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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Anatolia ▸ Pamphylia ▸ SideView Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Greek Coins of Side, Pamphylia

Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, c. 7th century B.C. The settlers used the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side means pomegranate in this indigenous Anatolian language. Under Alexander the Great, then Ptolemaic, then Seleukid rule the city readily adapted Hellenistic culture, grew prosperous, and became an important cultural center. The Treaty of Apamea in 188 B.C. left Side autonomous until 36 B.C. when the city came under the rule of the Roman client King of Galatia, Amyntas. In 25 B.C., Augustus placed Pamphylia and Side in the Roman province of Galatia. Side began another prosperous period as a commercial center trading in olive oil and slaves, and some piracy. Its population grew to 60,000 inhabitants. Wealthy merchants paid for public works, monuments, competitions, games, and gladiator fights. Most of the extant ruins at Side date from this period of prosperity which lasted well into the 3rd century A.D. In the 4th century, Side's defensive walls could not stop successive highlander invasions. In the 5th and 6th centuries, Side experienced a revival, but Arab fleets raided and burned Side during the 7th century. The combination of earthquakes and Arab raids, left the site nearly abandoned by the 10th century, its citizens having emigrated to nearby Antalya.Agora at Side


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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This reverse type was used primarily for coins of Salonina (e.g. SNG BnF 941, SNGvA 4858, SNG PfPs 878).
RP88900. Bronze 10 assaria, Unpublished in references examined; SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Righetti -, SNG PfPs -, SNG Hunterian -, BMC Lycia -, Lindgren -, VF, well centered, porous, a little rough, weight 18.547 g, maximum diameter 31.1 mm, die axis 195o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, sole reign, 260 - Sep 268 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠOY ΛI EΓN ΓAΛΛIHNOC CEBA, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, I (mark of value) before; reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, three galleys left, A above (a boast that Side is first or best - A is the Greek number one), NAVA/PXIC in two lines below; only one sale recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades - CNG e-auction 413 (31 Jan 2018), lot 257 (realized $300 plus fees); extremely rare; $250.00 (€220.00)
 


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are two agoras: a commercial agora and the "state" agora. The commercial agora is over 8000 square meters, surrounded by columns, with shops, exedras and latrines and washing places. On it inconceivable numbers of slaves must have been traded, for during part of its history Side was a major center for pirates who stationed their fleet here. At its center, there is a round temple, well-restored, that was dedicated to the protective goddess of the city, Tyche. The present construction dates from the 2nd century A.D. and was still in use in Byzantine times.Temple of Tyche

RP88909. Bronze 10 assaria, SNG PfPs 830 (same dies), SNG BnF 906 (same dies, countermarked E), SNG Cop 428, Waddington 3491, SNGvA -, SNG Righetti -, BMC Lycia -, Lindgren -, VF, porosity, rough areas, obverse die damage at center and edge at 2:00, weight 15.101 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 45o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, joint reign, Aug 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠO ΛI * ΓAΛΛIHNOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, star above dividing legend, IA (mark of value) right; reverse CI∆H NEΩKOPΩN, Tyche seated left on rocks, wearing mural crown, pomegranate on stem downward in right hand; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $160.00 (€140.80)
 


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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A neocorate was a honor granted by the Roman Senate and the Roman Emperor to certain cities which had built temples to the Emperor or had established cults dedicated to members of the Imperial family. The city itself was referred to as neokoros (pl. neokoroi). A temple dedicated to the emperor was also called neocorate. These titles came from the Greek word νεωκορος, literally a temple-sweeper (νεως, temple, κορειν, to sweep), and was also used for a temple attendant and for a priestly holder of high rank who was in charge of a temple. The first city to use the title was Ephesus for its Temple of the Sebastoi. Starting in the 2nd century A.D., the title appeared on many coins. There were approximately 37 cities holding the neocorate, concentrated in the province of Asia, but also in neighboring provinces.
RP88912. Bronze 10 assaria, SNG BnF 901, SNG Fitzwilliam 5112, Waddington 3498, SNG PfPs -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Righetti -, SNG Hunterian -, BMC Lycia -, Lindgren -, VF, well centered, porous, weight 15.370 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 30o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, sole reign, 260 - Sep 268 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠOY ΛI EΓNA ΓAΛΛIHNOC CEB, laureate bust right, wearing paludamentum and cuirass, arrow right below, I (mark of value) before; reverse CI∆HTΩN, NE/ΩKO/PΩN in three lines within laurel wreath; only one sale recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $160.00 (€140.80)
 


