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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Non-Olympian ▸ KoreView Options:  |  |  |   

Persephone (Kore)

Persephone, also called Kore, is the daughter of Zeus and the harvest goddess Demeter, and queen of the underworld; she was abducted by Hades, the king of the underworld.


Syracuse, Sicily, Hieron II, c. 275 - 215 B.C.

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Hieron II was tyrant and then king of Syracuse, c. 270 - 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity. Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense altar. The literary figure Theocritus and the philosopher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the Mamertini, he eventually allied with Rome.
GI90439. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati II p. 352, 192 R1 19; BMC Sicily p. 219, 627; SNG ANS 586 (Agathokles); SNG Munchen 1235 (Agathokles); SNG Cop 867 corr.; HGC 2 1469, gVF, well centered and struck, dark green patina, light corrosion, light cleaning scratches, weight 5.881 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 135o, Syracuse mint, c. 275 - 269 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, head of Kore-Persephone left, wearing earrings and necklace, hair rolled and bound with barley wreath; reverse bull butting left, club over T (magistrate initial) above, IE (magistrate initials) in exergue; $190.00 SALE PRICE $171.00


Syracuse, Sicily, Hiketas II, 287 - 278 B.C.

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Persephone (Kore) was the embodiment of the Earth's fertility, Queen of the Underworld, daughter of Demeter and Zeus and the consort of Hades.
GI76953. Bronze litra, SNG ANS 763 var. (obv. control torch); Calciati II p. 259, 123 var. (rev. controls not listed); SNG Cop 806 var. (head right, torch); HGC 2 1466 (S), VF, tight flan, die wear, weight 9.131 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, Syracuse mint, 287 - 283 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, head of Kore left, wreathed in grain, star of eight rays above, stalk of grain (control symbol) behind; reverse Nike diving fast biga right, whip in right, reins in left, star above, YE ligature (control symbol) and X (control letter) in exergue; rare variant; $190.00 SALE PRICE $171.00


Kyzikos, Mysia, c. 200 - 27 B.C.

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Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in Asia, it was made over to Persia. Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.
GB72168. Bronze AE 28, SNGvA 7355 (with same countermark); SNG BnF 505 (also with same c/m); SNG Cop 84; BMC Mysia p. 40, 167, VF, nice style, well centered, nice green patina, bevelled obv edge, weight 12.530 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 90o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 27 B.C.; obverse head of Kore Soteira right, wearing grain wreath; countermark: eagle standing right, wings open in a 7.5mm round punch; reverse tripod with three loop handles, KYZI/KHNWN from upper right, in two flanking downward lines, branch right above, torch left below, monogram outer right, monogram outer left; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00


Syracuse, Sicily, Agathocles, 317 - 289 B.C.

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With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later most of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.
GI83555. Bronze AE 17, Calciati II p. 233, 104; SNG Cop 761; SNG ANS 610; SNG Munchen 1245; HGC 2 1989; SNG Tub -; SNG Morcom -, VF, nice style, dark green patina, pitting, weight 3.57 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 270o, Syracuse mint, c. 317 - 310 B.C.; obverse SYRAKOSIWN, head of Kore-Persephone left, wearing earring and necklace, hair rolled and wreathed with barley, vertical astragalus (control symbol) behind neck; reverse bull butting left, ax (control symbol) above, ΣΩ (magistrate initials) in exergue; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Syracuse, Sicily, Agathocles, 317 - 289 B.C.

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In 310 B.C., Agathokles, tyrant of Syracuse, defeated and besieged by Carthage, took the desperate resolve of breaking through the blockade and attacking the enemy in Africa. After several victories he was completely defeated in 306 B.C. and fled secretly back to Sicily. After concluding peace, Agathocles styled himself king of Sicily, and established rule over the Greek cities of the island.
SH69733. Bronze AE 16, Calciati II p. 239, 110; SNG Cop 762; SNG Munchen 1245 (lion head), gF, superb style, weight 3.104 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 90o, Syracuse mint, c. 317 - 310 B.C.; obverse head of Kore-Persephone left wearing earring and necklace, wreathed in barley, uncertain control symbol behind neck; reverse bull butting left, E/Λ monogram (magistrate) above, ΣYPAKOΣIΩN in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $65.00 SALE PRICE $58.50


Syracuse, Sicily, Roman Rule, c. 212 - 133 B.C.

