Persian Empire, Tarsos, , Pharnabazos, c. 379 - 374 B.C.
In 377, Pharnabazos was made commander of a Persian attempt to retake , which had rebelled and had defeated two previous attempts to retake it. Pharnabazos hired Greek mercenaries under the Athenian general Iphicrates to reinforce his army. A dispute with Iphicrates resulted in failure of the expedition. GS84908. Silver , series 4, 76, 257, 8645 (uncertain ), -, -, aEF, , slightest corrosion, 0.740 g, maximum 10.9 mm, 90o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 379 - 374 B.C.; seated half left on backless throne, torso bare, around hips and legs and over left shoulder and arm, grounded long lotus-tipped vertical before him in right hand, left hand at waist; of bearded warrior to left, wearing crested Attic helmet with raised ear flap and adorned with tendril; ex Numismatics e-sale 27 (28 May 2016), lot 254; $150.00 (Ä133.50)
Orthosia, , 41 - 40 B.C.
Orthosia (near modern Arida, Lebanon) was located south of the Eleutheros River (the modern Kabir) in the far of . It was a refounded by one of the but which one is uncertain because the city changed frequently. The name Orthosia was derived from an epithet of and she was the principal divinity of the town.GB73950. Bronze AE 24, 209 (S, this date noted); - (this date noted p. 644); p. 126, 1 (date obscure); 175 (no visible date); -, VF, green , light encrustations and marks, edge chip, 6.820 g, maximum 23.6 mm, 0o, Orthoseia mint, 41 - 40 B.C.; turreted of right; of Orthosia standing on two winged lion-griffins, L∆K (year 24 of the Pompeian Era) horizontal on left, OPΘΩΣIEΩN in ; while others with this date are known to exist, we could not find another example; this date very ; $120.00 (Ä106.80)
Ziz (Panormos), Punic , c. 405 - 380 B.C.
Some authorities have identified the male on the as . Indeed, on some examples the does resemble other depictions of the youthful sun god, but on other examples the god is horned. On this coin the seems to better resemble traditional depictions of Herakles or . The usually has the Punic above the bull. Sometimes it is below. Most likely it should be above on this coin but is merely unstruck.GS66771. Silver , cf. (SNR 50) 14; p. 249, 27; 551; 889 (all w/ Punic "sys" above bull), aVF, 0.547 g, maximum 9.14 mm, 45o, Ziz (Palermo, , Italy) mint, c. 405 - 380 B.C.; male left; advancing left, turned facing; $85.00 (Ä75.65)
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