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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Non-Olympian ▸ BaalView Options:  |  |  | 

Baal

Ba'al simply means 'Lord' in Phoenician and was used to describe many local gods. At first the name Ba'al was used by the Jews for their God, but as the struggle between religions developed, the name Ba'al was given up in Judaism. Over time Ba'al became synonymous with Beelzebub.


Ziz (Panormos), Punic Sicily, c. 405 - 380 B.C.

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Some authorities have identified the male head on the obverse as Apollo. Indeed, on some examples the head does resemble other depictions of the youthful sun god, but on other examples the god is horned. On this coin the head seems to better resemble traditional depictions of Herakles or Baal. The type usually has the Punic ethnic above the bull. Sometimes it is below. Most likely it should be above on this coin but is merely unstruck.
GS79961. Silver obol, cf. Jenkins Punic (SNR 50) 14; BMC Sicily p. 249, 27; SNG ANS 551; SGCV I 889 (all w/ Punic ethnic "sys" above bull), aVF, toned, reverse slightly off center, weight 0.547 g, maximum diameter 9.1 mm, die axis 45o, Ziz (Palermo, Sicily, Italy) mint, c. 405 - 380 B.C.; obverse male head left; reverse man-faced bull advancing left, head turned facing; $130.00 (Ä110.50)


Persian Empire, Mazaios, Satrap of Cilicia, 361 - 334 B.C., Tarsos, Cilicia

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This type is one of our favorites.
SH08014. Silver stater, SNG Levante 106; Casabonne 2C; SNG BnF 350 var. (TN vice NT), gEF, superb nearly mint state, extraordinary sharp and bold strike, slightly irregular flan, weight 10.84 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 45o, Tarsos mint, 361 - 334 B.C.; obverse BLTRZ (=Baaltarz) in Aramaic behind, Baal of Tarsos enthroned left, head facing, BLTRZ (Baaltars) in Aramaic (read upward) behind; bunch of grapes, grain ear, and eagle in right hand; lotus headed scepter vertical behind in left hand, Aramaic letters NT lower left and M below throne; reverse lion bringing down bull, attacking with teeth and claws, MZDI (Mazaios) in Aramaic (read right to left) above, Aramaic monogram below; SOLD


Persian Empire, Mazaios, Satrap of Cilicia, 361 - 334 B.C., Tarsos, Cilicia

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Mazaios was the Persian satrap of Cilicia beginning about 361 B.C. and in about 345 B.C. he was also made satrap of Transeuphratesia (which included Syria and Judaea). In 331 B.C., Mazaios was defeated by Alexander the Great at the Battle of Gaugamela, after which he fled to Babylon. Later that year Mazaios surrendered Babylon, the capital of the Persian Empire, to Alexander. For surrendering without a fight, Alexander appointed Mazaios governor of Babylon. He died in 328 B.C.
GS86510. Silver stater, SNG Levante supp. 20, Casabonne 2D, SNG BnF 335 var. (TN vice NT), SNG Cop 311 var. (same and monogram on rev.), SNG Delepierre 2880 var. (same), VF, obverse slightly off center, die wear, some porosity, weight 10.261 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 361/360 - 334 B.C.; obverse BLTRZ (Baaltars) in Aramaic (read upward) behind, Baal of Tarsos enthroned left, head facing, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs; bunch of grapes, grain ear, and eagle in right hand; lotus headed scepter vertical behind in left hand; Aramaic NT lower left, Aramaic M below throne; reverse lion bringing down bull, attacking with teeth and claws, MZDI (Mazaios) in Aramaic (read right to left) above; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; SOLD







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Catalog current as of Thursday, June 21, 2018.
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Baal