Athens, , , c. 140 - 175 A.D.
Minos demanded that, every ninth year, Athens send seven boys and seven girls to to be devoured by the , a half-man, half-bull monster that lived in the Labyrinth. , son of Aigeus, the of Athens, volunteered to take the place of one of the youths and slay the monster to stop this horror. Upon his arrival to , , Minos' daughter, fell in love with him and gave him a ball of to him find his way out of the Labyrinth. promised that if he escaped he would take her with him. Using the string to mark his path, he made his way to the heart of the Labyrinth, slew the , followed the string out, and then rescued the Athenian boys and girls. told to leave and Phaedra behind on the beach. Distressed by his broken heart, forgot to put up the white sails that were to signal his success. Upon seeing black sails, his father committed suicide, throwing himself off a cliff into the sea, causing this body of water to be named the Aegean.GB77873. Bronze , p. 105, 764; 341; , pl. 96, 1; 276, aF, corrosion, 7.132 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 180o, Athens mint, pseudo-autonomous under Rome, c. 140 - 175 A.D.; helmeted of right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; AΘHNAIΩN, right, preparing to slay the , nude, planting knee on the back of , raising club in his right hand, a horn of the in his left hand, the falling right on left knee; from the Butte College Foundation, ex (Antioch Associates); very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
Lokris Opuntia, Lokris, , c. 340 - 330 B.C.
Lokrian (the Lesser) was a Greek mythological hero, son of Oileus, the of . Locrians are mentioned by Homer in the Iliad as following , the son of Oïleus, to the Trojan War in forty ships, and as inhabiting the towns of Kynos, Opus, Calliarus, Besa, Scarphe, Augeiae, Tarphe, and Thronium. Lokrian was called the "lesser" or "Lokrian" , to distinguish him from the Great, son of Telamon. He is also mentioned in the Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid.GS83462. Silver , 98; p. 2, 9; 50; 1700; 1958; 1339; 2330; 997, aVF, attractive , , etched surfaces, 2.385 g, maximum 15.3 mm, 0o, Lokris Opuntia mint, c. 340 - 330 B.C.; of right, wearing of grain, single-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; OΠONTIΩN, son of Oileus, advancing right in fighting attitude, nude but for crested Corinthian helmet, short sword in right hand, on left arm ornamented inside with coiled snake (control symbol), (control symbol) below; ; $270.00 (€240.30)
Pharsalos, , 3rd Century B.C.
Pharsalos, built on a hillside of the Narthacius Mountains, was one of the main cities in . In the Persian Wars, Pharsalos sided with the Athenians. In the early 4th century B.C., the city was a of the Thessalian League. Later, it joined the under . The became a theater of war where the Aetolians and the Thessalians clashed with the Macedonians, especially during the Second and the Third Macedonian Wars. After the defeat of the , Pharsalos and the whole became a of the Roman Republic. Pharsalos is famous for being the scene of the final battle between and Pompey.GB73546. Bronze , 326 (V170/R234), cf. 1299, 674.6, 649 (S), 505 (none with full ), gF, green , strike a little weak in centers, 7.518 g, maximum 21.1 mm, 0o, Pharsalos (Farsala, ) mint, 3rd Century B.C.; of Parthenos turned slightly to the left, wearing triple-crested Corinthian helmet, over her left shoulder, spear over her right shoulder; dot within Π left, dot ; armored Thessalian horseman riding right, wielding flail overhead in right hand, reins in left hand; on far side at rear of horse, attendant walking right with spare flail in right hand over right shoulder, ΦAP-[ΣA?] above left, AΛN (sic) below; ; $240.00 (€213.60)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Amphipolis,
Amphipolis was home to an imperial cult, worshiping the living emperor, and to a cult dedicated to . The depicts as a military and probably copies an imperial statue. The may depict a local statue of .GB90406. Bronze AE 20, 978 (same dies), 7179 (R7), 79, 37, 6068, -, -, , -, gF, centered, some , 5.099 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; TPAIANOC, emperor on horseback galloping right, brandishing spear to strike a prostrate foe below; AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, standing left, on , long torch before her in right hand, small branch in left hand downward at side, grounded behind; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Amphipolis,
Amphipolis was home to an imperial cult, worshiping the living emperor, and to a cult dedicated to . The depicts as a military and probably copies an imperial statue. The may depict a local statue of .GB90707. Bronze AE 20, 978 (same dies), 7179 (R7), 79, 37, 6068, -, -, , -, F, 6.620 g, maximum 20.2 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; TPAIANOC, emperor on horseback galloping right, brandishing spear to strike a prostrate foe below; AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, standing left, on , long torch before her in right hand, small branch in left hand downward at side, grounded behind; ; $155.00 (€137.95)
, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
