, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Inferior
was born a hermaphrodite, but castrated by the gods, she became female. Heeding the Sibylline oracle, the senate brought her worship to Rome in 204 B.C. as the first officially sanctioned Eastern cult. After approval they were dismayed to learn that the priesthood required voluntary self-castration, which was abhorrent to the Romans. Romans were barred from entering the priesthood or even entering the priest's sanctuary. The eunuch priests, recruited from outside Rome, were confined to their sanctuary, leaving only to parade in the streets during festivals in April. removed the bans on Roman participation, making worship of and her consort of the state religion.RP75133. Bronze AE 26, 18.104.22.168 (R7), I/I 1955, 1418, 3992 (R6), -, VF, glossy green with some flaking, 12.732 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 0o, Nicopolis ad Istrum mint, 16 May 218 - 11 Mar 222 A.D.; AVT K M AVPH ANΩNEINOC, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; VΠ NOBIOV POVΦOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPO,C ICTPON, seated facing astride leaping right, right, wearing turreted crown, in right hand, in left hand; ; $90.00 (Ä80.10)
Plakia, , c. 4th Century B.C.
Plakia, called Cilician Thebe in Homer's Iliad, was near the Troad, at the foot of Mount Placus, in a small region once called (not the in southern Anatolia). According to myth, it was founded by Heracles after his sack of Troy and named after his birthplace, Thebes in . At the time of the Trojan War, people were known as the Cilicians, and ruled by Eetion. Eetion's daughter Andromache was given in marriage to Hector, son of Priam of Troy. The Achaians, led by , sacked the city during the latter of the war, killed Eetion, his wife and his sons. They also carried off several women, including Chryseis, who became the concubine of Agamemnon. Chryseis' father attempted to ransom his to ransom his daughter, initiating the plot of the Iliad.GB72008. Bronze AE 14, 2378 ff, 545; 1432; p. 174, 5, VF, nice dark green , 1.538 g, maximum 13.7 mm, 180o, Plakia mint, c. 4th century B.C.; turreted of right; ΠΛAKIA, right devouring prey, grain-ear right below; city; $70.00 (Ä62.30)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.RP69751. Bronze AE 20, Apparently unpublished; -, -, -, -, -, -, F, green , a little rough, 3.792 g, maximum 20.3 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; AV K Λ CEΠT - [CEVHPOC Π] (or similar), laureate, draped, and right, from behind; A∆PIANO−ΠOΛITΩN, enthroned left, throne flanked by two lions, on , in right hand, resting left forearm on drum; extremely , we were unable to find another example, possibly unique(?), from the Butte College Foundation; ex ; $60.00 (Ä53.40)
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