, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Paphos(?),
visited the Sanctuary of Aphrodite at Paphos in 69 A.D., when the future emperor was on his way to . He consulted the oracle of Aphrodite, and was told that he had a great future.
The 1.2 mm high gray-green conical stone, which once stood at the center of the Sanctuary of Aphrodite at Paphos, was found by archaeologists near the temple and is now in the Museum in Nicosia. It is not a meteorite. RP59007. Silver , 1809, F, encrustations, 5.636 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 0o, Paphos(?) mint, AYTOKPATΩP TITOC , laureate left; NEOY IEPOY, temple of Aphrodite at Paphos, conical stone ( ) at center, Θ in ; ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., ,
was the Greek god of love. His Roman counterpart was ("desire"). According to Hesiod (c. 700 B.C.), one of the most ancient of all Greek sources, was the fourth god to come into existence, coming after Chaos, Gaia (the Earth), and Tartarus (the Abyss or the Underworld). Parmenides (c. 400 B.C.), one of the pre-Socratic philosophers, makes the first of all the gods to come into existence. In early Greek poetry and art, was depicted as an adult male who embodies sexual power. But in later sources, is represented as the son of Aphrodite, whose mischievous interventions in the affairs of gods and mortals cause bonds of love to form, often illicitly. Ultimately, by the later satirical poets, he is represented as a child, the precursor to the chubby Renaissance .
GB84659. Bronze AE 21, CNG e-auction 380, lot 417 (same dies); -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, F, , small , 6.202 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 45o, (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; L SEP SEV ALEXANDER (many letters blundered or retrograde), laureate and right, from the front; DEO CVPIDI-NI C G I H PAR (D and H blundered, god , Gemella Hadriana Pariana), standing slightly left, right, nude but for drapery over left arm, herm at feet on left; missing from the many references examined by , but several examples are known from auctions; extremely ; $180.00 (€160.20)
Katane, , c. 212 - 50 B.C.
In 212 B.C., after a two-year siege, despite defenses designed by the Greek mathematician and scientist Archimedes, the Roman general Marcellus forced his way into . Although Marcellus wished to spare the Syracusans, he was unable to stop his soldiers from sacking the city. Archimedes was killed. Marcellus carried off the art treasures of to Rome, the first recorded instance of a practice which was to become common. GB66799. Bronze two chalkoi, III p. 110, 25; 1278; 563; 612 (R1); p. 51, 65 ; -, VF, 3.768 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 0o, Katane (Catania, , Italy) mint, c. 212 - 50 B.C.; laureate of right; KATA/NAIΩN, Aphrodite Hyblaia (or ?) standing right, wearing on , holding dove in extended right, II (2 chalkoi) right; $125.00 (€111.25)
Mytilene, , 400 - 350 B.C.
Mytilene on the southeast edge of , opposite the mainland, was founded about 1054 B.C. It was initially confined to a small island just offshore that later was joined to , creating a and south harbor. In the 7th century B.C., Mytilene successfully contested for the leadership of with Methymna, on the side of the island. Mytilene became the center of the island's prosperous eastern hinterland.GS76292. Silver , , p. 185, 8-14 var.; 368 var.; 7749 - 7750 var.; 1037 (R1) var.; 5670 var. (none with grapes), VF, nice , grainy surfaces, uneven , 1.290 g, maximum 11.7 mm, 180o, Mytilene mint, 400 - 350 B.C.; laureate of right; of Aphrodite right, hair rolled, MY behind, bunch of grapes (control symbol) lower left; very variety of a - we were unable to find another example with the grapes control symbol; $125.00 (€111.25)
Soloi, , c. 100 - 30 B.C.
