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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Pamphylia| ▸ |Side||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Greek Coins of Side, Pamphylia

Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, c. 7th century B.C. The settlers used the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side means pomegranate in this indigenous Anatolian language. Under Alexander the Great, then Ptolemaic, then Seleukid rule the city readily adapted Hellenistic culture, grew prosperous, and became an important cultural center. The Treaty of Apamea in 188 B.C. left Side autonomous until 36 B.C. when the city came under the rule of the Roman client King of Galatia, Amyntas. In 25 B.C., Augustus placed Pamphylia and Side in the Roman province of Galatia. Side began another prosperous period as a commercial center trading in olive oil and slaves, and some piracy. Its population grew to 60,000 inhabitants. Wealthy merchants paid for public works, monuments, competitions, games, and gladiator fights. Most of the extant ruins at Side date from this period of prosperity which lasted well into the 3rd century A.D. In the 4th century, Side's defensive walls could not stop successive highlander invasions. In the 5th and 6th centuries, Side experienced a revival, but Arab fleets raided and burned Side during the 7th century. The combination of earthquakes and Arab raids, left the site nearly abandoned by the 10th century, its citizens having emigrated to nearby Antalya.Agora at Side

Lot 16 Roman Provincial Coins from Side, Pamphylia, 3rd Century A.D.

|Side|, |Lot| |16| |Roman| |Provincial| |Coins| |from| |Side,| |Pamphylia,| |3rd| |Century| |A.D.|, |Lot|
A glance and we think we spotted Gordian III, Philip II, Valerian I, Gallienus, Salonina, and Valerian II.
LT96129. Bronze Lot, Lot 16 Roman provincial coins from Side, Pamphylia, 3rd century A.D., c. 27 - 32 mm, F or better, unattributed to type, no tags or flips, actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $600.00 SALE |PRICE| $540.00
 


Side, Pamphylia, c. 145 - 125 B.C.

|Side|, |Side,| |Pamphylia,| |c.| |145| |-| |125| |B.C.|, |tetradrachm|
In 190 B.C. a fleet from Rhodes, supported by Rome and Pergamum, defeated the Seleucid fleet under the command of the fugitive Carthaginian general Hannibal. The Seleucid defeat freed Side from the overlord-ship of the Seleucid Empire. The Treaty of Apamea (188 B.C.) left Side in a state of uncertain freedom. It was during this period of autonomy that Side struck these tetradrachms. It would last until 36 B.C. when the city came under the rule of the Roman client King of Galatia, Amyntas.
GS92896. Silver tetradrachm, SNGvA 4796 (also with anchor c/m); SNG BnF 694; BMC Pamphylia p. 148, 46 (KΛE-YX), Choice VF, well centered, reverse strike a little flat, obverse flattened opposite of countermark, weight 16.505 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, magistrate Kleuch-, c. 145 - 125 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Nike advancing left, wreath extended in right hand, pomegranate in left field, KΛ-E (magistrate's name) divided across field below center; countermark: anchor within incuse rectangle; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 77 (5 May 2019), lot 287; $500.00 SALE |PRICE| $450.00
 


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

|Side|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Side,| |Pamphylia|, |10| |assaria|
The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are colossal ruins of a theater complex, the largest in Pamphylia, built in the 2nd century A.D. Following Roman design it relies on arches to support the sheer verticals. The Roman style was adopted because Side lacked a convenient hillside that could be hollowed out in the usual Greek fashion more typical of Asia Minor. The stage building was ornately adorned but the decorations and the theater are damaged, in part due to a strong earthquake. The theater was converted into an open-air sanctuary with two chapels during the 5th or 6th century (Byzantine times).Theater at Side
RP92550. Bronze 10 assaria, SNG BnF 891, Waddington 3484, BMC Lycia p. 160, 108, F, well centered, porous, areas of corrosion, weight 15.960 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 180o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, sole reign, 260 - Sep 268 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠOY ΛI EΓNA ΓAΛΛIHNOC CEBA, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, I (mark of value) to right; reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Apollo standing facing, head left, wearing short chiton, chlamys and boots, patera in right hand, left hand rests on laurel tipped staff; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00
 


Side, Pamphylia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Side|, |Side,| |Pamphylia,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.|, |AE| |15|
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.
GB93601. Bronze AE 15, SNG BnF 759 ff.; SNG Cop 381 ff.; BMC Lycia p. 172, 51, VF, weight 3.114 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; reverse pomegranate; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00
 







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REFERENCES|

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