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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |The Restored Empire| ▸ |Andronicus II||View Options:  |  |  |   

Andronicus II Palaeologus, 1272 - 24 May 1328 A.D.

Joint rule as junior emperor with Michael (his father), 1272 - 11 December 1282 A.D.
Joint rule as senior emperor with Michael IX (his son), 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D.
Joint rule with Andronicus III (his grandson), 2 February 1325 - 24 May 1328 A.D.
Under Andronicus II the empire permanently declined. Tax revenues dropped, the treasury was depleted, the army was drastically cut, and Turkish tribes overran most of Asia Minor. His son was co-emperor but died in 1320. After Andronicus II did not select his popular grandson, Andronicus III as heir, he rose in revolt. Even after they agreed to reign jointly, they were again at war. In 1328, the grandson took the city by surprise. At first Andronicus II retained his titles and his home in the palace. In 1330, however, forced into a monastery, he retired as the monk Anthony. Old and blind, he died 13 February 1332 A.D. Coinage may have been issued in his name until his death.
Byzantine Empire 1300


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Michael IX, 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D.

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This combination of control marks (sigla) flanking the Virgin on the obverse is apparently unpublished. The reverse legend is difficult to discern but it appears to be variation identified by Sear as a rare.
SH14725. Gold hyperpyron, Bendall PCPC 185 (unlisted sigla), Sommer 80.2, SBCV 2396, Grierson 1293, DOC V -, VF, weight 3.051 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1305 - 12 Oct 1320 A.D.; obverse Nimbate half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary orans within city walls, four castles forming walls, MH monogram - X in lower fields; reverse AVTOKPATOPEC PWMAIWN?, Andronicus II bearded on left and Michael IX unbearded on right, both kneeling facing, Christ stands behind with hands over their heads in benediction, IC - XC across upper fields; rare sigla variety; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Andronicus III, 2 February 1325 - 24 May 1328 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
After Andronicus II did not select his popular grandson and namesake as heir, Andronicus III rose in revolt. Even after they agreed to reign jointly, grandfather and grandson were at war. In 1328 the grandson took the city by surprise and forced his grandfather to abdicate. Although at first he retained his titles and his home in the palace, in 1330 he was forced into a monastery. Old and blind, Andronicus II died on 13 February 1332.
SH70958. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V 493 - 497; Bendall PCPC 185.1 (sigla 4); Lianta 817; Grierson 1294; B-D LPC p.108, 1; SBCV 2461, VF, flat strike areas, graffiti, weight 4.311 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 225o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2 Feb 1325 - 1328 A.D.; obverse half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary, nimbate, orans, within city walls with four towers, pellet above left between castles, lis left, A right; reverse AN∆PON − AN∆PON (or similar, blundered, obscure), Andronicus II on left and Andronicus III on right, both bearded and kneeling facing, Christ stands in center behind with hands over their heads in benediction, IC - XC flanking Christ's head; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Michael IX, 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D.

