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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ MaximusView Options:  |  |  | 

Maximus, Caesar 235 or 236 - 24 June 238 A.D.

Handsome and accomplished, but ill mannered, Maximus was declared caesar at eighteen years of age. He became so proud, insolent, and vicious, that he was soon detested as much as his father. After a short time in Rome, he was obliged to join his father in Germany. Betrothed to Junia Fadilla, he was on the verge uniting his barbarian blood to that of the illustrious family of Antoninus Pius, when he was assassinated alongside his father by disgruntled soldiers.


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When Augustus ruled Rome, he was not called emperor or king, he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named caesar and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch.
RB84929. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 13, BMCRE V 213, Hunter III 11, Cohen IV 14, SRCV III 8411, aVF, perfect centering, nice portrait, porous, weight 21.246 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, early 236 - Apr 238 A.D.; obverse MAXIMVS CAES GERM, bare-headed and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS (to the Prince of Youth), Maximus standing left, head bare, short scepter in right hand, transverse spear in left hand, two military standards behind, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; scarce; $220.00 (195.80)


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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
SH33855. Silver denarius, RIC IV 1, RSC III 1, BMCRE V 118, superb EF, weight 3.182 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 235 - early 236 A.D.; obverse IVL VERVS MAXIMVS CAES, bare-headed and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PIETAS AVG (to the piety of the Emperor), implements of the augurate and pontificate, from left to right: lituus (augur's wand), secespita (knife), ewer (jug), simpulum (ladle) and aspergillum (sprinkler); fantastic hair detail, mint luster; scarce; SOLD


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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
SH30345. Silver denarius, RIC IV 1, RSC III 1, BMCRE V 118, Choice EF, weight 3.576 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 235 - early 236 A.D.; obverse IVL VERVS MAXIMVS CAES, bare-headed and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PIETAS AVG (to the piety of the Emperor), implements of the augurate and pontificate, from left to right: lituus (augur's wand), secespita (knife), ewer (jug), simpulum (ladle) and aspergillum (sprinkler); scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CIVLVERVSMAXIMVSCAES
ILVVERVSMAXIMVSCAES
MAXIMVSCAESGERM
MAXIMVSCAESARGERM


REFERENCE

Alram, A. Die Mnzprgung der Kaiser Maximinus I Thrax (235 / 238). (Wien, 1989).
Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 6: Severus Alexander to Pupienus. (London, 1963).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Friday, June 23, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Maximus