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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Celtic & TribalView Options:  |  |  |   

Celtic and Other Tribes

This page offers coins of the Celtic tribes, as well as coins of Iberian, German, Thracian, Paenonian, Illyrian, Dacian, Gaete, and other European tribes. Temple of Fortuna


Eastern Celts, Imitative of Philip II of Macedonia, "Dachreiter" Type, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Although the body and head of the horseman on the prototype drachm of Philip III of Macedonia have been replaced by an S-shaped line over three pellets, the horseman's leg can still be found on the side of the horse!
SH89462. Silver tetradrachm, Göbl OTA tf. 15, 170/4; Lanz 448, aVF, light toning, reverse slightly off center, light marks, weight 11.953 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Zeus right; reverse stylized horseman prancing left, rider's head and body reduced to an S-shaped line over three pellets, leg of horseman on side of the horse; $600.00 (€528.00)
 


Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

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CE85318. Hacksilver fragment, cf. Kim and Kroll 59; Van Alfen Hacksilber 53 ff., cut half of a disk ingot; 68.919g, 42.9mm, $320.00 (€281.60)
 


Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

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CE85848. Hacksilver fragment, from a disk or ingot; cf. Kim and Kroll 55 ff.; Van Alfen Hacksilber 53 ff., F, weight 21.184 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, ex Moneta Numismatic Services; $200.00 (€176.00)
 


Iberian Celts, Silver Ingot, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

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AS86897. Silver ingot, Alvarez-Burgos P.9, Kim and Kroll -, Van Alfen Hacksilber-, Garcia-Bellido -, dark toning, earthen encrustations, weight 15.636 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, obverse convex, flattened dome form; reverse flat plain; $200.00 (€176.00)
 


Four Rings, Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

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Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from as early as 800 B.C. and it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Bronze rings are, however, sometimes found in quite large hoards and, in Spain, they are sometimes found with silver bar and disk ingots, and with 2nd century B.C. denarii of the Roman Republic. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings but they were also undoubtedly used as a store of wealth and for trade.
LT87186. Bronze Ring Money, 4 rings, VF, nice patinas, some chipping on nubs of large ring, asymmetrical - varying thickness, not all knobs and nubs evenly spaced, (1x) Victoor -, Topalov Apollonia -, Burgos -, 4 knobs each ornamented with three nubs, 31.858g, 64mm, very large and extremely rare; (1x) Topalov Apollonia p. 93, XII.0, small cylindrical ring with three rings of knobs, 8.746g, 15mm diameter, 13mm long, scarce; (1x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, 3 groups of 2 globules, 3.073g, 26mm; (1x) cf. Topalov Apollonia I p. 90, VIII.0 (all symmetrical), 4 globules unevenly spaced, 3.725g, 22mm; $180.00 (€158.40)
 


Iberia, Hacksilver, Solid Lunate Earring, c. 650 - 150 B.C.

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The lunate earring type, characterized by a solid crescentric body in a tapered bent over hoop, is the most basic and popular form of earring found in Bronze and Iron Age contexts. The earliest know were found at Ur and date to the third millennium B.C. They are very often found in hacksilver hoards, indicating that they were a bullion medium of exchange. The referenced examples and others known to Forum are all from the East and are under 2 grams. This much larger and heavier example was found in Iberia. Perhaps it was produced locally or perhaps it was brought to the region by Phoenician trade.
CE84812. Hacksilver ring, cf. Gitler Hacksilber 24 ff. (Samaria, late 4th c. B.C.); Golani-Sass Fig. 10, 1 - 2 (Tel Miqne-Ekron, Canaan, 7th c. B.C.) , weight 9.468 g, maximum diameter 32.7 mm, solid silver, crescentric body in a tapered bent over hoop; $170.00 (€149.60)
 


Pannonian Celts, Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.

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Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west.
CE89000. Billon drachm, cf. Göbl OTA 204, Pink 204, Lanz 503, CCCBM I S134; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom drachms of Philip II, Choice VF, centered, very broad flan for the type, toned, porosity, small edge split, weight 2.493 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 90o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse devolved laureate head of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel wreath; reverse devolved horse trotting left, pellet in circle above; ex Klassische Munzen (Tübingen); $160.00 (€140.80)
 


Iberia, Hacksilver, Solid Lunate Earring, c. 650 - 150 B.C.

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The lunate earring type, characterized by a solid crescentric body in a tapered bent over hoop, is the most basic and popular form of earring found in Bronze and Iron Age contexts. The earliest know were found at Ur and date to the third millennium B.C. They are very often found in hacksilver hoards, indicating that they were a bullion medium of exchange. The referenced examples and others known to Forum are all from the East and are under 2 grams. This much larger and heavier example was found in Iberia. Perhaps it was produced locally or perhaps it was brought to the region by Phoenician trade.
CE84813. Silver Ring Money, cf. Gitler Hacksilber 24 ff. (Samaria, late 4th c. B.C.); Golani-Sass Fig. 10, 1 - 2 (Tel Miqne-Ekron, Canaan, 7th c. B.C.) , weight 6.575 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, solid silver, crescentric body in a tapered bent over hoop; $140.00 (€123.20)
 


Indigets, Untikesken, Emporion, Iberia, c. 130 - 90 B.C.

