Guest. Please login or register.

MAIN MENU    RECENT ADDITIONS    PRICE REDUCTIONS
ROMAN    GREEK    JUDEAN & BIBLICAL    BYZANTINE
BOOKS & SUPPLIES    COLLECTING THEMES    ANTIQUITIES   

 

Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
Greek Coins
Greek Coins Showcase

Greek Gold
Archaic Origins (62)
Classical Fine Art (148)
Persian Empire (15)
Celtic & Tribal (28)
Geographic - All Periods (1376)
Hellenistic Monarchies (408)
Greek Imperial (510)
Greek Antiquities (35)
Greek Countermarked (24)
Greek Unattributed
Greek Bulk Lots (6)
Greek Coin Books (129)

Catalog Search
View Shopping Cart
About Forum
Shopping at Forum
Our Guarantee
Payment Options
Shipping Options & Fees
Privacy & Security
Contact Us
FAQ

Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Greece>Athens

Athens, Other Cities of Attica, and Athenian Imitatives

The ancient slang names for the coins of Athens were "owls" and "girls" (but in Greek of course). "Owls" were so popular as a central currency of the ancient world that the design remained essentially unchanged and somewhat archaic long after other cities began to produce coins of a more refined artistic style. "Owls" are still very popular. For collectors they are perhaps the most popular ancient coin type.


Athens, Greece, Pi-Style IV Tetradrachm, 353 - c. 340 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The name Pi-style refers to the floral helmet ornament on the obverse which resembles the Greek letter pi (P) bisected by a long central tendril.
SH68874. Silver tetradrachm, Kroll Pi-Style p. 244, fig. 8; Flament p. 127, 4; SNG Delepierre 1475; Svoronos Athens pl. 20, 27; Kroll -; van Alfen New -; SNG Cop -, gVF, toned, unusually nice for this late issue, weight 17.171 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, 353 - c. 340 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and pi-style floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; ex Gemini auction I, lot 135 (2005), ex Commandeer David R. Hinkle Collection; $1400.00 (€1050.00)

Levant, Egypt or Arabia, Imitative Athenian Transitional Style Tetradrachm, c. 350 - 330 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This coin is from the hoard containing at least 76 Athenian-type owls, both Athenian issues and Egyptian and Levantine imitations, and two silver "dumps" cataloged and discussed by Peter G. van Alfen, in "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05), pp. 47-61, and pl. 6-13. The hoard is rumored to have come from the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
SH66406. Silver tetradrachm, Van Alfen New p. 58 and pl. 12, 67 (this coin), VF, test cut on reverse, weight 16.983 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, c. 353 - 294 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; Van Alfen plate coin; very rare; $900.00 (€675.00)

Philistia or Arabia, Imitative Athenian Pi-Style Tetradrachm, c. 350 - 330 B.C.
Click for a larger photo
This coin is from the hoard containing at least 76 Athenian-type owls, both Athenian issues and Egyptian and Levantine imitations, and two silver "dumps" cataloged and discussed by Peter G. van Alfen, in "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05), pp. 47-61, and pl. 6-13. The hoard is rumored to have come from the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.Temple of Fortuna
SH66403. Silver tetradrachm, Van Alfen New, Semitic Style Group II, p. 57 and pl. 11, 57 (this coin); for Athenian prototype see Kroll Pi-Style p. 245, fig. 9, VF, two test cuts on the reverse, irregular flan imitating the typical Athenian flan of the period, weight 16.682 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 270o, Gaza(?) mint, c. 350 - 330 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent, the A is missing a portion of one leg, giving the character a form similar to a backwards "P" or an Aramaic letter resh; Van Alfen New plate coin; very rare; $800.00 (€600.00)

Athens, Greece, Pi-Style III Tetradrachm, 353 - c. 340 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This coin is from the hoard containing at least 76 Athenian-type owls, both Athenian issues and Egyptian and Levantine imitations, and two silver "dumps" cataloged and discussed by Peter G. van Alfen, in "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05), pp. 47-61, and pl. 6-13. The hoard is rumored to have come from the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
SH66394. Silver tetradrachm, Van Alfen New p. 53 and pl. 9, 35 (this coin); Kroll Pi-Style p. 244, fig. 8; Flament p. 126, 3; SNG Cop 63; Svoronos Athens pl. 20, 2; SNG München 96, VF, test cut on reverse, typical irregular folded flan, weight 16.543 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, c. 353 - 340 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; Van Alfen New plate coin; $345.00 (€258.75)

Athens, Greece, Pi-Style Tetradrachm, 353 - 297 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Oval flans, such as this one, were produced by folding and hammering older demonitized tetradrachms to produce flans for restriking.
SH67036. Silver tetradrachm, cf. SGCV I 2547, SNG Cop 64; SNG Delepierre 1474, SNG München 91, VF, tight oval flan (typical of the period), test cut, areas of horn silver, weight 16.871 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, 353 - 297 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; ex Economopoulos Enterprises (Holicong, PA); $310.00 (€232.50)