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. The well-preserved city walls provide an entrance to the site through the Hellenistic main gate. Next comes the colonnaded street, all that remains of the marble columns are a few broken stubs near the old Roman baths. The street leads to the public bath, restored as a museum displaying statues and sarcophagi from the Roman period. Next is the square agora with the remains of a round Temple of Tyche in the middle. The agora was a trading center where pirates sold slaves. The remains of the theater, which was used for gladiator fights and later as a church, and the monumental gate date back to the 2nd century. The early Roman Temple of Dionysus is near the theater. The fountain gracing the entrance is restored. At the left side are the remains of a Byzantine Basilica. A public bath has also been restored. The remaining ruins of Side include three temples, an aqueduct, and a nymphaeum. The photograph right is of ruins of the temple of Apollo.Temple of Apollo

RP88914. Bronze 5 assaria, cf. BMC Lycia p. 160, 109 (no altar, obliterated by c/m?); SNG PfPs -; SNG BnF -; SNGvA -; SNG Righetti -; Lindgren -; c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs.), aVF, obverse die break at 3:00, porosity, countermark poorly struck sparing obliteration of the altar, the only example with a visible altar known to FORVM, weight 15.070 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 45o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, joint reign, Aug 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠOY ΛI ΓAΛΛIHNOC CE, laureate bust right, wearing paludamentum and cuirass, star above; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch obliterating IA (prior mark of value); reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Apollo standing front, head left, wearing short chiton, chlamys and boots, patera in right hand, left hand rests on laurel tipped staff, small flaming altar at feet on left; only one sale recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades (also with an apparently obliterated altar); very rare; $160.00 (€140.80)
 


Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Wife of Gallienus, Side, Pamphylia

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The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. The well-preserved city walls provide an entrance to the site through the Hellenistic main gate. Next comes the colonnaded street, all that remains of the marble columns are a few broken stubs. The street leads to the public bath, restored as a museum. Next is the square commercial agora with the remains of a round Temple of Tyche in the middle. The agora was a trading center where pirates sold slaves. The remains of the theater, which was used for gladiator fights and later as a church, and the monumental gate date back to the 2nd century. The early Roman Temple of Dionysus is near the theater. The fountain gracing the entrance is restored. At the left side are the remains of a Byzantine Basilica. The remaining ruins of Side include three temples, an aqueduct, and a nymphaeum. The photograph right is a panorama of the ruins of the commercial agora.Agora at Side

RP88901. Bronze 5 assaria, SNG BnF 936 (same rev. die), SNG PfPs 870 (same obv. die), SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Righetti -, BMC Lycia -, Lindgren -; c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs), aVF, well centered, porous, rough areas, weight 15.679 g, maximum diameter 30.6 mm, die axis 45o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, joint reign, Aug 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse KOPNHΛIA CAΛΩNINA CEB, draped bust right, wearing stephane, eagle facing with wings spread below; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch obliterating IA (prior mark of value); reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, prize urn, containing palms, inscribed IEPOC MVCTIKOC (mystical sanctuary), set on agonistic table, vase below; only one sale recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Wife of Gallienus, Side, Pamphylia

