Athens, , , , c. 86 - 84 B.C., Issued by
After 1 March 86 B.C., was the master of Athens. He recovered from the Pontic Mithradates, who had taken it by force. This issue was struck for , either at Athens or outside Athens during the siege, to pay his legions and expenses during the war against Mithradates. The silver was collected from Greeks who supported the Romans against Mithradates and requisitioned from the sacred temple treasuries at Epidaurus, Olympia and . The ancients admired these Roman-Athenian coins and called them "flats of Lucullan." The MARKOY may refer to the brother of the Roman general and politician Lucullus.SH70948. Silver , cf. 1293; pl. 78, 11; 1653; V, pp. 28-31 and pl. 9, 10; pl. 120, 366, gVF, attractive , well struck, nicely , centered on a crowded slightly irregular shape , 16.581 g, maximum 29.5 mm, 0o, Athens mint, c. 86 - 84 B.C.; helmeted head of Parthenos right, triple-crested helmet decorated with a right above the raised earpiece, and protomes of horses above visor; owl standing right on on its side right, head facing, MARKOY left, TAMIOY right, A on , all within olive wreath; ex John Jencek; ; $2500.00 (€2175.00)
Athens, , Old , c. 449 - 413 B.C.
The old-style of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile and charming owl . Around 480 B.C. a wreath of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the a crescent moon was added.
During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.GS73681. Silver , 31 ff., 8, 2526, F, centered, rough, test cuts, 16.302 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 45o, Athens mint, c. 449 - 413 B.C.; head of right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; AΘE right, owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within square; $600.00 (€522.00)
Persian Empire, , Gaza, or , c. 375 - 333 B.C., Imitative of Athens
A Persian Period imitation of Athenian types from the Middle East.JD66401. Silver , cf. 1011, 4 ff., 15 ff., VF, , 0.576 g, maximum 8.1 mm, 270o, helmeted head of right; AΘE, owl standing right, wings closed, head facing, within square; $200.00 (€174.00)
, Athens, Summer 32 B.C.
dates this issue to the summer of 32 B.C., when Antony and stayed in Athens. The head of Zeus is in the Ptolemaic and represents , while Dionysos represents Antony. GB69775. Bronze AE 20, 311 (same dies); 144; pl. 25, 36 ff.; p. 86, 604; 1544, F, 6.291 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 0o, Athens mint, summer 32 B.C.; laureate head of Zeus; head of Dionysos, wearing ivy wreath, A−Θ/E flanking; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; very ; $200.00 (€174.00)
Persian Empire, Idumaea (Edomites in Judah), 4th Century B.C.
JD73559. Silver 1/4 , 34 - 39 (prominent dome-shaped motif); 1025; 616 (R2), aVF, struck with worn dies as always for this , 3.763 g, maximum 12.5 mm, Idumaean mint, 4th century B.C.; dome-like blank; AQE, owl standing right, head facing, olive spray left; very ; $165.00 (€143.55)
Athens, , , c. 264 - 267 A.D.
Athens remained a center of learning and philosophy during its 500 years of Roman rule, patronized by emperors such as and . In 267, the city was sacked by the Heruli. All the public buildings were burned, the lower city was plundered and the and Acropolis were damaged. After, the city to the of the Acropolis was hastily refortified on a smaller , with the left outside the walls.GB69774. Bronze AE 20, pl. 90, 8; cf. 378; 368; p. 99, 712, 1561 (cf. refs and variations), F, 4.770 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 0o, Athens mint, time of , c. 264 - 267 A.D.; head of right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, and (?); olive tree, between on left, and owl on right, AΘH in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $150.00 (€130.50)
Athens, , , c. 87 - 86 B.C., Mithradatic War Issue
In 87 B.C., Mithridates moved his forces into and established Aristion as a tyrant in Athens. landed in and marched through into . Most cities declared their allegiance to Rome, foremost among them Thebes. Athens, however, remained loyal to Mithridates. After a long and brutal siege, Sulla's rough battle hardened legions, veterans of the , took Athens on the Kalends of March 86 B.C. They looted and burned temples and structures built in the city by various Hellenistic kings to themselves and gain prestige. Months later, only after they ran out of water, Aristion surrendered the Akropolis. Athens was looted and punished severely. Roman vengeance ensured would remain docile during later civil wars and Mithridatic wars.GB69776. Bronze , 307, p. 81, 554; 97; pl. 84, 45 - 48, F, crack, 7.255 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 0o, Athens mint, Mithradates VI of Pontos & Aristion, 87 - 86 B.C.; head of right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; Zeus advancing right, nude, hurling thunderbolt with right, left extended, A/Q-E flanking below arms, between two crescents (one above and one below) in lower right ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $70.00 (€60.90)
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