Roman Republic, Lead Glandes Sling-Bullet, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
According to the report of Vegatius, Republican slingers had an accurate range of up to six hundred feet. The best ammunition was cast from lead. For a given mass, lead, being very dense, offered the minimum size and therefore minimum air resistance. Also, lead sling-bullets were small and difficult to see in flight. In some cases, the lead would be cast in a simple open mold made by pushing a finger, thumb, or sharpened stick into sand and pouring molten metal into the hole. The flat top end could later be carved to a matching shape. More frequently, they were cast in two-part molds. Sling-bullets were made in a variety of shapes including an ellipsoidal form closely resembling an acorn; possibly the origin of the Latin word for lead sling-bullet: glandes plumbeae (literally leaden acorns) or simply glandes (meaning acorns, singular glans). The most common shape by far was biconical, resembling the shape of an almond or an American football. Why the almond shape was favored is unknown. Possibly there was some aerodynamic advantage, but it seems equally likely that there was a more prosaic reason, such as the shape being easy to extract from a mold, or that it will rest in a cradle with little danger of rolling out. Almond-shaped lead sling-bullets were typically about 35 millimeters (1.4 in) long and about 20 millimeters (0.8 in) wide. Sometimes or writings were molded on the side. A thunderbolt, a snake, a scorpion, or others indicating how it might strike without warning were popular. might include the name of the military unit or commander, or was sometimes more imaginative, such as, "Take this," "Ouch," "Catch," or even "For Pompey's backside."AW66458. Lead glandes sling-bullet; cf. Petrie XLIV 15-23; roughly biconical, c. 40 - 90 grams, c. 3 - 5 cm long, one sling-bullet randomly selected from the same group as those in the photo, ONE BULLET, BARGAIN PRICED!; $25.00 (€22.25)
Roman, Bronze Repousse Plaque with Holding a Bow, Sqaumata Armor Plate(?), c. 1st - 3rd Century B.C.
Likely used in some legionary application; perhaps as a legionary armor plate segment. AA59779. Roman, bronze repousse, 1.75 x 1.75 inches, c. 1st - 3rd century A.D.; sheet bronze hammered from behind in repousse technique to raise the figure of a holding a bow, remains of two rivet holes where it was attached, tear on body, and interesting; from a New Jersey collection; $650.00 (€578.50)
Germany, Iron Mace , Late Medieval, 1400 - 1500
From the collection of , former dealer in antiquities for 40 years.AW36874. Heavy metal mace , ball with five protruding rounded points to the back is a loop for suspension, 10.1 cm long; black with some rust, , $500.00 (€445.00)
Narino, Columbia, Capuli Complex, Sea Shell Shaped Ocarina (Flute), 850 - 1500 A.D.
An ocarina is a wind instrument in the category of vessel flutes.AE61810. ocarina, 3.7 inches, , in the form of a sea shell with incised dot and designs on a highly burnished gray surface; $200.00 (€178.00)
Roman, Large Iron Borer or File, 1st - 3rd Century A.D.
Another piece from the same group as this borer was dated by the Livermore National Laboratory to 120 A.D. with a probable range of 80 A.D. - 160 A.D. Testing was done using an innovative technique which measures the carbon isotope ratio of the trace carbon in the iron. This carbon from the used in the production of the iron which must be of essentially the same age as the tool itself. Results were published in the journal, Radiocarbon, Summer 2001. AE61804. Roman borer, cf. Petrie, 'Tools and Weapons', pl. LXV, 40; 7 inches, indent at one end for attaching , $190.00 (€169.10)
or Levant, Conical Game Piece, c. 300 - 100 B.C.
Senet, from , is man's oldest board game. In , it was often placed in tombs because it was used in a religious gaming ritual performed in or near the tomb in accordance with the Book of the Dead. It was also intended as a pastime for the afterlife. The game is also found in graves in the Levant and as far as and .
AS34488. Gaming token; cf. Malloy, American Games, 26 (baby blue); Petrie, Objects of Daily Use, pp. 53 - 55 & pl. XLVIII (various Egyptian game pieces), 18 mm high, pale green , rounded ; $140.00 (€124.60)
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