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Although a brave and energetic soldier, Michael IX was defeated again and again. He made peace with Bulgaria by marrying his daughter to the Bulgarian emperor. After another defeat, he retired to Thessalonica, where his premature death at age 43 was in part due to grief over the accidental murder of his younger son Manuel by retainers of his older son Andronikos III.
SH70965. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V 315 (same dies), Sommer 82.2.5, Bendall 128 (sigla 186), Grierson 1293, SBCV 2396, VF, typical flat areas, small flan crack, clipped, weight 2.800 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1305 - 1320; obverse Nimbate half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary orans within city walls, four castles forming walls, * over K lower left, * over N lower right; reverse Andronicus II bearded on left and Michael IX unbearded on right, both kneeling facing, Christ stands behind with hands over their heads in benediction, IC - XC across upper fields, [...] - X/M/∆E/ΠO/TI/C (or similar); SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Andronicus III, 2 February 1325 - 24 May 1328 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
After Andronicus II did not select his popular grandson and namesake as heir, Andronicus III rose in revolt. Even after they agreed to reign jointly, grandfather and grandson were at war. In 1328 the grandson took the city by surprise and forced his grandfather to abdicate. Although at first he retained his titles and his home in the palace, in 1330 he was forced into a monastery. Old and blind, Andronicus II died on 13 February 1332.
SH14724. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V 500; Bendall PCPC 185 (sigla 10); B-D LPC 108; Grierson 1294; SBCV 2461; Sommer 81.1, Choice VF, weight 3.235 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2 Feb 1325 - 1328 or possibly to 1330 A.D.; obverse Nimbate half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary orans within city walls, four castles forming walls, BK - KΦ monograms across fields; reverse AN∆OINK − ΛII[ΛPO]NK, Andronicus II on left and Andronicus III on right, both bearded and kneeling facing, Christ stands in center behind with hands over their heads in benediction, IC - XC flanking Christ's head; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Michael IX, 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
David Sear notes the legend is usually the imperial names and a rare variety has the legend AVTOKPATOPEC PWMAIWN. This legend does not seem to fit either description.
SH32832. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V 471 var. (same reverse die, different sigla), Bendall Sigla 102, VF, weight 2.925 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1303 - 12 Oct 12320; obverse Nimbate half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary orans within city walls, four castles forming walls, left sigla uncertain (Φ? or lis?) - B (reversed); reverse NOAPKIMUH - AVTOKNIO (or similar, blundered, left side retrograde), Andronicus II bearded on left and Michael IX unbearded on right, both kneeling facing, Christ stands behind with hands over their heads in benediction, IC - XC across upper fields; extremely rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Michael IX, 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
A brave and energetic soldier willing to make personal sacrifices to pay or encourage his troops, Michael IX was generally unable to overcome his enemies and is the only Palaiologan emperor to predecease his father. Michael IX's premature death at age 43 was attributed in part to grief over the accidental murder of his younger son Manuel Palaiologos by retainers of his older son and co-emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos.
BZ76204. Silver basilikon, cf. DOC V 517; B-D LPC p. 88, 35; Grierson 1307; Ratto 2239; SRCV 2402; Sommer 80.3, VF, excellent centering, detail of faces not fully struck, porous, weight 1.917 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1304 - 12 Oct 1320 A.D.; obverse KYPIE − BOHΘEI (clockwise from upper right), Christ enthroned, raising right in benediction, gospels in left, dot in left field, two dots in right field, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation for Jesus Christ ) flanking head, small dot by each elbow of Christ (sigla); reverse AVTOKRATO-PEI POMAION (clockwise from upper right), Andronicus and Michael standing facing, each holding labarum on base between them, O on shaft below banner; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Andronicus III, 2 February 1325 - 24 May 1328 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
After Andronicus II did not select his popular grandson and namesake as heir, Andronicus III rose in revolt. Even after they agreed to reign jointly, grandfather and grandson were at war. In 1328 the grandson took the city by surprise and forced his grandfather to abdicate. Although at first he retained his titles and his home in the palace, in 1330 he was forced into a monastery. Old and blind, Andronicus II died on 13 February 1332.
SH12281. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V 498, Bendall PCPC 185 (sigla 9), Sommer 80.2, Grierson 1293, SBCV 2396, aEF, weight 2.920 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2 Feb 1325 - 1328 or possibly to 1330 A.D.; obverse Nimbate half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary orans within city walls, four castles forming walls; sigla B - K above, pellet in each field; reverse Andronicus II on left and Andronicus III on right, both bearded and kneeling facing, Christ stands in center behind with hands over their heads in benediction, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) flanking Christ's head; scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
A brave and energetic soldier willing to make personal sacrifices to pay or encourage his troops, Michael IX was generally unable to overcome his enemies and is the only Palaiologan emperor to predecease his father. Michael IX's premature death at age 43 was attributed in part to grief over the accidental murder of his younger son Manuel Palaiologos by retainers of his older son and co-emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos.
BZ89545. Silver basilikon, DOC V 511; B-D LPC p. 66, 6; Bendall PCPC 134; Lianta 766, Grierson 1306; SBCV 2402 (noted var.), Sommer -, Ratto -, VF, toned, bumps and marks, slightly off center, weight 1.996 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1304 - 12 Oct 1320 A.D.; obverse KVPIE - BOHΘEI (Lord, help [the emperors]) clockwise from upper right, Christ enthroned facing on backless throne, raising right in benediction, gospels in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation for Jesus Christ ) flanking head, small dot by each elbow of Christ (sigla); reverse AN∆PONIKOC - MIXAHΛ ∆ECΠO (Andronicus [and] Michael, despots) clockwise from lower left, Andronicus and Michael standing facing, each holding labarum on base between them, O on shaft below banner; from the Robert Watcher Collection; rare reverse legend; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus, 1282 - 24 May 1328 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
BZ80376. Billon tornese, DOC V 551 - 557; Grierson 1313; B-D LPC p. 36, 4; Bendall PCPC 94A; Sommer 79.2; SBCV 2327, gF, weight 0.647 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, sole reign, 1282 - 1295; obverse Andronicus standing facing, cruciform scepter in right, akakia in left; reverse KOHMHNOC O ΠAΛEΛOΓOC, cross within circle of dots; rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Michael IX, 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
A brave and energetic soldier willing to make personal sacrifices to pay or encourage his troops, Michael IX was generally unable to overcome his enemies and is the only Palaiologan emperor to predecease his father. Michael IX's premature death at age 43 was attributed in part to grief over the accidental murder of his younger son Manuel Palaiologos by retainers of his older son and co-emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos.
SH14739. Silver basilikon, cf. DOC V 528; B-D LPC p. 88, 35; Grierson 1307; Ratto 2239; SRCV 2402; Sommer 80.3, VF, weight 2.098 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1304 - 12 Oct 1320 A.D.; obverse BOHΘEI - KVPIA (or similar), Christ enthroned facing, right hand raised in benediction, Gospels in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation for Jesus Christ ) flanking head, large pellet above each arm of the throne (sigla); reverse AVTOKRATO-PEI POMAION (clockwise from upper right), Andronicus and Michael standing facing, each holding labarum on base between them, O on shaft below banner; scarce; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Bellinger, A. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. V: Michael VII to Constantine XI, 1258-1453. (Washington D.C., 1999).
Bendall, S. A Private Collection of Palaeologan Coins. (Wolverhampton, 1988).
Bendall, S. & P. Donald. Later Palaeologan Coinage, 1282-1453. (London, 1979).
Dochev, K. Монети и парично обръщение в Търново XII-XIV в. (Tirnovo, 1992).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Lianta, E. Late Byzantine Coins, 1204 - 1453, in the Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford. (London, 2009).
Sabatier, J. Description gnrale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, September 17, 2019.
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Andronicus II