, Constantine VI and Irene, 8 September 780 - 19 August 797 A.D.
In 790, Constantine VI took control and forced his mother, who had been his regent, into exile. A little more than a year later Irene was back as co-ruler. In 797, Irene had her son deposed and blinded and assumed sole rule.
has the and opposite. Other than 4.7, the referenced examples all have either incomplete or illegible inscriptions, or have variations from this coin.
SH12347. Gold , 4.7 (C.4.6/Ir.4.1); cf. 1; , 1, 2; 2, 1; 1591; -; -, VF, remarkable for inscriptions, light marks, 4.413 g, maximum 21.4 mm, 180o, Constantinople mint, 15 Jan 792 - 793; COnSTAnTInOS CA - SIR, crowned facing busts of Constantine IV, wearing and holding in left hand; and Irene, wearing , cruciform in her right hand; above center; SVn IrInI AVΓ mITHRΛ, Constantine V, , and (the boy emperor's deceased father, grand-father and great grandfather) seated facing, each bearded and wearing crown and ; ex 2014; ex Numismatik (eBay auction, 4 Feb 2011, sold for €3027); ; $2250.00 (€2002.50)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.
With this coin claimed there was peace all over the world. It was true that at the time it was struck there was peace along all the borders of the empire, which was a event because was almost always engaged in some war with the nations and tribes that surrounded it. It was, however, an absurdity, in the midst of a civil war within the borders, to acclaim peace on the borders as peace all over the world.
SL85593. Silver , 4 (R), 3, 3, 3, 2, 2156, NGC , strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (4278887-006), , 3.12 g, maximum 18 mm, 180o, mint, Jan - Feb 69 A.D.; IMP M , right; PAX TERRARVM (All the World at Peace), Pax standing left, olive branch in right hand, in left; NGC certified (slabbed); ; $1000.00 (€890.00)
, Nicephorus I and Stauracius, December 803 - 25 July 811 A.D.
Nicephorus, the logothete (lord high treasurer) under Empress Irene, gained rule in a palace coup. At the Battle of Pliska, the Bulgarian , Krum, surprised and slew Nicephorus along with a large portion of the army. Krum is said to have made a drinking-cup of Nicephorus' skull. Stauracius escaped the battle to Constantinople but was mortally wounded. He surrendered his throne to his brother-in-law, retired to a monastery, and died soon after.SH83915. Gold , , 1, 2c.2; 8; 9; 1786; 238; 27.1; 1604, EF, lustrous, on a , 4.349 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 180o, 10th , Constantinople mint, 803 - 811 A.D.; hICI-FOROS bASILE', bearded facing of Nicephorus, wearing and with crown, on base in right hand, in left hand, no pellet left; STAVRA-CIS dESPO' X, unbearded facing of Stauracius, wearing and with crown, in right hand, in left hand; from the Watcher Collection, ex Heritage CICF auction (Chicago, Apr 2013), lot 3024 ($940 plus fees); ; $900.00 (€801.00)
, , 695 - 698 A.D.
Leontius' success as a general forced the Arab Caliph Abd al-Malik to make concessions and pay tribute to Emperor Justinian II; but when war was renewed, was defeated. Furious over the loss, Justinian imprisoned him for two years. When he was freed, and his former prison comrades organized a revolt, and he took the throne. Justinian was deposed, his nose and tongue were slit and he was exiled to a monastery. After the Arabs took , the fleet sent to retake the city failed. Rather than report defeat to the emperor, the army overthrew their admiral and named Apsimar, a Germanic sailor, as their leader. Apsimar changed his name to , returned to Constantinople, seized the thrown, cut off Leontius' nose and ears and exiled him to a monastery. In 705, Justinian II returned to Constantinople with an army of Bulgars and Slavs. Both and were dragged through the streets in chains and beheaded.
SH83907. Gold , 4, 1333, 5, 15.3, 1731, 191, - (p. 417), VF, , , right , 1.330 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 180o, Constantinople mint, 695 - 698 A.D.; D LEO-N PE AV, bearded facing , wearing and crown with , in right hand; AVSY S, on base, in ; from the Watcher Collection, ex Heritage auction 3002 (Long Beach, Sep 2008), lot 2013 (sold for $747.50 plus fees); ; $810.00 (€720.90)
, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.
