, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This issue was minted to pay for Caesar's military operation against the Pompeians in . The campaign ended with the dictator's at Thapsus on 6 April 46 B.C. The depicts carrying his father and the away from burning Troy and refers to the mythical descent of the from Iulus, the son of .
SH85104. Silver , 458/1, 12, 1013, East 31, 1402, gVF, bold strike, 3.799 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 180o, mint, 47 - 46 B.C.; diademed of right, wearing necklace, hair rolled back, in a knot behind, two locks down neck; , walking left, nude, carrying his father, , on his left shoulder, in right hand; $1500.00 (€1335.00)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
in her aspect as the divine ancestress of the Roman people was known as . According to , and as recorded in Virgil's Aeneid, Aeneis was the son of who fled Troy after its destruction and founded the city of . , being of the , claimed direct descent from and . built a Temple of in his new . Most depictions of on Roman coinage are of the statue in the , and do not directly refer to pregnancy or fertility.RS79617. Silver , C388c, 212, 13, C25, 7106, EF, fantastic portrait, mint luster, tiny green spots of encrustation, 3.246 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 225o, mint, reign of , 216 A.D.; IVLIA AVG, draped right; (Mother ), enthroned left, extending right hand, long vertical in left hand; $225.00 (€200.25)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., ,
was the Greek god of love. His Roman counterpart was ("desire"). According to Hesiod (c. 700 B.C.), one of the most ancient of all Greek sources, was the fourth god to come into existence, coming after Chaos, Gaia (the Earth), and Tartarus (the Abyss or the Underworld). Parmenides (c. 400 B.C.), one of the pre-Socratic philosophers, makes the first of all the gods to come into existence. In early Greek poetry and art, was depicted as an adult male who embodies sexual power. But in later sources, is represented as the son of Aphrodite, whose mischievous interventions in the affairs of gods and mortals cause bonds of love to form, often illicitly. Ultimately, by the later satirical poets, he is represented as a child, the precursor to the chubby Renaissance .GB84659. Bronze AE 21, CNG e-auction 380, lot 417 (same dies); -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, F, , small , 6.202 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 45o, (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; L SEP SEV ALEXANDER (many letters blundered or retrograde), laureate and right, from the front; DEO CVPIDI-NI C G I H PAR (D and H blundered, god , Gemella Hadriana Pariana), standing slightly left, right, nude but for drapery over left arm, herm at feet on left; missing from the many references examined by , but several examples are known from auctions; extremely ; $180.00 (€160.20)
Katane, , c. 212 - 50 B.C.
In 212 B.C., after a two-year siege, despite defenses designed by the Greek mathematician and scientist Archimedes, the Roman general Marcellus forced his way into . Although Marcellus wished to spare the Syracusans, he was unable to stop his soldiers from sacking the city. Archimedes was killed. Marcellus carried off the art treasures of to , the first recorded instance of a practice which was to become common. GB66799. Bronze two chalkoi, III p. 110, 25; 1278; 563; 612 (R1); p. 51, 65 ; -, VF, 3.768 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 0o, Katane (Catania, , Italy) mint, c. 212 - 50 B.C.; laureate of right; KATA/NAIΩN, Aphrodite Hyblaia (or ?) standing right, wearing on , holding dove in extended right, II (2 chalkoi) right; $110.00 (€97.90)
Mytilene, , 400 - 350 B.C.
Mytilene on the southeast edge of , opposite the mainland, was founded about 1054 B.C. It was initially confined to a small island just offshore that later was joined to , creating a and south harbor. In the 7th century B.C., Mytilene successfully contested for the leadership of with Methymna, on the side of the island. Mytilene became the center of the island's prosperous eastern hinterland.GS76292. Silver , , p. 185, 8-14 var.; 368 var.; 7749 - 7750 var.; 1037 (R1) var.; 5670 var. (none with grapes), VF, nice , grainy surfaces, uneven , 1.290 g, maximum 11.7 mm, 180o, Mytilene mint, 400 - 350 B.C.; laureate of right; of Aphrodite right, hair rolled, MY behind, bunch of grapes (control symbol) lower left; very variety of a - we were unable to find another example with the grapes control symbol; $110.00 (€97.90)
Soloi, , c. 100 - 30 B.C.
