, , Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C.
Following Heron's death, democracy was in 466 B.C. Similar to at Athens, the polis was governed by a council and popular assembly with an executive consisting of elected generals or strategoi. fought against Athens 427 - 424 B.C. and again 415 - 413 B.C.; ultimately was victorious. With further reforms by Diocles, the democratic nature of Syracuse's political structure was further strengthened. SH70877. Silver , 509 (V268/R362), 162 (same dies), VF, attractive Arethusa, die worn, edge flaw, 16.852 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 270o, mint, c. 460 - 450 B.C.; charioteer driving slow right, reins in both , flying right above crowning horses, ketos swimming right in ; ΣYPAKOΣON, diademed of Arethusa right, hair rolled and tucked under diadem, wearing earring and necklace, four dolphins swimming around clockwise; $1800.00 (€1584.00)
Herbessos, , c. 344 - 335 B.C.
The site of the native Sikel Herbessos is uncertain but it was probably located near Leontinoi. Like other Sikel towns, it supported against , however, in 396 B.C. Herbessos formed an with Dionysos I. In 310 B.C., Agathokles installed a garrison to hold it against . In 309 B.C., with the aid of , the city expelled the garrison and claimed its freedom. In the Punic Wars, Herbessos was repeatedly held by until taken by Rome. About 213 B.C., Herbesso became a decumana, paying 1/10th of its annual harvest to Rome. Although it probably continued to exist for centuries, it then disappears from history.
GI72187. Bronze , series II, 1 (354- 344 B.C); III, p. 252, 4; 593; 1002; pl. LIX, 17; 411 (R2), VF, on , 32.639 g, maximum 33.1 mm, 270o, Herbessos mint, c. 344 - 335 B.C.; EPBEΣΣINΩN, of Sikelia right, hair adorned with myrtle olive wreath; forepart of right; big bronze!; ; $1200.00 (€1056.00)
Lipara, Islands off , c. 412 - 408 B.C.
This very should not be confused with the later, lighter, issue with the pellets arranged in two rows of three.
SH73170. Bronze hemilitron, I p. 14, 16; p. 259, 33; -; -; -, VF, green , , light corrosion, 12.076 g, maximum 24.9 mm, 0o, Lipara mint, c. 412 - 408 B.C.; young Hephaistos seated right on draped chair, nude, hammer in right hand, in left; ΛIΠAPAIΩN, around a of six pellets; very ; $600.00 (€528.00)
Eryx, , c. 400 - 390 B.C.
13 and SNG 1328 are similar to this coin but with a female on the and the pellet above the dog on the . 13A has a male , but the dog faces left. The only reference that records this specific is the Handbook of . The photographed HGC coin shares the same die with our coin, but is incorrectly described as a hexantes or dionkia with an additional (second) pellet above. Despite the lack of examples in the primary references (and we checked more than listed here), there are several examples online.
SH90697. Bronze onkia, 315 (R1) . (same rev. die); I p. 283, 13A var. (hound left, etc.); SNG III additions pl. 42, 1328 var. (pellet above, etc.), VF, , weak , 3.094 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 90o, Eryx mint, c. 400 - 390 B.C.; beardless, young male right; EP-YKIN-O-N, dog standing right, turned back, right foreleg on hare on its back below, pellet right; very ; $560.00 (€492.80)
Himera, , 430 - 420 B.C.
The of the early coinage of Himera varied greatly. This coin has the most cartoon-like . describes the beveled as a "truncated ."
SH68313. Bronze tetras, I p. 32, 18; 315; 181; 596; 467 (R1), VF, , 11.965 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 135o, Himera mint, 430 - 420 B.C.; facing with cartoon-like , protruding tongue, curly hair with no , almond eyes, and pellet nostrils; three pellets, within round ; ; $530.00 (€466.40)
Messana, , c. 330 - 325 B.C.
