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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Greek Imperial ▸ HispaniaView Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Provincial Coins from Hispania

Carteia, Hispania Baetica, c. 44 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.

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The Latin colony of Carteia was founded in 171 B.C. In 27 B.C., when Augustus had become emperor, Hispania Ulterior was divided into Baetica (modern Andalusia) and Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura, and part of Castilla-León). Cantabria and Basque country were also added to Hispania Citerior.
RP84138. Bronze semis, Villaronga-Benages 2613, Villaronga 71, RPC I 120, SNG Cop 442, SNG Lorichs 1347, SNG München 210, SNG Tübingen -, F, green patina, rough, corrosion, light scratches, weight 4.234 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Carteia mint, c. 44 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.; obverse CARTEIA, head of Tyche right, wearing crown of turreted city walls; reverse fisherman seated left on rocks, holding rod before him in both hands, fish on the line, wearing a wide-brimmed hat, D - D flanking across field at center; ex RBW Collection; very rare; $225.00 (€200.25)
 


Carthago Nova, Iberia, c. 237 - 206 B.C.

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In order to force Hannibal to retreat from Italy, Scipio Africanus attacked Carthaginian Spain and took Carthago Nova in 209 B.C. References most often identify this type as Punic, struck before 209 B.C., but they also note that the head is "Roman style." Some authorities believe, as we do, that this type may have been struck after 209, under Roman rule. Carthaginian coins sometimes depicted Barcid generals. This coin possibly depicts the Roman general Scipio Africanus.
SH90611. Bronze 1/5 unit, Villaronga-Benages 610, SNG BM Spain 129, Burgos 556, Villaronga MHC 283, Villaronga CNH 70, aVF, ragged flan with two edge splits, weight 2.116 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Carthago Nova mint, c. 237 - 206 B.C.; obverse bare male head (Scipio Africanus?) left; reverse horse head right; rare; $160.00 (€142.40)
 


Carthago Nova, Iberia, c. 237 - 206 B.C.

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In order to force Hannibal to retreat from Italy, Scipio Africanus attacked Carthaginian Spain and took Carthago Nova in 209 B.C. References most often identify this type as Punic, struck before 209 B.C., but they also note that the head is "Roman style." Some authorities believe, as we do, that this type may have been struck after 209, under Roman rule. Carthaginian coins sometimes depicted Barcid generals. This coin possibly depicts the Roman general Scipio Africanus.
GB84581. Bronze 1/5 unit, Villaronga-Benages 610, SNG BM Spain 129, Burgos 556, Villaronga MHC 283, Villaronga CNH 70, VF, nice green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, tight flan, reverse off center, weight 2.306 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 0o, Carthago Nova mint, c. 237 - 206 B.C.; obverse bare male head (Scipio Africanus?) left; reverse horse head right; rare; $150.00 (€133.50)
 


Castulo, Hispania Ulterior, Early 1st Century B.C.

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After a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, Castulo allied with Carthage. In 213 B.C., Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents and the city became a foederati (ally) of Rome.
GB73512. Bronze semis, SNG BM Spain 1359 (same dies); Villaronga-Benages 2156 (R6); Villaronga CNH p. 337, 52; Burgos 772; Lindgren II 44; SNG Cop -, VF, weight 4.721 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 45o, Kastulo mint, early 1st century B.C.; obverse diademed male head right, Iberian CA right; reverse bull standing right, L and crescent above, "Kastilo" in Iberian script in ex; $125.00 (€111.25)
 


Castulo, Hispania Ulterior, c. 165 - 80 B.C.

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After a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, Castulo allied with Carthage. In 213 B.C., Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents and the city became a foederati (ally) of Rome.
CE90779. Bronze AE 26, Villaronga p. 335, 32; SNG BM Spain 1314 ff.; SNG Cop 210; Burgos 545, F, green patina with earthen highlighting, irregular flan, weight 10.200 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 90o, Castulo mint, c. 165 - 80 B.C.; obverse diademed head right, crescent before; reverse helmeted sphinx walking right, star before, KASTILO in Iberic script below exergual line; ex Jencek Historical Enterprise; $85.00 (€75.65)
 


Corduba, Hispania Ulterior, Mid 1st Century B.C.

