Maionia, , 161 - 180 A.D.
was queen of the kingdom of , the wife of , the oak-clad mountain of . After he was gored to death by a bull, she continued to reign on her own.
bought Herakles from , who sold him after an oracle declared must be sold into slavery for three years. had sought the oracle to learn what he must do to purify himself, after he murdered his friend Iphitus and stole the Delphic tripod. As a slave, Herakles was forced to do women's and even wear women's clothing and hold a basket of wool while and her maidens did their spinning. Meanwhile, wore the skin of the and carried Herakles' olive-wood club. But it was also during his stay in that Herakles captured the city of the Itones and enslaved them, killed Syleus who forced passersby to hoe his vineyard, and captured the Cercopes. He buried the body of Icarus and took in the Calydonian and the Argonautica. After some time, freed Herakles and took him as her husband.
The Greeks did not recognize as a goddess. Omphale's name, connected with , a Greek word meaning navel (or ), may, however, represent a Lydian earth goddess. Herakles' servitude and marriage may represent the servitude of the sun to the of the celestial sphere, the spinners being Lydian versions of the Moirae. This myth may have been and attempt to explain why the priests of Herakles wore female clothing.GB83463. Bronze AE 19, 222; 3011; 302; p. 129, 17, VF, , , light marks and corrosion, 4.380 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 0o, Maeonia mint, rule of , 161 - 180 A.D.; bearded of Herakles left; MAIONΩN, advancing right, holding lion's skin and club across shoulder; $315.00 (€280.35)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of , ,
The primary reference for is: Foss, C. "A neighbor of : the city of and its successors" in Classical Antiquity, vol. 1, no. 2 (Oct. 1982), pp. 178-201, available online: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25010770
Foss wrote that the small city of was first authorized to strike coins under . He believed that issued coinage only very sporadically and the coins were probably struck at the mint of their neighbor .RP85354. Bronze AE 19, III 2388 (5 spec.); 635; , p. 337, 29 and pl. X, 12 ; p. 181, I, VF, grainy surface, edge split, 4.542 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 190o, struck for at (?) mint, 128 - c. 136 A.D.; CEBACTH CABEINA, draped right, wearing ; TMΩΛITΩN, standing right, nude, bow in right hand, arrow in left hand; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Tripolis, , 3rd Century A.D.
Tripolis on the Meander (called at other times , Apollonia, and Antoninopolis) was an ancient city on the borders of , and , on the northern bank of the upper course of the Maeander, and on the road leading from Sardes by to ad Lycum. It was 20 km to the northwest of . Ruins are near Yenicekent, Denizli Province, Turkey. The ruins, mostly from the Roman and periods, include a theater, , city walls, and a necropolis. An ancient , dating back 1,500 years, was unearthed in 2013.RP79979. Bronze AE 19, 724; 3314; 19; pseudo-autonomous issue, VF, excellent centering, nice green , 4.170 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 180o, Tripolis mint, 3rd century A.D.; of right, wearing a crested Corinthian helmet and ; TPIPOLEITWN, standing slightly left, on left, rudder held by tiller in right hand, in left hand; $145.00 (€129.05)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Magnesia ad Sipylum,
Magnesia ad Sipylum was a city of , situated about 65 km northeast of Smyrna (now ) on the river Hermus (now Gediz) at the foot of Spil Mount. Nowadays this is the location of Manisa in Turkey. It became a city of importance under the Roman dominion and, though nearly destroyed by an earthquake in the reign of , was by that emperor and flourished through the Roman Empire.
the personification of wealth is the son of , goddess of peace. GB85348. Bronze AE 15, VI 1330 (13 spec.); p. 147, 59; 262; 268; 1040; 5082; IV 406; -; -, VF, porous, die break lower left, 2.788 g, maximum 15.1 mm, 180o, Magnesia ad Sipylum (Manisa, Turkey) mint, as , c. 140 A.D.; KAI AYPHΛIOC, bare-headed, draped right, slight beard; MAΓNHTΩN XIΠYΛOY, child ( ) standing left, clad in short , which he raises in front above his waist with both , he carries fruit in its folds; $120.00 (€106.80)
, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Mostene,
Mostene, in ancient , prospered in Roman and eras. There is debate, based on a line in , over whether Mostene was a Macedonian colony or a native Lydian city. In 17 A.D. the city was hit by an earthquake and was assisted by relief from .RP84897. Bronze AE 16, 2462 (2 specimens), 4a, -, -, -, -, -, VF, dark , encrustations, light corrosion, slightly off center, 2.457 g, maximum 16.2 mm, 0o, Mostene (Kepecik, Turkey) mint, as , 50 - 54 A.D.; NEPONA KAICAPA, bare-headed and draped right; EΠI ME∆ANIOY MOCTHNΩN, city goddess of Mostene seated left, on , two grain ears in right hand, double axe in left hand; very ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Akrasos,
Akrasa is not the same as Nakrasa. The cities were near each other, along with and Stratonicea in northern .RP84689. Bronze AE 18, III 6777; p. 447, 2; 8 var. ( leg.); 2886 var. (same); p. 13, 22 var. (same); 22 var. (same), F, , dark green , 3.169 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 180o, Akrasos mint, AV KA Λ C CEOVHPOC, laureate of right; AKPCIΩTΩN, Asklepios standing slightly right, turned back left, snake entwined staff in right hand; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Sala, , c. 2nd Century A.D.
was the messenger of the gods and the god of commerce and thieves. He was the son of Zeus and the nymph Maia. His include the and winged sandals.RP77505. Bronze AE 17, 455; p. 229, 15; 416, VF, , nice green , areas of corrosion, earthen deposits, 2.643 g, maximum 16.9 mm, 0o, Sala mint, c. 2nd century A.D.; ∆HMOC CAΛHNΩN, laureate and draped bearded of Demos; EΠI AN∆PONEICOY, standing slightly left, nude, draped over left arm, purse in right hand, in left hand; ex Divus Numismatik; ; $95.00 (€84.55)
, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Apollonoshieron,
Apollonoshieron, so called from a temple of , poliosis noticed by Pliny as a place of little note (V. 29.). It appears to have been afterward a bishopric; (Hierocl p. 670.) and if it is the place mentioned by Aristides, (I. p. 625, 629.) it was seated on a , and about 47 KM from , a distance which rather agrees with the Apollonias of Strabo.RP73125. Brass AE 15, 3044, 2906, 6782, aF, over-cleaned to bare metal, rough, 4.220 g, maximum 14.8 mm, 0o, Apollonoshieron mint, 19 Aug 14 - 16 Mar 37 A.D.; TIBEPIOΣ KAIΣAP, laureate right; AΠOΛΛΩNIEPEIΩN, ; very ; $45.00 (€40.05)
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