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IA is a mark of value. IA is the Greek additive number eleven (I = 10, A = 1, I + A = 11). Some references and sales listings identify this type with a value of eleven units. Eleven seems quite an odd denomination. We believe IA should be read as 10 assaria, the A abbreviating assaria. Most of these IA coins were later countermarked E, devaluing them to 5 assaria. At the same time other coins were struck with the mark of value I (only, without the A), 10 assaria.
RP88902. Bronze 10 assaria, SNG BnF 940; BMC Lycia p. 162, 120; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG PfPs -; SNG Righetti -; SNG Hunterian -; Waddington -; Lindgren -, F, well centered, legend not fully struck, porous , weight 13.978 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 180o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, 254 - 260 A.D.; obverse KOPNHΛIA CAΛΩNINA CEBA, draped bust right, wearing stephane, star above, IA (10 assaria) before; reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Athena standing facing, helmeted head left, temple model in extended right hand, vertical spear and grounded shield in left hand; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades, we could not find another example online; very rare; $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Valerian II, Caesar, Early 256 - 258 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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Athena, in addition to being the Greek goddess of Wisdom, is goddess of many things, among them law and justice. In Aeschylus’ tragedy "The Eumenides." Orestes is pursued to Athens by the vengeful Erinyes for the murder of his mother, Clytemnestra. Athena intervenes and sets up a jury of twelve Athenians to judge Orestes. Athena herself presides over the trial, instructing her citizens to watch and learn how a trial should be conducted. Apollo speaks on behalf of Orestes, while the Erinyes act as advocates for the dead Clytemnestra. The vote is a tie, but Athena persuades the Erinyes to accept her own decision in favor of Orestes as the casting vote.
RP88905. Bronze 5 assaria, SNG Pfalz 885; SNG Cop 434; BMC Lycia p. 163, 127; SNG BnF -; SNGvA -; SNG Righetti -; SNG Hunterian -; Lindgren -; c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs), VF, porosity, a little off center, parts of legends weakly struck, weight 17.787 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 45o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, joint reign, Aug 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse KAI CEB ΠOY ΛIK KOP OV AΛEPIANON, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, eagle facing below bust with head right and wings open; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch obliterating IA (prior mark of value); reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Athena standing facing, head left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, dropping pebble (vote) with right hand into amphora to left (obliterated by counter-marking), palm frond in right hand; only two sales recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; rare; $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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The obverse legend abbreviates Autokrator (autocrat) Kaisar (caesar) Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Sebastos (augustus). The reverse legend boasts that Side has been awarded the honor of hosting a temple dedicated to the emperor.
RP88906. Bronze 10 assaria, SNGvA 8546, SNG PfPs 844, SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNG Righetti -, SNG Leypold -, SNG Hunterian -; BMC Lycia -, Lindgren -, VF, well centered, porous, weight 20.083 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 15o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, sole reign, 260 - Sep 268 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠOY ΛI EΓNA ΓAΛΛIHNOC CE, laureate bust right, wearing paludamentum and cuirass, seen from behind, arrow right below; reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Asklepios standing facing, head left, leaning on serpent entwined staff in right hand ; only one sale recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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SNG Pfalz 792 and SNGvA 4836 have the same types but with a reverse legend CI∆HTΩN - NEKOPΩN. This type and reverse legend was also struck for Gallienus in the same issue. This Athena type was used on coins struck at Side for many different emperors and empresses and probably depicts a sculpture of Athena that was in her temple at Side. The obverse countermark, Howgego 805 (169 pcs), devalued the coin from 8 to 5 assaria, likely at the same time when, during the sole reign of Gallienus, coins bearing the denomination "I" (i.e. 10 assaria) were issued.
RP88907. Bronze 5 assaria, Apparently unpublished; cf. SNG Pfalz 792 ( rev. leg.), SNGvA 4836 (same), SNG BnF -, SNG Righetti -, BMC Lycia -, et al. -; c/m: Howgego 805, F, well centered, some legend weak, porous, weight 14.488 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 180o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, c. Oct 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI ΠO ΛI OYAΛEPIANON CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch, obliterating prior mark of value H (8 assaria); reverse CI∆HTΩN, Athena standing facing, head right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, long chiton and peplos, spear vertical in right hand, thunderbolt in left hand, pomegranate on stem on left, palm frond and shield upright on the ground to right; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades, we could not find another example online; very rare; $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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Obverse countermarked with E in circular punch, 7.5 mm. Howgego 805 (169 pcs). The coin was devalued to 5 assaria, likely at the same time when (during the reign of Gallienus) coins bearing the denomination "I" (i.e. 10 assaria) were issued.
RP88908. Bronze 5 assaria, SNG BnF 917, SNG Pfalz 833, SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, SNG Righetti -, BMC Lycia -; Lindgren -; c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs), VF, some die wear/damage, edge crack, porosity, weight 16.318 g, maximum diameter 29.4 mm, die axis 45o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, joint reign, Aug 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI * ΠO ΛI ΓAΛΛIHNOC CEB (clockwise starting at 9:00), laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, star above dividing legend; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch obliterating prior mark of value IA (10 assarion); reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Athena Nikephoros standing facing, head left, wearing a crested Corinthian helmet, long chiton and peplos, Nike offering wreath in Athena's extended right hand, left hand on grounded shield; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades, we could not find another example online; very rare; $150.00 (€132.00)
 




  



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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Monday, June 24, 2019.
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Side Coins