Kephaloidion, , c. 307 - 289 B.C.
Kephaloidoion, on Cape Cefalu, was under the influence of nearby Himera until c. 405 B.C. In 396 B.C., the town allied with General Himilco of against Dionysos of but was defeated. Agathocles besieged and conquered the city in 307 B.C. Kephaloidion was again allied with at the beginning of the First Punic War but the citizens opened the gates when the Roman fleet appeared off the in 254 B.C. The city faded but survived at least into the second century A.D.GI76952. Bronze AE 17, I, p. 371, 1; 649 (R2); -; -; -; -, VF, green , light marks, off center, 4.367 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 135o, Kephaloidion (Cefalu, ) mint, c. 344 - 336 B.C. (references vary greatly); KEΦAΛOI∆I, Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; bull butting right, club above, linear ; very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
Alaisa Archonidea, , c. 339 - 317 B.C.
Alaisa Archonidea was founded about 403 B.C. by Archonides II, the ruler of Erbita. He settled the town with a large number of mercenaries he had gathered for the war against Dionysios. Alaisa was taken by in 263 B.C. It prospered as a free Roman town with a growing economy and a Roman-style .
GI84574. Bronze , II p. 449, 1; 542; pl. 16, 190; 87 & pl. 5, 11 (Halaisa, 3 spec.); 190 (R2), aF/VF, green and red , 15.194 g, maximum 24.0 mm, 45o, Alaisa mint, 360-340 B.C.; AΛAIΣA, of Sikelia right, wearing ; Herakles advancing right, brandishing club overhead in right hand, bow in extended left hand, quiver on shoulder; nude but for skin on , over arm, and flying behind; ex & Mosch auction 216 (15 Oct 13), lot 2131 (sold for 500 euros, plus fees); very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
Piakos, , c. 425 - 400 B.C.
Struck with unsigned dies by the "Maestro della Foglia." was the first to suggest that this famed artist who magnificent masterpieces for Katane, was also the engraver for the dies of this Piakos' coinage. Other experts have agreed. This particular might have been his very first . dates the to a possible period of transitory independence, 425 - 424 B.C., during the time of the first Carthaginian invasion of to shortly after Gela's conference. Other authorities date it as late as 400 B.C.SH71341. Bronze tetras, III p. 198, 2; pl. LX, 14; 1101 (R1); -; -; -; -, VF, 2.357 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 45o, Piakos mint, c. 425 - 400 B.C.; P•I•A•K (pellets are mark of value), laureate and horned of a young river-god left; hound right attacking fallen stag right, seizing her by the throat, barley kernel on left and another on right; ; $300.00 (€267.00)
The Sileraioi, , c. 357 - 330 B.C.
Sileraioi was not a city. The Sileraians were Campanian mercenaries who took their name from their proximity to the river Silaros. These coins have been found at the site of their settlement, Cozzo Mususino, a natural strong-hold in central . The coins are often on coins from minted c. 375 - 345 B.C.
SH68704. Bronze p. 301, 2; 1243 (R1); -; -; -; -, VF/F, rough, 7.521 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 90o, Sileraian mint, c. 340 - 330 B.C.; ΣI−ΛEPAIΩ−N (retrograde counterclockwise from 3:00), forepart charging right; SIL (retrograde, upward behind), warrior advancing right, spear in right hand, in left; ; $270.00 (€240.30)
Selinous, , c. 450 - 440 B.C.
Selinous was once one of the most important Greek colonies in . In 409 B.C., the Carthaginians attacked with a vast army believed to include at least 100,000 men. Selinus, with a population of about 30,000 excluding slaves, was unprepared and an auxiliary force promised by , and Gela did not arrive. The Selinuntines defended themselves with courage, and after the walls were breached, continued to fight from house to house. After tens days the city fell. Of the citizens, 16,000 were slain and 5,000 made prisoners, but more than 2,600 escaped to Agrigento.GI79939. Bronze cast tetras, I p. 235, 4; 1272; 1233 (R1); -; -; -; -; -; -, F, green , 11.019 g, maximum 20.5 mm, 0o, Selinus mint, 450 - 440 B.C.; facing of ( ), ; wild celery (selinon) leaf, three pellets (mark of value) around, ; ; $250.00 (€222.50)
Ziz (Panormos), Punic , c. 336 - 330 B.C.
