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Hadrian was born in Hispania. The origin of the name Hispania is much disputed and the evidence for the various speculations is very weak. Two theories hold it to be of Punic derivation, from the Phoenician language of colonizing Carthage. In Hebrew, "i-shfania" means "island of the rabbit." Punic-Phoenician and Hebrew are both Canaanite languages and therefore closely related to each other. The name Hispania may be derived from an ancient Punic name identifying the place as a land of rabbits. Another theory holds the name is derived the word from the Phoenician word "span," meaning hidden, indicating a hidden, that is, a remote, or far-distant land. The rabbit on this coin type has been used as evidence to support the first theory. RS87611. Silver denarius, RSC II 834, RIC II 306, Strack II 304, BMCRE III 849 note, Hunter II 287 var. (head left), SRCV II -, Choice VF, centered, uneven toning, light marks, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.824 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 134 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, bare head right; reverseHISPANIA, Hispania reclining left on rock, olive branch in right hand, rabbit behind below left arm; $380.00 (€323.00)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one snake bringing another snake healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing. RS87614. Silver denarius, RSC II 1327a, BMCRE III 316, Hunter II 116, Strack II 80, SRCV II 3539, RIC II 137c var. (draped and cuirassed), Choice aEF, well centered and struck, attractive style, toned, edge cracks, weight 3.153 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 123 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverseP M TR PCOS III, Salus seated left, with patera in right feeding snake rising from altar, resting left elbow on chair, SALVS AVG (to the health of the Emperor) in exergue; $260.00 (€221.00)
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Invincible Sol charging in a facing quadriga and raising his hand commanding the sun to rise, is one of our favorite reverses of the Roman Imperial series and Forum's recommended coin type for Probus. If you only plan to buy one Probus coin, it should be this type! RA87626. Billonantoninianus, Hunter IV 315 (also 2nd officina); Pink VI-1, p. 44, em. 3; RIC V-2 911; Cohen VI 682; SRCV III 12041, Choice EF, full circle centering, most silvering remains, uneven strike with part of legends a littl weak, weight 4.298 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, emission 3, 280 A.D.; obverseIMP CM AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiatebust left in consular robe, eagle-tipped scepter in right; reverseSOLI INVICTO (to the invincible sun god), Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand commanding sunrise, whip in left hand, CM below center, XXIS in exergue; $150.00 (€127.50)
Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III and Alexander IV, c. 322 - 320 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck after Alexander's death, under either Perdikkas or Antipater, regents during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule. Both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Olympias had Philip murdered to ensure the succession of her grandson. But Alexander IV would never rule. In 311 B.C., he and his mother Roxana were executed by the regent Kassander. GS87630. Silver tetradrachm, Price 129; Müller Alexander 280; SNG Alpha Bank 511; SNG Saroglos 251; SNG Cop 689; SNG München 289; Ehrhardt Amphipolis 13, VF, toned, compact flan, reverse slightly off center, weight 15.945 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 90o, Macedonia, Amphipolis mint, c. 320 - 317 A.D.; obversehead of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, right leg forward (archaic lifetime style), nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward behind, apluster left, Πo under throne; $270.00 (€229.50)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus V Eupator, 164 - 162 B.C.
Antiochus V was just nine years old when crowned. The kingdom was ruled by his regent Lysias. In 163 or early 162 B.C., the Roman legate Gnaeus Octavius enforced the Treaty of Apamea by burning the Seleukid fleet and killing the army's war elephants (private citizens assassinated him for this outrage). Soon after, Ptolemaeus, the satrap of Commagene, declared independence. Only two years after becoming king, his uncle Demetrius escaped captivity, claimed the throne and had Antiochos V and his regent executed. GY87638. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber II 1575(2), Newell SMA 75, SNG Spaer 1246, HGC 9 752, VF/F, light scratches and marks, porous, slightly off center, weight 16.006 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 164 - 162 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Antiochos V right, diadem ends fall straight behind, filletborder; reverse Zeus seated left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, Victory in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, EYΠATOPOΣ (the good father) in exergue, monogram (appears as E downward) outer left; $280.00 (€238.00)
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
This type refers to Severus' victories over Parthia. Severus assumed the title "Parthicus Maximus," greatest of Parthian conquerors. RS87643. Silver denarius, BMCRE V p. 288, 675; RIC IV 514 corr. (palm vice trophy); RSC III 741; SRCV II 6373, Choice gVF, light toning, some die wear, weight 2.883 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia, Syria) mint, 198 - 202 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, laureate head right; reverseVICT PARTHICAE, Victory walking left, wreath in extended right, trophy of captured arms in left; Parthian captive at feet on left, bearded and wearing a Parthian cap, seated left, looking up and back at Victory, hands bound behind back; $160.00 (€136.00)
Miletos, Ionia, c. Late 6th Century B.C.
