, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C., Portrait of Queen Philistis
Hieron II placed his wife and son on coins during his long reign. Those of Queen Philistis are eagerly sought after by collectors.SH84601. Silver 5 litrae, 221 (D2/R2), 893, 1546, 827, 959, 2918, 1708, 1557 (R2) (all from the same dies), aEF/gVF, , light marks, 4.441 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 218 - 215 B.C.; veiled and diademed of Queen Philistis left, frond behind; galloping left, holding reins with both , E• in front of horses' legs, BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣ above, ΦIΛIΣTI∆OΣ in ; from the Woolslayer Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica auction 27 (12 May 2004), lot 129; ex A.D.M. Collection; ex Collection, 1929 sale, lot 213; ; $3000.00 (€2670.00)
Athens, , Old , c. 454 - 404 B.C.
The old-style of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile and charming owl . Around 480 B.C. a of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the a crescent moon was added.
During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.SH84628. Silver , 31, 49, 8, 1611, 519, 1597, 1611, 2526, gVF, , light marks, 16.505 g, maximum 24.4 mm, 90o, Athens mint, c. 454 - 404 B.C.; of right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; AΘE right, owl standing right, facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within square; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 47, lot 104; $1200.00 (€1068.00)
Lokri Opuntii, Lokris, , 360 - 340 B.C.
(the Lesser) was a Greek mythological hero, son of Oileus, the of . He was the leader of the Lokrian contingent during the Trojan War. He was called the "lesser" or "Locrian" , to distinguish him from the Great, son of Telamon. He is a significant figure in Homer's Iliad and is also mentioned in the Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid.SH84346. Silver , 58, 491, 992 var. (no ), -, -, -, aVF/F, classical , high relief die, , light marks, light , 11.715 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 180o, Lokri Opuntii mint, 360 - 340 B.C.; of Demeter left, wreathed in grain, wearing drop earring; OΠONTIΩ−N, son of Oileus, advancing right in fighting attitude, wearing Corinthian helmet, nude, short sword in right, broken spear on ground in background, palmette above right (control ) inside , eight-rayed (control symbol) lower right; ex Numismatics; $1170.00 (€1041.30)
, , Italy, 320 - 300 B.C.
Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Bronze Age Greek settlements were established in the second millennium B.C. The city was refounded as in the sixth century B.C. and became an important hub of Magna , playing a key role in the merging of Greek culture into Roman society. Naples remained influential under Rome and more so after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, serving as the capital city of the Kingdom of Naples between 1282 and 1816. Thereafter, it became the capital of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861.SH79832. Silver , pl. 10, 571 (same dies); 438; 318; p. 98, 47; -, VF, beautiful , on a , uneven , 7.362 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 0o, (Naples, Italy) mint, 320 - 300 B.C.; diademed of nymph right, wearing large pendant earring and pearl necklace, bunch of grapes (control symbol) behind neck, ∆IOΦANOYΣ (master engraver or magistrate name) below neck truncation (off ); standing right, turned facing, above flying right and placing on bull's , Π∆ below, NEOΠOΛITΩN in (off ); $750.00 (€667.50)
, , Italy, 320 - 300 B.C.
Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Bronze Age Greek settlements were established in the second millennium B.C. The city was refounded as in the sixth century B.C. and became an important hub of Magna , playing a key role in the merging of Greek culture into Roman society. Naples remained influential under Rome and more so after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, serving as the capital city of the Kingdom of Naples between 1282 and 1816. Thereafter, it became the capital of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861.SH79834. Silver nomos, 325; 450; p. 99, 53; 571; -; -, VF, finest , and struck on a , , scratches and bumps, small edge splits, 7.252 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 180o, (Naples, Italy) mint, magistrate Olympios, 320 - 300 B.C.; diademed of nymph right, wearing pendant earring and pearl necklace, no legends or ; standing right, turned facing, above flying right and placing on bull's , OΛ−YM−ΠI below, NEOΠOΛITHΣ in ; ex Fritz Rudolf GmbH & Co. KG, auction 216 (8 Oct 2012), lot 48; ; $750.00 (€667.50)
Kamarina, , c. 420 - 405 B.C.