, unlike his father, allowed Christians to persecute pagans and Jews. Christian clergy inspired angry crowds, which attacked and destroyed synagogues and temples. On 7 May 351, a Jewish revolt broke out in . The rebels destroyed the Roman garrison in a surprise night attack and acquired the garrison's weapons. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias and killed the people of different ethnicities, including Greeks and Samaritans. In 352, sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. Diocesarea, the epicenter of the revolt, was razed to the ground. Ursicinus ordered the execution of thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.RL90420. heavy maiorina, Constantinople 82, II 2026, 28, 18148, 44 var., gVF, excellent centering and bold strike, edge split, 6.037 g, maximum 23.9 mm, 180o, 1st , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; D N CONSTANTIVS , pearl-diademed, draped, and right; FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times ), soldier advancing left, in military garb, on his left arm, spearing a fallen enemy horseman, who is turned toward the soldier and raising his left hand, horseman's on the ground to right, Γ left, CONSA* in ; $125.00 (€111.25)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
attempts to list references from the most exact match to the least exact match. is rarely the first reference listed, but in this case it assigns a specific number to this with this and ; RIC does not. could be listed first, but since it is specific even to the and not an exact match, it must be listed as a variation.RA72853. , 912; 301 var. (4th ); , 2, 878; , p. 63; -, VF, full circles centering, excellent , much , 3.761 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 0o, 1st , (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, emission 4, 277 A.D.; IMP C PROBVS AVG, , helmeted and left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, on left arm; (the valor of Emperor ), on horseback prancing right, bare-headed, wearing military attire, on left arm, with right hand spearing barbarian who is before horse on one knee and raising his arms, on the ground under horse, KAA in ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.
On 3 June 350, Iulius Nepotianus proclaimed himself emperor and entered Rome with a group of gladiators. On 30 June, Marcellinus, a trusted general of , defeated and killed . Nepotian's was put on a lance and paraded around Rome.RL84368. heavy maiorina, 51 (also 2nd ), 150, II 421, 18800, 20, VF, rough surfaces from light corrosion, , 5.061 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 0o, 2nd , Arletum ( , France) mint, 19 Jan 350 - 18 Aug 351 A.D.; D N MAGNENTIVS , bare-headed, draped, and right, A behind; (glory of the Romans), on horse galloping right, wearing military dress, not holding , spearing a barbarian on right before horse who is kneeling left with outstretched , and broken spear on the ground below horse, upper right, SAR in ; $95.00 (€84.55)
Smyrna, , c. 190 - 170 B.C.
Apparently unpublished. The magistrate Pytheos is known at Smyrna but the is not listed for Pytheos in the many references examined. We did find a couple of misdescribed examples online.
A or is an ancient battle glove, sometimes used in . They were worn like today's boxing gloves but were made with leather strips and sometimes filled with iron plates or fitted with blades or spikes, and used as weapons.GB84111. Bronze AE 13, cf. 1927, L, 86; p. 243, 61 ff.; 1166 f.; -; -; - (none by Pytheos), VF, attractive , off center, scratches, weak, edge chip, 1.504 g, maximum 13.2 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, magistrate Pytheos, c. 190 - 170 B.C.; classical laureate of right, hair bunched in the back, loosely waved locks falling down neck; two in (fighting gloves) downward, the right hand is nearer with back of hand visible, the left hand is farther and clenched with facing, two fronds flanking forming arch above, ΠYΘEOΣ (magistrate name) downward on left, ZMYPNAIΩN downward on right; very ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Lokri Opuntii, Lokris, , c. 350 - 340 B.C.
Lokrian (the Lesser) was a Greek mythological hero, son of Oileus, the of . Locrians are mentioned by Homer in the Iliad as following , the son of Oïleus, to the Trojan War in forty ships, and as inhabiting the towns of Kynos, Opus, Calliarus, Besa, Scarphe, Augeiae, Tarphe, and Thronium. Lokrian was called the "lesser" or "Lokrian" , to distinguish him from the Great, son of Telamon. He is also mentioned in the Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid.
GS84492. Silver or , 369; 1697; p. 3, 26; -, F, , high relief, lamination defects, scratches, edge chips, corrosion, silver encrustations, 1.924 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 0o, Lokri Opuntii mint, c. 350 - 340 B.C.; of Demeter right, wreathed in grain, wearing drop earring and necklace; OΠON−TIΩN, son of Oileus advancing right in fighting attitude, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, nude, short sword in right hand, oval on left arm, ornamented inside bottom with a forepart right (control symbol), spear on ground in background; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $90.00 (€80.10)
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