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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era| ▸ |Magnentius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

Magnentius, commander of Constans' imperial guard, rebelled in 350 A.D. He quickly attracted the loyalty of Britannia, Gaul, and Hispania, in part because he was more tolerant towards Pagans. Control of Italia and Africa was secured through election of his men to important offices. He made his brother Decentius caesar. Constantius II, thousands of miles away fighting the Parthians in Syria, signed a hasty peace treaty ceding vast sections of territory, and marched his armies west. Magnentius advanced his armies to meet those of Constantius in the Battle of Mursa Major in 351. Magnentius led his troops into battle, while Constantius spent the day praying in a nearby church. Despite Magnentius' heroism, his troops were defeated. After a retreat into Gaul and another defeat, Magnentius committed suicide in 353.

|Magnentius|, |Magnentius,| |18| |January| |350| |-| |10| |August| |353| |A.D.|, |heavy| |maiorina|
Magnus Magnentius was proclaimed emperor on 18 January 350 at Autun (Gaul) with support of the army on the Rhine frontier. Constans fled to Spain, where he was assassinated at Castrum Helenae. In the spring 351, Constans' brother Constantius marched West with 60,000 men to remove Magnus Magnentius but it would take more than two years to defeat him.
RL93278. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Amiens 16 (R), Bastien MM 117, LRBC II 10, SRCV V 18816, Cohen VIII 68, Hunter V 3 var. (exergue), VF, dark green patina, tight flan cutting off parts of legends, light marks, light earthen deposits, weight 4.368 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 225o, Ambianum (Amiens, France) mint, 30 Jun 350 - spring 351 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVGG ET CAESS (victories of our lords, the two emperors and two caesars), two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT V MVLT X, AMB* in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $125.00 SALE |PRICE| $112.00


|Magnentius|, |Magnentius,| |18| |January| |350| |-| |10| |August| |353| |A.D.|, |solidus|
 
SH08307. Gold solidus, RIC VIII Trier 253, SRCV V 18736, Cohen VIII 46, aEF, slight waves in flan, weight 4.30 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 350 - 351 A.D.; obverse IM CAE MAGNENTIVS AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVG LIB ROMANOR (victory of the Emperor, liberator of the Romans), Victory on left, standing right, palm over shoulder in left hand; Libertas on right, standing left, scepter in left hand, together with their right hands they support a trophy of arms in center; TR in exergue; very rare (R2); SOLD


Germanic Tribes, Pseudo-Imperial Coinage, Mid 4th - Early 5th Century A.D.

|Germanic| |Tribes|, |Germanic| |Tribes,| |Pseudo-Imperial| |Coinage,| |Mid| |4th| |-| |Early| |5th| |Century| |A.D.|, |AE| |19|
This type was minted by and used as currency by tribes outside the Roman Empire. It copied a Roman type issued by the usurper Magnentius. The style is fairly close to the Roman prototype but the obverse legend and mintmark are blundered and it weighs much less than the Roman prototype.
RB91846. Bronze AE 19, for prototype cf. RIC VII Trier 269 (Roman, Magnentius, Trier mint, usurper in Gaul, 350 - 353 A.D.), VF, tight flan, reverse flan flaws, weight 2.688 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, tribal mint, 350 - mid 5th century A.D.; obverse MAGNEN-TIVS AVGV (or similar), bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Magnentius right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Magnentius in military dress galloping right, shield on left arm, spearing a barbarian before horse, shield and broken spear on the ground below horse, TR in exergue; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DNMAGMAGNENTIVSPFAVG
DNMAGNENTIOPERPETVOAVG
DNMAGNENTIVSAVG
DNMAGNENTIVSPFAG
DNMAGNENTIVSPFAVG
FLMAGNENTIVSPFAVG
IMCAEMAGNENTIVSAVG
IMPCAEMAGNENTIVSAVG
IMPCAESMAGNENTIVSAVG
MAGMAGNENTIVSAVG
MAGNENTIVSAVG


REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de Magnence (350-353). (Wetteren, 1983).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage, Part II: Bronze Roman Imperial Coinage of the Later Empire, A.D. 346-498. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Mnzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, May 27, 2020.
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