, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C., Portrait of Queen Philistis
Hieron II placed his wife and son on coins during his long reign. Those of Queen Philistis are eagerly sought after by collectors.
SH84601. Silver 5 litrae, 221 (D2/R2), 893, 1546, 827, 959, 2918, 1708, 1557 (R2) (all from the same dies), aEF/gVF, , light marks, 4.441 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 218 - 215 B.C.; veiled and diademed of Queen Philistis left, frond behind; galloping left, holding reins with both , E• in front of horses' legs, BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣ above, ΦIΛIΣTI∆OΣ in ; from the Woolslayer Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica auction 27 (12 May 2004), lot 129; ex A.D.M. Collection; ex Collection, 1929 sale, lot 213; ; $3000.00 (€2670.00)
Katane, , c. 405 - 402 B.C.
The oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, was also one of the young god's tutors. He was usually so drunk that he had to be supported by satyrs or carried by a donkey. When intoxicated, was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. The Phrygian Midas was eager to learn from and caught the old man by lacing a fountain from which often drank. shared with the a pessimistic philosophy: That the best thing for a man is not to be born, and if already born, to die as soon as possible. An alternative story was that when lost and wandering in , was rescued by peasants and taken to Midas, who treated him kindly. In return for Midas' hospitality, told him some tales and Midas, enchanted by ’ fictions, entertained him for five days and nights. Dionysus offered Midas a reward for his kindness towards , and Midas chose the power of turning everything he touched into gold.
GI84579. Silver , 554 (dies); III 1262; 103; p. 49, 43; 579 (R2); -, VF, extraordinary from the period of finest art, high relief , die wear, flaw (some restoration?) on the , 3.753 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 0o, Katane mint, c. 405 - 402 B.C.; facing of , bald, bearded, donkey ears; KATANAIΩN, of left wearing , olive leaf and berry behind, all within a shallow circular ; ex & Mosch auction 224 (13 Oct 2014), lot 54; ; $2000.00 (€1780.00)
Alaisa Archonidea, , c. 339 - 317 B.C.
Alaisa Archonidea was founded about 403 B.C. by Archonides II, the ruler of Erbita. He settled the town with a large number of mercenaries he had gathered for the war against Dionysios. Alaisa was taken by Rome in 263 B.C. It prospered as a free Roman town with a growing economy and a Roman-style .GI84574. Bronze , II p. 449, 1; 542; pl. 16, 190; 87 & pl. 5, 11 (Halaisa, 3 spec.); 190 (R2), aF/VF, green and red , 15.194 g, maximum 24.0 mm, 45o, Alaisa mint, 360-340 BC; AΛAIΣA, of Sikelia right, wearing ; Herakles advancing right, brandishing club overhead in right hand, bow in extended left hand, quiver on shoulder; nude but for skin on , over arm, and flying behind; ex & Mosch auction 216 (15 Oct 13), lot 2131 (sold for 500 euros, plus fees); very ; $800.00 (€712.00)
Kamarina, , c. 420 - 405 B.C.
A was a horror-creating pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, , Hellenistic kings and wore for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A image is at the center of the of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone in from about 600 B.C.GI76363. Bronze tetras, , E, 193.3; III p. 55, 19; 1224; 167; 546, EF, , nice green , a few light marks, nose a little flat, 3.341 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 135o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, c. 420 - 405 B.C.; facing of ( ), radiating locks, no hair band, fierce expression, knitted eyebrows, chubby cheeks; KAMA (upward on left), owl standing right, facing, holds lizard with downward in claw, three pellets (value mark) in ; $700.00 (€623.00)
, , Dionysius I, 405 - 367 B.C.
The model for the on the is derived from the facing Arethusa by Kimon. This issue is usually attributed to Exakestidas with examples signed E or EΞ. Stylistic differences suggest other engravers also worked the issue. This example, signed EE, is of the very finest and clearly the of Exakestidas. EΞ was probably intended. No other examples of the signed EE are known to .SH83659. Bronze tetras, cf. II p. 59 ff., 29 (unlisted dies); 385; 679; 1107; 1432 (R1, 415-405 B.C.); -; -, aEF, the finest , nice green , light corrosion, edge flaws, 2.23 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 90o, mint, c. 400 B.C.; of nymph Arethusa facing slightly left, wearing , earring, and necklace, , EE (master engraver signature, blundered EΞ for Exakestidas) lower left below hair; octopus; ex Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co. KG, auction 6 (9 Apr 2015), lot 68; $700.00 (€623.00)
Lipara, Islands off , c. 412 - 408 B.C.
