Northern , 3rd Century A.D.
This has long been attributed to Pharaoh Nektanebo II. , however, notes it is quite common in the vicinity of Antioch and in Northern and the is similar to third century Antiochene zodiacal coins. He suggests they may have been struck under .RY77448. Bronze AE 16, p. 405, 11; p. 16, 1 (Nektanebo II, Memphis, ), aVF, scratches and marks, 3.396 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 0o, uncertain (Antioch?) mint, 3rd century A.D.; ram (Ares) leaping left, turned back right; balance (Libra); $270.00 (€240.30)
Klazomenai, , c. 386 - 301 B.C.
The ruins of Klazomenai (or Clazomenae) are in the modern town Urla near in Province, Turkey. It was one of the first cities to issue silver coinage. Clazomenae was attacked by the Lydian Alyattes II in the 6th century. During the 5th century it was for some time subject to the Athenians, but about the middle of the Peloponnesian War, c. 412 B.C. it revolted. After a brief resistance, it again acknowledged the Athenian supremacy, and repelled a Lacedaemonian attack. In 387 B.C. Klazomenai and other cities in were taken over by , but the city continued to issue its own coins. Under the Romans, Clazomenae was included in the province of , and enjoyed an immunity from taxation.GB72669. Brass AE 16, p. 24, 56; 85; 484; 1993, gVF, 4.894 g, maximum 16.1 mm, 0o, Klazomenai (Urla, Turkey) mint, c. 386 - 301 B.C.; of , turned slightly right, wearing triple crested helmet, earrings and necklace; ram walking right, KΛAZOME/NIΩN in two lines above, uncertain control symbol ( ?) right; ex Roger Liles Collection; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
Kebren, , 5th Century B.C.
Kebren (or Cebren, or Cebrene) was in the middle Skamander valley in the Troad region of Anatolia. Its remains have been located in the forested foothills of Mount Ida (modern Kaz Dagi), approximately 7 km to the south of the Skamander. Archaeological remains suggest that in the mid-7th and early 6th century B.C. Kebren as a mixed Greco-Anatolian community. in the early 4th century B.C., Xenophon implies that the population of Kebren was both Greek and Anatolian. In the 5th century B.C., Kebren was a member of the Delian League and is listed in the Hellespontine district paying tribute to Athens. Following the defeat of Athens at the end of the Peloponnesian War in 404 B.C., Kebren came under the control of Zenis, the tyrant of Dardanus, and his wife Mania who together controlled the Troad on behalf of the Persian Pharnabazos. Kebren was captured by the Spartan commander Dercylidas in 399 B.C., but soon after returned to Persian control. In 360 to 359, the Greek mercenary commander Charidemus briefly captured the city before being repelled by the Persian Artabazos. At some point in the 4th century B.C. Kebren produced coinage depicting a satrap's as the , indicating the city's close relationship with its Persian overlords. Kebren ceased to exist as an independent city about 310 B.C., when I Monophthalmus founded Antigonia (after 301 B.C. renamed ) and included Kebren in the synoecism.GA76288. Silver , 312, 1051 - 1052 (Lykia?), -, -, -, aEF, , grainy etched surfaces, 0.570 g, maximum 7.3 mm, Kebren mint, 5th Century B.C.; of ram left; irregularly divided square; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., , Coele
promoted to the of Coele-Syria about 125 A.D. upgraded it to a in 222 A.D. was an important caravan city with trade routes from southern , Palmyra, Petra, and silk routes from China all converging on it delivering eastern luxuries to Rome.RY77846. Bronze AE 24, cf. p. 287, 37 (ram r. .); IV p. 30, 50 (same); -; -; -; -, aF, porous, corrosion, 11.707 g, maximum 24.4 mm, 180o, mint, Feb 244 - End of Sep 249 A.D.; IMP C M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and left, from the front; COL - DAM - MET-RO (or similar), turreted and draped of right within portable shrine, base below shrine with carry-bars and ornamented at center (below ) with ram leaping right with its turned back left; apparently unpublished, extremely , and the only example of this variant known to ; $125.00 (€111.25)
Neandreia, , 5th Century B.C.
