, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., , in with
This coin commemorates the ( ) between and . Cities in and sometimes formed alliances with other cities. The competition for prestige and rivalry between cities in the East was intense. Alliances could enhance a city’s status by aligning either with many cities or with particularly important ones. was of civic "foreign policy" and might have involved the exchange of delegates and joint celebrations and sacrifices. At least 87 cities issued coins celebrating their alliances. RP77248. Bronze AE 28, , VI, 857 (Vs.C/Rs.18); cf. 3668; 4054; 596, VF, , obscure on , 9.924 g, maximum 28.1 mm, 180o, (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; AY• K• - ΠOY• ΛIK• OYAΛEPAN/OC, , draped, and right, from the front, round on ; ΠOΛE/ITΩN - KE - CAP∆IANΩN, on left, standing right, in right hand, in left hand; cult statue of Kore facing, wearing and veil, NEOKOPΩN downward in right , OMONOYA in ; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
Elaios, Thracian Chersonesos, c. 350 - 281 B.C.
The city of Elaios in Thracian Chersonesos occupied a strategic position on what is now called the Gallipoli peninsula. In the ancient world, it was know for its sanctuary of the Trojan hero Protesilaos. Philostratos, of this sanctuary in the early third century A.D., speaks of a temple statue of Protesilaos standing on a base which was shaped like the prow of a boat. Of all the references listed in this coin's , is the only to list any coins of this city.GB85370. Bronze AE 13, 898 (also same ); -, Corpus Nummorum Thracorum -, -, -, -, -, VF, , highlighting earthen deposits, some marks, some corrosion, slightly flattened by counter marking, 2.392 g, maximum 13.3 mm, 0o, Elaios mint, c. 350 - 281 B.C.; veiled female (Demeter?) right (wreathed in grain?); : forepart right in an round punch; bee upward, seen from above, EΛAIOY/ΣIΩN flanking in two upward lines first on left, ΠA below; extremely ; $250.00 (€222.50)
Antioch, Roman Provincial , Autumn 48 - Autumn 47 B.C.,
From , The Coins of Roman Antioch, p. 74, note 25: "The coins of this year (Pompeian Era 19 = 48/7 BC) and of Year 3 of the Caesarean Era are frequently seen with a on the , which was previously described as "head of r." in an oval. As discussed in the text, it now seems likely that the portrays , and was used to mark coins circulating in the Syro-Phoenician territories, which were given to her by ."RP84649. Bronze , 43; 4216; p. 155, 35; 384; 1366; -; : p. 74, note 25, F, : aVF, 11.895 g, maximum 22.7 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Autumn 48 - Autumn 47 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; : of right in an oval; ANTIOXEΩN THΣ MHTPOΠOΛΩΣ, Zeus Nicephorus enthroned left, chest bare, around hips and legs, offering in his extended right hand, long vertical in left hand, (thunderbolt) above, (control symbol) inner left, IΘ (Pompeian Era year 19) below, all within laurel ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Kingdom of Commagene, Iotape, 38 - 72 A.D.
Iotape was the daughter of Antiochus III and Iotapa, the and queen of Commagene. Her parents were full-blooded siblings and direct descendants of the Seleucid kings. Iotapa and her brother Antiochus IV were very young when their father died in 17 A.D. agreed with the citizens of Commagene to make their Kingdom a of the Roman province of . From 17 until 38, Iotapa and her brother were raised in , members of the remarkable court of . was a niece of and the youngest daughter of . She was very influential and supervised her of various princes and princesses, assisting in the political preservation of the Empire’s borders, and the affairs of client states. In 38, returned Antiochus IV and Iotape to the throne of Commagene. In addition, enlarged their territory with a of bordering on the seacoast and gave them one million gold pieces, the total amount of revenue collected from Commagene during the twenty years that it had been under . The reason for his extraordinary generosity is unknown. Perhaps it was just a stroke of Caligula's well-attested eccentricity. Iotapa and Antiochus IV married and had three children. Iotapa died before Commagene was annexed by in 72. When she died, Antiochus IV founded a town called Iotapa in her (modern Aytap, Turkey).GB84499. Bronze AE 26, 1887 (same ); 3858; p. 109, 4; AC -; VII 5; : 403 (after 69 A.D.), VF, straight edge , 15.289 g, maximum 25.8 mm, 0o, Samosata (site now flooded by the Atatürk Dam) mint, 66 - 72 B.C.; BAΣIΛIΣΣA IΩTAΠH ΦIΛA∆EΛΦOΣ (of Queen Iotape ), diademed and draped of Iotape to right, : crossed cornucopias; KOMMAΓ−HNΩN, scorpion and all within laurel ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; ; $150.00 (€133.50)
Persian Empire, , , Ba'Alshillem II, c. 401 - 366 B.C.
