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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Justinian Dynasty ▸ Maurice TiberiusView Options:  |  |  | 

Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

Joint rule with Theodosius (his son), 29 March 590 - 22 November 602 A.D.
Maurice Tiberius, a successful general, was selected by Tiberius II Constantine as his successor. Although he achieved a favorable peace in Persia and was able to stem the losses of territory in Italy and Africa, much of the Balkans were lost. Focas, a junior officer, led a military revolt against Maurice and was declared emperor in November 602. Maurice and Theodosius, his son and co-emperor, were captured and murdered.
Map of Europe 600 A.D.


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They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference between angels and Victory. Angels are all male. Victory (Nike) is female. On Byzantine coinage, the male angel replaced the female Victory after the reunion with Rome was concluded on 28 March 519 A.D.
SH83909. Gold solidus, Morrisson BnF 7/Cp/AV/10, Ratto 1002, DOC I 5h (8th officina missing from collection, cites Ratto), Hahn MIB II 6, Sommer 7.5, SBCV 478, VF, well centered, weak centers, struck with worn dies, weight 4.343 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, fold of paludamentum over left shoulder, helmet with plum, circlet in front and pendilia; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC H, angel standing facing, staurogram (rho-cross) topped staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; from the Robert Wachter Collection, ex Rudnik Numismatics; $450.00 (€400.50)
 


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SH76236. Gold light weight solidus, 23 siliquae; DOC I 7b, Hahn MIB II 11, SBCV 481, Wroth BMC-, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, Morrisson BnF -, Sommer -, VF, centered, uneven strike with weak areas, bumps and marks, overstruck(?), weight 4.183 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 25 Nov 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, helmet with plum and pendilia, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, * in right field; reverse VICTORI-A AVGG B, angel standing facing, staurogram (rho-cross) topped staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star in right field, CONOB in exergue; from the Robert Watcher Collection, ex Rudnik Numismatics; rare officina for scarce issue; $330.00 (€293.70)
 


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Maurice Tiberius achieved peace with Persia and stemmed losses in Italy and Africa, but lost much of the Balkans. When Focas, a junior officer, revolted Maurice and his son Theodosius were murdered.
BZ79566. Bronze half follis, Wroth BMC 231, DOC I 244 (not in the collection, refs. Wroth), Hahn MIB 118B, SBCV 559, Sommer 7.77, Morrisson BnF -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, aVF, uneven strike left side of obverse weak, weight 12.083 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 180o, Carthage mint, c. 582 - 583 A.D.; obverse D N TIb mAVRIC P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed facing bust, globus cruciger in right hand, shield on left shoulder ornamented with a horseman riding right; reverse round shield containing star, surmounted by cross; K/R-T/G (Carthage) flanking, XX between NM (20 nummi) in exergue; ex CGB; very rare; $140.00 (€124.60)
 


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Maurice Tiberius achieved peace with Persia and stemmed losses in Italy and Africa, but lost much of the Balkans. When Focas, a junior officer, revolted Maurice and his son Theodosius were murdered.
BZ69201. Bronze decanummium, DOC I 64c, Sommer 7.29, Tolstoi 107, Hahn MIB 73A, SBCV 498, Wroth BMC -, Morrisson BnF -, Ratto -, Choice VF, weight 3.103 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse D N TIBER P P AV, crowned, draped and cuirassed bust facing; reverse large I (10 nummi), cross above, star left, E right, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; scarce; $100.00 (€89.00)
 


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By 602, Maurice ordered the troops to stay beyond the Danube over winter, but they revolted and marched back to Constantinople under the leadership of Phocas. On 27 November, Maurice was captured trying to escape, he was forced to witness the slaughter of his five sons and all his supporters, and was beheaded. His wife, Constantina and his three daughters were spared, and sent to a monastery. Phocas was proclaimed the emperor.
BZ69192. Bronze decanummium, Anastasi 24c, DOC I 281, Hahn MIBE 140, Wroth BMC 249, Tolstoi 306, Ratto 1169, Sommer 7.100, SBCV 583, F, weight 3.225 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 588 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRIC - TIb P P AVC (or similar), helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, helmet with crest and pendilia, globus cruciger in right; reverse large X (10 nummi), SE-CI-LI-A in angles; $75.00 (€66.75)
 


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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Tiberius II and Maurice both issued similar folles of this type. Tiberius II has a cross on his crown; Maurice has a trefoil ornament. Also, the obverse legends for Tiberius II are mostly recognizable, the obverse legends for Maurice are completely blundered illiterate nonsense, as on this coin. Many older references failed to distinguish between them.
BZ71846. Bronze follis, DOC I 155, Wroth BMC 89 (Tiberius II), Ratto 964 (Tiberius), Tolstoi 61, Hahn MIB 95b, SBCV 532, Sommer 7.62.2, Morrisson BnF -, VF, centered, green patina, edge bump, weight 11.940 g, maximum diameter 32.0 mm, die axis 180o, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 585 - 586 A.D.; obverse OMITACOM-NANTAPPY (blundered), bust facing, crown with trefoil ornament, consular robes, mappa in right, eagle-tipped scepter in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and II/II (regnal year 4), cross above, THEUP' in exergue; $60.00 (€53.40)
 


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In 591, seeing an opportunity to end the prolonged war to the advantage of Constantinople, Maurice assisted Khosrau II regain the Persian throne. He sent a Byzantine army of 35,000 men into Mesopotamia through Syria and another expeditionary force in Armenia advanced through Caucasian Iberia into Media (modern Azerbaijan). The Byzantines defeated a Persian army of about 40,000 men under king Bahram VI at the Battle of Blarathon, in the lowlands near Ganzak (northwestern Iran). Bahram fled to seek refuge with the Turks in Central Asia and settled in Fergana, but was murdered by a hired assassin of Khosrau II. In the summer, Maurice began a series of military expeditions to defend the Balkans from the Avars and Slavs. He stabilized the Danube frontier (Limes Moesiae) from the Delta to the fortress city of Singidunum (Belgrade) and the Byzantines reasserted their authority in the interior.
BZ72002. Bronze follis, DOC I 33a, Ratto 1054, SBCV 494, Sommer 7.21, Wroth BMC -, Morrisson BnF -, Tolstoi -, aVF, nice green patina, some areas of weakness, light corrosion, weight 11.485 g, maximum diameter 32.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 591 - 592 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC TIbER PP AV, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right, shield in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and X (regnal year 10), cross above, A (1st officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; $60.00 (€53.40)
 







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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Thursday, February 23, 2017.
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Byzantine Coins of Maurice Tiberius