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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ ForesightView Options:  |  |  |   

Providence (Providentia)

Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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S - P flanking across the fields with MC in the exergue (S-P/MC) is not a standard mintmark, most references cited do not list any examples with this mark. RIC V-2 does list one type each for Pax, Pietas, and Salus. MC in the exergue was used at Camulodunum for earlier issues but without S - P. Perhaps the rare specimens with this mintmark were issued in a small quantity for some special purpose. Perhaps the engravers just unintentionally added the M out of habit. Perhaps they are all unofficial. Further study is needed.
RA73505. Billon antoninianus, apparently unpublished, RIC V-2 -, Web Carausius -, SRCV IV -, Hunter IV -, Burton Latimer -, Bicester -, Linchmere -;, VF/F, dark patina, nice portrait, minor patina chipping on edge, top half of reverse mostly weak or off flan, weight 4.334 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 225o, unofficial or Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, 292 - 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVID AVGGG (the foresight of the three emperors), Providentia standing left, raising globe in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, S - P flanking across fields, MC in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; none of the approximately eighty published Providentia varieties struck under Carausius have this S - P / MC mintmark, no others known to Forum; $240.00 (204.00)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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In The Reign and Coinage of Carausius, Percy Webb wrote that for Carausius, "...the type Providentia appears with some twenty-four varieties of reverse legend, while the joint effect of obverse and reverse variations of legend and type is to produce upwards of eighty varieties of coins dedicated to that divinity."
RA73501. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 152 (R2) var. (PROVIDENTIA AVGGG), SRCV IV 13697 var. (same), Webb Carausius 178 var. (same), Bourne 33 var. (same), Hunter IV - (p. ccii), aVF/aF, well centered, green patina, near complete legends, nice portrait, corrosion, pit/flaw reverse left field, weight 3.282 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, Londinium (London, England) mint, 292 - 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDEN AVGGG (the foresight of the three emperors), Providentia standing left with baton and cornucopia, globe at feet left, S - P across fields, MLXXI in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection, extremely rare, apparently unpublished, the only specimen known to Forum; $220.00 (187.00)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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In The Reign and Coinage of Carausius, Percy Webb wrote that for Carausius, "...the type Providentia appears with some twenty-four varieties of reverse legend, while the joint effect of obverse and reverse variations of legend and type is to produce upwards of eighty varieties of coins dedicated to that divinity."
RA73503. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 152 (R2), SRCV IV 13697, Webb Carausius 178, Bourne 33, Askew 183, Hunter IV - (p. ccii), aVF, good portrait, mottled green patina, tight flan, rough, pitting smoothed to remove corrosion, weight 3.526 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, 292 - 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDEN AVGGG (the foresight of the three emperors), Providentia standing left with baton and cornucopia, globe at feet left, S - P across fields, MLXXI in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; rare; $220.00 (187.00)


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.

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In late December 211, Geta was lured to come without his bodyguards to meet Caracalla, to discuss a possible reconciliation. When he arrived at their mother's house, the Praetorian Guard murdered him and he died in the arms of his mother Julia Domna.
RS87270. Silver denarius, Hunter III 56 (same obv. leg. break), RSC III 200, RIC IV 81 (S), SRCV II 7252, BMCRE V - (noted p. 422), Choice gVF, superb portrait and reverse style, excellent well centered strike, radiating flow lines, toned, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.739 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, Rome mint, 211 A.D.; obverse P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse TR P III COS II P P, Providentia (or Aeternitas?) standing slightly right, head left, short torch in extended right hand, globe in extended left hand; scarce; $200.00 (170.00)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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In The Reign and Coinage of Carausius, Percy Webb wrote that for Carausius, "...the type Providentia appears with some twenty-four varieties of reverse legend, while the joint effect of obverse and reverse variations of legend and type is to produce upwards of eighty varieties of coins dedicated to that divinity."
RA73496. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 364 (S), SRCV IV 13683, Webb Carausius 420, Hunter IV - (p. ccvi), Askew -, Bicester -, Linchmere -, Carausius Hoard -, Burton Latimer -, aVF, well centered, green patina, rough from corrosion, weight 3.096 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 225o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, 292 - 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, late reign tetrarchic portrait type; reverse PROVID AVGGG (the foresight of the three emperors), Providentia standing half left, staff in right hand grounded between feet and globe on the ground left, cornucopia in left hand, S-P flanking low across field, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; scarce; $190.00 (161.50)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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In The Reign and Coinage of Carausius, Percy Webb wrote that for Carausius, "...the type Providentia appears with some twenty-four varieties of reverse legend, while the joint effect of obverse and reverse variations of legend and type is to produce upwards of eighty varieties of coins dedicated to that divinity."
RA73262. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 347, SRCV IV 13679, Web Carausius -, Hunter IV - (p. ccvi), Bourne Carausius -, Linchmere -, Burton Latimer -, Bicester -, VF/F, choice obverse - well centered and nice portrait, weak reverse, green patina, light corrosion, weight 3.601 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 291 - mid 293; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, middle/tetrarchic portrait; reverse PROVID AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, grounded staff in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S-P in fields, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $185.00 (157.25)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Colchester (Camulodunum) and its wall were rebuilt by the Romans after Queen Boudica led a rebellion in A.D. 60 and destroyed the town. Balkerne Gate in Colchester is the largest Roman arch in Britain. Balkerne Gate Colchester
RA73498. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 146, Bourne Carausius 131, RIC V-2 371 (R) var. (no cuir.), Webb Carausius 430 var. (same), Burton Latimer 49 var. (same), Choice F, well centered on a broad flan, black patina, light red earthen deposits, weight 3.892 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. mid 292 - mid 293; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, late reign tetrarchic portrait; reverse PROVID AVGGG (the foresight of the three emperors), Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, transverse scepter in left, S - P across fields, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; rare; $180.00 (153.00)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
RA87277. Billon antoninianus, unpublished variety; RIC 722 var. (bust type), Alfldi type 53, unlisted var. (bust type and officina not listed with this obv. legend), Choice aEF, nice dark brown patina, excellent portrait, speckled silvering, light cleaning marks, weight 3.920 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 7th emission, 280 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over shoulder; reverse PROVIDENT AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, transverse long scepter in left hand, Q right, XXI in exergue; very rare; $150.00 (127.50)


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

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This coin is universally described with Maximian raising his empty right hand but on all of the five examples known to Forum, including this coin, he holds an olive branch in his right hand and a mappa in his left hand.
RT85653. Billon half follis, RIC VI Alexandria 91b (S) corr. (no olive branch or mappa), SRCV IV 13419, Hunter V -, Cohen VI -, Choice aEF, well centered and struck, edge cracks, weight 3.001 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Alexandria mint, c. early - mid 308 A.D.; obverse D N MAXIMIANO FELICISS, laureate bust right, wearing imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left hand; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM (foresight of the Gods), Providentia, draped, standing right, extending right hand to Quies; Quies, draped, standing left, holding branch in right hand and leaning on scepter with left hand, ∆ lower center, ALE in exergue; rare; $135.00 (114.75)


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
RA87238. Silvered antoninianus, MER-RIC 3474 (87 spec.), RIC V-1 92, Venra 7-37, BnF XII 1555, Hunter IV 10, Colonne 663, Maravielle 680, Mazzini 100, Choice aEF, excellent portrait, full circles centering, some silvering, weight 3.984 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, 1st officina, Rome mint, issue 2, Nov Dec 275; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PROVIDENTIA AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left holding rod over globe in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, XXIA in exergue; $125.00 (106.25)




  



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Providence