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NEW The Lydian King Croesus minted the first silver and gold coins. He was famous for his extraordinary wealth, but after his defeat by Cyrus in 546 B.C. Lydia became a Persian satrapy. The Persian conquerors of Lydia continued to strike the same Croesus' silver half siglos and gold stater types. This coin is an early example issued under Croesus. We can tell it is an early example because the lion and the bull were struck separately, with one punch at a time. Later examples appear to have been struck with single punch only made to look like two separate punches.SH96818. Silver siglos (half-stater), BMC Lydia p. 7, 45, pl. 1, 18; SNG Cop 456; SNG Kayhan 1024; SNG Ashmolean 762; SNGvA 2877; Rosen 663; SGCV II 3420, gF, scratches, polished, weight 5.209 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, probably Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 561 - 546 B.C.; obverse on the left, forepart of a roaring lion right, confronting, on the right, the forepart of a bull left, pellet above lion's head; reverse two incuse square punches, of unequal size, side by side; ex Numismatic Fine Arts mail bid sale (18 Dec 1987), lot 362; $900.00 (€828.00)
Persian Empire, Samaria, c. 375 - 333 B.C.
Meshorer-Qedar lists Athena on the obverse, but on the three specimens known to FORVM it is clear that Athena is on the reverse. The types copy contemporary Cypriot stater types from Kition (obverse) and Lapethus (reverse).GS95808. Silver obol, Meshorer-Qedar 102, cf. Sofaer Collection 63 (hemiobol), HGC 10 -, VF, well centered, toned, struck with worn dies (as are all specimens of this type known to FORVM), weight 0.65 g, maximum diameter 8 mm, die axis 10o, Samaria (10 km NW of Nablus, West Bank) mint, c. 375 - 333 B.C.; obverse lion right atop and attacking a stag fallen right, (Aramaic 'šn', abbreviating Samarian) above; reverse head of Athena facing, wearing crested Attic helmet; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 11 (22 Feb 2020), lot 1128; ex Canaan Collection; only three sale of this type recorded on Coin Archives for the last two decades (and one of the three is this coin); very rare; $500.00 (€460.00)
Lesbos, 5th - 4th Century B.C.
The specific satrap has not been confirmed.SL95876. Billon 1/3 stater, BMC Lesbos 58, pl. XXXI, 3; SNG Cop -; Winzer -, NGC VG, Strike 4/5; Surface 2/5 (5872605-037), weight 3.90 g, maximum diameter 14 mm, die axis 225o, uncertain Lesbos mint, 5th - 4th Century B.C.; obverse youthful male head (satrap?) left, wearing tight-fitting cap; reverse head of roaring lion left within incuse square; NGC| Lookup; extremely rare; $315.00 (€289.80)
India, Gandahara, Stucco Lion Head, c. 3rd - 4th Century A.D.
AS61807. Gandaharan stucco lion head, 6.2 x 4.2 cm; from Edgar L. Owen; $220.00 (€202.40)
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Hieropolis, Cyrrhestica, Syria
Atargatis was the chief goddess of northern Syria in Classical Antiquity. Ctesias also used the name Derceto for her, and the Romans called her Dea Syriae ("Syrian goddess"). Primarily she was a goddess of fertility, but, as the baalat ("mistress") of her city and people, she was also responsible for their protection and well-being. Her chief sanctuary was at Hierapolis, modern Manbij, northeast of Aleppo, Syria.RP92557. Bronze AE 26, Butcher CRS 60a; SNG Hunterian II 2695 var. (laur. head r.); SNG Cop -; BMC Syria -; Lindgren-Kovacs -, aVF, dark brown tone with highlighting red earthen deposits, centered on a tight flan cutting off parts of legends, porosity, weight 13.513 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 0o, Hieropolis (Manbij, Syria) mint mint, 218 - 222 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI MAP AYP CE AΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse ΘEAC CYPIAC - IEPAΠO-ΛITΩN, Atargatis riding lion walking left, she is seated slightly right, head left, wearing tall headdress, chiton and peplos, drum in right hand, scepter in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; only one specimen on Coin Archives in the last two decades; extremely rare; $220.00 (€202.40)
Gallic Celts, Carnutes, Beauce Area, c. 41 - 30 B.C.
