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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Republic ▸ 99-50 B.C.View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Republic, 99 - 50 B.C.

Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus, 67 B.C.

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This issue was struck by Cestianus while serving as curule aedile by special decree of the Senate. Cestianus had also issued coins as moneyer two years before. Grueber and Sydenham identify the goddess as Vacuna.
RR87415. Silver denarius, Crawford 409/1, Sydenham 809, RSC I Plaetoria 4, SRCV I 349, RBW Collection 1482, BMCRR I Rome 3596, Choice gVF, well centered, attractive style, light tone, some die wear, round flan with a slightly ragged edge , weight 3.95 g, maximum diameter 19 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 67 B.C. 57 BC; obverse CESTIANVS S C, bust of female deity to right, draped and wearing the helmet of Minerva, the laurel wreath of Apollo, the crown of Isis, the grain of Demeter, the wings of Victory and the bow and quiver of Diana on her back, cornucopia before, bead and reel border; reverse M PLAETORIVS M F AED CVR, eagle standing half-right on thunderbolt, head left, wings open, bead and reel border; ex Nomos Obolos 10, lot 341; $240.00 (204.00)


Roman Republic, C. Marcius Censorinus, 88 B.C.

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The obverse refers to the claimed descent of the gens Marcia from the ancient kings of Rome. The reverse alludes to the Ludi Apollinares, games founded with the encouragement of the seer Marcius. During these games desultors raced vaulting between two horses. This moneyer perished opposing Sulla.
RR82683. Silver denarius, BMCRR Rome 2374 (also snake control), Crawford 346/1d, Sydenham 713a, RSC I Marcia 18, SRCV I 256, Choice gVF, centered, toning, far horse struck a little flat, weight 4.018 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 88 B.C.; obverse jugate diademed heads right of Numa Pompilius, bearded, and Ancius Marcius, not bearded; reverse desultor racing two horses right, seated on the nearer horse, nude but for a conical cap, whip in right hand, reigns in left hand, snake (control symbol) below horses, C?CENSO in exergue; ex Pegasi Numismatics; $225.00 (191.25)


Roman Republic, Cn. Egnatius Cn.f. Cn.n. Maxsumus, 75 B.C.

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In 75 B.C., young Julius Caesar traveled to Rhodes to study under Apollonius Molon. On his way across the Aegean Sea, he was kidnapped by Cilician pirates and held prisoner in the Dodecanese islet of Pharmacusa. Caesar was held for a ransom of twenty talents, he insisted they ask for fifty. After his release Caesar raised a fleet at Miletus, the pursued and crucified the pirates in Pergamon.
RR87412. Silver denarius, Crawford 391/3, Sydenham 787 (S), RSC I Egnatia 2, RBW Collection 1429, BMCRR I 3285, SRCV I 326, gVF, nice toning, tight flan, weight 3.702 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 76 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Libertas right, wearing triple pendant earring and necklace, MAXSVMVS downward and pileus behind; reverse Roma, on the left, standing facing, left foot on wolf's head, staff in her right hand; Venus, on the right, standing facing, staff right hand, cupid alighting on her shoulder; rudder standing on prow flanking on both sides, control letter left, CNN upward on right, CEGNATIVSCNF in exergue; ex Nomos Obolos 10, lot 339; rare; $150.00 (127.50)


Roman Republic, c. 169 - 91 B.C., Unofficial Issue

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Crawford notes, "The very common quadrantes with M and N (as Milan 351) are clearly unofficial."
RR79715. Copper quadrans, cf. Milan 351 (from Crawford appendix p. 309 unofficial issues of bronze coins), Sydenham -, VF, centered on a tight flan, light marks,, weight 4.182 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 135o, unofficial mint, c. 169 - 91 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow right, ROMA below, three pellets before, M above; ex FORVM (2006), ex Goodman collection; $140.00 (119.00)


Roman Republic, L. Marcius Censorinus, 82 B.C.

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The moneyer selected the design to play on his name, Marsyas sounds like Marcius.

Marsyas found Athena's flute. Inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully. Foolishly he challenged Apollo to a musical contest. Apollo won by singing to the music of his lyre. As a just punishment for his presumption, Apollo flayed Marsyas alive. His blood was the source of the river Marsyas, and his skin was hung like a wine bag in the cave out of which that river flows.
RR87417. Silver denarius, Crawford 363/1d, Sydenham 737, RSC I Marcia 24, RBW Collection 1372, SRCV I 281, gVF, toned, obverse slightly off center, die wear, weight 3.815 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 82 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, no control mark; reverse the satyr Marsyas standing left, bald, right arm raised, wine skin over shoulder shoulder in left hand, LCENSOR downward before, a column topped with Victory behind, no control mark; ex Nomos Obolos 10, lot 337; scarce; $110.00 (93.50)


Roman Republic, C. Vibius C.F. Pansa, 90 B.C.

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In 90 B.C., Rome barely managed to stave off total defeat in the Social War. The Italians were denied citizenship and, despite making up over half the Roman army, were denied a fair share of the booty and lands. They rebelled and raised an army of 100,000 battle-hardened soldiers. After Roman victories and citizenship concessions, the war was nearly over by 88 B.C.
RR59575. Copper as, Crawford 342/7d; Sydenham 690b; SRCV I 744, F, weight 7.587 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 90 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Janus, I above; reverse ROMA, three galley prows right, C VIBI AV (AV ligate) in exergue, I right; $60.00 (51.00)


Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 170 - 160 B.C.

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Janus (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings and endings. He is most often depicted as having two faces or heads, facing in opposite directions. Janus is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.
RR76436. Bronze as, cf. McCabe Anonymous K2, Crawford 198/1a, Sydenham 143, BMCRR 217, SRCV I 712, F, pitting, weight 28.660 g, maximum diameter 34.0 mm, die axis 270o, Rome(?) mint, c. 170 - 160 B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse prow right, I (mark of value) above, ROMA in exergue; scarce; $55.00 (46.75)


La monetazione di Roma durante la Repubblica col prezzario delle monete

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BK50735. La monetazione di Roma durante la Repubblica col prezzario delle monete by Cesare Gamberini di Scarfa, special order, Bologna, 1973, 145 pages, 6 plates, Forni reprint; $40.00 (34.00)


Numismatica ARS Classica Auction 61, Oct 2011, The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins, Part 1

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The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins, Part 1.
BC15659. Numismatica ARS Classica Auction 61, Oct 2011, The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins, Part 1, softcover, 260 pages, 1220 lots, illustrated throughout, good condition, only one copy available, international shipping at the actual cost of postage; $27.00 (22.95)


Roman Republican Coins in the Royal Ontario Museum

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The coins published here comprise the largest Canadian collection of this period. All the Roman Republican coins in the ROM are described and illustrated with crisp b/w photos of both the obverse and reverse. Also catalogued are specimens of Aes Rude, Italic case bronze issues and issues from the Social War of 91-87 BC.
BL16995. Roman Republican Coins in the Royal Ontario Museum by Alison Harle Easson, 1998, soft cover, 75 pages, 534 items, international shipping at the actual cost of postage; $24.00 (20.40)







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REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Carson, R. Principal Coins of the Romans, Vol. I: The Republic, c. 290-31 BC. (London, 1978).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Hoover, O.D. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 2. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Russo, R. The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins. (Zurich, 2013).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H.A., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Thursday, August 16, 2018.
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Roman Republic Coins of 99-50 B.C.