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The usual reverse legend, CORDVBA, appears to be missing on this coin. Villaronga-Benages 2485, a variant without a reverse legend, is listed as R10, unique. Our coin is not from the same dies, so the ethnic is almost certainly just unstruck.

Cordova, a city in Andalusia was the first colony planted by the Romans in Spain. Its original name was Corduba. When it was made a Roman colony it was renamed Colonia Patricia, to honor the veterans and worthy men who settled it, to whom honor was due, as to Fathers (Patribus).
GB75823. Bronze quadrans, cf. Villaronga-Benages 2485, SNG BM Spain 1636 ff., SNG Lorichs 1364 ff., SNG Cop 462, VF, nice olive green patina with highlighting earthen fill, weight 5.286 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 270o, Corduba mint, Middle 1st century B.C.; obverse CN IVLI L F Q (upward on right), head of Venus right, hair in a bun at the back, curled strands down neck, three pellets (mark of value) behind; reverse [CORDVBA (upward on right)?], winged Eros standing slightly left, nude, torch in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, three pellets (mark of value) on left; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; $80.00 (€71.20)
 


Carteia, Hispania Baetica, c. 44 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.

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The Latin colony of Carteia was founded in 171 B.C. In 27 B.C., when Augustus had become emperor, Hispania Ulterior was divided into Baetica (modern Andalusia) and Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura, and part of Castilla-León). Cantabria and Basque country were also added to Hispania Citerior.
RP84139. Bronze quadrans, Villaronga-Benages 2609, Villaronga 65; RPC I 116, SNG Cop 434, SNG Lorichs 1337, SNG München -, SNG Tübingen, VF, tight flan, earthen deposits, areas of heavy scratches, weight 2.922 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, Carteia mint, c. 44 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.; obverse CARTEIA, head of Fortuna-Tyche right, wearing crown of turreted city walls, trident behind; reverse Cupid riding dolphin right, IIII VIR above, EX D D below; $80.00 (€71.20)
 


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Turiaso, Hispania Terraconensis

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Issued by the Duumviri Mn. Sulpicius Lucanus and M. Sempronius Front(us?).
RP76716. Bronze as, Villaronga-Benages 3286, SNG Lorichs 1874, RPC I 413, Burgos 2455 var. (IMP P P R), SNG Cop -, F, earthen encrustation, corrosion, weight 13.650 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 90o, Turiaso mint, 19 Aug 14 - 16 Mar 37 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR AVG F AVGVSTVS IMP, laureate head right; reverse MVN TVRIASO MN SVLP LVCAN M SEMP FRONT, II VIR within oak wreath; scarce; $50.00 (€44.50)
 







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REFERENCES

Alvarez-Burgos, F. La Moneda Hispanica desde sus origines hasta el Siglo V. (Madrid, 2008).
American Numismatic Society Collections Database (ANSCD) - http://numismatics.org/search/search.
Burgos, A. La moneda hispanica desde sus origenes hasta el siglo V. (Madrid, 2008).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Roman Provincial Coins (RPC) Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/.
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and The Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, North Africa, Spain - Gaul. (1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 1: Hispania. Gallia Narbonensis. (Berlin, 1968).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 1: Hispania-Sikelia. (Berlin, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum, Part 2: Spain. (London, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Hispania I, Madrid. Museo Arqueológico Nacional. Ciudades Feno-púnicas.. (1994 - 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Sweden, Vol. II: Stockholm, Part 6, National Museum of Monetary History, The G.D. Lorichs Collection. (Stockholm, 2003).
Villaronga, L. Corpus Nvmmvm Hispaniae Anti Avgvsti Aetatem. (Madrid, 1994).
Villaronga, L. La Monedas Hispano-Cartaginesas. (Barcelona, 1973).
Villaronga, L. & J. Benages. Ancient Coinage of the Iberian Peninsula: Greek / Punic / Iberian / Roman. (Barcelona, 2011).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, February 21, 2017.
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Roman Hispania