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Overcoming formidable resistance and the ingenious devices of Archimedes, the Roman General Marcus Claudius Marcellus took Syracuse in the summer of 212 B.C. Archimedes was killed during the attack. The plundered artworks taken back to Rome from Syracuse lit the initial spark of Greek influence on Roman culture.
GB65634. Bronze AE 23, Calciati II p. 429, 231; SNG Cop 911; SNG ANS 1092, aVF, weight 9.175 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, Roman rule, c. 212 - 133 B.C.; obverse head of Kore right, wreathed in stalks of grain; reverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, Demeter standing left, torch in right hand, scepter in left hand; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Syracuse, Sicily, Hiketas, 287 - 278 B.C.

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Hicetas was the tyrant of Syracuse for about nine years. The only recorded events during his rule are his victory over Phintias, tyrant of Agrigentum, and his defeat to the Carthaginians at the river Terias. He was expelled from Syracuse by Thynion shortly before Pyrrhus arrived in Sicily.
GB90325. Bronze hemilitron, cf. Calciati p. 263, 125; HGC 2 1466 (S), SNG Cop 804; SNG ANS 776 ff. (various control symbols), aVF, nice green patina, weight 6.767 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 225o, Syracuse mint, 287 - 283 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN (off flan), head of Kore-Persephone left, wreathed in grain; reverse Nike driving galloping biga right, A(?) in exergue (off flan); scarce; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Kyzikos, Mysia, c. 1st Century B.C.

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In 74 B.C. Cyzicus, allied with Rome, withstood a siege by King Mithridates VI of Pontus. Rome rewarded this loyalty with territory and with municipal independence which lasted until the reign of Tiberius. When it was incorporated into the Empire, it was made the capital of Mysia, afterward of Hellespontus. Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world.
GB71745. Bronze AE 19, SNG BnF 472 ff. (letter below wreath obscure); SNG Cop 70 var. (M below); SNGvA 1235 - 1236 var. (monograms); BMC Mysia p. 39, 150 ff. (same), VF, weight 5.278 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 1st century B.C.; obverse bust of Kore Soteira right, wreathed with grain; reverse KY/ZI in two lines, divided by PE monogram at center, all inside oak wreath, Σ below wreath; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Syracuse, Sicily, Agathokles, 317 - 310 B.C.

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With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later most of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.
GI75173. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati II p. 217, 96 Ds50 R15/5 (same dies); SNG Cop 755; BMC Sicily p. 194, 361; SNG Munchen 1211; SNG ANS 564 corr. (AI); HGC 2 1444 (S), VF, well centered and struck, nice style, corrosion, weight 9.778 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, Syracuse mint, 317 - 310 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, head of Kore left, wreathed with grain, long flaming torch behind; reverse bull butting left, dolphin left above and below, AΓ (magistrate initials) above upper dolphin; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Syracuse, Sicily, Hieron II, c. 275 - 215 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Hieron II was tyrant and then king of Syracuse, c. 270 to 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity, and Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense altar. The literary figure Theocritus and the philosopher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the Mamertini, he eventually allied with Rome.
GB67659. Bronze 1/8 chalkon, Calciati II p. 404, 199 R1 6; SNG Cop 868; SNG ANS 600; HGC 2, 1497 (R1, c. 275 - 269/265 B.C.), aVF, nice patina, weight 4.163 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 90o, Syracuse mint, 275 - 265 B.C.(?); obverse head of Kore left, hair rolled and bound with barley wreath, wearing earrings and necklace, no inscription(?), no control symbol; reverse bull butting left, club over AP monogram above, IE in exergue; $55.00 SALE PRICE $49.50




  



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Catalog current as of Sunday, April 23, 2017.
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Persephone (Kore)