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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Greek DominationView Options:  |  |  | 

Greek Domination of Judaea and Palestine

From Alexander the Great's conquest until Roman domination, the city states and small nations of the region, including Judaea, were at various times either ruled or dominated by the great Seleukid or Ptolemaic Kingdoms.Judea 160 to 143 BCE


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C.

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Antiochus IV took the name "Epiphanes," meaning "Select of God." His subjects made a pun on his name, calling him "Epimanes" or "madman." In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.
GY87387. Bronze AE 21, Houghton-Lorber 1453d; BMC Seleucid p. 39, 51; Rouvier, JIAN V, p. 122, 1208; Hoover Seleukid 665 (R1), F, well centered, light corrosion, weight 5.456 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 0o, Quasi-municipal, Sidon (Saida, Lebanon) mint, c. 168 - 164 B.C.; obverse diademed and radiate head of Antiochos IV right, ∆ (control) behind; reverse galley left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY in two lines above, ΣI∆ΩNIΩN over Phoenician script (of the Sidonians) below; rare; $100.00 (85.00)


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C., Quasi-Municipal Antioch Issue

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Antiochus IV took the name "Epiphanes," meaning "Select of God." His subjects made a pun on his name, calling him "Epimanes" or "madman." In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.
GY87388. Bronze AE 22, Houghton-Lorber II 1416(2); Houghton CSE 129; Babelon 628; BMC Seleucid p. 40, 65 var. (controls); SNG Spaer 1008 var. (same); HGC 9 656 (R1), aVF, black patina, red earthen deposits, porous, weight 6.817 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, summer 168 - 164 B.C.; obverse radiate and diademed head of Antiochos IV right, one diadem flying up behind, the other falling forward over shoulder; reverse Zeus standing slightly right, head left, raising wreath in right hand, resting left hand on side, ANTIOXEΩN downward on right, TΩN / ΠPOΣ ∆AΦNHI in two lines downward on left, ΩΠA monogram (control) outer left, AB (control) outer right; rare; $100.00 (85.00)


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Antiochus IV took the name "Epiphanes," meaning "Select of God." His subjects made a pun on his name, calling him "Epimanes" or "madman." In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.
GY87385. Bronze AE 21, Houghton-Lorber 1425(1), Babelon 647, Hoover Syrian 657 (R2), BMC Seleucid 84 var., SNG Spaer 1046 var., Houghton CSE 405 var. (all var. monograms), aVF, well centered, brown tone, corrosion, weight 8.039 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 135o, quasi-municipal, Seleukia Pieria mint, c. 169 - 168 B.C.; obverse diademed and radiate head of Antiochos IV right; reverse vertical winged thunderbolt, ΣEΛEYKEΩN/TΩN in two lines downward on right, EM ΠIEPIAI downward on left, monogram over quiver (controls) outer left, monogram (control) outer right, all in oak wreath; rare; $95.00 (80.75)


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C., Apamea

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Antiochus IV took the name "Epiphanes," meaning "Select of God." His subjects made a pun on his name, calling him "Epimanes" or "madman." In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.
GI87394. Bronze AE 15, Houghton-Lorber 1428; SNG Spaer 1050; cf. Babelon 670; Newell CSE II 336; BMC Seleucid p. 41, 81 (various controls in ex.), gF, dark patina, flan adjustment marks (scratches), porosity, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 3.479 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Syria, Apamea (Qalaat al-Madiq, Syria) mint, 168 - 164 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Antiochos IV right; reverse AΠAMEΩN/TΩN on right and ΠPO−Σ TΩI/AΞIΩIon left, Zeus standing half left, head left, himation over left shoulder and around hips and legs, Nike in extended right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, control symbol in exergue (off flan); rare; $90.00 (76.50)


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C., Quasi-Municipal Antioch Issue

Click for a larger photo
Antiochus IV took the name "Epiphanes," meaning "Select of God." His subjects made a pun on his name, calling him "Epimanes" or "madman." In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.
GY87397. Bronze AE 22, Houghton-Lorber II 1416(2)a; BMC Seleucid p. 40, 65 corr.; Newell CSE 129; SNG Spaer 1010; HGC 9 656 (R1), aVF, dark green patina, porosity, central dimples, weight 7.759 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, summer 168 - 164 B.C.; obverse radiate and diademed head of Antiochos IV right, one diadem flying up behind, the other falling forward over shoulder; reverse ANTIOXOY/TΩN / ΠPOΣ ∆AΦNHI, Zeus standing slightly right, head left, raising wreath in extended right, resting left hand on side, ΩΠA monogram left and AB monogram right, nothing in exergue (undated); rare; $80.00 (68.00)







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Catalog current as of Tuesday, November 13, 2018.
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Greek Domination of Judaea and Palestine