This very should not be confused with the later, lighter, issue with the pellets arranged in two rows of three.SH73170. Bronze hemilitron, I p. 14, 16; p. 259, 33; -; -; -, VF, green , , light corrosion, 12.076 g, maximum 24.9 mm, 0o, Lipara mint, c. 412 - 408 B.C.; young Hephaistos seated right on draped chair, nude, hammer in right hand, in left; ΛIΠAPAIΩN, around a of six pellets; very ; $540.00 (€480.60)
, , 338 - 317 B.C.
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, was founded c. 582 B.C. by from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to in importance on , but was sacked by in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed after it fell to Rome in 210 B.C.GI76352. Bronze AE 18, I p. 206, 116 R1 2; 1113; 164; 95 var.; -, gVF, , nice green , , 6.283 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 270o, (Agrigento, , Italy) mint, 338 - 317 B.C.; AKPA−ΓA, laureate of Zeus left; standing left, wings open, tearing at hare left in talons, ∆ below wings; $500.00 (€445.00)
Kephaloidion, , c. 307 - 289 B.C.
Kephaloidoion, on Cape Cefalu, was under the influence of nearby Himera until c. 405 B.C. In 396 B.C., the town allied with General Himilco of against Dionysos of but was defeated. Agathocles besieged and conquered the city in 307 B.C. Kephaloidion was again allied with at the beginning of the First Punic War but the citizens opened the gates when the Roman fleet appeared off the in 254 B.C. The city faded but survived at least into the second century A.D.GI76952. Bronze AE 17, I, p. 371, 1; 649 (R2); -; -; -; -, VF, green , light marks, off center, 4.367 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 135o, Kephaloidion (Cefalu, ) mint, c. 344 - 336 B.C. (references vary greatly); KEΦAΛOI∆I, Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; bull butting right, club above, linear ; very ; $500.00 (€445.00)
Messana, , c. 330 - 325 B.C.
Founded in the 8th century B.C., until the 5th century Messina was called Zancle, meaning "scythe" because of the shape of its harbor. sacked the city in 397 B.C. and then Dionysius I of conquered it. In 288 B.C. the Mamertine mercenaries seized the city by treachery, killing all the men and taking the women as their wives. The city became a base from which they ravaged the countryside, leading to conflict with . Initially assisted the . When attacked a second time, the asked Rome for . Rome was initially reluctant, but allied with the to limit Carthaginian power.In 264 B.C., Roman troops were deployed to , the first time a Roman army acted outside the Italian Peninsula. At the end of the First Punic War, Messana was a free city allied with Rome.SH77506. Bronze tetras, 840 (R1); 751 ff.; I p. 52, 16; 421; 674; -; -, Nice VF, classical , nice green , 3.603 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 180o, Messana (Messina, , Italy) mint, c. 330 - 325 B.C.; ΠOΣEI∆AN, laureate of Poseidon left, ∆ (mark of value) behind; M−E−Σ−Σ−A−NI−ON, ornate trident , flanked on each side by a with down; ; $500.00 (€445.00)
Kamarina, , c. 420 - 405 B.C.
A was a horror-creating pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, , Hellenistic kings and wore for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A image is at the center of the of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone in from about 600 B.C.GI79953. Bronze tetras, , C, 189; p. 39, 36; III, p. 53, 16; 432; 546; -; -, gVF, , nice green , and struck, light marks, very light corrosion, small edge split, 4.731 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 0o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, c. 420 - 405 B.C.; facing of ( ) round , wild locks, no hair band, large eyes, straight mouth; KAMA (upward on left), owl standing right on right leg, grasping lizard with down in the left talon, three pellets (mark of value) in , Γ (control mark) right; $500.00 (€445.00)
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