A was a horror-creating pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, , Hellenistic kings and wore for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A image is at the center of the of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone in from about 600 B.C.GI76363. Bronze tetras, , E, 193.3; III p. 55, 19; 1224; 167; 546, EF, , nice green , a few light marks, nose a little flat, 3.341 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 135o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, c. 420 - 405 B.C.; facing of ( ), radiating locks, no hair band, fierce expression, knitted eyebrows, chubby cheeks; KAMA (upward on left), owl standing right, facing, holds lizard with downward in claw, three pellets (value mark) in ; $700.00 (€623.00)
Kingdom of , Prusias II , 185 - 149 B.C.
Prusias II, son of Prusias I, inherited his father's name but not his character. He first joined with Eumenes of in war against , but later turned on and invaded. He was defeated and demanded heavy reparations. Prusias sent his son Nicomedes II to Rome to ask for aid in reducing the payments. When Nicomedes revolted, Prusias II was murdered in the temple of Zeus at Nikomedia.SH71000. Bronze AE 22, 640; p. 210, 8; I.2 p. 225, 26; 256 var. ( ); 629; 7266, VF, nice , 6.393 g, maximum 22.3 mm, 0o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, c. 180 - 150 B.C.; of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠPOYΣIOY, standing right, playing , his cloak flying behind, NΦ inner right under raised foreleg; $640.00 (€569.60)
, , Dionysius I, 405 - 367 B.C.
The model for the on the is derived from the facing Arethusa by Kimon. This issue is usually attributed to Exakestidas with examples signed E or EΞ. Stylistic differences suggest other engravers also worked the issue. This example, signed EE, is of the very finest and clearly the of Exakestidas. EΞ was probably intended. No other examples of the signed EE are known to .SH83659. Bronze tetras, cf. II p. 59 ff., 29 (unlisted dies); 385; 679; 1107; 1432 (R1, 415-405 B.C.); -; -, aEF, the finest , nice green , light corrosion, edge flaws, 2.23 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 90o, mint, c. 400 B.C.; of nymph Arethusa facing slightly left, wearing , earring, and necklace, , EE (master engraver signature, blundered EΞ for Exakestidas) lower left below hair; octopus; ex Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co. KG, auction 6 (9 Apr 2015), lot 68; $630.00 (€560.70)
Taras, , Italy, c. 272 - 240 B.C.
Taras, the only Spartan colony, was founded in 706 B.C. The founders were Partheniae ("sons of virgins"), sons of unmarried Spartan women and Perioeci (free men, but not citizens of Sparta). These out-of-wedlock unions were permitted to increase the prospective number of soldiers (only the citizens could be soldiers) during the bloody Messenian wars. Later, however, when they were no longer needed, their citizenship was retroactively nullified and the sons were obliged to leave forever. Their leader, Phalanthus, consulted the oracle at and was told to make the harbor of Taranto their home. They named the city Taras after the son of Poseidon, and of a local nymph, Satyrion. The depicts Taras being saved from a shipwreck by a sent to him by Poseidon. This symbol of the ancient Greek city is the symbol of modern Taranto today.SH75331. Silver nomos, 927, 890, 1037, gVF, , on a , , some marks, scratches, and light corrosion, 6.332 g, maximum 18.7 mm, Taras (Taranto, Italy) mint, c. 272 - 240 BC; |−HPAK/ΛHTOΣ below, helmeted and warrior on horseback right, on his back, transverse spear downward in right hand; TAPAΣ, Phalanthos on left, flower in extended right, in left hand, EΓ and (incense burner) behind; $600.00 (€534.00)
Thebes, Boiotia, c. 363 - 338 B.C.
The largest city in , leader of the Boeotian confederacy, and rival of Athens, Thebes sided with during Xerxes' invasion in 480 B.C. Thebes ended Sparta's power of at the Battle of Leuctra in 371. The Sacred Band of Thebes famously fell to at Chaeronea in 338. After a revolt in 335, Alexander the Great destroyed the city, except, according to tradition, the house of the poet .GS84245. Silver , 556; 90; 325; p. 66; p. 84, 164, VF, , light bumps and marks, a little off center, small die cracks, 12.358 g, maximum 21.0 mm, Thebes mint, magistrate Timo..., c. 363 - 338 B.C.; Boeotian ox-hide ; ornate , TI-MO divide across below center, all within a round concave ; ex Jencek Historical Enterprise; $550.00 (€489.50)
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