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Annona was worshiped in Rome as the goddess who prospered the year's supply of grain. She was represented on an altar in the capital. The three principal granaries of Rome were Sicily, Egypt, and the African provinces. Annona civilis was the grain which purchased each year by the Roman state, then imported and put into storage, reserved for the subsistence of the people. Annona militaris was grain appropriated to the use of an army during a campaign. RB92444. Copper as, RIC III 921, BMCRE 1951, Cohen II 45, Hunter II 306, SRCV II 4294, aVF, obverse a little off center, strike a little uneven, encrustations, bumps, some porosity, edge crack, weight 10.481 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 153 - 154 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVII, laureate head right; reverse ANNONA AVG COS IIII, Annona standing facing, looking right, right hand on modius at left side set on base, branch in left hand, large basket of fruits at feet on right, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $60.00 (€54.00)
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and make provision. She was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the Imperial cult of ancient Rome. Providentia figures in art, cult, and literature, but has little or no mythology as such. RB92445. Copper as, RIC III 1052, BMCRE IV 2117, Cohen II 1052, Hunter II 367, SRCV II -, F, rough, corrosion, edge cracks, weight 9.237 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 160 - 161 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right; reverse TR POT XXIIII COS IIII, Genius standing facing, draped, sacrificing from patera in right hand over columnar altar at feet on left, long vertical scepter in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) across field below center; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $45.00 (€40.50)
Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius
Faustina I was the wife of Antoninus Pius. Little is known of her, except that she was regarded as vain and frivolous, though this may have just been malicious gossip. Antoninus Pius loved her greatly, and upon her death in 141 A.D., she was deified and a temple was built in her honor. RB92446. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE IV AP1487, Hunter II 91, RIC III AP1103(a) var. (no stephane), Cohen II 17, SRCV II 4606, aVF, dark patina, scattered porosity/light corrosion, weight 22.770 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, posthumous, c. 147 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, veiled and draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair piled in a coil on top; reverse AETERNITAS, Aeternitas seated left, draped and veiled, nimbate phoenix right on globe in right hand, transverse long scepter in left hand, feet on footstool, S C (senatus consulto) across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $170.00 (€153.00)
Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Carthago Nova, Hispania Tarraconensis; Nero and Drusus Caesars Reverse
Nero and Drusus Caesars were the elder brothers of Caligula, sons of Germanicus and Great-Grandsons of Augustus, Livia, Octavia and Marc Antony. The brothers were both, but separately, charged with treason against Tiberius and died in prison. Drusus was starved to death, reduced to chewing the stuffing of his bed (Annals 6.23). RP93124. Bronze as, RPC I 179, Villaronga-Benages 3149, SNG Cop 501, SNG Tübingen 21, F, rough, bumps, corrosion, tight flan, weight 19.452 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, Carthago Nova mint, 23 - 29 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVGVSTI F AVGVSTVS P M (Tiberius Caesar son of the Divine Augustus, emperor, high priest), bare head left; reverse NERO ET DRVSVS CAESARES QVINQ C V I N C (Nero and Drusus caesars quinquennial [duumvirs] Colonia Urbis Iulia Nova Carthago), confronted heads of Nero and Drusus Caesars; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $60.00 (€54.00)
Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., with Agrippina Junior
Ephesos, on the west coast of Anatolia, was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League. It was famous for its Temple of Artemis, completed around 550 B.C., one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The cult image of the Ephesian goddess has a mummy-like body with the feet placed close together, is many-breasted, and from each of her hands hangs a long fillet with tassels at the ends. At her side stands a stag, raising its head to the image of the goddess. The usual symbols of this nature-goddess are the torch, stag, and the bee. Coins of Ephesos most frequently depict a bee on the obverse. The high-priest of the temple of Artemis was called King Bee, while the virgin priestesses were called honey-bees (Melissae). Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia cited in the Book of Revelation and the Gospel of John may have been written there. RP93131. Bronze assarion, Karwiese MvE 5.2; RPC I 2624; SNG Cop 373; BMC Ionia p. 73, 205; Weber 2875; SNG München -; SNGvA -, aVF, well centered, a little rough from corrosion, weight 6.572 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesos mint, c. 49 - 50 A.D.; obverse jugate heads right of Claudius, laureate, and Agrippina, draped; reverse stag standing right, KOYΣI/NIOΣ (Causinius, magistrate) in two lines above, o/T monogram left, ∆ right, EΦE below; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $140.00 (€126.00)
Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Laodicea ad Lycus, Phrygia
Laodicea ad Lycum fell under Roman control in 133 B.C. It suffered greatly during the Mithridatic Wars but quickly recovered under Roman rule. Towards the end of the Roman Republic and under the first emperors, Laodicea, benefiting from its advantageous position on a trade route. It became one of the most important and flourishing commercial cities of Anatolia, know for its large money transactions and its black wool trade. RP93133. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2900; BMC Phrygia p. 303, 154; SNG Cop 557; SNGvA 3838; Lindgren-Kovacs 990A, VF, broad flan, obverse off center, mild porosity, weight 3.852 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Lycum (near Denizli, Turkey) mint, Mar 37 - Jan 41 A.D.; obverse ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP, bare head right; reverse eagle standing facing, turned slightly to right, head and tail left, ΠOΛE monogram left, ΦIΛOΠAT monogram right, ΛAO∆IKEΩN below; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 (€90.00)
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Beroea, Cyrrhestica, Syria
English-speakers refer to the city as Aleppo. The original ancient name, Halab, has survived as the current Arabic name. It was also known in antiquity as Khalpe, Khalibon, and to the Greeks and Romans as Beroea. During the Crusades, and again during the French Mandate of 1923-1946, it was Alep. Aleppo represents the Italianised version of this. Aleppo has scarcely been touched by archaeologists, since the modern city occupies its ancient site. Much of the city and its heritage has been damaged or destroyed in the Syrian Civil War. RY93154. Bronze AE 25, RPC Online III 3427; SNG Cop 37; SNG München 441; SNG Hunterian 2699; BMC Galatia p. 130, 4, F, centered on a tight flan, nice portrait, parts of legend weak, slight porosity, light deposits, weight 11.483 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, Cyrrhestica, Beroea (Aleppo, Syria) mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8 or 9 Aug 117 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC APICT CEB ΓEPM ∆AK ΠAPΘ, laureate head right; reverse BEPOI/AIWN in two lines, B below, all within laurel wreath; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $90.00 (€81.00)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Samosata, Commagene, Syria
Samosata, meaning "sun," was an ancient city whose ruins existed at the modern city of Samsat, Adiyaman Province, Turkey until the site was flooded by the Atatürk Dam. -- wikipedia.org RY93155. Bronze AE 19, RPC III 3419; SNG München 376; BMC Galatia p. 118, 22, VF, excellent portrait, highest point of bust flatly struck, dark tone with brassy high points, tight flan, reverse a little off center, weight 5.910 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Samosata mint, obverse A∆PIANOC CEBACTOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear; reverse ΦΛA / CAMO / MHTPO / KOM (Flavia Samosata Metropolis Commagene), inscription in four lines within oak wreath; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $70.00 (€63.00)
Otacilia Severa, Augusta February or March 244 - September or October 249 A.D.
Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others. RS93265. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 130, RSC IV 43, Hunter III 8, SRCV III 9158, Choice VF, full legends centering, flow lines, toned, small green encrustations, light marks, tiny edge cracks, weight 4.540 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 247 A.D.; obverse OTACIL SEVERA AVG, draped bust right set on crescent; reverse PIETAS AVGVSTAE (piety of the Emperess), Pietas standing half left, veiled head left, extending right hand, box of incense in left hand; $100.00 (€90.00)
Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.
In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIO POPVLI ROMANI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Roman People. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other. RB93176. Billon follis, RIC VI Treveri 181b, cf. Hunter V 9 var. (...P F AVG), Cohen VI 159 var. (same), SRCV IV 13238 var. (same, draped), Choice VF, nice portrait, well centered, attractive brown toned surfaces, minor edge flaw, weight 10.334 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, c. 296 - 297 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMIANVS P AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius standing half left, head left, kalathos on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, B left, Γ right, TR in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $90.00 (€81.00)
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