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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Animals ▸ SheepView Options:  |  |  | 

Sheep on Ancient Coin

Northern Syria, 3rd Century A.D.

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This type has long been attributed to Pharaoh Nektanebo II. Butcher, however, notes it is quite common in the vicinity of Antioch and in Northern Syria and the obverse style is similar to third century Antiochene zodiacal type coins. He suggests they may have been struck under Hadrian.
RY77448. Bronze AE 16, Butcher p. 405, 11; Weiser p. 16, 1 (Nektanebo II, Memphis, Egypt), aVF, scratches and marks, weight 3.396 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain (Antioch?) mint, 3rd century A.D.; obverse ram (Ares) leaping left, head turned back right; reverse balance scale (Libra); $270.00 (€240.30)
 


Kebren, Troas, 5th Century B.C.

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Kebren (or Cebren, or Cebrene) was in the middle Skamander valley in the Troad region of Anatolia. Its remains have been located in the forested foothills of Mount Ida (modern Kaz Dagi), approximately 7 km to the south of the Skamander. Archaeological remains suggest that in the mid-7th and early 6th century B.C. Kebren as a mixed Greco-Anatolian community. Writing in the early 4th century B.C., Xenophon implies that the population of Kebren was still both Greek and Anatolian. In the 5th century B.C., Kebren was a member of the Delian League and is listed in the Hellespontine district paying tribute to Athens. Following the defeat of Athens at the end of the Peloponnesian War in 404 B.C., Kebren came under the control of Zenis, the tyrant of Dardanus, and his wife Mania who together controlled the Troad on behalf of the Persian satrap Pharnabazos. Kebren was captured by the Spartan commander Dercylidas in 399 B.C., but soon after returned to Persian control. In 360 to 359, the Greek mercenary commander Charidemus briefly captured the city before being repelled by the Persian satrap Artabazos. At some point in the 4th century B.C. Kebren produced coinage depicting a satrap's head as the obverse type, indicating the city's close relationship with its Persian overlords. Kebren ceased to exist as an independent city about 310 B.C., when Antigonus I Monophthalmus founded Antigonia Troas (after 301 B.C. renamed Alexandria Troas) and included Kebren in the synoecism.
GA76288. Silver obol, Klein 312, SNG Kayhan 1051 - 1052 (Lykia?), SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Troas -, aEF, toned, grainy etched surfaces, weight 0.570 g, maximum diameter 7.3 mm, Kebren mint, 5th Century B.C.; obverse head of ram left; reverse irregularly divided incuse square; rare; $180.00 (€160.20)
 


Klazomenai, Ionia, c. 386 - 301 B.C.

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The ruins of Klazomenai (or Clazomenae) are in the modern town Urla near Izmir in Izmir Province, Turkey. It was one of the first cities to issue silver coinage. Clazomenae was attacked by the Lydian king Alyattes II in the 6th century. During the 5th century it was for some time subject to the Athenians, but about the middle of the Peloponnesian War, c. 412 B.C. it revolted. After a brief resistance, it again acknowledged the Athenian supremacy, and repelled a Lacedaemonian attack. In 387 B.C. Klazomenai and other cities in Asia were taken over by Persia, but the city continued to issue its own coins. Under the Romans, Clazomenae was included in the province of Asia, and enjoyed an immunity from taxation.
GB72669. Brass AE 16, BMC Ionia p. 24, 56; SNG Cop 85; SNG München 484; SNGvA 1993, gVF, weight 4.894 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Klazomenai (Urla, Turkey) mint, c. 386 - 301 B.C.; obverse bust of Athena, head turned slightly right, wearing triple crested helmet, earrings and necklace; reverse ram walking right, KΛAZOME/NIΩN in two lines above, uncertain control symbol (trophy?) right; ex Roger Liles Collection; rare; $160.00 (€142.40)
 


Philip II, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Damascus, Coele Syria

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Hadrian promoted Damascus to the Metropolis of Coele-Syria about 125 A.D. Septimius Severus upgraded it to a colonia in 222 A.D. Damascus was an important caravan city with trade routes from southern Arabia, Palmyra, Petra, and silk routes from China all converging on it delivering eastern luxuries to Rome.
RY77846. Bronze AE 24, cf. BMC Galatia p. 287, 37 (ram head r. in ex.); Rosenberger IV p. 30, 50 (same); SNG ANS -; SNG Cop -; SNG Hunter -; SNG München -, aF, porous, corrosion, weight 11.707 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 180o, Damascus mint, Feb 244 - End of Sep 249 A.D.; obverse IMP C M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left, from the front; reverse COL - DAM - MET-RO (or similar), turreted and draped bust of Tyche of Antioch right within tetrastyle portable shrine, base below shrine with carry-bars and ornamented at center (below Tyche) with ram leaping right with its head turned back left; apparently unpublished, extremely rare, and the only example of this variant known to Forum; $140.00 (€124.60)
 


Neandreia, Troas, 5th Century B.C.

