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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Jewish Revolts| ▸ |First Jewish Revolt||View Options:  |  |  | 

The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.

Discontent and inept rule led to open rebellion in 66 A.D. The Romans distracted by the Civil Wars following the death of Nero were unable to put a speedy end to the revolt. But, in 70 A.D. Titus, son of the new Emperor Vespasian captured and sacked Jerusalem and destroyed the temple.

The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.

|First| |Jewish| |Revolt|, |The| |First| |Jewish| |Revolt,| |66| |-| |70| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
Vespasian, along with legions X Fretensis and V Macedonica, landed at Ptolemais in April 67. There he was joined by his son Titus, who arrived from Alexandria at the head of Legio XV Apollinaris, as well as by the armies of various local allies including that of King Agrippa II. Fielding more than 60,000 soldiers, Vespasian began operations by subjugating Galilee. Many towns gave up without a fight, although others had to be taken by force. Of these, Josephus provides detailed accounts of the sieges of Yodfat and Gamla. By the year 68, Jewish resistance in the north had been crushed, and Vespasian made Caesarea Maritima his headquarters and methodically proceeded to clear the coast. -- Wikipedia
JD97312. Bronze prutah, Kadman III 12; Meshorer TJC 196a; Hendin 1360; SNG ANS 427; Sofaer Collection pl. 222, 11, VF, tight flan, porous, remnants of pre-strike casting sprues, minor flan flaw on obverse, obverse edge beveled, weight 2.603 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, year 2, 67 - 68 A.D.; obverse amphora with broad rim and two handles, year 2 (in Hebrew) around; reverse vine leaf on small branch, the freedom of Zion (in Hebrew) around; $100.00 (92.00)


The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.

|First| |Jewish| |Revolt|, |The| |First| |Jewish| |Revolt,| |66| |-| |70| |A.D.||eighth| |shekel|
"and you shall take of yourselves on the first day [of Sukkot] the fruit of a goodly tree [etog], a palm branch, the myrtle branch, and the willow of the brook [lulav]; and you shall rejoice before the L-rd your G-d seven days" -- Leviticus 23
JD97328. Bronze eighth shekel, Kadman III 37, Hendin 1369, Meshorer TJC 214, SNG ANS 455, BMC Palestine -, Fair, weight 4.620 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, year 4, 69 - 70 A.D.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew: To the redemption of Zion, Omer cup with a pearled rim; reverse Paleo-Hebrew: Year four, Lulav (myrtle, palm and willow branches tied together), flanked on each side by an etrog (citron - small lemon like fruit); budget example of an expensive type; $90.00 (82.80)


The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.

|First| |Jewish| |Revolt|, |The| |First| |Jewish| |Revolt,| |66| |-| |70| |A.D.||prutah|
In 69, Josephus, a Jewish rebel leader, was dragged before Vespasian. He "prophesied" Vespasian's elevation to the purple. Vespasian made him his historian.
JD97368. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1363; Meshorer TJC 204; SNG ANS 446; Sofaer Collection pl. 223, 31, F, off center uneven strike, edge cracks, reverse edge beveled, weight 2.662 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, year 3, 68 - 69 A.D.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew: Year three, amphora with fluted body, narrow neck, broad rim, two handles, and conical fluted lid decorated with tiny globule at peak and row of tiny globules around edge; reverse Paleo-Hebrew: The freedom of Zion, vine leaf on small branch with tendril; $90.00 (82.80)


|First| |Jewish| |Revolt|, |The| |First| |Jewish| |Revolt,| |66| |-| |70| |A.D.||prutah|
In 67, Jotapata fell after a siege and 40,000 Jewish inhabitants were massacred. The historian Josephus, leader of the rebels in Galilee, was captured by the Romans. Vespasian was wounded in the foot by an arrow fired from the city wall.
JD96738. Bronze prutah, Kadman III 12; Meshorer TJC 196a, Hendin 1360; SNG ANS 427; Sofaer Collection pl. 222, 11, F, uneven strike with weak areas and some legend not struck, scratches, light earthen deposits, obverse edit beveled, weight 2.953 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, year 2, 67 - 68 A.D.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew: Year two, amphora with fluted body, narrow neck, broad rim, and two small curved handles; reverse Paleo-Hebrew: The freedom of Zion, vine leaf on small branch, the freedom of Zion (in Hebrew) around; $70.00 (64.40)







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THE AMPHORA: THREE KINDS OF LIQUIDS WERE USED IN THE TEMPLE WATER, OIL AND WINE. WATER AND WINE WERE USED FOR LIBATION. OIL WAS USED FOR THE MEAL OFFERING, IN BREAD EATEN BY THE PRIESTS AND FOR LIGHTING. THE PUREST OIL WAS RESERVED FOR THE MENORAH. AT THE TIME OF THE FIRST JEWISH REVOLT, THE MENORAH WAS CONSIDERED TOO SACRED TO DEPICT ON COINS. THE AMPHORA DEPICTED MAY BE THE VESSEL THAT HELD THE OIL FOR THE MENORAH.



THE GRAPE AND GRAPE VIN
E: GRAPES, THE VINE AND WINE WERE AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE ANCIENT ECONOMY AND RITUAL. GRAPES WERE BROUGHT TO THE TEMPLE AS OFFERINGS OF THE FIRST-FRUITS AND WINE WAS OFFERED UPON THE ALTAR. THE VINE AND GRAPES DECORATED THE SACRED VESSELS IN THE SANCTUARY AND A GOLDEN VINE WITH CLUSTERS OF GRAPES STOOD AT ITS ENTRANCE

Catalog current as of Tuesday, January 26, 2021.
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