.D.; IVL CRISPVS , laureate and left, spear pointed forward in right, in left; BEAT TRAN-Q-LITAS, globe on inscribed VOT/IS / XX in three lines, three stars above, PLG in ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $125.00 (€111.25)
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a of soldiers. In 274 the Roman emperor made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. The god was favored by emperors after and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. The date 25 December was selected for Christmas to replace the popular Roman festival Dies Natalis Solis , the "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun."SH71416. , Lyons 35 (R4), 16069, -, VF, nice armored left, sea green , light scratches, 3.142 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 314 - 316 A.D.; IMP , laureate and left; (to the unconquered Sun, minister [of the Emperor]), Sol standing half left, , nude but for over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, TF left, right, PLG in ; very ; $125.00 (€111.25)
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