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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Paphlagonia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Paphlagonia

Paphlagonia was a rugged mountainous area on the Black Sea coast of north central Anatolia, between Bithynia to the west and Pontus to the east. Herodotus names the Paphlagonians among the peoples conquered by Croesus, and they sent an important contingent to the army of Xerxes in 480 B.C. After the death of Alexander the Great, it was assigned, together with Cappadocia and Mysia, to Eumenes. However, it continued to be governed by native princes until it was absorbed by Pontus. It was not until 183 B.C. that Pharnaces took Sinope under their control. From that time, the whole province was incorporated into the kingdom of Pontus until the fall of Mithridates to Rome in 65 B.C.

Sinope, Paphlagonia, c. 120 - 100 B.C.

|Paphlagonia|, |Sinope,| |Paphlagonia,| |c.| |120| |-| |100| |B.C.||AE| |29|
Mithradates VI was king of Pontus c. 120 to 63 B.C. He was of both Greek and Persian origin, claiming descent from both Alexander the Great and King Darius I of Persia. Mithradates is remembered as one of Rome's most formidable and successful enemies, who engaged three of the most prominent generals of the late Roman Republic in the so-called Mithridatic Wars: Sulla, Lucullus, and Pompey the Great. After Mithradates VI was at last defeated by Pompey and in danger of capture by Rome, he attempted suicide. The poison failed because he had taken daily doses to build immunity. He then made his bodyguard and friend, Bituitus, kill him by the sword.
GB92064. Brass AE 29, SNG BM Black Sea 1523; SNG Stancomb 792; Rec Gén p. 206, 58 & tf. 26, 14; HGC 7 41, F, some earthen deposits, scratches, areas of slight porosity, weight 20.685 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 0o, Sinope (Sinop, Turkey) mint, c. 120 - 100 B.C.; obverse head right, wearing bashlyk (Persian-style pointed leather cap); reverse quiver with strap and unstrung bow, ΣINΩ-PHΣ divided across field; ex Gerhard Rohde; very rare; $135.00 SALE |PRICE| $122.00
 


Sinope, Paphlagonia, 85 - 65 B.C.

|Paphlagonia|, |Sinope,| |Paphlagonia,| |85| |-| |65| |B.C.||AE| |20|
Long used as a Hittite port, Sinope was re-founded as a Greek colony by Miletus in the 7th century B.C. Sinope flourished as the Black Sea port of a caravan route that led from the upper Euphrates valley. The city escaped Persian domination until the early 4th century B.C. In 183 B.C. it was captured by Pharnaces I and became the capital of the kingdom of Pontus. Lucullus conquered Sinope for Rome in 70 B.C., and Julius Caesar established a Roman colony there, Colonia Julia Felix, in 47 B.C. It remained with the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantines). It was a part of the Empire of Trebizond from the sacking of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade in 1204 until the capture of the city by the Seljuk Turks of Rűm in 1214.
GB93488. Bronze AE 20, SNG Stancomb 801 - 802; SNG BM 1547 ff.; SNGvA 229; BMC Pontus p. 99, 40 - 41, VF, nice dark patina, light porosity/corrosion, weight 7.084 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Sinope (Sinop, Turkey) mint, under the rule of Mithradates IV, 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head right, wings open, EA monogram left, ΣINΩΠHΣ below; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
 


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariarathes I, 333 - 322 B.C.

|Cappadocian| |Kingdom|, |Cappadocian| |Kingdom,| |Ariarathes| |I,| |333| |-| |322| |B.C.||drachm|
After Alexander the Great's armies passed him by, Ariarathes I, a satrap or dynast under Darius III, seized the area becoming the first king of Cappadocia. Later he attacked Antigonus and expanded into Phrygia, Pontus and Paphlagonia.

At Sinope, he maintained the city's standard nymph and eagle on a dolphin types, but replaced the Greek legends with his own Aramaic inscriptions.
SH26865. Silver drachm, BMC Pontus p. 96, 9; SNG Stancomb 761; Traité 631; SNG BM 1459, EF, weight 5.367 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Sinope (Sinop, Turkey) mint, c. 328 - 325 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Sinope left, apluster before, Aramaic letters ayin and mem behind; reverse Aramaic legend "ARYWRT", eagle on a dolphin left; ex Lindgren Collection; very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia. (London, 1889).


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