Selinus, , c. 455 - 409 B.C.
According to this commemorated the cure of a plague at Selinus by the philosopher and physician Empedokles of . Empedokles stopped the plaque, perhaps malaria, by joining the channels of two streams and clearing the stagnant waters of the surrounding marsh. , the bringer of plaque, but also a healing god and the father of Asklepios, is battling the plaque with his arrows. The river-god Selinos offers a libation to the healing god for cleansing the waters. The cock is sacred to Asklepios.
notes the engraver's signature is clear on the coin from the same dies and on another example in the Bibliothèque National. Unfortunately it is not clear on this coin, thought there are perhaps some traces visible. This engraver also worked at and was among the earliest to sign his dies there.SH75667. Silver , 1237 (same dies), 99 (same dies), -, EF, nicely centered and struck, uneven of at 4:00, 17.060 g, maximum 26.5 mm, 0o, Selinunte mint, c. 455 - 409 B.C.; driving a right, standing beside her drawing his bow, a barley ear in ; ΣEΛ−INONTI−ON, river-god Selinos standing slightly left, nude, sacrificing from in right hand over a low flaming at feet, palm-fronds in left hand, rooster left in front of the , selinon leaf in right above a bull left on a base, tiny signature of the engraver, ΣΩΣIΩN below ground line; ; $3800.00 (€3306.00)
, , Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C.
Following Heron's death, democracy was in 466 B.C. Similar to at Athens, the polis was governed by a council and popular assembly with an executive consisting of elected generals or strategoi. fought against Athens 427 - 424 B.C. and again 415 - 413 B.C.; ultimately was victorious. With further reforms by Diocles, the democratic nature of Syracuse's political structure was further strengthened. SH70877. Silver , 509 (V268/R362), 162 (same dies), VF, attractive Arethusa, die worn, edge flaw, 16.852 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 270o, mint, c. 460 - 450 B.C.; charioteer driving slow right, reins in both , flying right above crowning horses, ketos swimming right in ; ΣYPAKOΣON, diademed of Arethusa right, hair rolled and tucked under diadem, wearing earring and necklace, four dolphins swimming around clockwise; $1800.00 (€1566.00)
, , Timoleon and Third Democracy, c. 344 - 317 B.C.
was a colony of Corinth. Threatened by and its ally Selinos, the Syracusans asked from their old home. Corinth sent General Timoleon, accompanied by a small group of mercenaries. Timoleon quickly put order in Syracuse' affairs and repelled in several wars, ending with a treaty which divided the island with . A Corinthian leading a Corinthian army, it is not hard to imagine why Timoleon picked the classic coin types of Corinth when new coins were struck by his new city . They were later used by Agathokles too.
SH75811. Silver , 494, 496-507, 711, VF, scratches and corrosion, 8.367 g, maximum 22.7 mm, 345o, mint, c. 344 - 335 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣION, Pegasos flying left; ΣYPAKOΣION, helmeted of right; $750.00 (€652.50)
Himera, , 430 - 420 B.C.
The of the early coinage of Himera varied greatly. This coin has the most cartoon-like . describes the beveled as a "truncated ."SH68313. Bronze tetras, I p. 32, 18; 315; 181; 596; 467 (R1), VF, , 11.965 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 135o, Himera mint, 430 - 420 B.C.; facing with cartoon-like , protruding tongue, curly hair with no , almond eyes, and pellet nostrils; three pellets, within round ; ; $580.00 (€504.60)
The Sileraioi, , c. 357 - 330 B.C.
Sileraioi was not a city. The Sileraians were Campanian mercenaries who took their name from their proximity to the river Silaros. These coins have been found at the site of their settlement, Cozzo Mususino, a natural strong-hold in central . The coins are often on coins from minted c. 375 - 345 B.C.SH68704. Bronze p. 301, 2; 1243 (R1); -; -; -; -, VF/F, rough, 7.521 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 90o, Sileraian mint, c. 340 - 330 B.C.; ΣI−ΛEPAIΩ−N (retrograde counterclockwise from 3:00), forepart charging right; SIL (retrograde, upward behind), warrior advancing right, spear in right hand, in left; ; $400.00 (€348.00)
Gela, , c. 430 - 425 B.C.
Gela, named after the river Gela, was founded around 688 BC by from Rhodos (Rhodes) and , 45 years after the founding of . In 424 B.C., the Congress of Gela established a platform of "Sicily for the Sicilians" and formed a league that pushed back the Athenian attempt to conquer the island.SH67849. Silver , 275, 52, 405, VF, 0.657 g, maximum 13.1 mm, 180o, Gela mint, 530 - 425 B.C.; bearded horseman helmeted and armed with and spear prancing left; CEΛAΣ, forepart of a right; $350.00 (€304.50)
, , Timoleon, 3rd Democracy, 344 - 336 B.C.
Timoleon installed a democracy in 345 B.C. After the long series of internal struggles had weakened Syracuse's power, Timoleon tried to remedy this, defeating the Carthaginians near the Krimisos river in 339 B.C. Unfortunately the struggle among the city's parties restarted after his death and ended with the rise of another tyrant, Agathocles, who seized power in 317 B.C.SH71353. Bronze dilitron, II p. 185, 80; 533 ff.; 717; 1159; 1456; p. 189, 311; 1439 (S) (S), gVF, some corrosion, 18.018 g, maximum 28.8 mm, 225o, mint, 344 - 336 B.C.; ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPIOΣ, laureate of Zeus Eleutherios left; ΣYPA−K−OΣIO−N (clockwise from 11:00), free horse prancing left; $350.00 (€304.50)
Soloi, , c. 300 - 254 B.C.
SH57303. Bronze AE 15, I, p. 312, 16; 744, gVF, die break, 1.334 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 270o, Soloi mint, c. 300 - 254 B.C.; short-bearded male ( ?) right, wearing hoop earring; free horse galloping right; ; $320.00 (€278.40)
, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Anchialus,
When the was abolished in 45 A.D., Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) became of the Roman province of . It was formally proclaimed a city under . Anchialos thrived in the 2nd and 3rd centuries serving as the most important import and export station of and acquired the appearance of a Roman city under the Dynasty.RP68711. Bronze 4 assaria, 464 (R5), 555, -, -, -, aVF, glossy green , 14.534 g, maximum 30.7 mm, 45o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, 209 - 212 A.D.; AY K Π CEΠ ΓETAC, laureate, draped and right, from behind; OYΛΠIANΩN AΓ−X−IAΛEΩN, Demeter standing left, reaching with right toward coiled around large torch before her, small torch cradled in her left, two small pellets over ∆ in center ; ; $270.00 (€234.90)
Himera, , 420 - 409 B.C.
In 409 B.C., attacked Himera. The city was unprepared; its fortifications weak. At first they were supported about 4000 auxiliaries from , but their general, Diocles, seized with panic for the safety of itself, abandoned Himera. The city was utterly destroyed, its buildings, even its temples, were razed to the ground. More than 3000 prisoners were put to death by General Hannibal Mago as a human sacrifice to the memory of his grandfather General Hamilcar who had been defeated at the Battle of Himera in 480 B.C.GB70582. Bronze hemilitron, I p. 41, 27; 318, 365; 184 var (grasshopper control), VF, , nice , 5.272 g, maximum 20.8 mm, 90o, Himera mint, 420 - 409 B.C.; Pan on a goat prancing right, nude but for fluttering in the wind behind, preparing to blow on conch in right, in left over shoulder, Corinthian helmet (control symbol) below; HIMEPAION, flying left, with dangling fillets in extended right, fold of long in left, six pellets (mark of value) left below arm; $260.00 (€226.20)
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