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NEW This moneyer wrote a history of Rome in sixteen volumes, of which only fragments exist today. He served as praetor in 68 B.C. but committed suicide several years later after he was accused of extortion.RR93652. Silver denarius, Crawford 354/1, Sydenham 732, RSC I Licinia 16, BMCRR Rome 2467, Russo RBW 1355, SRCV I 274, Choice F, well centered, old collection toning, bumps and scratches, weight 3.734 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 84 B.C.; obverse diademed and cloaked bust of Apollo (or Vejovis) left, seen from behind, brandishing thunderbolt in right hand; reverse Minerva in galloping quadriga right, draped and wearing crested helmet, brandishing spear in right hand, round shield on left arm and reins in left hand, C•LICINIVS•L•F / MACER in two lines in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00
Roman Republic, Anonymous, 211 - 206 B.C.
NEW The Roman denarius was introduced in 211 B.C., initially weighing about 4.5 grams. The word denarius is derived from the Latin deni "containing ten," as its value was 10 asses, although in the middle of the 2nd century B.C. it was revalued to 16 asses or four sestertii. The denarius was the most common Roman coin for centuries but was slowly debased in weight and silver content until its replacement by the double denarius, called the antoninianus, early in the 3rd century A.D.RR93653. Silver denarius, cf. Crawford 53/2, Sydenham 270, Russo RBW 192, RSC I 2, SRCV I 38,, VF, old collection toning, obverse well centered, reverse slightly off center, weight 3.542 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 211 - 206 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet with a three piece peaked visor and ornamented with a griffin head, single drop earring and necklace, X behind, border of dots, griffin tufts widely spaced; reverse Dioscuri on horseback rearing right, wearing pilei with two stars above, holding couched spears, chlamys flying behind, ROMA in exergue within a linear frame (no line below), all within a linear border; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $250.00 SALE |PRICE| $225.00
Roman Republic, L. Julius Bursio, 85 B.C.
NEW The strange deity on the obverse combines attributes of Apollo, Mercury and Neptune. L. Ivliius Bursio is known only from his coinage. De Ruyter's die study of this type lists this obverse die (O168) with a reverse die numbered LXXVIIII. He does not list any specimens of any type with this reverse control number. BMCRR Rome has this reverse control number but an anchor obverse control symbol.RR93654. Silver denarius, cf. De Ruyter - (O169/LXXVIIII); BMCRR Rome 2523 (anchor/CXXXXII), Sydenham 728b, RSC I Julia 5a, Crawford 352/1c, SRCV I 268, Choice aVF, broad oval flan, attractive style, nice light toning, light marks, tiny edge splits, weight 3.549 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 85 B.C.; obverse draped bust of male deity right with attributes of Apollo (laurel wreath), Mercury (winged head) and Neptune (trident behind), hair in ringlets, galley (control mark) behind; reverse Victory in a quadriga galloping right, extending wreath in right hand, reins in left hand, CXXXXII (control number) above, L·IVLI·BVRSIO in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $250.00 SALE |PRICE| $200.00
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Nicomedia, Bithynia
NEW Nemesis was the avenger of crimes and punisher of wicked doers.GB39055. Bronze AE 20, Rec Gen II.3 p. 556, 306, BMC Pontus -, F, green patina, corrosion, weight 4.339 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 45o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, obverse M AVP CEVH AΛEΞAN∆POC AVΓ, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse TPIC NEΩKOPΩN NIKOMH∆EΩN, Nemesis standing half left, scales in right hand, scepter in left, wheel at feet; scarce; $20.00 SALE |PRICE| $18.00
Roman Republic, D. Junius L.f. Silanus 91 B.C.
NEW In 91 BC., the tribune Marcus Livius Drusus proposed extending Roman citizenship to allied Italian cities. He was assassinated, leading to the Social War.RR93651. Silver denarius, BMCRR Rome 1790 - 1781 (also D on obv.), Crawford 337/3, Sydenham 646, RSC I Junia 15, Russo RBW 1233, SRCV I 225, aEF, old cabinet toning, some mint luster, flow lines, mild die wear, light bumps and scratches, tight flan, part of edge ragged, weight 4.053 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 91 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, D (control letter) behind; reverse Victory in a biga galloping right, holding reigns with both hands, X (control number) above, D SILANVS L F over ROMA in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $140.00
Roman Republic, Q. Curtius and M. Silanus, 116 or 115 B.C.
NEW In 116 B.C., Gaius Marius was narrowly elected as praetor for the following year and then promptly accused of ambitus (electoral corruption). He barely won acquittal on the charge. In 115 B.C., he spent an uneventful year as praetor in Rome.RR93648. Silver denarius, Crawford 285/2, Sydenham 537, RSC I Curtia 2, BMCRR Italy 482, Russo RBW 1114, SRCV I 162, VF, toned, marks, reverse off center, flow lines, die wear, tiny edge split, weight 3.964 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 116 - 115 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet with three piece visor even at the ends and ornamented with a griffin head, single drop earring and necklace, hair in straggling locks, X behind, Q·CVRT curving upwards before; reverse Jupiter in a quadriga right, hurling thunderbolt with right hand, scepter in left hand, horses rearing, M SILA (LA ligate) below, ROMA in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00
Roman Republic, M. Cipius M.f., 115 or 114 B.C.