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Neandreia, Troas was located near the summit of Mount Chigri about 9 km east of Alexandria Troas. In 310 B.C., Antigonus I Monophthalmus founded Antigonia Troas (renamed Alexandria Troas by Lysimachos in 301 B.C.) and moved the citizens of nearby cities, including Neandreia to his new city. In the 1st century A.D., Pliny the Elder listed Neandreia among the settlements in the Troad which no longer existed.
GS84452. Silver obol, SNGvA 7627; SNG München 292; SNG Tübingen 2650; BMC Troas, p. 73, 2; SNG Cop -; Klein -, VF, weight 0.601 g, maximum diameter 7.7 mm, die axis 180o, Neandreia (on Mount Chigri, Turkey) mint, 5th Century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ram standing left, NEA above, reversed N lower left, all within incuse square; rare; $110.00 (€97.90)
 


Halikarnassos(?), Caria, c. 400 - 340 B.C.

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In Kadmos 37 (1998), K. Konuk identifies Halikarnassos as a possible reading of the ethnic Carian reverse legend. The ram head may be a symbol of Apollo as the god of flocks and herds.
GA72261. Silver hemiobol, SNG Keckman 873 (uncertain mint), SNG Kayhan 996, Klein 496, SNG Tübingen 3316, SNG München -, SNG Cop -, VF, weight 0.507 g, maximum diameter 8.6 mm, die axis 270o, Carian mint, c. 400 - 340 B.C; obverse head of ram right; reverse young male head right, retrograde ethnic legend (resembles reversed S-A) across lower fields; $95.00 (€84.55)
 


Kebren, Troas, 4th Century B.C.

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Cebren was named for the river-god, whose river was located near Troy. He was the son of Oceanus and Tethys and father of Asterope, Hesperia, and Oenone. Around 310 B.C., Antigonus moved the residents of Cebren to Alexandria Troas, his new city.
GB71835. Bronze AE 11, SNG München 287, SNG Ashmolean 110, SNG Cop 263, Klein KM 313, gVF, nice green patina, obverse slightly off-center, weight 1.061 g, maximum diameter 10.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kebren mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse head of ram right; reverse laureate head of Apollo right; $85.00 (€75.65)
 


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria

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When Philip visited Antioch, Saint Babylas refused to let him enter the gathering of Christians at the Easter vigil (Eusebius, Historia ecclesiastica, VI, 34). Legend says Babylas demanded he do penance for the murder of Gordian III before joining the celebration. Saint Babylas died in prison in 253 during the Decian persecution. He asked to be buried in his chains.
RP69864. Bronze 8 assaria, McAlee 977; BMC Galatia p. 215, 527, F/VF, weight 12.175 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 2nd issue; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN, towered, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche right, ∆ - E / S - C across fields, ram leaping right with head turned back above, star below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $80.00 (€71.20)
 


Halos, Thessaly, Greece, 3rd Century B.C.

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Alos or Halos was 10 km south of present-day Almyros. The city is mentioned by Herodotus as one of the places where the Persian king Xerxes stayed in the summer of 480 B.C. during his attack on Greece. The classical city was destroyed in 346 during the Third Sacred War, but was refounded in 302 by Demetrius Poliorcetes. This Hellenistic city lies very close to the surface and is greatly disturbed, but several houses have been excavated, as well as a part of the city walls. This city was abandoned in the mid-third century, perhaps after an earthquake. A Byzantine fort was the last building phase from Antiquity.
GB75129. Bronze dichalkon, Reinder series 6; Rogers 241, fig. 114; BCD Thessaly II 85, gF, rough, corrosion, weight 2.868 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 195o, Halos mint, 3rd century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse Phrixos, nude but for cloak billowing behind him, clinging to neck and chest of ram flying right, AX monogram to upper left; ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 12 (1 Nov 2014), lot 268; ex Frank James Collection; $50.00 (€44.50)
 







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