Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, 69 B.C.
The moneyer, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, was from , in , 23 miles east-southeast of Rome, home of the great temple to . Her sanctuary was an immense complex of buildings rising up the hillside on five vast terraces, connected with each other by grand staircases, visible even from the sea. The likely depicts a in the sanctuary. The epithet of means "Original." She was represented suckling two babes, said to be and , and she was especially worshiped by matrons. The oracle continued to be consulted down to Christian times, until Constantine the Great, and again later I, forbade the practice and closed the temple.SH76980. Silver , Rome 3524 (same wheel control); 405/1b; 800a; 340, F, banker's mark, 3.563 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 135o, Rome mint, 69 B.C.; diademed and draped of right, hair in net, wheel (control symbol) behind; temple , ornamented with sculpture of an anguipede (snake legged) giant holding a club(?) in his left hand, M PLAETORI (AE ) on the , S C in ; very ; $720.00 (€640.80)
Kamarina, , c. 420 - 405 B.C.
A was a horror-creating pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, , Hellenistic kings and wore for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A image is at the center of the of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone in from about 600 B.C.GI76363. Bronze tetras, , E, 193.3; III p. 55, 19; 1224; 167; 546, EF, , nice green , a few light marks, nose a little flat, 3.341 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 135o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, c. 420 - 405 B.C.; facing of ( ), radiating locks, no hair band, fierce expression, knitted eyebrows, chubby cheeks; KAMA (upward on left), owl standing right, facing, holds lizard with downward in claw, three pellets (value mark) in ; $700.00 (€623.00)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This coin declares as for the second time, consul for the third time, and . The of refers to the grain producing wealth delivered to Rome by his in . The D (and on similar coins an M) indicates this was struck to be distributed as a donativum (largess) or munus (gift) to his legions. Some may have been distributed at Caesar's quadruple triumph celebrated in 46 B.C., when celebrations included public banquets, plays and gladiatorial games, lasting forty days. Vercingetorix was paraded and executed. Also in 46 B.C., made his nephew his heir. Queen VII of , Caesar's mistress, and Caesarion, his bastard son by her, moved into one of his residences on the . They would remain in Rome as Caesar's guests until his assassination on 15 March 44 B.C.
SH84609. Silver , 467/1a, 1637, 1023, 4a; 57, 21, 1403, gVF, dark , some marks and scratches, slightly off center, 3.283 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, African, (?) mint, 46 B.C.; - COS (counterclockwise from lower right, for the 2nd time, consul for the third time), of right, wreathed with grain; implements of the augurate and pontificate: (ladle), ( ), capis (jug), and (wand), ( ) above, below D (donativum = largess) to right, ( ) below; from the James Collection, purchased in 2004 from Numismatica (9A Via Barberini, Rome); $670.00 (€596.30)
, , Dionysius I, 405 - 367 B.C.
The model for the on the is derived from the facing Arethusa by Kimon. This issue is usually attributed to Exakestidas with examples signed E or EΞ. Stylistic differences suggest other engravers also worked the issue. This example, signed EE, is of the very finest and clearly the of Exakestidas. EΞ was probably intended. No other examples of the signed EE are known to .SH83659. Bronze tetras, cf. II p. 59 ff., 29 (unlisted dies); 385; 679; 1107; 1432 (R1, 415-405 B.C.); -; -, aEF, the finest , nice green , light corrosion, edge flaws, 2.23 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 90o, mint, c. 400 B.C.; of nymph Arethusa facing slightly left, wearing , earring, and necklace, , EE (master engraver signature, blundered EΞ for Exakestidas) lower left below hair; octopus; ex Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co. KG, auction 6 (9 Apr 2015), lot 68; $630.00 (€560.70)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
In 146, received the imperium proconsular and the Younger was given the title Augusta.SH73156. , 1669, 767a, 974, 320, 709, 4168, VF, nice green , nice portrait, light scratches, , 22.051 g, maximum 31.5 mm, 0o, Rome mint, c. 146 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG - P P TR P, laureate right; Antoninus in slow left, eagle-tipped in left, reins in right, / S C in two lines in ; $600.00 (€534.00)
, June or July 251 - April or August 253 A.D.