Before the Persian invasion in the middle of the 6th century B.C., Miletus was the greatest and wealthiest of Greek cities and had a maritime empire with many colonies. After Cyrus of Persia defeated Croesus of Lydia in the middle of the 6th century B.C., Miletus fell under Persian rule. GA88167. Silver 1/12 stater, SNG Kayhan 476; SNGvA 2080; SNG Cop 944; SNG München 707; SNG Keckman 273; BMC Ionia p 185, 22; Klein 424; SGCV II 3532, VF, obverse off center, light marks, light porosity, weight 1.057 g, maximum diameter 9.7 mm, Miletos (near Balat, Turkey) mint, c. late 6th century B.C.; obverse forepart of lion right, head turned back left; reverse ornamental pattern in incuse square; $80.00 (€68.00)
Aegina, Saronic Islands, Greece, c. 525 - 475 B.C.
"Greek Turtles" minted on the island of Aegina were most likely the first coins struck in Europe. They were popular in their own time and accepted for payment far from the island. Because they were the first European coin type and because they are attractive and interesting, the "Greek Turtle" is considered a "must have" by many ancient coin collectors. SH88170. Silver stater, HGC 6 433 (S); Meadows Aegina, Group IIc; Asyut Group VI; SNG Cop 503; SNG München 536; Milbank -, BMC Attica -, VF, lightly toned, granular surfaces, weight 11.672 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, Aigina (Aegina) mint, c. 525 - 475 B.C.; obverse sea-tortoise (Chelone Caouana) or common loggerhead turtle of the Mediterranean, narrow collar at the top and row of six dots down the middle the ridge of the shell; reverseincuse square of “Union Jack” ("proto-skew") pattern; ex CNG e-sale 433, lot 69; scarce; $950.00 (€807.50)
Parthian Empire, Mithradates II, c. 121 - 91 B.C.
Mithradates II was the eighth and one of the greatest Parthian kings. He defeated all Seleukid attempts to reclaim their Eastern territories and made Parthia a formidable, unified empire. He adopted the title Epiphanes, "god manifest" and introduced new designs on his extensive coinage. Late in his reign he exerted influence in Armenia, taking as hostage a prince who would become Tigranes the Great. -- www.parthia.com GS88171. Silver drachm, Sellwood 28.7; Sunrise 300; Shore 99; SNG Cop 43; BMC Parthia p. 35, 111, Choice VF, toned, well centered, nice style, weight 4.152 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rhagai (Rey, Iran) mint, c. 96/95 - 93/92 B.C.; obversebust left with long pointed beard. wearing diadem and tiara with ear flaps, tiara ornamented with three rows of pearls and star in center, torque ending in horse forepart; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MEΓAΛOY APΣAKOY EΠHANOYΣ, archer wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, bow in right, squared legend in five lines around; ex CNG e-sale 433 (28 Nov 2018), lot 150; ex Pegasi XVI (8 May 2007), lot 206; $180.00 (€153.00)
Parthian Empire, Pakoros I, c. 78 - 120 A.D.
Traditionally this king has been called Pakoros II (or Pacorus II); however, the latest research lists only one Parthian king named Pakoros. Beardless portraits on his earliest coins indicate Pakoros began his rule very young. After many years of civil war with many rivals, including Vologases II, Artabanus III and others, Pakoros eventually reclaimed the whole of the empire. According to Cassius Dio, he sold the kingdom of Osroene to Abgar VII, and according to Ammianus Marcellinus he enlarged the Parthian capital Ctesiphon and built its walls. He maintained close contact with the Dacian ruler Decebalus. In 101, Pacorus sent an embassy to the Han Dynasty of China. He disappeared from coinage around 105 A.D. GS88172. Silver drachm, Sellwood 78.3 (Vologases III), Shore 413 - 414 (Vologases III), Sunrise –, gVF, toned, scratch in obversefield, weight 4.152 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Ecbatana (Hamedan, Iran) mint, c. 78 - 105 A.D.; obverse draped bust left with short pointed straight beard, ear visible, wearing tiara ornamented with hooks along crest, diadem with five bands, loop behind, three diadem ends, torque without visible end; reverse archer (Arsakes I) seated right, bow in extended right, cross under legs, TA pellet monogram under bow, squared seven-line blundered Greek legend around; ex CNG e-sale 433 lot 157; $115.00 (€97.75)
Catalog current as of Friday, January 18, 2019. Page created in 1.829 seconds.