The helmeted bust on the obverse is derived from that of Minerva on the Roman Republic denarius of C. Vibius Varus, 42 B.C. (Crawford 494/38, Sydenham 1140).CE89589. Bronze piastre, CCBM III 119, De la Tour 7105, Delestrée-Tache 2473, Scheers S-M 324 ff., Blanchet 274, aVF, green patina with darker fields, some bumps and scratches, light corrosion, weight 2.923 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 270o, c. 41 - 30 B.C.; obverse PIXTILOS, helmeted head left, the neck adorned with a torque, branch left, ornaments above; reverse PIXTILOS, lion running left, tail curled above the back, two ringed pellets above, stylized bird right below; ex CGB Numismatique Paris; scarce; $200.00 (€184.00)
Lot of 4 Silver Fractions From Phoenicia, c. 425 - 300 B.C.
NEW GA97055. Silver Lot, 4 silver fractions, c. 0.6g - 0.8g, c. 9mm, $200.00 (€184.00)
Dikaia, Macedonia, 5th Century B.C.
The referenced Pecunem Gitbud & Naumann coin is very similar, but from different dies. The referenced VAuctions coin, presumably a later issue, is also very similar but with ∆IKAI and a dotted square border around the grapes within a shallower square incuse. Dikaia was located between the rivers Nestos and Hebros.GS92899. Silver hemiobol, Apparently unpublished in the standard references; Gitbud & Naumann auction 11 (29 Dec 2013), lot 89; cf. VAuctions 270, lot 112 (see notes), VF, well centered on an irregularly shaped flan, toned, earthen deposits, reverse flatly struck, weight 0.295 g, maximum diameter 7.5 mm, die axis 180o, Dikaia mint, 5th century B.C.; obverse head of lion right; reverse bunch of grapes on stem within incuse square; extremely rare; $180.00 (€165.60)
Cotiaeum, Phrygia, c. 235 - 238 A.D.
This type is apparently unpublished and perhaps unique. Hermaphilos struck at Cotiaeum as first archon for the second time under Maximinus (see BMC Phrygia p. 172).RP94282. Bronze AE 21, Apparently unpublished, RPC Online -, ISEGRIM -, BMC Phrygia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, VF, great portrait, dark brown tone, central depressions, weight 4.396 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Cotiaeum (Kütahya, Turkey) mint, c. 235 - 238 A.D.; obverse ∆HMOC (Demos), bearded bust of Demos right, slight drapery; reverse EΠI EPMAΦIΛOY APX B (under authority of Hermaphilos archon for the second time), Cybele enthroned left, kalathos on head, phiale in extended right hand, left arm resting on tympanum, lions flanking throne, KOTIAEΩ/N in two lines in exergue; the only specimen of the type known to Forum, ex Numismatik Naumann auction 81 (1 Sept 2019), lot 314; $170.00 (€156.40)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VII Euergetes Sidetes, 138 - 129 B.C.
After his brother Demetrius was captured by the Parthians, Antiochus VII was made king. He married Demetrius' wife Cleopatra Thea. He defeated the usurper Tryphon at Dora and laid siege to Jerusalem in 134. According to Josephus, the Hasmonean king John Hyrcanus opened King David's sepulcher and removed three thousand talents, which he then paid Antiochus to spare the city.GY91728. Bronze AE 14, Houghton-Lorber II 2068.6, Houghton CSE 283, cf. SNG Spaer 184 (date off flan), HGC 9 1096 (S), BMC Seleucid p. 75, 68 (date, control symbol), Choice VF, dark green patina with red earthen highlighting, well centered, scattered mild porosity, obverse edge beveled, weight 2.793 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 270o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 134 - 133 B.C.; obverse lion head right; reverse club vertical with handle up, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY / EYEPΓETOY in three downward lines, first two lines on right, last line on left, ∆I monogram over cornucopia (control marks) left (cornucopia unstruck), ΘOP (year 179 of the Seleukid Era) below; $120.00 (€110.40)