Panormos was the ancient Greek name (meaning, 'All-haven') for present day Palermo. Palermo was, however, originally a Phoenician colony and numismatists identify the city before Greek rule with the Punic name Ziz. It seems the only evidence for this ancient name is the coinage and some scholars believe that Ziz may have been another city.GI76350. Bronze AE 12, I, p. 272, 10; 1061 (R1); 5, III, pl. 44, 1362; -; -; -, gVF, dark green , light , light marks and corrosion, small edge split, 1/5 off-center, 1.975 g, maximum 12.2 mm, 0o, Ziz (Palermo, , Italy) mint, c. 336 - 330 B.C.; horse galloping right, barley-kernel above, linear ; forepart of a right, Punic above: ZIZ; all within a deep round ; ; $225.00 (€200.25)
Panormos, , Roman Rule, c. 241 - 50 B.C.
The was a plebeian family, which claimed descent from Calpus, the son of , the second of . The first of the to obtain the consulship was Gaius in 180 B.C., but from this time their consulships were very frequent, and the family of the Pisones became one of the most illustrious in the Roman state. Two important pieces of Republican legislation, the lex of 149 B.C. and lex of 67 B.C. were passed by members of the .GI76937. Bronze AE 23, I p. 351, 130 (2 specimens); 556; 1071 (C); 810 var. (AE28); -; -; -, gVF/aVF, attractive , green , 5.744 g, maximum 22.8 mm, 180o, (Palermo, , Italy) mint, magistrate C. Calpurnius, c. 241 - 50 B.C.; laureate of Zeus left; warrior standing left, sword in extended right, spear vertical behind in left, grounded behind leaning on spear, C CALP lower left; ; $220.00 (€195.80)
Menaion, , c. 204 - 190 B.C.
In the foothills of the Hyblaei Mountains of , an indigenous settlement on a high peak under the name of Menai, flourished until 453 B.C. when its inhabitants were moved to nearby Paliké near the well-known sanctuary of the Palici. No traces of life survive from between the second half of the 5th c. B.C. and the end of the 4th c. B.C. The city, under the name of Menainon, began once more to flourish in the Hellenistic period, as attested by its rich necropolis. After the Roman conquest the city minted its own coinage. Its existence during the Roman period is attested by (Verr. 3.22.55; 3.43.102) and Pliny (HN 3.91). The site continued to be inhabited until the Arab Conquest and again during the following centuries.GI76345. Bronze trias, III p. 186, 7; 384; 617; p. 97, 5; 760 (R1); 290 var. (∆ vice IIII), VF, scratches, , 3.135 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 0o, Menaion (Mineo, , Italy) mint, Roman Rule, c. 204 - 190 B.C.; veiled of Demeter right; MENAINΩN, crossed torches, IIII (mark of value) below; ; $195.00 (€173.55)
Soloi, , c. 300 - 254 B.C.
SH57303. Bronze AE 15, I, p. 312, 16; 744, gVF, die break, 1.334 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 270o, Soloi mint, c. 300 - 254 B.C.; short-bearded male ( ?) right, wearing hoop earring; free horse galloping right; ; $170.00 (€151.30)
Selinous, , 450 - 440 B.C.
Selinus was once one of the most important Greek colonies in . In 409 B.C., the Carthaginians attacked with a vast army believed to include at least 100,000 men. Selinus, with a population of about 30,000 excluding slaves, was unprepared and an auxiliary force promised by , and Gela did not arrive. The Selinuntines defended themselves with courage, and after the walls were breached, continued to fight from house to house. After tens days the city fell. Of the citizens, 16,000 were slain and 5,000 made prisoners, but more than 2,600 escaped to Agrigento.GI83626. Cast bronze cast trias, I p. 233, 2; 666; 1231 (R1); -; -; -; -; -, aF, green , 14.308 g, maximum 22.0 mm, 0o, Selinus mint, 450 - 440 B.C.; facing of ( ); with teeth displayed, four pellets (mark of value) in hair, ; facing of ( ), with protruding tongue; four pellets (mark of value) in hair, ; ex CNG e-auction 285 (22 Aug 2012), lot 14; ex L.C. Collection; ; $165.00 (€146.85)
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