, The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
On either 10 or 11 June 323 BC, Alexander died in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II, in Babylon, at age 32. This coin was struck around the time of Alexanders' death, in the city where he died, Babylon.
After Mazaeus died in 328 B.C., Alexander appointed Stamenes as of Babylon. Little is known about him, other than he probably died of natural causes around 323 B.C. when of replaced him. Perdiccas suspected of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. was defeated and died from battle wounds.
SH85059. Silver , 3673, 672, 4467, EF, , and struck, , high relief, , some bumps and marks, 17.214 g, maximum 26.7 mm, 90o, Babylon mint, struck by Stamenes or , c. 323 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; Zeus enthroned left, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, tiny M lower left, ΦIΛH below strut, AΛEΞAN∆POY (Alexander) downward behind, BAΣIΛEΩΣ below; ex & Mosch auction 244, lot 176; $900.00 (€801.00)
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleucus I Nikator, 312 - 280 B.C.
Seleukos (Seleucus) founded the Seleukid Empire and the Seleukid dynasty which ruled until Pompey made it a Roman province in 63 B.C. Seleukos was never one of Alexander the Great's principal generals but he commanded the royal bodyguard during the Indian campaign. In the division of the empire after Alexander's death Seleukos did not receive a satrapy. Instead, he served under the regent Perdikkas until the latter's murder in 321 or 320. Seleukos was then appointed of . Five years later Monophthalmus (the One-eyed) forced him to flee, but he returned with support from Ptolemy. He later added and Media to his territory and defeated both and . He was succeeded by his son Antiochus I.
SH85058. Silver , I 82.5b, 3747, 734, gVF, high relief, attractive , some die wear, bumps and marks, 17.129 g, maximum 27.2 mm, 135o, Babylon I mint, 311 - 300 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; Zeus on throne, right leg drawn back, in right, long in left hand, MI under throne, in in left , AΛEΞAN∆POY (Alexander) downward on right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ( ) below; ex & Mosch auction 245, lot 1213; $750.00 (€667.50)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
This coin was struck under one of the Macedonian satraps in Babylon: , Dokimos, or Seleukos I. Perdiccas suspected of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. was defeated and died from battle wounds. Seleucus, made by Perdiccas rival Antipater, arrived in Babylon in October or November 320 B.C. and defeated Dokimos.SH73195. Silver , 3697, 1542, -, VF, 17.067 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 135o, Babylon mint, , Dokimos, or Seleukos I, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, of facing on left, KY under throne; ; $540.00 (€480.60)
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C., , In the Name of Alexander the Great
dates this 311 - 305 B.C. dates it 311 - 300 B.C. notes that Kritt down-dated the chronology due to the complexity of the emissions and that two hoards independently support the revised dating.GS84937. Silver , I 82, 3751 ff., 10f (C), VF, attractive , high relief, , some , 16.846 g, maximum 24.0 mm, 90o, Babylon I mint, , 311 - 300 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, MI left (possibly with an obscure control symbol below), within under throne; $230.00 (€204.70)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., ,
is the Haran of the Bible. Crassus was defeated and killed by the near in 53 B.C. Emperor was defeated on the same site in 296 A.D.RP84657. Bronze AE 23, 2501 - 2503 = 22 - 24 (laureate ); p. 90, 63; -, F, , slightly off center on a , 7.513 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 0o, (Altinbasak, Turkey) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; AYTOK K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC CE, , draped, and right, from behind; MHTP KOΛ KAPPHNΩN, two stars arranged vertically within and above crescent with horns upward; extremely ; $170.00 (€151.30)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus I , 280 - 261 B.C.
Antiochos' reign was marred by struggle against internal and external enemies, including the betrayal and revolt of his co-regent in the east, his eldest son, whom he was forced to execute. He earned the title savior ( ) of by defeated roving bands of Galatians that had terrorized the cities for years. However, not long after, he lost southern and western to Ptolemy.GB83572. Bronze AE 16, I 377, 886, 175 (R3), F, nice green , bumps and marks, 5.18 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 90o, uncertain Mesopotamian or further east mint, 280 - 261 B.C.; horned horse right; flukes upward, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, (control ) inner left and inner right; extremely ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., ,
is the city of Netzivin in the Talmud. The Jews of resisted the Roman conqueror, , to maintain Parthian rule. The city was taken only after a lengthy siege. After the it fell, was laid waste and the massacre was so great that the houses, streets, and roads were strewn with corpses.RP84871. Bronze AE 29, 233; p. 119, 7; 2618; 118; -, F, porous, slightly off center cutting off right side of , 12.292 g, maximum 28.6 mm, 0o, mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; AVT KAI MAP AV C AΛEΞAN∆POC C-E, laureate right, slight drapery on left shoulder; CEΠ KOΛO NECIBI MHT, of right, turreted, draped and veiled, ram ( ) leaping right above with turned back, stars before and behind; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Edessa,
Edessa is the historical name of an Assyrian town in northern , refounded on an ancient site by Seleucus I Nicator. was assassinated in Edessa in 217 and Valerian was captured by Shapur I at Edessa in 260.
In 230, the Persian Ardashir I invaded . Alexander attempted to make peace but was rebuffed. He and his mother made their headquarters at Antioch and accompanied the legions. The Roman counterattack was defeated in 232 but both sides suffered heavy losses and agreed to a truce. In 233, celebrated a triumph in to observe his "victory."RP71324. Bronze AE 26, 218; p. 108, 106; 2582, aVF, on a , green , porous, 7.212 g, maximum 25.8 mm, 0o, Edessa mint, AYT K M A C Eς AΛEΞA∆POC CE (CE below ), laureate draped and right, from behind; MHT KOΛ E∆ECCHNWN, turreted seated left on rock, small flaming before her, half-figure of river-god swimming right at her feet, before and behind; ; $95.00 (€84.55)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., ,
was assassinated near on 8 April 217, while urinating on a roadside. When his escort gave him privacy to relieve himself, Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard, ran forward and killed with a single sword stroke. Martialis fled on horseback, but was killed by a bodyguard archer. Herodian says had executed Martialis' brother a few days earlier on an unproven charge. Cassius Dio says that Martialis was resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion. , the Praetorian Guard Prefect, who succeeded him as emperor, may have arranged the assassination.RP78055. Bronze AE 15, 2490 - 2491; p. 86, 37; -, -, VF, near black with red earthen highlighting, , light corrosion, 1.643 g, maximum 14.5 mm, 180o, (Altinbasak, Turkey) mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; ANTONINVS , laureate right; COL AVR METROPOLI ANTONINIANA, veiled and turreted of right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $80.00 (€71.20)
Kingdom of Edessa, , Abgar X with , 242 - 243 A.D.
Abgar X Frahad bar Manu was raised to the throne when recovered from the Persians. His rule and the Kingdom of Edessa both ended with Gordian's assassination and a Sassanid takeover in 244 A.D. GB84832. Bronze AE 24, p. 115, 148; 97; cf. 225 (draped and ), 2579 (same), VF, porous, minor pitting, some unstruck, a little off center, 7.981 g, maximum 23.5 mm, 0o, , Edessa mint, 242 - 243 A.D.; AYTOK K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC CEB, laureate of right, slight drapery on left shoulder, lower right; ABΓAPOC BACIΛEYC, draped of Abgar right, bearded, wearing a diademed Parthian-style , behind; $75.00 (€66.75)
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