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Roman Republic, M. Junius Brutus (Q. CaepioBrutus), 54 B.C.
M. Junius Brutus (also called Q. CaepioBrutus) is the most famous of Caesars assassins. Many of Brutus' coins honor his ancestors and illustrate his strong republican views. The obverse honors L. Junius Brutus, the consul who in 509 B.C. forced the expulsion of the Tarquin Kings from Rome and founded the Republic. The reverse honors Gaius Servilius Ahala, who threw Spurius Maelius down from the Tarpeian rock to his death for plotting against the Republic and aspiring to tyranny. Caesar should not have been surprised by Brutus! RR86434. Silver denarius, RSC IJunia 30, Sydenham 907, Crawford 433/2, BMCRR I Rome 3864, Russo RBW 1543, SRCV I 398, VF, iridescenttoning, obverse a little off center, scratches, weight 3.542 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 54 B.C.; obverse bearded bare head of L. Junius Brutus (consul 509 B.C.), BRVTVS behind; reverse bearded bare head of C. Servilius Ahala (master of the horse 439 B.C.), AHALA behind; $500.00 (€425.00)
Macedonia, Under Roman Rule, Quaestor Aesillas, 95 - 70 B.C.
This type was apparently intended to encourage Macedonian pride by portraying the legendary national hero of the Macedonians, and at the same time clearly communicate Roman authority with name and symbols of the Roman quaestor.RP85676. Silver tetradrachm, Bauslaugh group VI (O35), AMNG III 223, SNG Cop 1330, SNG Ashmolean 3305, SGCV I 1439, VF, attractive toning, well centered, light marks, weight 16.433 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, 95 - 70 B.C.; obversehead of Alexander the Great right with horn of Ammon and flowing hair, Θ behind, MAKE∆ONΩN below; reverse AESILLAS above money-chest (cista), club, and Q over quaestor's chair (sella curulis), all within laurel wreath, no pellets; ex Nomos Obolos 6 (20 Nov 2016), lot 339 (Nomos noted, from a European collection, formed before 2000); $380.00 (€323.00)
Roman Republic, M. Junius Brutus (Q. CaepioBrutus), 54 B.C.
M. Junius Brutus (also called Q. CaepioBrutus) is the most famous of Caesars assassins. Many of Brutus' coins honor his ancestors and illustrate his strong republican views. Lucius Junius Brutus overthrew the last king of Rome and established the Republic in 509 B.C. Caesar should have taken notice of the message of patriotic devotion Brutus conveyed by his coins. RR86469. Silver denarius, Crawford 433/1, Sydenham 906, RSC IJunia 31, BMCRR 3861, Russo RBW 1542, SRCV I 397, VF, toned, uneven strike with weak areas, bankers mark, slightly off center, weight 4.001 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 54 B.C.; obverseLIBERTAS downward behind, head of Liberty right, hair rolled, wearing drop pendant earring and necklace; reverse L. Junius Brutus between two lictors, preceded by an accensus, all walking left, BRVTVS in exergue; $300.00 (€255.00)
Pontus (Amisos?), Roman Quaestor (Lucius Lucullus?), c. 100 - 50 B.C.
The Q identifies the bare male head as a Roman Quaestor. This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to Forum. Perhaps the image is of Lucius Lucullus, an important Quaestor of Sulla, about whom Plutarch wrote. The reverselegend, the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, part of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.SH71045. Brass AE 21, RPC I 2156, SNG Leypold I p. 24, 69; Imhoof-Blumer GRMK 281, VF/F, weight 6.826 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pontus (Amisos (Samsun, Turkey)?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); obverse bare male head right, Q (quaestor) below; reverse two men standing, holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETA IA in exergue; rare; $280.00 (€238.00)
Roman Republic, C. Servilius C.f., 57 B.C.
Interesting issue combining a Flora (goddess of the spring and flowers, associated with the Floralia festival) obverse with a military reverse. It is worth noting that the soldiers are in a rather relaxed pose and they do not seem to be ready to fight. However, the type has a rare variant on which they are crossing their swords.RR79927. Silver denarius, SRCV I 380, Crawford 423/1, Sydenham 890, RSC IServilia 15, gVF, attractive style, attractive dark tone, reverse 1/4 off-center, weight 3.517 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 57 B.C. (Berk 52 B.C.); obverseFLORAL PRIMVS (AL and MV in monograms) downward on right, head of Flora right, wreathed with flowers, lituus behind; reverse two soldiers, facing each other, each holds a shield and a short sword upward, hilts touching, shield on right decorated with a star, C•F upward lower right, C•SEREIL• in exergue; ex Dr. Busso Peus Nachfolger e-auction 1, lot 116; scarce; $180.00 (€153.00)
Roman Republic, C. Coelius Caldus, 51 B.C.