(or Soloi) was a colony of Rhodes, founded c. 700 B.C. southwest of Tarsus, in . It was destroyed in the 1st century B.C., and refounded by as Pompeiopolis (not to be confused with the Pompeiopolis in ).GB57540. Bronze AE 26, cf. 1197, 872, -, aVF, 9.225 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 0o, Soloi mint, c. 100 - 30 B.C.; with winged in center; ΣOΛEΩN (below), Aphrodite riding bull right, owl before, above left; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
ad Lycus, , Time of , 14 - 37 A.D.
on the Lycus was the ancient Hellenistic of Pacatiana, in Anatolia near the modern village of Eskihisar, Denizli Province, Turkey. It is one of the Seven churches of mentioned in the Book of Revelation.
A is a double-headed ax, also known to the classical Greeks as a or sagaris, and to the Romans as a .RP84894. Bronze AE 14, 2910; p. 288, 59; 512; 348, VF, attractive black surfaces, some light marks, areas of slight , earthen deposits, 3.146 g, maximum 14.3 mm, Laodikeia mint, magistrate of Pythes, son of Pythes; Aphrodite standing left, dove in extended right hand, B over ΠYΘ (magistrate Pythes II) on left, ΛAO∆IKEΩN downward on right; river god Lykos in wolf form, across shoulder, all within laurel ; ex Numismatics e-sale 27, lot 257; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.
seems an odd attribute for the goddess of love but both and Pompey dreamed of . , who claimed as his ancestor, sacrificed to her and she ensured he was always victorious. The use of on the of Mamaea's coinage at this time, not only appealed for her aid against the Persians, but also reminded the Romans that the empress too was in accompanying the legions on campaign.RS73862. Silver , 358, 76, 713, 5, 8216, VF, on a broad slightly , die wear, porous, bumps and scratches, 2.771 g, maximum 21.3 mm, 180o, mint, 231 A.D.; IVLIA AVG, draped and diademed right; (victorious ), standing half left, helmet extended in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, grounded on left at feet against far side; ex J. ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Katane, , c. 212 - 50 B.C.
In 212 B.C., after a two-year siege, despite defenses designed by the Greek mathematician and scientist Archimedes, the Roman general Marcellus forced his way into . Although Marcellus wished to spare the Syracusans, he was unable to stop his soldiers from sacking the city. Archimedes was killed. Marcellus carried off the art treasures of to , the first recorded instance of a practice which was to become common. GB66786. Bronze two chalkoi, III p. 110, 25; 1278; 563; 612 (R1); p. 51, 65 ; -, VF, 3.126 g, maximum 14.9 mm, 315o, Katane (Catania, , Italy) mint, c. 212 - 50 B.C.; laureate of right; KATA/NAIΩN, Aphrodite Hyblaia (or ?) standing right, wearing on , holding dove in extended right, II (2 chalkoi) right; $85.00 (€75.65)
Katane, , c. 212 - 50 B.C.
Catania, on the east coast of between Messina and , has been repeatedly damaged and even destroyed by catastrophic earthquakes and eruptions from Mount Etna, yet it prospers. Today, Catania is an economic, tourism, and education center, and an important hub of industry, nicknamed the "European Silicon Valley."GB65645. Bronze two chalkoi, III p. 112, 26; 1284; 194; p. 52, 66 (hexas), VF, nice for the , green , 3.590 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 0o, Katane (Catania, , Italy) mint, c. 212 - 50 B.C.; laureate of left, behind neck; KATA/NAIΩN, Aphrodite Hyblaia (or ?) standing right, wearing on , dove in extended right hand, II (2 chalkoi) right; ; $75.00 (€66.75)
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