, , East Gaul, c. 58 - 55 B.C., Gallic War Issue
The occupied the Somme valley in northern France. These uniface Gallic War staters were struck to fund the war against in Gaul. The blank is often ascribed to a need for speed in striking this emergency war coinage. There are, however, more than a few other similar uniface coin types and one blank side would do little to speed up the mint. More likely, they just found one plain side and one detailed side "nice enough." This is often found in Britain, many of which may have been carried there by mercenaries retreating after Caesar's victories.
SH85134. Gold , 241, 16, 52-1, 289, 8710, 11, EF, light scratches, 6.084 g, maximum 17.4 mm, plain bulge; disjointed "Celticized" horse right, crescents and pellets around; ex Coins of Antiquity (Hillsborough, NC); $750.00 (€667.50)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
In 146, received the imperium proconsular and the Younger was given the title Augusta.SH73156. , 1669, 767a, 974, 320, 709, 4168, VF, nice green , nice portrait, light scratches, , 22.051 g, maximum 31.5 mm, 0o, mint, c. 146 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG - P P TR P, laureate right; Antoninus in slow left, eagle-tipped in left, reins in right, / S C in two lines in ; $600.00 (€534.00)
Taras, , Italy, c. 281 - 272 B.C.
Taras, the only Spartan colony, was founded in 706 B.C. The founders were Partheniae ("sons of virgins"), sons of unmarried Spartan women and Perioeci (free men, but not citizens of Sparta). These out-of-wedlock unions were permitted to increase the prospective number of soldiers (only the citizens could be soldiers) during the bloody Messenian wars. Later, however, when they were no longer needed, their citizenship was retroactively nullified and the sons were obliged to leave forever. Their leader, Phalanthus, consulted the oracle at and was told to make the harbor of Taranto their home. They named the city Taras after the son of Poseidon, and of a local nymph, Satyrion. The depicts Taras being saved from a shipwreck by a sent to him by Poseidon. This symbol of the ancient Greek city is the symbol of modern Taranto today.
GS85154. Silver nomos, 702; 1077; 969; p. 194, 255; -, EF, , , and struck on a , some die wear, 7.816 g, maximum 21.9 mm, 315o, Taras (Taranto, Italy) mint, c. 281 - 272 B.C.; naked horseman dismounting from horse galloping to left, in left hand, EY (magistrate) upper right, NIKΩN (magistrate) below; Taras astride left, stalk of barley in extended right hand, left hand resting on dolphin's back, API (magistrate) left, TAPAΣ curving downward behind, arrowhead (or spearhead?) right below; ex Art of Money (Portland, OR); $600.00 (€534.00)
Eastern , Imitative of of , "Eingesetztem Pferdefuß" , c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
The "Eingesetztem Pferdefuß" literally translates "with inserted cloven hoof."CE77589. Silver , 413 (same dies); cf. 122/2 (for ) and 122/3 (for ), aVF, off-center, , marks and scratches, 10.665 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 0o, tribal mint, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; laureate and bearded of Zeus right; helmeted horseman riding left; cloven hoof above the horse's ; on left: round floral design with pellet in oval in center with many small pellet petals around; below: wheel with five spokes and five pellets between the spokes; ; $550.00 (€489.50)
Phalanna, , 360 - 340 B.C.
Coins of Phalanna (a few miles northwest of on the left bank of the Peneius) are . There was also a Phalanna on , colonized by Thessalians from Phalanna in .GS84798. Silver , I 1250 (same dies); 569; 199; p. 41, 1; 1; 165 (R1), VF/F, classical , , porous, a little rough, 5.314 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 180o, Phalanna mint, 360 - 340 B.C.; youthful male with short, curly hair right; FAΛ-ANN-A-IΩN, bridled horse prancing right without a rider; ex BCD with his round tag noting, "T/ne ex Thess., Oct. 86, £250.-"; $440.00 (€391.60)
Roman Republic, L. and L. Manlius Torquatus, 82 B.C.
L. Manlius Torquatus was proquaestor to during the Mithridatic war (he was later Consul - 65 B.C.); this issue was struck for the civil war in Italy 82 B.C.
SH85110. Silver , 286, 4, 367/5, 757, EF, lustrous, weak legends, a little off center, edge cracks, nearly as struck except areas of slightest , 3.926 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 90o, military mint, 82 B.C.; of right, (proquaestor) behind, MANLI before; walking in a right, holding reins in right hand and in left, crowned by flying above, L SVLLA IM ( ) in ; $380.00 (€338.20)
, , , c. 405 - 370 B.C.
The of most of the coins of depicted the nymph of the local spring, , for whom the town was named. The was probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The usually depicted a horse in various poses. The horse was an appropriate symbol of , a land of plains, which was well known for its horses. On other coins, there is a male figure, probably the eponymous hero of the Thessalians, Thessalos.GS79835. Silver , 89.1 (same dies), I 1148, 215 var. (facing slightly right), VF, , of corrosion, double struck, , 5.835 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 270o, mint, c. 405 - 370 B.C.; of nymph facing slightly left, wearing , earring, and wire necklace; horse grazing right, legs straight, ΛAPIΣ above; ex Coins; $360.00 (€320.40)
, , , c. 365 - 356 B.C.
The of most of the coins of depicted the nymph of the local spring, , for whom the town was named. The was probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The usually depicted a horse in various poses. The horse was an appropriate symbol of , a land of plains, which was well known for its horses. On other coins, there is a male figure, probably the eponymous hero of the Thessalians, Thessalos.GS73417. Silver , p. 30, 61 var. (horse right); 288 var. ( inverted); 452 var. (S, same); I -, aVF, scratches, light etching, encrustations, 5.862 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 0o, mint, c. 365 - 356 B.C.; of nymph facing slightly left, wearing , pendant earring, and wire necklace; ΛAPIΣ/AIΩN, horse crouching left preparing to over, below; ex ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, , Timoleon, 3rd Democracy, 344 - 336 B.C.
Timoleon installed a democracy in 345 B.C. After the long series of internal struggles had weakened Syracuse's power, Timoleon tried to remedy this, defeating the Carthaginians near the Krimisos river in 339 B.C. Unfortunately the struggle among the city's parties restarted after his death and ended with the rise of another tyrant, Agathocles, who seized power in 317 B.C.SH71353. Bronze dilitron, II p. 185, 80; 533; 717; 1159; 1456; p. 189, 311; 1439 (S), gVF, some corrosion, 18.018 g, maximum 28.8 mm, 225o, mint, 344 - 336 B.C.; ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPIOΣ, laureate of Zeus Eleutherios left; ΣYPAKOΣION, free horse prancing left; $290.00 (€258.10)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Adventus types commemorate the emperor's arrival at , either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.RA76334. , , 2, 904 (S); 69; , p. 43; 311 var. (1st ); cf. 11195 ( mint, etc.), gVF, green with some remaining, 4.393 g, maximum 23.0 mm, 2nd , Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 2nd emission, end 276 - beginning 277 A.D.; (the valor of Emperor ), , helmeted, and left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, oval decorated with charging horseman on left arm; PROBI AVG (the arrival of Emperor ), on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, long in left hand, horses' right foreleg raised over bound captive seated left, B in ; ; $280.00 (€249.20)
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