Neandreia, was located near the summit of Mount Chigri about 9 km east of . In 310 B.C., I Monophthalmus founded Antigonia (renamed by in 301 B.C.) and moved the citizens of nearby cities, including Neandreia to his new city. In the 1st century A.D., Pliny the Elder listed Neandreia among the settlements in the Troad which no longer existed.GS84452. Silver , 7627; 292; 2650; , p. 73, 2; -; -, VF, 0.601 g, maximum 7.7 mm, 180o, Neandreia (on Mount Chigri, Turkey) mint, 5th Century B.C.; laureate of right; ram standing left, NEA above, reversed N lower left, all within square; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., ,
is the city of Netzivin in the Talmud. The Jews of resisted the Roman conqueror, , to maintain Parthian rule. The city was taken only after a lengthy siege. After the it fell, was laid waste and the massacre was so great that the houses, streets, and roads were strewn with corpses.RP84871. Bronze AE 29, 233; p. 119, 7; 2618; 118; -, F, porous, slightly off center cutting off right side of , 12.292 g, maximum 28.6 mm, 0o, mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; AVT KAI MAP AV C AΛEΞAN∆POC C-E, laureate right, slight drapery on left shoulder; CEΠ KOΛO NECIBI MHT, of right, turreted, draped and veiled, ram ( ) leaping right above with turned back, stars before and behind; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Halikarnassos(?), , c. 400 - 340 B.C.
In Kadmos 37 (1998), K. identifies Halikarnassos as a possible reading of the Carian . The ram may be a symbol of as the god of flocks and herds.GA72261. Silver , 873 (uncertain mint), 996, 496, 3316, -, -, VF, 0.507 g, maximum 8.6 mm, 270o, Carian mint, c. 400 - 340 B.C; of ram right; young male right, retrograde (resembles reversed S-A) across lower fields; $95.00 (€84.55)
Kebren, , 4th Century B.C.
Cebren was named for the river-god, whose river was located near Troy. He was the son of Oceanus and Tethys and father of Asterope, , and Oenone. Around 310 B.C., moved the residents of Cebren to , his new city.GB71835. Bronze AE 11, 287, 110, 263, KM 313, gVF, nice green , slightly off-center, 1.061 g, maximum 10.8 mm, 0o, Kebren mint, 4th century B.C.; of ram right; laureate of right; $85.00 (€75.65)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
When Philip visited Antioch, Saint Babylas refused to let him enter the gathering of Christians at the Easter vigil (Eusebius, ecclesiastica, VI, 34). says Babylas demanded he do penance for the murder of before joining the celebration. Saint Babylas died in prison in 253 during the Decian persecution. He asked to be buried in his chains.RP69864. Bronze 8 assaria, 977; p. 215, 527, F/VF, 12.175 g, maximum 28.1 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 2nd issue; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN, towered, veiled, and draped of right, ∆ - E / across fields, ram leaping right with turned back above, below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $80.00 (€71.20)
Halos, , , 3rd Century B.C.
Alos or Halos was 10 km south of present-day Almyros. The city is mentioned by Herodotus as one of the places where the Persian Xerxes stayed in the summer of 480 B.C. during his attack on . The classical city was destroyed in 346 during the Third Sacred War, but was refounded in 302 by Demetrius Poliorcetes. This Hellenistic city lies very close to the surface and is greatly disturbed, but several houses have been excavated, as well as a of the city walls. This city was abandoned in the mid-third century, perhaps after an earthquake. A was the last building phase from Antiquity.GB75129. Bronze , series 6; 241, fig. 114; 85, gF, rough, corrosion, 2.868 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 195o, Halos mint, 3rd century B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; , nude but for cloak billowing behind him, clinging to neck and chest of ram flying right, AX to upper left; ex Numismatics e-sale 12 (1 Nov 2014), lot 268; ex Frank James Collection; $50.00 (€44.50)
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