, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain Mint, Anatolia or
The mint, the who struck this , and even the identity of the person in the portrait remain uncertain. The has previously been attributed to and the portrait identified as (Friedlander) or (Grant). David notes the has never been found in . Finds point to or Anatolia. It is possible that the was issued, with his own portrait, by Sosius, a general under Marc Antony who was in 39 B.C. Much more likely, however, the portrait is of .RB71004. Bronze AE 27, 5409; 957 ( ); 29 ( ), F, green , 17.823 g, maximum 26.6 mm, 180o, uncertain Anatolian or Syrian mint, right; (spear), sella quaestoria (quaestor's seat of office), and fiscus (imperial treasury), Q (for ) below; previously a but recent finds have made it somewhat easier to acquire; $300.00 (€267.00)
Lokris Opuntia, Lokris, , c. 340 - 330 B.C.
Lokrian (the Lesser) was a Greek mythological hero, son of Oileus, the of . Locrians are mentioned by Homer in the Iliad as following , the son of Oïleus, to the Trojan War in forty ships, and as inhabiting the towns of Kynos, Opus, Calliarus, Besa, Scarphe, Augeiae, Tarphe, and Thronium. Lokrian was called the "lesser" or "Lokrian" , to distinguish him from the Great, son of Telamon. He is also mentioned in the Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid.GS83462. Silver , 98; p. 2, 9; 50; 1700; 1958; 1339; 2330; 997, aVF, attractive , , etched surfaces, 2.385 g, maximum 15.3 mm, 0o, Lokris Opuntia mint, c. 340 - 330 B.C.; of right, wearing of grain, single-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; OΠONTIΩN, son of Oileus, advancing right in fighting attitude, nude but for crested Corinthian helmet, short sword in right hand, on left arm ornamented inside with coiled snake (control symbol), (control symbol) below; ; $240.00 (€213.60)
Lamia, , , 400 - 344 B.C.
Lamia has been inhabited since at least the 3rd millennium B.C., but the first historical mention is after an earthquake in 424 B.C., when it was an important Spartan military base. The city held a strategic location, controlling the narrow coastal plain that connected southern with and the rest of the Balkans. It was therefore fortified in the 5th century B.C., and was contested by the Macedonians, Thessalians and Aetolians until the Roman conquest in the early 2nd century B.C.GS84913. Silver , 1089; 123; 77; VI 59, IV 457 & pl. CCLXXXVII, 20; p. 22, 2; 6, VF, attractive , 2.656 g, maximum 16.5 mm, 315o, Lamia mint, 400 - 344 B.C.; of Dionysos left, wearing ivy ; ΛAMIE−ΩN, , with right on lower right, ivy-leaf above, all within shallow round ; ex with his round tag; $225.00 (€200.25)
, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
Then abbreviates, Certamen quinquennale Romae constitutum - five-year games established at . In 60 A.D. founded the quinquennial games at which, in the Greek fashion, included musical, gymnastic, and horse racing contests. himself was awarded the crowns for Latin oratory and poetry and for playing. Despite his supposed , it seems did not actually perform at all, the judges declared he was the only one worthy of .
RB85335. , 233, 261, 325, 338, 47, 1979, VF, nice portrait, brass, light encrustations and deposits, light corrosion, 3.174 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 180o, mint, 66 - 68 A.D.; , laureate right; CER QVINQ ROM CO (Certamen quinquennale Romae constitutum - five-year games established at ), prize-urn and a set on a prize-table seen from front and right, front panel ornamented with two griffins, discus(?) resting against right front leg, S ( ) above left, S C ( ) in ; $165.00 (€146.85)
, , 90 - 89 B.C.
The torch is an attribute of and a civic symbol of .
of invaded and beginning the First Mithridatic War.GS76188. Silver , Dated 46, 36, 326, 325, -, -, -, VF, dark uneven on , struck with a worn die, 12.674 g, maximum 27.7 mm, 0o, mint, 90 - 89 B.C.; cista mystica with half-open lid, from which a snake emerges, all within of ivy with berries; bow-case ornamented with an , strap lower right, flanked on each side by a snake with erect, serpent-entwined staff above between snakes' heads, ME (year 45) over EΦE on left, flaming torch on right; $160.00 (€142.40)
, , c. 104 - 98 B.C.
