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Home>Catalog>ByzantineCoins>MacedonianDynasty>ConstantineIX

Constantine IX Monomachus, 12 June 1042 - 11 January 1055

The reign of Constantine IX marked the beginning of a dramatic decline for the empire. Although he founded a university and surrounded himself with imperial counselors he drained the treasury and allowed the army to decline. Perhaps an indicator of his financial problems, the gold coins of his reign were debased to 18-20 carats.


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SH34507. Gold histamenon nomisma, SBCV 1830; DOC III, part 2, 3, Choice EF, weight 4.367 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse +Ihs XPS REX REGNANTInm, bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger (halo with cross), tunic and himation, right raised in blessing, holding gospels in left; reverse +CWNSTAnTn BASILEWS Rm, bearded bust of Constantine XI facing, crown with cross and pendilia, jewels around neck, jeweled chlamys, cross in right, globe surmounted by pellet cross in left; beautiful!; scarce; SOLD

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SH43251. Gold histamenon nomisma, SBCV 1830; DOC III, part 2, 3, Choice EF, weight 4.422 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse +Ihs XPS REX REGNANTInm, bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger (halo with cross), tunic and himation, right raised in blessing, holding gospels in left; reverse +CWNSTAnTn BASILEWS Rm, bearded bust of Constantine XI facing, crown with cross and pendilia, jewels around neck, jeweled chlamys, cross in right, globe surmounted by pellet cross in left; beautiful!; scarce; SOLD

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SH06227. Gold tetarteron, DOC III part 2, 6; Wroth BMC 4 - 5; Morrisson BnF 16-21; Ratto 1986; SBCV 1833; Berk 307, weight 4.04 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse +Ihs XPS REX REGNANTINM (partially blundered), bust of Christ Pantocrator facing, wearing nimbus cruciger (halo with cross), tunic and himation, right raised in blessing, holding gospels in left, single border; reverse +CWNSAnTn BASILEWS Rm (very blundered), bearded bust of Constantine XI facing wearing crown with cross and pendilia, jewels around neck, and jeweled chlamys, and holding labarum in right and globe surmounted by pellet cross in left; scarce; SOLD


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REFERENCES

Berk, H.J. Eastern Roman Successors of the Sestertius. (Chicago, 1987).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol III, Part 2: Basil I to Nicephorus III, 867-1081. (Washington D.C., 1973).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A.U. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Monday, October 20, 2014.
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Byzantine Coins of Constantine IX