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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Persian RuleView Options:  |  |  | 

The Persian Empire in Phoenicia, Palestine, Judaea, and Egypt

The Persian Empire included Judaea and the surrounding area, even Egypt. Persian rule in the region ended with Alexander the Great's triumph.


Myriandros, Cilicia, Mazaios, Satrap of Cilicia, 361 - 334 B.C.

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In "Two Persian Pharaonic Portraits," JNG (2000) pp. 55 - 60, Frank Kovacs first identified the crown worn by both figures as the Pharaohs' Crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. This dates the type to the Egypt's 31st Dynasty (343 - 332 B.C.) when Egypt was ruled by the Achaemenid Persians following the overthrow of Nektanebo II, the last native pharaoh. Kovacs suggests the figure on the obverse is Artaxerxes III Ochos, and that on the reverse is Artaxerxes IV Arses.
GS85915. Silver obol, Gktrk 35, SNG BnF 429, Winzer 4.2, SNG Levante -, gVF, toned, fine style, scratches, porosity, off center, weight 0.619 g, maximum diameter 10.7 mm, die axis 0o, Myriandros (near Iskenderun, Turkey) mint, 343 - 334 B.C.; obverse King of Persia (Artaxerxes III?) enthroned right, bearded, wearing the Crown of Upper and Lower Egypt, back of throne terminating with a griffin head, lotus flower in right hand, long lotus-tipped scepter vertical in left hand; reverse head left of young beardless Persian prince (Artaxerxes IV?), hair in curls, wearing hoop earring and the Crown of Upper and Lower Egypt; ex Savoca Numismatik auction 15 (28 May 2017), lot 299; rare; $200.00 (170.00)


Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Artaxerxes I - Artaxerxes II, c. 450 - 375 B.C.

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This type was minted in Lydia in Anatolia, while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest. The Persian or Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 - 330 B.C.) was the largest empire in ancient history extending across Asia, Africa and Europe, including Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace and Macedonia, much of the Black Sea coastal regions, Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine and Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and much of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya.Persian Empire
GA85700. Silver siglos, Carradice Type IIIb (late), pl. XIV, 36 ff.; SNG Kayhan 1029; Rosen 671 - 672; SGCV II 4682; Klein 761; Carradice Price p. 69 and pl. 18, 79 ff., gF, well centered, dark toning, scratches, weight 5.181 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 375 B.C.; obverse kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, transverse spear downward in right hand, bow in extended left hand, bearded, crowned, stylistic drapery with broad semi-circular sweep of folds; banker's mark; reverse irregular rectangular punch; $130.00 (110.50) ON RESERVE


Persian Empire, Judaea (Yehudah), 375 - 333 B.C.

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Minted in Judaea while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest. Click here to see a map of the Persian Empire about 500 B.C.
JD59398. Silver obol, Meshorer TJC 5, Hendin 1051, aF, weight 0.487 g, maximum diameter 8.4 mm, c. 375 - 333 B.C.; obverse oriental style head of Athena; reverse Aramaic inscription, owl standing left, head facing, olive spray right; rare; $120.00 (102.00)


Persian Empire, Artaxerxes II - Darius III, c. 375 - 340 B.C., Lydia, Anatolia

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This type was minted in Lydia, Anatolia, while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest. The Persian or Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 - 330 B.C.) was the largest empire in ancient history extending across Asia, Africa and Europe, including Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace and Macedonia, much of the Black Sea coastal regions, Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine and Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and much of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya.Persian Empire
GS79827. Silver 1/4 siglos, Carradice type IV (late) C; Klein 764; SNG Kayhan 1041; Sunrise 37; cf. Rosen 679; (early - middle, A/B); BMC Arabia p. 167, 143 (middle B), VF, well centered on tight flan, weight 1.206 g, maximum diameter 7.9 mm, die axis 60o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 375 - 340 B.C.; obverse kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, dagger in right, bow in left, bearded, crowned, quiver on shoulder; reverse square punch; very rare; $110.00 (93.50)







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Catalog current as of Saturday, December 16, 2017.
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Persian Rule