(or Soloi) was a colony of Rhodes, founded c. 700 B.C. southwest of Tarsus, in . It was destroyed in the 1st century B.C., and refounded by as Pompeiopolis (not to be confused with the Pompeiopolis in ).GB57540. Bronze AE 26, cf. 1197, 872, -, aVF, 9.225 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 0o, Soloi mint, c. 100 - 30 B.C.; with winged in center; ΣOΛEΩN (below), Aphrodite riding bull right, owl before, above left; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.
seems an odd attribute for the goddess of love but both and Pompey dreamed of . , who claimed as his ancestor, sacrificed to her and she ensured he was always victorious. The use of on the of Mamaea's coinage at this time, not only appealed for her aid against the Persians, but also reminded the Romans that the empress too was in accompanying the legions on campaign.RS73862. Silver , 358, 76, 713, 5, 8216, VF, on a broad slightly , die wear, porous, bumps and scratches, 2.771 g, maximum 21.3 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 231 A.D.; IVLIA AVG, draped and diademed right; (victorious ), standing half left, helmet extended in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, grounded on left at feet against far side; ex J. ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Katane, , c. 212 - 50 B.C.
In 212 B.C., after a two-year siege, despite defenses designed by the Greek mathematician and scientist Archimedes, the Roman general Marcellus forced his way into . Although Marcellus wished to spare the Syracusans, he was unable to stop his soldiers from sacking the city. Archimedes was killed. Marcellus carried off the art treasures of to Rome, the first recorded instance of a practice which was to become common. GB66786. Bronze two chalkoi, III p. 110, 25; 1278; 563; 612 (R1); p. 51, 65 ; -, VF, 3.126 g, maximum 14.9 mm, 315o, Katane (Catania, , Italy) mint, c. 212 - 50 B.C.; laureate of right; KATA/NAIΩN, Aphrodite Hyblaia (or ?) standing right, wearing on , holding dove in extended right, II (2 chalkoi) right; $85.00 (€75.65)
Katane, , c. 212 - 50 B.C.
Catania, on the east coast of between Messina and , has been repeatedly damaged and even destroyed by catastrophic earthquakes and eruptions from Mount Etna, yet it prospers. Today, Catania is an economic, tourism, and education center, and an important hub of industry, nicknamed the "European Silicon Valley."GB65645. Bronze two chalkoi, III p. 112, 26; 1284; 194; p. 52, 66 (hexas), VF, nice for the , green , 3.590 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 0o, Katane (Catania, , Italy) mint, c. 212 - 50 B.C.; laureate of left, behind neck; KATA/NAIΩN, Aphrodite Hyblaia (or ?) standing right, wearing on , dove in extended right hand, II (2 chalkoi) right; ; $75.00 (€66.75)
, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D.
(Aphrodite) started the Trojan War with a golden . When she failed to receive a wedding invitation, she maliciously deposited a golden inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses argued who deserved this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named , would decide. Each of the three finalists offered a bribe. promised he would rule the world. said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the of Sparta. awarded the golden to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.RS65792. Silver , 904c, 134 ( ), S19 (Rome), 735 (64 spec.), 98, 10662, -, VF, , tight , , small encrustations, 3.028 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 45o, Cologne mint, 257 - 259 A.D.; AVG, draped right, wearing , hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of , crescent behind shoulders; (victorious ), standing right, viewed from behind, nude but for drapery at hips, buttocks exposed, leaning with left elbow on column, (or helmet?) in exerguetended right hand, transverse on far side in left; ; $75.00 (€66.75)
, Augusta, June 293(?) - 311 A.D., Second Wife of
In 309, a plague, possibly related to anthrax, spread across the Roman Empire, causing a drastic decline in the population. Plagues and population decline were perhaps the greatest cause for the decline of Rome.RL84389. , 36, 14592, VF, , dark , areas of corrosion, 5.182 g, maximum 27.1 mm, 0o, 2nd , (Salonika, ) mint, 308 - 310 A.D.; GAL VALERIA AVG, diademed , shoulders facing, right, wearing embroidered robe; , standing left, raising in right hand, raising drapery over shoulder with left hand, left, B right, •SM•TS• in ; ex FORVM (2012); $70.00 (€62.30)
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