, named for the "first-born" of Canaan, the grandson of Noah (Genesis 10:15, 19), is frequently referred to by the prophets (Isaiah 23:2, 4, 12; Jeremiah 25:22; 27:3; 47:4; Ezekiel 27:8; 28:21, 22; 32:30; Joel 3:4). The Sidonians long oppressed Israel (Judges 10:12) but Solomon entered into a matrimonial with them, and thus their form of idolatrous worship found a place in the land of Israel (1 Kings 11:1, 33). Jesus visited the "coasts" of Tyre and (Matthew 15:21; Mark 7:24) where many came to hear him preach (Mark 3:8; Luke 6:17). After leaving Caesarea, Paul's ship put in at , before finally sailing for (Acts 27:3, 4).GS70326. Silver 1/16 , 851 ff.; 240; 27 (Abd'astart, Straton I); p 146, 36 (same); 197 ff. (same), VF, , tiny edge cuts, banker's mark, , bumps and marks, 0.648 g, maximum 9.5 mm, 90o, (Saida, Lebanon) mint, c. 371 - 370 B.C.; war galley left, Phoenician letter beth above, banker's mark or above galley; of (to left) standing right, slaying erect to right, Phoenician letter ayin between them; $140.00 (€124.60)
Kyzikos, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
In Megalopolis, Arkadia, there was a sanctuary of Kore the Maid. "The image is of stone, about eight feet high; ribbons cover the pedestal all over. Women may enter this sanctuary at all times, but men enter it only once every year." -- Pausanias, Description of 8.31.8GB85164. Bronze AE 19, cf. 452 ff.; 68 ff.; 1235 f.; 2256 ff.; p. 39, 147; 220 (none with this or ), aVF, c/m: VF; on a broad , flattened on opposite , 5.749 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; of Kore Soteira (the savior maiden) right, wreathed with grain; : right in oval punch; KY/ZI in two lines, divided by ΠAT at center, all inside oak , within a shallow round ; apparently unpublished and both the and are extremely - we were unable to find specimens with either this or this in our many references or online; $140.00 (€124.60)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain ( ?),
notes the capricorn was a for . The capricorn was a symbol of and was probably adopted as a symbol of the city after a Augustan refoundation of the . notes that the capricorn countermarks on the colonist plowing types may have indicated a devaluation of the coins.RP85357. Bronze AE 19, 1656.43 (same ); 282; 3770 (R4); 7660 ( ); 1439 ( , ); c/m: 302 ( ), gF, c/m: VF; scratches, corrosion, earthen deposits, flattened by counter-marking, 3.861 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Uncertain ( ?) mint, 16 Jan 27 B.C. - 19 Aug 14 A.D.; AVG, right; c/m Capricorn right in rectangular punch; two priests with yoke of two oxen right, plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary), founding the new colony; with ; $125.00 (€111.25)
Kyzikos, , c. 200 - 27 B.C.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in , it was made over to . Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.GB72168. Bronze AE 28, 7355 (with same ); 505 (also with same c/m); 84; p. 40, 167, VF, nice , , nice green , bevelled obv edge, 12.530 g, maximum 28.2 mm, 90o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 27 B.C.; of Kore Soteira right, wearing grain ; : standing right, wings open in a 7.5mm round punch; tripod with three loop handles, KYZI/KHNWN from upper right, in two flanking downward lines, branch right above, torch left below, outer right, outer left; $120.00 (€106.80)
Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI the Great, c. 120 - 63 B.C., Anonymous Coinage
Mithradates VI (the Great) was of in northern Anatolia from about 119 to 63 B.C. He was of both Greek and Persian origin, claiming descent from both Alexander the Great and Darius I of . Mithradates is remembered as one of Rome's most formidable and successful enemies, who engaged three of the most prominent generals of the late Roman Republic in the so-called Mithridatic Wars: , Lucullus, and . After Mithradates VI was at last defeated by Pompey and in danger of capture by , he attempted suicide. The poison failed because he had taken daily doses to build immunity. He then made his bodyguard and friend, Bituitus, kill him by the sword.GB84575. Bronze AE 26, cf. 310 (S), 649, 973, 232 (all SNG refs. with same countermarks, none with this ), gF, dark , thick heavy as usual for the , bumps and marks, light corrosion, 19.920 g, maximum 25.6 mm, uncertain (Amisos?) mint, c. 130 - 100 B.C.; male left in a satrapal leather cap; countermarks: helmet in round punch, in round punch, (thunderbolt) in a rectangular punch; of eight rays, bow facing inward, between rays; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Kings of , Tarkondimotos, c. 39 - 31 B.C.
Tarkondimotos was made dynast by Pompey and crowned by Marc Antony. He died at the Battle of . The , frequently used in an earlier era by Seleukid kings, is almost certainly post-Actium, perhaps from Antioch.GB75283. Bronze AE 22, 3871, 5682, p. 237, 1 ff., F/aF, green , 8.040 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, Hieropolis mint, c. 39 - 31 B.C.; diademed right, : in oval punch; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / TAPKON∆IMO/TOY, Zeus enthroned half left, around hips and legs with end over shoulder, offering extended in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, ΦIΛANT ; $95.00 (€84.55)
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