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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Constantinian Era ▸ MagnentiusView Options:  |  |  | 

Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

Flavius Magnus Magnentius may have once been a slave owned by Constantine the Great. He was a general of great skill, becoming one of the empire's foremost military leaders during the reign of Constans. However, in 350 A.D. he rebelled and took control of the Western provinces. Not content with official recognition by Constantius II, he invaded the latter's territory and after some initial success met with a great defeat at Mursa. After a retreat into Gaul, he was abandoned by his soldiers and committed suicide.


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Strabo wrote, "The Romans possess Lugdunum, founded below a ridge at the confluence of the Arar and the Rhone. It is the most populous of all the other cities except Narbo; for it is a center of commerce, and the Roman emperors strike their silver and gold coinage there." (4.3.2). Dates of operation: 15 B.C. - c. 90 A.D., 195 - 196, and c. 254 - 423. Mintmarks: LG, LVG
RL84365. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Lyons 126, LRBC II 221, Bastien Lyon 174, SRCV V 18820, Hunter V 43 var. (pellet above SV), gVF, sharp portrait, nice green patina, small areas of corrosion, edge cracks, weight 3.400 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 18 Jan 350 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAE (victories of our lords, Emperor and Caesar), two Victories holding wreath containing VOT V MVLT X, SV below, RPLG in exergue; $85.00 (72.25)


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SH08307. Gold solidus, RIC VIII Trier 253, SRCV V 18736, Cohen VIII 46, aEF, slight waves in flan, weight 4.30 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 350 - 351 A.D.; obverse IM CAE MAGNENTIVS AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVG LIB ROMANOR (victory of the Emperor, liberator of the Romans), Victory on left, standing right, palm over shoulder in left hand; Libertas on right, standing left, scepter in left hand, together with their right hands they support a trophy of arms in center; TR in exergue; very rare (R2); SOLD


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On 3 June 350, Iulius Nepotianus proclaimed himself emperor and entered Rome with a group of gladiators. On 30 June, Marcellinus, a trusted general of Magnentius, defeated and killed Nepotian. Nepotian's head was put on a lance and paraded around Rome.
SH67105. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Lyons 116 (S), LRBC II 215, SRCV V 18799, Cohen VIII 20, FDC, weight 4.909 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 18 Jan 350 - spring 351 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Magnentius riding right, spearing enemy, shield and broken spear on the ground, RPLG in exergue; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DNMAGNENTIVSAVG
DNMAGNENTIVSPFAVG
FLMAGNENTIVSPFAVG
IMPCAEMAGNENTIVSAVG
MAGNENTIVSAVG


REFERENCES

Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de Magnence (350-353). (Wetteren, 1983).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage, Part II: Bronze Roman Imperial Coinage of the Later Empire, A.D. 346-498. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Mnzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, November 14, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Magnentius