NEW In 115 - 114 B.C., Gaius Marius was praetor in Rome and was sent to govern Hispania Lusitania where he defeated local tribes. In 114 B.C., the first temple of Venus was built in Rome.RR97225. Silver denarius, Crawford 289/1, Sydenham 546, BMCRR Italy 522, RSC I Cipia 1, Russo RBW 1118, SRCV I 166, VF, attractive style, light tone, flow lines, light marks, weight 3.863 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 115 or 114 B.C.; obverse M CIPI M F, head of Roma right in winged helmet, X behind; reverse Victory in biga right, raising palm frond tied with a ribbon in right hand, reins in left hand, rudder with tiller to right below horses, ROMA in exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 90 (7 Jun 2020), lot 395; $220.00 SALE |PRICE| $198.00
Roman Republic, L. Antestius Gragulus, c. 136 B.C.
NEW This was the first type to use the X value mark (ligate XVI = 16 asses).
L. Antestius Gragulus was a moneyer in 136 B.C., a magistrate, responsible for the production of the Roman coinage. Magistrates were not simple mint workers (monetarii), they were officials who controlled the process, including the design on the coins themselves. During the Roman Republic, moneyers were called tresviri aere argento auro flando feriundo, literally "three men for casting (and) striking bronze, silver (and) gold (coins)."RR97226. Silver denarius, Crawford 238/1, Sydenham 451, RSC I Antestia 9, BMCRR Rome 976, Russo RBW 980, SRCV I 115, gVF, nicely toned, flow lines, uneven strike with unstruck area on obverse and reverse, tiny edge splits, weight 3.922 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, c. 136 B.C.; obverse head of Roma left in winged helmet, crest with griffin head, peaked visor in three pieces, wearing earring and necklace, X below chin; reverse Jupiter in a fast quadriga right, thunderbolt in right hand, long lotus topped scepter and reins in left hand, L•ANTES (ANTE ligate) below horses, ROMA in exergue; ex Auktionshaus Münzhandlung Sonntag; $220.00 SALE |PRICE| $198.00
Roman Republic, First Triumvirate, A. Plautius, c. 55 B.C.
NEW In 67 B.C., Aristobulus II rebelled against his older brother Hyrcanus II, the king of Judaea. Both brothers appealed to Pompey's deputy Marcus Aemilius Scaurus, who, bribed by a gift of 400 talents, decided in favor of Aristobulus. When Pompey arrived in Syria in 63 B.C., both brothers sent delegates to Damascus, but Pompey did not make an immediate decision. Aristobulus' followers refused to open the gates of Jerusalem and Romans forces besieged and captured the city. Pompey deemed Hyrcanus II, the elder, weaker brother a more reliable ally. Hyrcanus was restored as high priest, but not as king. Aristobulus was taken to Rome as a prisoner. In 57 B.C. Aristobulus escaped to Judaea and instigated another rebellion. A young cavalry commander, Marc Antony, led several men to scale Aristobulus' fortifications leading to his recapture. At the time this coin was struck in 55 B.C., Aristobulus was a prisoner in Rome. Julius Caesar released him in 49 B.C., hoping to turn Judaea against Pompey, but on his way to Judaea he was poisoned by a Pompey supporter. With help from the Parthians, Aristobulus' son Antigonus rebelled against Rome and became king in 40 B.C. He was defeated by Rome and killed in 37 B.C.
This special issue was struck by an Aedile Curule. Aediles supervised public works and staged games. Since this issue bears turreted Cybele, we may speculate it was to finance a building project.RR97228. Silver denarius, Crawford 431/1, Sydenham 932, RSC I Plautia 13, BMCRR Rome 3916, Russo RBW 1540, SRCV I 395, VF, iridescent toning, bumps and scratches, slightly off center on a tight flan, weight 4.032 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 55 B.C.; obverse AED • CVR • S • C downwards on left, A • PLAVTIVS downwards on right, turreted head of Cybele right, wearing cruciform earring, hair rolled and in knot at the back, locks falling down neck; reverse Bacchius Judaeus (Aristobulus II high priest and ruler of Judaea) kneeling right, with left hand holding reins of camel standing right on his far side, raising olive branch in right hand, IVDAEVS upward on right, BACCHIVS in exergue; $300.00 SALE |PRICE| $270.00
Roman Republic, L. Postumius Albinus, 131 B.C.
NEW In 131 B.C., the tribune Gaius Papirius Carbo passed a measure allowing the use of secret ballots in legislative assemblies.RR97229. Silver denarius, Crawford 252/1, Sydenham 472, RSC Postumia 1, BMCRR Rome 1129, Russo RBW 1035, SRCV I 128, Choice VF, bold high relief (normal for this issue), well centered, light tone on some luster, weight 3.940 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 131 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet with three-piece peaked visor and griffin head ornament, triple drop earring and necklace, hair falling in three locks, apex (priest's cap) behind, X (XVI monogram, mark of value) below; reverse Mars driving galloping quadriga right; wearing military garb, trophy in right hand; shield, spear, and reins in left hand; L•POST•ALB (ALB ligate) below, ROMA in exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 90 (7 Jun 2020), lot 390; $250.00 SALE |PRICE| $225.00
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