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Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
NEW Ptolemy IV's surname Philopator means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.GP96452. Bronze AE 29, Svoronos 994/1151; SNG Cop 215; BMC Ptolemies p. 75, 73 (Ptolemy V, 193 - 181 B.C.); Weiser 98 (Ptolemy V, 204 - 202 B.C.); Hosking -; Noeske -, aEF, very attracitve toned bare metal surfaces, well centered, double struck obverse, beveled obverse edge, central depressions, weight 23.930 g, maximum diameter 31.7 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, c. 204 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, filleted double cornucopia on right shoulder, Σ or ΣE monogram between legs; scarce; $360.00 SALE |PRICE| $324.00
Athens, Attica, Greece, c. 108 - 107 B.C., New Style Silver Tetradrachm
NEW The "New Style" tetradrachms were issued by Athens as a semi-autonomous city under Roman rule. The new-style Owls are markedly different from the Owls of Periclean Athens or the "eye in profile" Athena head of the Fourth Century. They were struck on thinner, broad flans, typical of the Hellenistic period, with a portrait of Athena that reflected the heroic portraiture of the period. The owl now stands on an amphora, surrounded by magistrates' names and symbols, all within an olive wreath. The amphora is marked with a letter that may indicate the month of production. Letters below the amphora may indicate the source of the silver used in production.GS96453. Silver tetradrachm, cf. Thompson Athens 739 - 746, gF, well centered, toned, scratches and bumps, holed and filled, weight 16.206 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 0o, Athens mint, c. 108 - 107 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right, triple-crested helmet decorated with curvilinear ornament on the shell, Pegasus right above the raised earpiece, and protomes of horses above the visor; reverse A-ΘE / EYMH-ΛOΣ / KAΛ/ΛI/ΦΩN / HPA, owl standing right on amphora on its side, head turned facing, wings closed; Tyche (control symbol) on right, standing left, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; uncertain letter on amphora, uncertain letters below; all within olive wreath; $350.00 SALE |PRICE| $315.00
Celts, Southern Gaul, Bronze Axe Head Fragment, c. 900 - 450 B.C.
NEW Bronze axe heads were used for exchange across Europe even before 1000 B.C. Many bronze axe heads never had a sharp edge and were clearly aes formatum, intended only as a form of money for trade. They were valued by weight and were often broken, as apparently was this specimen, to make change. This axe head, however, is sharp and could have been used as a tool. Based on its shape, functionality, and its find location in southern France, we believe it is Celtic and earlier than the more common 5th - 4th century aes formatum money-only types.AS96267. Bronze axe head fragment; maximum length 50mm, nice green patina, sharp edge, found in southern France, $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00
Celtic, Ring Money, c. 800 - 100 B.C.
NEW Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from as early as 800 B.C. and it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Bronze rings are, however, sometimes found in quite large hoards and, in Spain, they are sometimes found with silver bar and disk ingots, and with 2nd century B.C. denarii of the Roman Republic. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings but they were also undoubtedly used as a store of wealth and for trade.CE96777. Bronze Ring Money, plain ring, cf. Victoor I - 1b, Alvarez-Burgos P15, VF, green patina, weight 4.670 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, found at Sutton-on-the-Forest, North of York, UK; $30.00 (€27.60)
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Abdera, Thrace
NEW The reverse portrait is older and has been identified as possibly Trajan Pater or the deified Nerva. RPC III notes that long ago Pellerin (Mélanges II, Paris, 1756, p. 85) proposed identification of the portrait as Timesios of Clazomenae, the founder of Abdera.RP96799. Bronze AE 19, RPC III 672 (2 spec., same dies), Chryssanthaki 901, AMNG -, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, aVF, tight flan, a little rough, some legend weak/unstruck, weight 5.328 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, Abdera mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; obverse AYTO TPAIANW KAICAPI CEBACTW, laureate head of Trajan right, bare shoulders seen from behind; reverse AYTO TPAIANW KAICAPI CEBACTW, laureate head of Trajan Pater right, bare shoulders seen from behind; ex Savoca 7th blue auction (16 Nov 2019), lot 433; very rare; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00
Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.
