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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era| ▸ |Magnentius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

Magnentius, commander of Constans' imperial guard, rebelled in 350 A.D. He quickly attracted the loyalty of Britannia, Gaul, and Hispania, in part because he was more tolerant towards Pagans. Control of Italia and Africa was secured through election of his men to important offices. He made his brother Decentius caesar. Constantius II, thousands of miles away fighting the Parthians in Syria, signed a hasty peace treaty ceding vast sections of territory, and marched his armies west. Magnentius advanced his armies to meet those of Constantius in the Battle of Mursa Major in 351. Magnentius led his troops into battle, while Constantius spent the day praying in a nearby church. Despite Magnentius' heroism, his troops were defeated. After a retreat into Gaul and another defeat, Magnentius committed suicide in 353.

|Magnentius|, |Magnentius,| |18| |January| |350| |-| |10| |August| |353| |A.D.|, |heavy| |maiorina|
On 28 September 351, at the Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history. During the fighting Marcellinus, a general of Magnentius was killed, but Magnentius himself survived.
RL92339. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Amiens 23 (S), Bastien MM 125 (8 spec.), LRBC II 13, SRCV V 18817, Cohen VIII 69, VF, well centered, brown tone, porous, areas of light corrosion, edge split, weight 4.596 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, Ambianum (Amiens, France) mint, spring 351 - 18 Aug 353 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAE (victories of our lords, Emperor and Caesar), two Victories standing confronted, together holding wreath containing VOT V MVLT X in four lines, staurogram (rho-cross) above, AMB and crescent in exergue; scarce; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00

|Magnentius|, |Magnentius,| |18| |January| |350| |-| |10| |August| |353| |A.D.|, |heavy| |maiorina|
Magnentius, commander of Constans' imperial guard, rebelled in 350 A.D. He quickly gained the loyalty of Britannia, Gaul, and Hispania, in part because he was more tolerant towards Pagans. He made Decentius, his brother, caesar. Constantius II, who was fighting the Parthians in Syria, marched his armies west and defeated Magnentius at the Battle of Mursa Major in 351. Magnentius retreated into Gaul and it took two more years to eliminate him. After another defeat in battle, Magnentius committed suicide in 353.
RL91658. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Lyons 109 (S), Bastien MM 152, LRBC II 209, SRCV V 18792, Cohen VIII 7, gF/aF, well centered, nice dark patina, light marks, closed flan crack, weight 5.759 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 18 Jan - end 350 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FELICITAS REIPVBLICE (the good fortune of the Republic), Magnentius standing slightly left, bare head left, wearing military garb, long paludamentum hanging behind from shoulders, Victory on globe offering wreath in his right hand, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left hand, FPLG in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00

Germanic Tribes, Pseudo-Imperial Coinage, Mid 4th - Early 5th Century A.D.

|Germanic| |Tribes|, |Germanic| |Tribes,| |Pseudo-Imperial| |Coinage,| |Mid| |4th| |-| |Early| |5th| |Century| |A.D.|, |AE| |19|
This type was minted by and used as currency by tribes outside the Roman Empire. It copied a Roman type issued by the usurper Magnentius. The style is fairly close to the Roman prototype but the obverse legend and mintmark are blundered and it weighs much less than the Roman prototype.
RB91846. Bronze AE 19, for prototype cf. RIC VII Trier 269 (Roman, Magnentius, Trier mint, usurper in Gaul, 350 - 353 A.D.), VF, tight flan, reverse flan flaws, weight 2.688 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, tribal mint, 350 - mid 5th century A.D.; obverse MAGNEN-TIVS AVGV (or similar), bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Magnentius right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Magnentius in military dress galloping right, shield on left arm, spearing a barbarian before horse, shield and broken spear on the ground below horse, TR in exergue; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00





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Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Mnzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Saturday, February 29, 2020.
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Roman Coins of Magnentius