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Early in the 2nd century B.C., Emporion began striking bronze coinage with the Iberian inscription UTIKENSKEN, which refers to the Indigets tribe that inhabited the town and its surrounding area. The earliest coins were struck at a one ounce standard of 1/12 Roman pound. In the mid 2nd Century B.C., the standard changed to 1/15th of the Roman pound. Some of these coins were marked XV, most were marked with an Iberian EI mark, which means 15. The names of magistrates were added to some coins in the second half of the 2nd century B.C. Weights were gradually reduced until coinage with Iberian inscriptions ended in the 1st century B.C.
GB88304. Bronze as, reduced Roman ounce standard, Villaronga-Benages 1043 (same dies), Villaronga CNH 50, cf. SNG BM Spain 522, F, dark patina with attractive highlighting earthen deposits, soft strike, weak reverse, weight 14.462 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 90o, Emporion (Empúries, Catalonia, Spain) mint, c. 130 - 90 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena-Minerva right, Iberian mark before: EI (15); reverse Pegasos springing right, head modified, laurel wreath above rump, palm frond outer right, Iberian inscription above exergue line: UTIKESKEN; ex Jenceck Historical Enterprise; $120.00 (€105.60)
 


Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

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CE85846. Hacksilver fragment, cf. Alvarez-Burgos P10, Garcia-Bellido 331 ff., Kim and Kroll 59, Van Alfen Hacksilber 53 ff., Cut from a larger ingot; 11.480g, 23.1mm long, $105.00 (€92.40)
 




  



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REFERENCES

Allen, D. Catalogue of Celtic Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1987-1990).
Allen, D. The Coins of the Ancient Celts. (Edinburgh, 1980).
Alvarez-Burgos, F. La Moneda Hispanica desde sus origines hasta el Siglo V. (Madrid, 2008).
Bean, S.C. The Coinage of the Atrebates and Regni. (Oxford, 2000).
Blanchet, A. Traité des monnaies gauloises. (Paris, 1905).
Castelin, K. Die Goldprägung der Kelten in den böhmischen Ländern. (Graz, 1965).
Castelin, K. Keltische Münzen: Katalog der Samlung im Schweizerischen Landesmuseum Zürich. (Zurich, 1978).
Cottam, E. Ancient British Coins. (Norfolk, 2010).
Davis, P. "Dacian and Celtic Imitations of Republican Denarii" in The Celator, May 2004.
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info/
de la Tour, H. Atlas de monnaies Gauloises. (Paris, 1892).
de Jersey, P. Celtic Coinage in Britain. (London, 1996).
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de Jersey, P. Coinage in Iron Age Armorica. (Oxford, 1994).
Delestrée, L.-P. & M. Tache. Nouvel atlas des monnaies Gauloises. (Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 2002-2008).
Dembski, G. Münzen der Kelten. Sammlungskataloge des Kunsthistorischen Museums. (Vienna, 1998).
Dessewffy, M. Barbar penzei. (Budapest, 1910-1913).
Forrer, R. Keltische Numismatik: Der Rhein Und Donaulande. (Graz, 1968-1969).
Göbl, R. Die Hexadrachmenprägung der Gross-Boier: Ablauf, Chronologie und historische Relevanz für Noricum und Nachbargebiete. (Vienna, 1994).
Göbl, R. Typoligie und Chronologie der keltischen Münzprägung in Noricum. (Vienna, 1973).
Göbl, R. Ostkeltischer Typen Atlas. (Braunschweig, 1973).
Gruel, K. & E. Morin. Les monnaies celtes du Musée de Bretagne. (Rennes/Paris, 1999).
Hobbs, R. British Iron Age Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1996).
Kostial, M. Kelten im Osten. Gold und Silber der Kelten in Mittel und Osteuropa. Sammlung Lanz. (München, 1997).
Nash, D. Coinage in the Celtic World. (London, 1987).
Paulsen, R. Die Münzprägung der Boier. (Leipzig/Wien, 1933).
Pink, K. Münzprägung der Ostkelten und Ihrer Nachbarn. (Harrassowitz, 1939; reprinted 1974).
Preda, C. Monedele Geto-Dacilor. (Bucharest, 1973).
Scheers, S. La Gaule Belgique: Numismatique Celtique. (Louvian, 1983).
Scheers, S. Monnaies Gauloises de Seine-Maritime. (Rouen, 1978). Scheers, S. Traité de numismatique celtique, II, La Gaule Belgique. (Louvain, 1983).
Sills, J. Gaulish and Early British Gold Coinage. (London, 2003).
Topalov, S. Apollonia Pontica: Contribution to the Study of the Coin Minting of the City 6th - 1st c. B.C. (Sofia, 2007).
Van Arsdell, R. Celtic Coinage of Britain. (London, 1989).
Victoor, R. Roulles Celtes et Objets Assimilés. (Rosendaël-lez-Dunkerque, 1989).
Villaronga, L. Corpus Nummum Hispaniae Anti Augusti Aetatem. (Madrid, 1994).
Ziegaus, B. Das Geld der Kelten und ihrer Nachbarn: Sammlung Josef Schörghuber. (Munich, 1994).
Ziegaus, B. Kelten Geld: Münzen der Kelten und angrenzender nichtgriechisher Völkerschaften. Sammlung Flesche. (Munich, 2010).


Catalog current as of Monday, June 24, 2019.
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Celtic Coins