Founded in the 8th century B.C., until the 5th century Messina was called Zancle, meaning "scythe" because of the shape of its harbor. The Carthaginians sacked the city in 397 B.C. and then Dionysius I of conquered it. In 288 B.C. the Mamertine mercenaries seized the city by treachery, killing all the men and taking the women as their wives. The city became a base from which they ravaged the countryside, leading to conflict with . Initially assisted the , but when attacked a second time, the petitioned the Roman Republic for aid. Although initially reluctant, to limit Carthaginian power, Rome allied with the . In 264 B.C., Roman troops were deployed to , the first time a Roman army acted outside the Italian Peninsula. At the end of the First Punic War, Messana was a free city allied with Rome.
SH70588. Bronze tetras, 840 (R1, same dies); 751 - 752 (D20/-); I p. 52, 16; 421; 674; -; -, VF, nice , nice strike, nice , 5.033 g, maximum 16.1 mm, 135o, Messana (Messina, , Italy) mint, c. 330 - 325 B.C.; ΠOΣEI∆AN, laureate of Poseidon left, ∆ (mark of value) behind; M−E−Σ−Σ−A−NI−ON, ornate trident , flanked on each side by a with down; ; $480.00 (€422.40)
The Sileraioi, , c. 357 - 330 B.C.
Sileraioi was not a city. The Sileraians were Campanian mercenaries who took their name from their proximity to the river Silaros. These coins have been found at the site of their settlement, Cozzo Mususino, a natural strong-hold in central . The coins are often on coins from minted c. 375 - 345 B.C.SH68704. Bronze p. 301, 2; 1243 (R1); -; -; -; -, VF/F, rough, 7.521 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 90o, Sileraian mint, c. 340 - 330 B.C.; ΣI−ΛEPAIΩ−N (retrograde counterclockwise from 3:00), forepart charging right; SIL (retrograde, upward behind), warrior advancing right, spear in right hand, in left; ; $400.00 (€352.00)
Piakos, , c. 425 - 400 B.C.
Struck with unsigned dies by the ‘Maestro della Foglia.’ was the first to suggest that this famed artist who magnificent masterpieces for Katane, was also the engraver for the dies of this Piakos coinage. Other experts have agreed. This particular might have been his very first . dates the to a possible period of transitory independence, 425 - 424 B.C., during the time of the first Carthaginian invasion of to shortly after Gela's conference. Other authorities date it as late as 400 B.C.
SH71341. Bronze tetras, III p. 198, 2; pl. LX, 14; 1101 (R1); -; -; -; -, VF, 2.357 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 45o, Piakos mint, c. 425 - 400 B.C.; P•I•A•K (pellets are mark of value), laureate and horned of a young river-god left; hound right attacking fallen stag right, seizing her by the throat, barley kernel on left and another on right; ; $400.00 (€352.00)
, , Pyrrhus of , 278 - 276 B.C.
This combination of control is not listed in the references examined. The control symbol is normally paired with a (thunderbolt) on the . The vertical trident control symbol is normally paired with a club on the .
SH73164. Bronze AE 26, II p. 325, 177 Ds 69 var. (club vice cornucompia); 810 var.; 844 ff. var.; SNG Munchen 1333 ff. var.; 1450 (S), VF, nice , nice , broad , edge split, 11.274 g, maximum 26.0 mm, 90o, mint, 278 - 276 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, of left, clad in lion-skin head-dress, (control symbol) behind; Promachos advancing right, helmeted and draped, hurling javelin with raised right hand, in left hand, no , vertical trident upward (control symbol) behind; variety; $400.00 (€352.00)
, , c. 415 B.C.; Signed by Phrygillos
and signed by the master Phrygillos. referring to this notes, "Coins exist signed by signed by Kimon (KIM), Phrygillos (ΦPI), Eukleidas (EY) and by an unknown engraver with the letter E (Eumenes?)." The signature on this coin is clear.
GI74382. Bronze hemilitron, p. 47, 19 fr 4/7 (same dies); 412; 1479 (S); -; -, gVF, 3.768 g, maximum 15.6 mm, 240o, mint, c. 415 B.C.; of Arethusa left, hair in inscribed ΦPI, downward behind; ΣY−PA, wheel of four spokes, in each of the lower quarters; $400.00 (€352.00)
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