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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis and Decline| ▸ |Maximus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Maximus, Caesar 235 or 236 - 24 June 238 A.D.

Handsome and accomplished, but ill mannered, Maximus was declared caesar at eighteen years of age. He became so proud, insolent, and vicious, that he was soon detested as much as his father. After a short time in Rome, he was obliged to join his father in Germany. Betrothed to Junia Fadilla, he was on the verge uniting his barbarian blood to that of the illustrious family of Antoninus Pius, when he was assassinated alongside his father by disgruntled soldiers.

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When Augustus ruled Rome, he was not called emperor or king, he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named caesar and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch.
RB92924. Bronze as, RIC IV 14(b), BMCRE VI 218, Hunter III 15, SRCV III 8415, Cohen IV 15, VF, well centered, corrosion, scratches, light smoothing, weight 9.475 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, early 236 - Mar/Apr 238 A.D.; obverse MAXIMVS CAES GERM, bare-headed and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS (to the Prince of Youth), Maximus standing left, head bare, short scepter in right hand, transverse spear in left hand, two military standards behind, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; scarce; $160.00 (144.00)

Maximinus I Thrax and Maximus Caesar, 20 March 235 - late May 238 A.D., Flaviopolis, Cilicia

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Flaviopolis was founded in 74 A.D. by Vespasian, as part of an imperial program for the urbanization of the Cilician Plain. Until then the rural hinterland, as well as the city of Anazarbos, was probably administered by the Tracondimotid dynasty from Hieropolis Castabala. Some mosaic floors, inscriptions, and building blocks have been found at Kadirli, and a 6th century church has been excavated. Flaviopolis was bishopric of Cilicia Secunda in the Christian era.
RP92397. Bronze AE 34, RPC VI online T7466 (15 spec.), SNG BnF 2196, SNG Levante 1553, SNGvA 5565, SNG Pfalz 517, F/aF, well centered, nice portraits for the grade, porous, weight 16.432 g, maximum diameter 34.3 mm, die axis 180o, Flaviopolis mint, 235 - 236 A.D.; obverse AYT K Γ IOY OYH MAΞIMEINOC Γ I OYH MAΞIMOC K, laureate and draped bust of Maximinus I right (on left), confronting radiate and draped bust of Maximus left; reverse FΛAVIOΠOΛEITWN, Serapis seated facing, sacrificing from patera in right hand over lighted altar on left, cornucopia in left hand, amphora at feet on left, crater at feet on right, ET ΓΞP (year 163) in exergue; rare; $120.00 (108.00)

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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
SH33855. Silver denarius, RIC IV 1, RSC III 1, BMCRE V 118, superb EF, weight 3.182 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 235 - early 236 A.D.; obverse IVL VERVS MAXIMVS CAES, bare-headed and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PIETAS AVG (to the piety of the Emperor), implements of the augurate and pontificate, from left to right: lituus (augur's wand), secespita (knife), ewer (jug), simpulum (ladle) and aspergillum (sprinkler); fantastic hair detail, mint luster; scarce; SOLD





Alram, A. Die Mnzprgung der Kaiser Maximinus I Thrax (235 / 238). (Wien, 1989).
Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 6: Severus Alexander to Pupienus. (London, 1963).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Monday, February 17, 2020.
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Roman Coins of Maximus