NEW Abundantia, her Greek name is Euthenia, stands for abundance or plenty. Abundantia resembles Annona. But Annona was limited to the grain supply for the current year, whereas Abundantia was a prodigal distributor of all kinds of things. Her attributes are stalks of grain and the cornucopia. Clothed in a long robe, and wearing a veil, she can be seated or standing and is sometimes shown emptying a cornucopia.RS92491. Silver denarius, RSC III 1b, BMCRE V 193, RIC IV 56, Hunter III 53 var. (star right), SRCV II 7501 var. (same), Choice aVF, nice portrait, well centered, flow lines, small edge cracks, toned, weight 3.163 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 220 - 221 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right; reverse ABVNDANTIA AVG, Abundantia emptying cornucopia, star in left field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00
Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.
NEW In July 221, Elagabalus was forced to divorce Aquilia Severa. He then married Annia Faustina, his third wife. After five months he returned to Severa claiming the divorce was invalid. Meanwhile, according to the historian Cassius Dio, Elagabalus had a stable homosexual relationship with his chariot driver, the slave Hierocles.RS92494. Silver denarius, BMCRE V 235, RSC III 300, RIC IV 161(b), Hunter III 65 var. (also cuirassed), SRCV II 7554 var. (same), aVF/F, toned, reverse die wear, scratches, slight porosity, weight 2.416 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 220 - 222 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory flying left, open diadem in both hands, at each side a small shield, star high right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
NEW Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a patron of soldiers. In 274 the Roman emperor Aurelian made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. The god was favored by emperors after Aurelian and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last inscription referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. The date 25 December was selected for Christmas to replace the popular Roman festival Dies Natalis Solis Invicti, the "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun."MA95648. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 265c; RSC III 289; BMCRE V p. 462, 141; SRCV II 6773 var. (bust from behind); Hunter III -, F, broad flan, a little rough, weight 5.713 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 215 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power for 19 years, consul 4 times, father of the country), Sol mounting quadriga left, horses prancing, Sol radiate, nude except for chlamys on shoulders and flying behind, whip in left hand; very scarce; $45.00 (€41.40)
Mytilene, Lesbos, 400 - 350 B.C.
NEW Mytilene on the southeast edge of Lesbos, opposite the mainland, was founded about 1054 B.C. It was initially confined to a small island just offshore that later was joined to Lesbos, creating a north and south harbor. In the 7th century B.C., Mytilene successfully contested for the leadership of Lesbos with Methymna, on the north side of the island. Mytilene became the center of the island's prosperous eastern hinterland.MA95437. Silver diobol, cf. BMC Troas, p. 185, 8-14; SNG Cop 368; SNGvA 7749 - 7750 HGC 6 1037 (R1); Weber 5670 (various control marks, none head of grain), F, porous, weight 1.277 g, maximum diameter 10.7 mm, die axis 90o, Mytilene mint, 400 - 350 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse head of Aphrodite right, hair rolled, control mark (head of grain?) left; $35.00 (€32.20)
Diadumenian, Mid May - 8 June 218 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior
NEW Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by Trajan around 101-106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town peaked during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty. In 447, Nicopolis was destroyed by Attila's Huns. In the 6th century, it was rebuilt as a powerful fortress enclosing little more than military buildings and churches, following a very common trend for the cities of that century in the Danube area. It was finally destroyed by the Avar invasions at the end of the 6th century.MA95597. Bronze assarion, H-H-J Nikopolis 22.214.171.124 (same dies, R2), Varbanov I 3610 (R3), AMNG I/I 1888, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, aF, rough, off center, weight 2.268 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, Mid May - 8 Jun 218 A.D.; obverse K M OΠΠEΛ ANTΩNINOC, bare head right; reverse NIKO/ΠOΛIT/ΩN ΠPOC / ICTP / Ω in five lines; $12.00 (€11.04)
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