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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Military| ▸ |Combat||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Coins Depicting Combat

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Hadrianopolis, Thrace

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Hadrian refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the area around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by Constantine I in 323, and Valens was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.
RP92734. Bronze AE 25, Varbanov II 3783 (R5), Jurukova Hadrianopolis 581, Lindgren 787, Mionnet Suppl. II 801, CN Online -, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, VF, centered on a tight flan, attractive style, bumps and scratches, central depressions with light spiral marks, weight 9.263 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 45o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse AYT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AV, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse A∆PIANOΠO,ΛEITΩN (last six letters in exergue), Emperor on horseback galloping right, spear overhead in right hand, reigns in left hand; scarce; $150.00 (135.00)


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 465 - 420 B.C.

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In 467 B.C. the Athenian statesman and military commander Cimon, and his fleet of 200 ships, destroyed the Persian navy based at the mouth of the river Eurymedon in a surprise attack. In order to crush to Persian land forces, he tricked the Persians by sending his best fighters ashore wearing the garments of the hostages he had seized earlier. When they saw these men, the Persians thought that they were compatriots freed by the enemy and arranged festivities in celebration. Taking advantage of this, Cimon landed and annihilated the Persians. Aspendos then became a member of the Attic-Delos Maritime league.
GS94449. Silver stater, SNG BnF 6; cf. SNGvA 4482 (ethnic arrangement), BMC Lycia -, SNG Cop -, SNG PfPs -, VF, struck with worn dies, oval generally favoring types, weight 10.739 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 90o, Aspendos mint, c. 465 - 420 B.C.; obverse warrior advancing right, nude, wearing crested helmet, couched spear in right hand, round shield on left arm; reverse triskeles of human legs counterclockwise, EΣ−Π counterclockwise staring lower left, all within an incuse square; $150.00 (135.00)


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 465 - 420 B.C.

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In 467 B.C. the Athenian statesman and military commander Cimon, and his fleet of 200 ships, destroyed the Persian navy based at the mouth of the river Eurymedon in a surprise attack. In order to crush to Persian land forces, he tricked the Persians by sending his best fighters ashore wearing the garments of the hostages he had seized earlier. When they saw these men, the Persians thought that they were compatriots freed by the enemy and arranged festivities in celebration. Taking advantage of this, Cimon landed and annihilated the Persians. Aspendos then became a member of the Attic-Delos Maritime league.
GS94008. Silver stater, SNG Cop 153; cf. SNGvA 4477 (arrangement of legs and EΣ varies); SNG BnF 1 (same); BMC Lycia p. 93, 2 ff. (additional symbols on rev.), aVF, struck with a very worn obverse die and a somewhat worn reverse die, weight 10.944 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Aspendos mint, c. 465 - 420 B.C.; obverse warrior advancing right, nude, wearing crested helmet, couched sword or spear in right hand, round shield on left arm; reverse triskeles of human legs clockwise, E-Σ divided high across field, all within an incuse square; $140.00 (126.00)


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 465 - 420 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
In 467 B.C. the Athenian statesman and military commander Cimon, and his fleet of 200 ships, destroyed the Persian navy based at the mouth of the river Eurymedon in a surprise attack. In order to crush to Persian land forces, he tricked the Persians by sending his best fighters ashore wearing the garments of the hostages he had seized earlier. When they saw these men, the Persians thought that they were compatriots freed by the enemy and arranged festivities in celebration. Taking advantage of this, Cimon landed and annihilated the Persians. Aspendos then became a member of the Attic-Delos Maritime league.
GS94458. Silver stater, SNG BnF 6; cf. SNGvA 4482 (ethnic arrangement), BMC Lycia -, SNG Cop -, SNG PfPs -, VF, struck with worn obverse die, reverse off center, weight 10.722 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Aspendos mint, c. 465 - 420 B.C.; obverse warrior advancing right, nude, wearing crested helmet, couched spear in right hand, round shield on left arm; reverse triskeles of human legs counterclockwise, EΣ−Π counterclockwise staring lower left, all within an incuse square; scarce variant; $130.00 (117.00)


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 465 - 420 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
In 467 B.C. the Athenian statesman and military commander Cimon, and his fleet of 200 ships, destroyed the Persian navy based at the mouth of the river Eurymedon in a surprise attack. In order to crush to Persian land forces, he tricked the Persians by sending his best fighters ashore wearing the garments of the hostages he had seized earlier. When they saw these men, the Persians thought that they were compatriots freed by the enemy and arranged festivities in celebration. Taking advantage of this, Cimon landed and annihilated the Persians. Aspendos then became a member of the Attic-Delos Maritime league.
GS94448. Silver stater, SNG Cop 153; cf. SNGvA 4477 (arrangement of legs and EΣ varies); SNG BnF 1 (same); BMC Lycia p. 93, 2 ff. (additional symbols on rev.), F, off center, struck with a worn obverse die, weight 10.8621 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Aspendos mint, c. 465 - 420 B.C.; obverse warrior advancing right, nude, wearing crested helmet, couched sword or spear in right hand, round shield on left arm; reverse triskeles of human legs clockwise, EΣ high across field, all within an incuse square; $110.00 (99.00)


