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Before the Roman invasion, Britain was populated by Celtic tribes with well-established cultural and economic links with continental Europe. Although Julius Caesar conducted the first Roman campaign in Britain in 55 B.C., the conquest did not begin until A.D. 43, during the reign of Claudius. The British tribes initially opposed the Roman legions, but by 84 the Romans had decisively conquered southern Britain and had pushed into what is now southern Scotland. In 122 they fortified the northern border with Hadrian's Wall, which spanned what is now Northern England. In 142 Roman forces pushed north again and began construction of the Antonine Wall, but they retreated back to Hadrian's Wall after only twenty years. Following the conquest, native Britons were subject to the Roman governors but mostly kept their land, and a distinctive Romano-British culture emerged. The Roman Empire retained control until its departure about A.D. 430.
Celts, Atrebates and Regni, British Tribes, South of the Thames, c. 60 - 20 B.C.
At the time of Caesar's invasion of Britain, the Atrebates, "the settlers," covered Sussex, Berkshire, west Surrey, parts of Hampshire, north-east Wiltshire. The Regni, originally Regini, "the stiff ones," occupied Sussex in Roman times.SH01358. Gold quarter stater, uninscribed 'Bognor Cogwheel' type; Cottam ABC 509, SCBC 48, gVF, weight 1.39 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 180o, obverse extremely stylizedhead of Zeus or Apollo; reverse horse right with triple tail, floral sun above, cog wheel below, wheel right; a beautiful example of Celtic art; SOLD
British Celts, Iceni (East Anglia), 65 - 1 B.C.
Van Arsdell attributed this type to Boudicca.CE63429. Silver unit, normal face/horse type; cf. Van Arsdell 792 and 794, Cottam ABC 1567, VF, weight 1.257 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 180o, obversehead right with moustache, trefoil before (unstruck), three pellets below; reverse Celticized horse right, belt lines which are a continuation of legs, large wheel-like object above, lozenge shape below with concave sides; ex CNG auction 146, lot 2; SOLD
British Celts, Catuvellauni in Atrebatum, Epaticcus, 20 - 43 A.D.
Epaticcus 'leader of horseman' was apparently a potent prince of the Catuvellauni; a son of King Tasciovanos and a younger brother of Cunobelinus. He evidently captured and ruled some Arrebatic territory south of the Thames, which is where his coins are found, shortly before the Claudian invasion.SH62326. Silver unit, Cottam ABC 1346, van Arsdell 580, Hobbs BIAC 2024 ff., SCBC 356, aVF, weight 1.226 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, die axis 270o, 20 - 43 A.D.; obverse EPATI, head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress, pellet in ring behind; reverseeagle standing facing on snake, wings open, head left, pellet in ring upper right; SOLD
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de Jersey, P. Celtic Coinage in Britain. (London, 1996).
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Sills, J. Gaulish and Early British Gold Coinage. (London, 2003).
Van Arsdell, R. Celtic Coinage of Britain. (London, 1989).
Catalog current as of Saturday, November 18, 2017. Page created in 0.811 seconds.