Seleukid Kingdom, Achaios, 220 - 214 B.C.
Achaios was an uncle of Antiochos III. He proclaimed himself in Anatolia. After a two-year siege of his capital of Sardes, , he was captured and beheaded.GY76100. Bronze AE 15, I 956 var. (unlisted control symbol), 834 var. (same), 1442 var. (same), 436 (S-R1), VF, nice green , 3.314 g, maximum 15.3 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - autumn or winter 214 B.C.; laureate of right; standing right, right, wings closed, in talons, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / AXAIOY in two flanking downward lines, X (control symbol) outer right; unpublished extremely variant; $380.00 (€338.20)
, Augusta, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., , in with
This coin commemorates the ( ) between and . The wreaths refer to the games sponsored by each of the two cities, the ΠYΘIA games held by , and the XPVCANΘINA games held by Sardes.RP77256. Bronze AE 25, , V, 838 (Vs. A/Rs. 11); cf. 976; p. 260, 175, F, 7.301 g, maximum 25.0 mm, 180o, (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Feb 244 - End Sep 249 A.D.; M ΩT CEVHPA, draped right, wearing , hair in horizontal ridges, plait up the back of ; ΠOΛEITΩN K CAP∆,IANΩN NEΩ/KOPΩN (ending in two lines in ), two wreaths side by side with inscriptions within, left XPV/CAN, right ΠVΘ/IA, OMONOI/A in the above; very ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., , in with
This coin commemorates the ( ) between and . Cities in and sometimes formed alliances with other cities. The competition for prestige and rivalry between cities in the East was intense. Alliances could enhance a city’s status by aligning either with many cities or with particularly important ones. was of civic "foreign policy" and might have involved the exchange of delegates and joint celebrations and sacrifices. At least 87 cities issued coins celebrating their alliances.RP77255. Bronze AE 30, cf. , VI, 848 ff. var. (Vs.C/Rs.-, unlisted die); 3668; 4054; 596, aF, rough, 10.243 g, maximum 30.3 mm, 180o, (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; AY• K• - ΠOY• ΛIK• OYAΛEPAN/OC, , draped, and right, from the front, round on ; ΠOΛE/ITΩN - KE - CAP∆IANΩN NEWK/OPΩN, on left, standing right, in right hand, in left hand; cult statue of Kore facing, wearing and veil, OMONOYA in ; very ; $190.00 (€169.10)
, Augusta, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., , in with
This coin commemorates the ( ) between and . The wreaths refer to the games sponsored by each of the two cities, the ΠYΘIA games held by , and the XPVCANΘINA games held by Sardes. RP77257. Bronze AE 25, , V, 830 (Vs. A/Rs. 9); 976; p. 260, 175, aF, off center but on a broad , edge crack, porous, 6.144 g, maximum 27.3 mm, 180o, (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Feb 244 - End Sep 249 A.D.; M ΩT CEVHPA, draped right, wearing , hair in horizontal ridges, plait up the back of ; ΠOΛEITΩN K CAP∆,IANΩN NEΩK/OPΩN (ending in two lines in ), two wreaths side by side with inscriptions within, XPY/CAN in the left , ΠYΘ/IA in the right , OMONOI/A in the above; very ; $160.00 (€142.40)
Sardes, , 2nd Century B.C.
was the capital of the ancient kingdom of , one of the important cities of the Persian Empire, the seat of a under the Roman Empire, and the of the province in later Roman and times. Its importance was due first to its military strength, secondly to its situation on an important highway leading from the interior to the Aegean coast, and thirdly to its commanding the wide and fertile plain of the Hermus. As one of the Seven churches of , it was addressed by John, the author of the Book of Revelation in the Holy Bible, in terms which seem to imply that its population was notoriously soft and fainthearted. Remains including the bath-gymnasium complex, synagogue and shops are open to visitors year-round.GB85236. AE 17, cf. 470 ff.; p. 238, 10 ff.; 3125 f. (all refs. various , none the same), VF, nicely centered, adjustment marks, a little rough, 3.811 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 135o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 2nd century B.C.; laureate of right; club, ΣAP∆I/ANΩN divided in two lines above and below, all in oak-wreath tied on the left and closed with a vΠK on the right; $100.00 (€89.00)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus I , 280 - 261 B.C.
Antiochos' reign was marred by struggle against internal and external enemies, including the betrayal and revolt of his co-regent in the east, his eldest son, whom he was forced to execute. He earned the title savior ( ) of by defeated roving bands of Galatians that had terrorized the cities for years. However, not long after, he lost southern and western to Ptolemy.GB71677. Bronze AE 14, 315a; 1369; p. 13, 58; 233; 77; 6883; 167 (R2), VF, nice dark green , typical , minor flaking (stable), slightest spots of corrosion, 2.117 g, maximum 14.0 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 280 - 261 B.C.; of facing, wearing triple-crested Attic helmet; walking left, raising in right hand, long frond over left shoulder in left hand,BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on right, symbol in over line outer left (control); $70.00 (€62.30)
Sardes, , c. 133 B.C. - 14 A.D.
was the capital of the Kingdom of , an important city of the Persian Empire, a Roman seat, and in later Roman and times the of the province . In the Book of Revelation, , one of the Seven Churches of , is admonished to be watchful and to strengthen since their works haven't been perfect before God. (Revelation 3:1-6).GB73031. Bronze AE 15, 228 - 230 var. ( ), p. 241, 45 - 46 var. (same); 469 var. (same), VF, corrosion, 3.994 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, under Roman rule, c. 133 B.C. - 14 A.D.; of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion-scalp headdress knotted at neck; ΣAΠ∆I−ANΩN, , no ; ; $70.00 (€62.30)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus II Theos, 261 - 246 B.C.
Apollo's most important attribute is the , a cauldron in a three-legged stand used for religious rituals. The is symbolic of his prophetic powers. At his temple at , his priestess sat on his tripod chewing laurel leaves and inhaling hallucinating vapors from a fissure in the floor. After she mumbled her prophesy, a male priest would translate it for the supplicant.GB71711. Bronze AE 17, I 522(1)a; 1389; 351; 88 ff. var. (controls); p. 15, 17 var. (same); 253a, gVF, nice , attractive green , , light corrosion, 4.880 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 261 - 246 B.C.; laureate of right; with paw feet, below, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, HAP outer left, MIΛ downward outer right; $65.00 (€57.85)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus III the Great, c. 223 - 187 B.C.
Antiochus' at the Battle of Panium in 198 B.C. transferred control of from Ptolemaic to the Seleukid Kingdom. When Antiochos conquered , however, the Romans responded. Antiochos' losses were so great that the whole of his empire was shattered and he was forced to content himself with the region that he had held in the beginning, .GY77860. Bronze AE 15, I 983, 1435 ff., aVF, on , 3.392 g, maximum 14.6 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, laureate of right, hair in corkscrew curls down neck; standing left, naked, examining arrow in right hand, resting left elbow on tall tripod behind, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, outer left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $45.00 (€40.05)
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