This commemorates Trebonianus Gallus' decennalian vows, prayers and sacrifices he made to the gods that they might him successfully achieve his tenth of rule. In a religious context, , plural , is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).RB76162. , RIC 127a (R), 137 (10 fr.), 29, 38, 9683, VF, nice portrait, nice , on a , 17.910 g, maximum 28.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, special emission, August - October 251 A.D.; C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; / DECENNA / LIBVS / S C in four lines within laurel tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top; rarities; $600.00 (€534.00)
Thebes, Boiotia, c. 363 - 338 B.C.
The largest city in , leader of the Boeotian confederacy, and rival of Athens, Thebes sided with during Xerxes' invasion in 480 B.C. Thebes ended Sparta's power of at the Battle of Leuctra in 371. The Sacred Band of Thebes famously fell to at Chaeronea in 338. After a revolt in 335, Alexander the Great destroyed the city, except, according to tradition, the house of the poet .GS84245. Silver , 556; 90; 325; p. 66; p. 84, 164, VF, , light bumps and marks, a little off center, small die cracks, 12.358 g, maximum 21.0 mm, Thebes mint, magistrate Timo..., c. 363 - 338 B.C.; Boeotian ox-hide ; ornate , TI-MO divide across below center, all within a round concave ; ex Jencek Historical Enterprise; $550.00 (€489.50)
Kamarina, , c. 420 - 405 B.C.
A was a horror-creating pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, , Hellenistic kings and wore for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A image is at the center of the of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone in from about 600 B.C.GI79953. Bronze tetras, , C, 189; p. 39, 36; III, p. 53, 16; 432; 546; -; -, gVF, , nice green , and struck, light marks, very light corrosion, small edge split, 4.731 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 0o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, c. 420 - 405 B.C.; facing of ( ) round , wild locks, no hair band, large eyes, straight mouth; KAMA (upward on left), owl standing right on right leg, grasping lizard with down in the left talon, three pellets (mark of value) in , Γ (control mark) right; $500.00 (€445.00)
, Augusta 220 and 221 - 222 A.D.
was the second and fourth wife of . She was a Virgin and was the high priest of the sun-god Heliogabal. held parallel marriage ceremonies; married and Heliogabal married . This was extremely offensive to the Romans since Virgins were prohibited from marriage during their 30-year vow of chastity. and , as well as Heliogabal and , were divorced in order to restore public confidence and was quickly remarried. However, divorced his third wife within a few months and remarried . Returning to sealed his fate. and his mother were murdered; their bodies were dragged through the streets of Rome and thrown in the .RS79623. Silver , E228 (R), 6, E337, 7680, -, VF, porous, edge cracks, slightly off center , 2.590 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 220 - 222 A.D.; IVLIA AQVILIA AVG, draped right, bare, neatly waved and fastened in a queue at the back; (harmony), and standing facing one another, clasping , she wears a , with a fold of drapery over her arm, he holds a in his left hand, between them below ; ; $450.00 (€400.50)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Restitution Issue Struck in under
The restoration coins of and attributed by BMC to have been reattributed in and the new , 1 to , and perhaps Perinthus. The types are rarely found in the and are most frequently found in the Balkans, some share a identical to some coins of Perinthus, the does not fit or Rome, and the inconsistent is characteristic of the Perinthus mint.SH73458. Brass , 511, , 1, 403 (R); 263; -; -; -; -, gF, centered, nice green , 24.742 g, maximum 35.0 mm, 180o, , Perinthus(?) mint, 80 A.D.; , seated left on curule chair, feet on footstool, and togate, in right, long vertical behind in left; IMP T DIVI DIVI F AVG P COS (clockwise starting at 12:00), large S C, REST above; huge 35 mm bronze!; ; $430.00 (€382.70)
Page created in 1.934 seconds