Most references date this to the joint reign of Michael II and his son Theophilus II (12 May 821 - 2 Oct 829 A.D.) identified it as Theophilus' first issue after Michael's death (2 Oct 829 - 830 A.D.).
Theophilus was an accomplished scholar and highly cultured. Although he admired Arab art and civilization, he was obliged to expend much effort defending his eastern frontier against Mutasim, the Caliph of Baghdad. He died of dysentery.
SH83908. Gold , , 1, 15a; 515c; 11; 13; 1646; 30.6; -; -, VF, slightly irregular , 3.794 g, maximum 13.4 mm, 180o, mint, 829 - 830 A.D.; MI-XAHL bA, bearded facing of Michael, wearing and crown with , in right hand; ΘE-OFILO bA, beardless facing of Theophilus, wearing and crown with , in right hand; from the Watcher Collection; very ; $720.00 (€640.80)
, Michael II and Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 2 October 829 A.D.
Michael II started his career as a humble soldier. Leo V's assassination while trying to impose probably taught Michael a lesson, as he chose to remain religiously neutral. With Bulgarian , he defeated the usurper Thomas, who with his Arab allies even besieged Constantinople for one year. Even after the rebellion was crushed, the Arabs occupied and initiated an invasion of .SH83906. Gold , 31/Cp/AV/2 (solidi); 511; 18 (not in collection, refs BnF); 1650; BMC -; -; -; -, EF, , 1.275 g, maximum 12.8 mm, 180o, mint, 821 - 829 A.D.; MI-XAHL bA, bearded facing of Michael, wearing and crown with , in right hand; ΘE-OFILO b, bearded facing of Theophilus, wearing and crown with , in right hand, in right ; from the Watcher Collection, ex Savoca Numismatik; very ; $640.00 (€569.60)
, , 695 - 698 A.D.
This half-follis of was first identified and published by S. J. , in "A New Coin of the Emperor Leontius" in , Nov 1999. It is otherwise unpublished and this is the second known specimen.BZ73337. Bronze half , , S. J., A New Coin of the Emperor in Num. Circ., Nov 1999; 2 -; -, -, -, -, F, rough green , 2.806 g, maximum 16.1 mm, 180o, mint, 695 - 696 A.D.; half length facing with short beard, wearing crown with and with pelleted lozenge pattern, in right, in left; large K (40 nummi), cruciform ( 5) above, left, I (year 1) right, SCL in ; great rarity, 2nd known; $600.00 (€534.00)
Constantine IV Pogonatus, 15 July 668 - 10 July 685 A.D.
Constantine IV Pogonatus should be credited with saving Europe from Muslim conquest. Beginning in 674, the great siege of Constantinople, by the caliph Muawiyah I, lasted four years. The newly invented famous "Greek Fire" made the city impregnable and the Arabs were forced to retreat. In 681 he deposed his two brothers. He was succeeded by his 16-year-old son Justinian II.BZ84239. Bronze half , 245, 67, 186, 112, 1214, -, VF, green , rough, 2.566 g, maximum 17.6 mm, 180o, mint, 679 - 681 A.D.; helmeted and facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder; large K, above, +AN-NO ∆ (year 4) flanking left and right; very ; $400.00 (€356.00)
Roman Republic, L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus, 89 B.C.
The refers to the rape of the . This moneyer traced his descent form the and perhaps from himself. -- Roman Silver Coins edited by and Loosley
RR85560. Silver , 344/1a, 698, 1, I 2322, 249, EF, , areas of struck a little weak, edge cracks, 3.886 g, maximum 20.5 mm, 270o, mint, 89 B.C; of right, downward behind, TA ( ) before; two Roman soldiers running left, each bearing a woman in his arms, L·TITVRI in ; $400.00 (€356.00)
, II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
II, was baptized Herakleios and reigned officially as Constantine. He was only 10 years old when he was made emperor. was his diminutive nickname, which has become in modern historiography. Later in life he was also called Constantine the Bearded (Konstantinos Pogonatos).
SH70002. Gold , 2, 25c; 42; 239; 47; 26; 12.18; 959, -, aEF, , 4.431 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 180o, 3rd , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; d N CONSTANTINyS C CONSTA, facing busts of & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and , between their heads; AVGU Γ ( of the Emperor, 3rd ), on three steps, in ; $370.00 (€329.30)
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