The obverse depicts the moneyer's grandfather, also Caius Coelius Caldus, consul in 94 B.C., and the first in his family to obtain high office. Prior to his term as consul, in 107 B.C., he was a tribune of the plebs and passed a lex tabellaria, requiring a secret ballot to determine the verdict in cases of high treason. He was a praetor in 100 or 99 B.C., and proconsul of Hispania Citerior the following year. Later, during Sulla's second civil war, he tried to help Gaius Marius the Younger by preventing Pompey from joining his forces to Sulla, but failed.
The reverse honors the moneyer's father and uncle. His father was a Epulo Jovis, one of the septemviri Epulones, the college of seven priests responsible for banquets and sacrifices given in honor of Jove and the other gods. His uncle was an imperator, augur and decemvir, Imperator, Augur, Decemvir (sacris faciundis), commander for military forces, a priest-soothsayer, and one of a body of ten Roman magistrates responsible for management of the Games of Apollo, and the Secular Games. The moneyer's name and title are in the exergue.RS72975. Silver denarius, Crawford 437/2a, Sydenham 894, RSC ICoelia 7, BMCRR II 3837, SRCV I 404, Choice aF, toned, well centered on a tight flan, weight 3.623 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 51 B.C.; obverse C COEL CALDVS downwards on right, COS below, head of Coelius Caldus right, standard inscribed HIS (Hispania) behind, standard in the form of a boar (emblem of of Clunia, Hispania) before; reverse C CALDVS downward on left, IMP A X (Imperator, Augur, Decemvir) in four lines on right, CALDVS III VIR (ALD ligate, triumvir) below, statue of god seated left between two trophies of arms, all on a high lectisternium with front inscribed L CALDVS VI VIR EPVL (VIR and VL ligate, Lucius Caldus Septemvir Epulo); from the Jyrki Muona Collection; scarce; $125.00 (€106.25)
Roman Republic, Cn. Cornelius Lentulus, 88 B.C.
This type probably commemorated the victories of M. Claudius M.f. M.n. Marcellus over Hannibal in the second Punic War and the capture of Syracuse in 212 B.C.RR84914. Silver quinarius, SRCV I 255, Sydenham 703, Crawford 345/2, RSC ICornelia 51, VF, toned, weight 1.574 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 88 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Jupiter right; reverseVictory standing right crowning trophy of captured arms with wreath, CN LENT (NT ligate) in exergue; $115.00 (€97.75)
Roman Republic, Q. Titus, 90 B.C.
The quinarius is a much scarcer denomination than the denarius for all Roman periods.RR84890. Silver quinarius, Russo RBW 1276, Crawford 341/3, Sydenham 693, RSC ITitia 3, SRCV I 240, F, toned, tight flan, marks and scratches, porous, weight 2.099 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 90 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Victory right; reversePegasus right, with curved wings, Q TITI below; scarce; $95.00 (€80.75)
Roman Republic, C. Vibius C.F. Pansa, 90 B.C.
In 90 B.C., Rome barely managed to stave off total defeat in the Social War. The Italians were denied citizenship and, despite making up over half the Roman army, were denied a fair share of the booty and lands. They rebelled and raised an army of 100,000 battle-hardened soldiers. After Roman victories and citizenship concessions, the war was nearly over by 88 B.C.RR59575. Copper as, Crawford 342/7d; Sydenham 690b; SRCV I 744, F, weight 7.587 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 90 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Janus, I above; reverseROMA, three galley prows right, C VIBI AV (AV ligate) in exergue, I right; $90.00 (€76.50)
Roman Republic, c. 100 - 80 B.C.
RR84587. Bronze quadrans, cf. Crawford 350B/3d (Rome mint, 86 B.C.), VF, nice green patina, red earthen highlighting, weight 2.082 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 90o, Rome or unofficial mint, c. 100 - 80 B.C.; obversehead of Hercules right clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, ROMA (MA ligate) above, three pellets right(?), head of Venus decorating top of acrostolium(?); ex RBW Collection; $80.00 (€68.00)
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