The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of may also have held a , perhaps associated with the missing phallus of .
The is the staff carried by and his associates; topped by a pine or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.GS76186. Silver , 5; 93; 1713; 419; 7466; p. 124, 102, VF, , light marks, 12.637 g, maximum 26.5 mm, 0o, (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 104 - 98 B.C.; Cista mystica with half-open lid, from which a snake emerges, all within of ivy with berries; bow-case holding strung bow and ornamented with an , flanked on each side by a snake with erect, AΣ (control letters) above between heads of snakes, to left, snake entwined to right; $155.00 (€137.95)
Etruscan, Bronze Ladle , 6th - 5th Century B.C.
Ex Museo Nazionale di ; ex Ran Ryan, from the collection of . Museo Nazionale di was founded in 1889 in the Villa di Papa Giulio (Pope Julius), built in the mid-16th century for Pope Julius III. Today the museum is devoted to pre-Roman antiquities, from , , and southern . In the 1950's the museum sold to Rex Ryan, a dealer with a shop in . Alex Malloy, an antiquities dealer in for 40 years, purchased some of these antiquities, including this piece, from Rex Ryan, in 1974.
Greek, Etruscan and Roman bronzes by Gisela notes, "the shape is distinguished for its grace and simplicity" and "ladles of this are commonly found together with black-figured and red-figured vases in tombs in ."
AM12357. Bronze ladle ; cf. 648; 14 inches long; bifurcated top, each end with a duck terminal (one missing); green , $155.00 (€137.95)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus Grypus, 121 - 96 B.C.
Antiochus Grypus (Hook-Nose) was crowned as a teenager, ruling jointly with his mother Thea. In 121 B.C., one day when he returned from a , his mother offered him a cup of wine. Since this was not common behavior for her, Grypus was suspicious and forced her to drink the wine; poisoned, it killed her. Grypus fought a civil war with his brother that ended with his murder.
GY84979. Silver , 2310b, 410, 1209, VF, , light marks, light corrosion, 3.677 g, maximum 16.7 mm, 0o, Antioch on the mint, 3rd reign at Antioch, 109 - 96 B.C.; diademed right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY EΠIΦANOYΣ, , PE over Γ outer left; $150.00 (€133.50)
Leontini, , c. 405 - 402 B.C.
Leontini was founded as by from Naxos in 729 BC, itself a Chalcidian colony established five years earlier. It was the only significant Greek settlement in not located on the coast, being some 6 miles inland. The site, originally held by the Sicels, was seized by the Greeks owing to its command of the fertile plain to the . The city was reduced to subject status in 498 BC by Hippocrates of Gela, and in 476 BC Hieron of moved the inhabitants from Catania and Naxos to Leontini.
GI76342. Bronze tetras, III p. 77, 3; 360; 270; 606; 1070; p. 92, 56; 169; 709 (R1), VF, , glossy dark , 1.891 g, maximum 14.1 mm, 180o, Leontini mint, c. 405 - 402 B.C.; laureate of right, olive leaf and olive behind; with loop handles, a barley kernel flanking on each side, between legs of tripod, three pellets in ; $125.00 (€111.25)
Kyzikos, , c. 200 - 27 B.C.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in , it was made over to . Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.GB72168. Bronze AE 28, 7355 (with same ); 505 (also with same c/m); 84; p. 40, 167, VF, nice , , nice green , bevelled obv edge, 12.530 g, maximum 28.2 mm, 90o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 27 B.C.; of Kore Soteira right, wearing grain ; : standing right, wings open in a 7.5mm round punch; tripod with three loop handles, KYZI/KHNWN from upper right, in two flanking downward lines, branch right above, torch left below, outer right, outer left; $120.00 (€106.80)
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