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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ ForesightView Options:  |  |  |   

Providence (Providentia)

Balbinus, 22 April - 29 July 238 A.D.

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Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and make provision. She was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the Imperial cult of ancient Rome. Providentia apparently did not favor Balbinus. If he had a little foresight, he would have modified the chain of events that led to his murder after a reign of only 99 days.
RB86318. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 19, BMCRE VI 34, Cohen V 24 (12 fr.), SRCV III 8499, gVF, excellent portrait, tight flan, some marks and porosity, reverse slightly off center, edge cracks, weight 18.131 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM (to the foresight of the gods), Providentia standing half left, head left, wand downward over globe at feet in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; scarce; $980.00 (Ä833.00) ON RESERVE


Clodius Albinus, Late 195 or Early 196 - 19 February 197 A.D.

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Providence is most often depicted clothed in a matronís gown, holding a cornucopia in her left hand and in her right a short wand, which she points to a globe. She holds this globe in her right hand or it lies at her feet. The type is intended to mark the power and wisdom of the emperor, who ruled the Roman world.
SH85567. Silver denarius, BMCRE V 39 (also small globe), RIC IV 1(a) (R), RIC III 58, SRCV II 6145, Hunter III 1 var. (obv. legend), gVF, excellent portrait, light toning, light marks, tight flan, die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.967 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, early Jun to end 193 A.D.; obverse D CLODIVS ALBINVS CAES, bare head right; reverse PROVID AVG COS (the foresight of the Emperor and Consul), Providentia standing facing, head left, wand over small globe in right hand, long scepter vertical in left; rare; $225.00 (Ä191.25)


Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D.

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In late summer or fall of 161, Vologases IV of Parthia captured the Roman client Kingdom of Armenia, expelled its king and installed his own; Pacorus, an Arsacid like himself. In 162, Lucius Verus began the war to recover Armenia and exact vengeance for Parthia's invasions of Armenia and Syria. The Armenian capital Artaxata was recovered in 163. At the end of 163, Verus took the title Armeniacus, despite having never personally seen combat. Marcus Aurelius initially declined to accept the title, but accepted it in 164.
RS85602. Silver denarius, RIC III 491, RSC II156, BMCRE IV 229, Hunter II 8, SRCV II 5354, Choice EF, well centered bold strike, attractive portrait, excellent reverse detail, some luster, small edge cracks, weight 3.210 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 162 - 163 A.D.; obverse IMP L VERVS AVG, bare head right; reverse PROV DEOR TR P III COS II (to the providence of the gods, holder of Tribunitian power for 3 years, consul 2 times), Providentia standing half left, globe in extended right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $220.00 (Ä187.00)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D., EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, Q, SXXI

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Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - click EQVITI to read the NumisWiki article, Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark. The letter Q in the reverse field is the second letter of the codeword EQVITI. The letter S in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the second officina (mint workshop). The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mint marks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation.
RA77126. Billon antoninianus, Cohen VI 488 (also with helmet); RIC V, part 2, 492 (R); Pink VI-1, p. 67/9; Hunter IV -, SRCV III -, Choice gVF, well centered and struck, much silvering, unusual obverse legend, weight 3.366 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, emission 9, 281 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI INVICTI AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse PROVIDENT AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left holding globe in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, Q in left field, SXXI in exergue; rare; $150.00 (Ä127.50)


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.

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In late December 211, Geta was lured to come without his bodyguards to meet Caracalla, to discuss a possible reconciliation. When he arrived at their mother's house, the Praetorian Guard murdered him and he died in the arms of his mother Julia Domna.
RS85553. Silver denarius, Hunter III 56 (same obv. leg. break), RIC IV 81, RSC III 200, SRCV II 7252, BMCRE V - (noted p. 422), VF, excellent portrait, broad flan, well struck full circle reverse, small edge cracks, weight 3.589 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 211 A.D.; obverse P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse TR P III COS II P P, Providentia (or Aeternitas?) standing slightly right, head left, short torch in extended right hand, globe in extended left hand; scarce; $150.00 (Ä127.50)


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

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This coin is universally described with Maximian raising his empty right hand but on all of the five examples known to Forum, including this coin, he holds an olive branch in his right hand and a mappa in his left hand.
RT85653. Billon half follis, RIC VI Alexandria 91b (S) corr. (no olive branch or mappa), SRCV IV 13419, Hunter V -, Cohen VI -, Choice aEF, well centered and struck, edge cracks, weight 3.001 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Alexandria mint, c. early - mid 308 A.D.; obverse D N MAXIMIANO FELICISS, laureate bust right, wearing imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left hand; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM (foresight of the Gods), Providentia, draped, standing right, extending right hand to Quies; Quies, draped, standing left, holding branch in right hand and leaning on scepter with left hand, ∆ lower center, ALE in exergue; rare; $150.00 (Ä127.50)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Colchester (Camulodunum) and its wall were rebuilt by the Romans after Queen Boudica led a rebellion in A.D. 60 and destroyed the town. Balkerne Gate in Colchester is the largest Roman arch in Britain. Balkerne Gate Colchester
RA73257. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 416, RIC V 358, Cohen VII 261, SRCV IV 13681 var. (S-C), Hunter IV 122 var. (same), VF, green patina, well centered, bumps, marks and scratches, weight 3.224 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVID AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, S - P flanking across field at center, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $145.00 (Ä123.25)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and make provision. She was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the Imperial cult of ancient Rome. Providentia figures in art, cult, and literature, but has little or no mythology as such.
RA73253. Billon antoninianus, apparently unpublished, RIC V -; Webb Carausius -; Casey -; SRCV IV -; Hunter IV -; Linchmere Hoard -; Bicester Hoard -; et al. -, F, long closed flan crack, weight 3.133 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 45o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. mid 287 - 288 A.D.; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENTI AVG, Providentia standing half left, staff in right hand held vertically downward between globe on ground and his right foot, cornucopia in left hand, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; extremely rare; $135.00 (Ä114.75)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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In The Reign and Coinage of Carausius, Percy Webb wrote that Providentia types are very common, but those reading PROVIDEN are rare.
RA73472. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 175 (draped, no cuirass) or 176 (also cuirassed), RIC V 149 (S), SRCV IV 13694, Askew 182, Hunter IV -, VF, green patina, well centered on a tight flan, areas weakly struck, bumps and marks, weight 3.155 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. 290 - 291 A.D.; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped (and cuirassed?) bust right; reverse PROVIDENT AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, B - E across fields, MLXXI in exergue; scarce; $135.00 (Ä114.75)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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The I in the obverse legend is unusual. It apparently abbreviates invictus - invincible. The plural AVGGG in the reverse legend refers to Diocletian, Maximian and Carausius in a futile attempt to appease the legitimate mainland rulers.
RA73290. Billon antoninianus, RIC V 370 (R), Webb Carausius 428, Hunter IV 145, SRCV IV -, F, green patina, corrosion, reverse double struck, weight 4.280 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 45o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F I AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse PROVID AVGGG (the foresight of the three emperors), Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - P flanking across field (S unstruck), C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; rare; $115.00 (Ä97.75)




  



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Providence