Normans, Southern Italy, Anonymous, Dukes of or Counts of & , c. 1060 - 1080 A.D.
This coin is certainly imitative, as it weighs less then 1/3 the of the even the lightest official Class B has handled. to the Normans in Italy is based on the reputed find location and some similarity to other imitatives issued by the Normans in Southern Italy and .ME73353. Bronze follaro, apparently unpublished, imitative of Class B ( 1823, Constantinople, 1028 - 1041); -, MIR -, -, F, 2.163 g, maximum 23.3 mm, 180o, uncertain Italian mint, c. 1060 - 1080 A.D.; facing of Christ, wearing , , and , holding book of Gospels; IS - XS / bAS-ILE / bAS-ILE (Jesus Christ of Kings, mostly off ), on three steps, dividing ; from a California collector; $195.00 (€173.55)
, 2nd - 1st Century B.C., Imitative of Philip III of
describes the of this as, "Almost plain, though with very faint traces of the hd. of Herakles."
CE76351. Silver , 195, 920, 1479, 212, F, , light marks, 15.118 g, maximum 29.3 mm, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; almost plain, highly degraded of Herakles right in scalp headdress; crude figure of Zeus seated left, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, blundered imitation of a on right, I below throne; $140.00 (€124.60)
(?), Imitative of Zangids of , c. 1146 - 1200 A.D.,
This coin is a crude imitative of an fals of the Zangids of , Nur al-Din Mahmud, struck at Halab (Aleppo, ), 1146 - 1173 ( 73, 1850). That was itself also imitative, copying a of Constantine X, struck at Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey), 1059 - 1067 ( 8, 1853). The quality of the Zangids fals vary greatly and it can be difficult to distinguish between Halab mint issues and imitatives. This example is very crude and if any can be attributed to the , this is one.BZ77974. Bronze , -; cf. 73 (notes "barbaric" imitations), 1850 (notes imitations are perhaps struck by the ), F, desert , , 2.798 g, maximum 22.0 mm, 180o, uncertain mint, c. 1150 - 1200 A.D.; two imperial figures (Constantine X and ) standing facing, supporting between them resting on three steps, EX downward on left, imitation of inner left; Christ standing facing, , book of Gospels in left hand, right hand on hip, flanking , blundered imitation of around; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $140.00 (€124.60)
Normans, Southern Italy, Anonymous, Dukes of or Counts of & , c. 1081 - 1087 A.D.
This coin is certainly imitative, as it weighs about 1/3 the normal of an official Class J . to the Normans in Italy is based on the reputed find location and some similarity to other imitatives issued by the Normans in Southern Italy and .ME68381. Bronze , apparently unpublished, imitative of class J ( 1900, Constantinople, 1081 - 1118); -, -, -, aF, on a very small thin compared to proto-types, 2.200 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 180o, uncertain S. Italy mint, c. 1081 - 1087 A.D.; of Christ facing, behind, wears and colbium, raising right in , Gospels in left, crescents above, flanking, facing of Christ, wearing , , and , holding book of Gospels; with globule and two pellets at each extremity, large crescent below, four globules around each surrounded by pellets; from an American collection; very ; $125.00 (€111.25)
Empire, Khusro II, Occupation of , 618 - 628 A.D.
During his temporary domination of , 618 - 628 A.D., Khusru allowed the mint to continue issuing the normal coinage, but substituted his portrait for the emperor's. The sun and moon replaced the , just as on coinage. It may seem strange that a Persian would wear a crown surmounted by a ; however, his wife Sira was a Christian, he was a benefactor of the of St. Sergius in Edessa, he honored the Virgin, and he sometimes wore a robe embroidered with a which he had received as a gift from the Emperor . The emperors resumed the imperial coinage of after their recapture of in 628 A.D.WA77071. Bronze 12 nummi,
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Iberian(?) Barbaric Imitative
RB70583. Copper as, cf. 1685, 431, 226, 515, 687 (official, mint, 7 B.C.), F, interesting crude , nice green , edge cracks, scratches, pits on reverses, 10.390 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 225o, Iberian(?) unofficial mint, right; large S C; $100.00 (€89.00)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Barbaric Imitative
Tribal peoples outside the Empire struck coinage imitative of Roman types beginning in the second century B.C. and continued to strike imitative types even after the Western Empire ceased to exist. Several official issues used this , but the is exotic and crude. These legends were never used on any official issues.RS90386. Silver , for possible prototype: cf. 516, 719, 678 (Roman official, ad Mare mint, 198 - 202 A.D.), gVF, fantastic unofficial , frosty surfaces, 2.520 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 180o, tribal mint, c. 198 - 210 A.D.; S VERVS - P, laureate right; TR - PO CO VICTO AVG, ascending left, open in both , round on a low base at feet on left; $100.00 (€89.00)
Geto-Dacian, Roman Republic Imitative, 106 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.
CE76909. Silver , cf. A/II M14 (possibly same prototype but not very similar), cf. possible prototype: 313/1 ( mint, L. Memmius Galeria, 106 B.C.), F, scratches, with some areas unstruck, 3.596 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 45o, of Saturn(?) right; right, MEΛΛIVS (or similar) in ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Thracian or Germanic Tribes, Pseudo-Imperial Coinage, Mid 4th - Early 5th Century A.D.
This was minted by and used as currency by tribes outside the Roman Empire in . It copied a Roman votive issued under Constantine the Great. The inscriptions are made up of illiterate imitations of letters.
CE76987. Bronze AE 18, Imitative of types, for prototypes see p. 379 ff. (official Roman, Ticinum mint, c. 320 - 325 A.D.), VF, nice green , 2.047 g, maximum 17.7 mm, tribal mint, mid 4th - early 5th century A.D.; laureate left, illiterate blundered imitation of a ; blundered within , illiterate blundered limitation of a around, ST in ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, Region, , 168 - 31 B.C.; on , Bronze
imitative of a Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The was appropriate for the as the river Strymon runs through the region. CE46714. Bronze AE 20, Malloy C3A; imitative of a (Philip V or Perseus) , 187 - 168 B.C., 1299, gF, centered on a , green , chips and edge chips, , 6.035 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 0o, reed-wreathed of the river god Strymon right; remnant of helmeted of right from ; trident , ornaments between the prongs, blundered illiterate imitation of an , remnant of ΠEΛΛHΣ over grazing cow from ; on a , bronze, 266 ff., after 187 B.C.; ; $90.00 (€80.10)
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