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

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In 105, Trajan left with the Imperial Roman fleet from Brundusium, in Apulia, to begin the second expedition against Dacia. In 106, he first conquered the Dacian fortresses in the Orastie Mountains, then defeated the Dacians in the Battle of Sarmizegetusa. After the Romans encircled the city and destroyed the water supply pipes, king Decebalus fled and committed suicide. On 11 August 106, the south-eastern part of Dacia (modern Romania) became a Roman province.
RB92417. Copper as, Woytek 209b, Hunter II 307, Cohen II 509, Strack I 360, SRCV II 3234, RIC II 540 var. (aegis), BnF IV 638 var. (aegis), BMCRE III 942 var. (aegis), F, centered on a tight flan, areas of corrosion, weight 10.944 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 104 - 107 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, aegis on left shoulder; reverse S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Trajan in military dress on horseback right, thrusting spear at falling Dacian warrior trampled under fore-hooves, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 (90.00) ON RESERVE


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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After Alexander took Perga peacefully, Aspendos sent envoys to offer surrender if he would not take the taxes and horses formerly paid as tribute to the Persian king. Agreeing, Alexander went on to Side, leaving a garrison behind. When he learned they had failed to ratify the agreement their own envoys had proposed, Alexander marched to the city. The Aspendians retreated to their acropolis and again sent envoys to sue for peace. This time, however, they had to agree to harsh terms - they would host a Macedonian garrison and pay 100 gold talents and 4,000 horses annually.
GB92207. Bronze AE 12, Lindgren 1075, cf. SNGvA 4583 var. (A-Σ across field), SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, BMC Lycia -, aVF, green patina, weight 1.607 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 180o, Aspendos mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse free horse galloping right, crescent horns up above; reverse ACΠE-N∆IΩN (clockwised from 3:00), slinger standing right, throwing bullet; ex Gerhard Rohde Ancient Coins; very rare; $100.00 (90.00)


Thebai, Thessaly, Greece, c. 302 - 286 B.C.

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The famous sanctuary of Protesilaos was about ten miles from Thebai, at Phylake. An oracle had prophesied that the first Greek to walk on the land after stepping off a ship in the Trojan War would be the first to die. Protesilaos was the first who dared to leap ashore when the fleet touched the Troad. After killing four men, Protesilaos was slain by Hector, as prophesied, the first Greek to die.

In the war between Demetrius Poliorcetes and Cassander, in 302 B.C., Thebai was one of the strongholds of Cassander. Thebai and Pelinnaeum are mentioned in 282 B.C. as the only Thessalian cities that did not take part in the Lamian War.
GB87154. Bronze chalkous, BCD Thessaly II 760, Rogers 551, HGC 4 34 (R1), BCD Thessaly I -, aF, dark patina, tight flan, light pitting, weight 2.394 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Thebai Phthiotides (north of Mikrothivai, Greece) mint, c. 302 - 286 B.C.; obverse head of Demeter right, wearing grain wreath; reverse ΘHBAIΩN, Protesilaos advancing right from the prow of a galley right behind him, wearing military garb, sword in right hand, shield on left arm; rare; $90.00 (81.00)


Syracuse, Sicily, Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C.

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Hieron II was tyrant and then king of Syracuse, c. 270 to 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity, and Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense altar. The literary figure Theocritus and the philosopher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the Mamertini, he eventually allied with Rome.
GI87391. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati II p. 361, 193 Ds 40; HGC 2 1547 (S); SNG ANS 909 ff. var. (controls); SNG Cop 843 var. (same); BMC Sicily p. 215, 565 ff. var. (same), F, dark patina, tight flan, bumps and marks, corrosion, weight 20.012 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, c. 230 - 215 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Hieron left, beardless, conch shell (control symbol) behind; reverse IEPΩNOΣ, cavalryman prancing right, holding couched spear, no control symbols; scarce; $90.00 (81.00)


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

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Amphipolis was home to an imperial cult, worshiping the living emperor, and to a cult dedicated to Artemis Tauropolos. The obverse depicts Trajan as a military victor and probably copies an imperial statue. Artemis' most distinctive attributes were her bow and arrows but she was also called the torch-bearing goddess. This reverse likely depicts a local statue of Artemis Tauropolos. Artemis was honored at Amphipolis with torch-races called Lampadephoria.
GB90707. Bronze AE 20, Lindgren II 978 (same dies), Varbanov 7179 (R7), AMNG III 79, Hunterian I 37, Moushmov 6068, SNG ANS -, SNG Cop -, SNG Tb -, BMC Macedonia -, F, weight 6.620 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; obverse KAICAP TPAIANOC, emperor on horseback galloping right, brandishing spear to strike a prostrate foe below; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, Artemis Tauropolos standing left, kalathos on head, long torch before her in right hand, small branch in left hand downward at side, grounded shield behind; rare; $75.00 (67.50)




  



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