Athens, Greece, Transitional Quadridigité Style Tetradrachm, c. 286 - 262 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The quadridigité style is named for the shape of the end of the floral ornament on the helmet, which resembles four fingers on a hand. The significant stylistic differences from the preceding pi-style, indicate the mint was probably closed under the domination of Athens by Macedonia, 294 - 286 B.C. The quadridigité style was probably first issued c. 286 when Athens joined the anti-Macedonian coalition in revolt against Antigonus Gonatas and received a gift of silver from Ptolemy of Egypt. The end came when Athens was besieged during the Chremonidean War, beginning c. 263 and starved into surrender c. 262 B.C.
SH68667. Silver tetradrachm, Flament p. 133; SNG München 145; Svoronos Athens pl. 23, 2-3; Kroll 22a - b; SNG Cop -; SNG Delepierre -, F, toned, weight 16.748 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, c. 286 - 262 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye in profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse AΘE to right, large letters, owl standing right, head facing, to the left an olive sprig and crescent; $225.00 (€168.75)

Persian Empire, Arabia, Gaza, Samaria or Judaea, c. 375 - 333 B.C., Imitative of Athens
Click for a larger photo A Persian Period imitation of Athenian types from the Middle East.
JD66401. Silver obol, cf. Hendin 1011, Meshorer TJC 4 ff., SNG ANS 15 ff., VF, toned, weight 0.576 g, maximum diameter 8.1 mm, die axis 270o, obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse AΘE, owl standing right, wings closed, head facing, within incuse square; $200.00 (€150.00)

Athens, Greece, Old Style Hemiobol, 449 - 413 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The tetradrachms of Athens are much more common than the smaller denominations. Around 480 B.C. a wreath of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet.
GS68742. Silver hemiobol, SNG Cop 59 ff.; SNG München 83 ff., Kroll 14; Svoronos Athens pl. 13, 43; BMC Attica p. 11, 112 ff., F, grainy, toned, weight 0.293 g, maximum diameter 6.3 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, 449 - 413 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with almond shaped eye, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse AΘE right, owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, olive sprig with one leaf and one berry above left, all within incuse square; $125.00 (€93.75)

Athens, Attica, Greece, c. 87 - 86 B.C., Mithradatic War Issue
Click for a larger photo In 87 B.C., Mithridates moved his forces into Greece and established Aristion as a tyrant in Athens. Sulla landed in Epirus and marched through Boeotia into Attica. Most cities declared their allegiance to Rome, foremost among them Thebes. Athens, however, remained loyal to Mithridates. After a long and brutal siege, Sulla's rough battle hardened legions, veterans of the Social War, took Athens on the Kalends of March 86 B.C. They looted and burned temples and structures built in the city by various Hellenistic kings to honor themselves and gain prestige. Months later, only after they ran out of water, Aristion surrendered the Akropolis. Athens was looted and punished severely. Roman vengeance ensured Greece would remain docile during later civil wars and Mithridatic wars.
GB68411. Bronze chalkous, SNG Cop 307, BMC Attica p. 81, 554; Kroll 97, Svoronos Athens pl. 84, 45 - 48, F, thick flan, weight 9.775 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 45o, Athens mint, Mithradates VI of Pontos & Aristion, 87 - 86 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Zeus advancing right, nude, hurling thunderbolt with right, left extended, A/Q-E flanking below arms, star between two crescents (one above and one below) in lower right field; $60.00 (€45.00)


ITEMS PER PAGE 13510203050



CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES


REFERENCES

Bingen, J. "Le trésor de tétradrachmes attiques de style Pi" in MIGRA I (Gent, 1975).
Bingen, J. "Le trésor monétaire Thorikos 1969" in Thorikos VI. (Brussels, 1973).
de Callatay, F. "Athenian new style tetradrachms in Macedonian hoards" in AJN 3-4 (1992).
Fischer-Bossert, W. "More Athenian Decadrachms" in SNR 88 (2009).
Fischer-Bossert, W. The Athenian Decadrachm. ANSNNM 168. (New York, 2008).
Flament, C. Le monnayage en argent d’Athènes. De l’époque archaïque à l’époque hellénistique (c. 550-c. 40 av. J.-C.). (Lovain-la-Neuve, 2007).
Head, B. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Attica - Megaris - Aegina. (London, 1888).
Kroll, J.H. The Greek Coins. The Athenian Agora, vol. XXVI. (Princeton, 1993).
Kroll, J.H. "The Reminting of Athenian Silver Coinage, 353 B.C.," Hesperia Vol. 80 (2011).
Kraay, C.M. Coins of Ancient Athens. Minerva Numismatic Handbooks No. 2. (Newcastle upon Tyne, 1968).
Mørkholm, O. "The Chronology of the New Style Silver Coinage of Athens" in ANSMN 29. (1984).
Nicolet-Pierre, H & J.H. Kroll. "Athenian Tetradrachm Coinage of the Third Century BC", AJN 2 (1990). pp. 1-35.
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Seltman, C.T. Athens, its history and coinage before the Persian invasion. (Cambridge, 1924).
Sverdrup, H.U. The history and catalogue of the tetradrachms of Athens. (Stockholm, 2010).
Starr, C. Athenian coinage 480-449 BC. (London, 1970).
Svoronos, J. Les monnaies d’Athenes. (Munich, 1923-26).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 3: Greece: Thessaly to Aegean Islands. (New Jersey, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 14: Attika, Megaris, Ägina. (Berlin, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Thompson, M. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens. ANSNS 10. (1961).
van Alfen, P.G. "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East," AJN 16 - 17 (2004-05). pp. 47-61, pl. 6-17.

Catalog current as of Wednesday, April 16, 2014.
Page created in 1.154 seconds
Athens Greek Coins