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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ The Restored Empire ▸ John VIIIView Options:  |  |  | 

John VIII Palaeologus, 19 January 1421 - 31 October 1448 A.D.

Joint rule as junior emperor with Manuel II (his father), 19 January 1421 - 1423 A.D.
Sole rule 1423 - 31 October 1448 A.D.
John VIII was the second to last Byzantine emperor. By the time he ruled, the Sultanate of Muhammed II extended to the city walls and completely surrounded Constantinople. John attempted to gain the aid of the west, proclaiming a union with the church of Rome, but the people of Constantinople refused to accept the union and no aid was received. The city was already doomed when John died in 1448. He was succeeded by his younger brother Constantine Palaeologus, who died valiantly but hopelessly on the city walls on 29 May 1453. Muhammed the Conqueror took the city and the Byzantine and Roman Empires were no more.


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John VIII was the second to last Byzantine emperor. By the time he ruled, the Sultanate of Muhammed II extended to the city walls and completely surrounded Constantinople. John attempted to gain the aid of the west, proclaiming a union with the church of Rome, but the people of Constantinople refused to accept the union and no aid was received. The city was already doomed when John died in 1448. He was succeeded by his younger brother Constantine Palaeologus, who died valiantly but hopelessly on the city walls on 29 May 1453. Muhammed the Conqueror took the city and the Byzantine and Roman Empires were no more.
SH68116. Silver stavraton, DOC V, part 2, var. (k) no siglon, pl. 84, 1671 - 1675 (same dies), Bendall PCPC type 18; Lianta 1063, SBCV 2563, VF, weight 7.209 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 270o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1421 - 1444; obverse IC - XC (Jesus Christ), bust of Christ facing, cross nimbus, tunic and himation, right hand raised in benediction, Gospels in left, double border with eight pellets between; reverse IWANHC ∆ECΠOTIC O ΠAΛEOΛOΓOC / ΘV XARITI AVTOKPATOP or similar, bust of John VIII facing, bearded, nimbate, crown with pendilia, pellet in left and right fields; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, John VIII Palaeologus, 19 January 1421 - 31 October 1448 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
John VIII was the second to last Byzantine emperor. By the time he ruled, the Sultanate of Muhammed II extended to the city walls and completely surrounded Constantinople. John attempted to gain the aid of the west, proclaiming a union with the church of Rome, but the people of Constantinople refused to accept the union and no aid was received. The city was already doomed when John died in 1448. He was succeeded by his younger brother Constantine Palaeologus, who died valiantly but hopelessly on the city walls on 29 May 1453. Muhammed the Conqueror took the city and the Byzantine and Roman Empires were no more.
SH90643. Silver half stavrata, DOC V 1765 (see 1759 - 1762 for rev die match, but sigla 4); Bendall PCPC 349, sigla 5; SBCV 2565; Grierson 1519, Sommer 89.1, Ratto 2269, VF, weight 3.571 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 225o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1421 - 1444; obverse IC - XC (Jesus Christ) across field, over pellet left and lis right (sigla 5), bust of Christ facing, cross nimbus, tunic and himation, right raised in benediction, Gospels in left, double border with eight pellets between; reverse IΩANHC ∆ECΠOTIC O ΠAΛEOΛOΓOC, bust of John VIII facing, bearded, nimbate, crown with pendilia, pellet in left and right fields; rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, John VIII Palaeologus, 19 January 1421 - 31 October 1448 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
During the 14th century gold coinage was abandoned. Silver coins larger than any used in the Roman (and Byzantine) Empire were issued.
SH22813. Silver stavraton, SBCV 2563 - 2564, gVF, toned, weight 7.093 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse IC - XC (Jesus Christ), bust of Christ facing, cross nimbus, tunic and himation, rightraised in benediction, Gospels in left hand, double border with eight pellets between; reverse IWANHC ∆ECΠOTIC O ΠAΛEOΛOΓOC / ΘV XARITI AVTOKPATOP or similar, bust of John VIII facing, bearded, nimbate, crown with pendilia, pellet in left and right fields; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A.R. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. V: Michael VII to Constantine XI, 1258-1453. (Washington D.C., 1999).
Bendall, S. A Private Collection of Palaeologan Coins. (Wolverhampton, 1988).
Bendall, S. & P.J. Donald. Later Palaeologan Coinage, 1282-1453. (London, 1979).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Lianta, E. Late Byzantine Coins, 1204 - 1453, in the Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford. (London, 2009).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description gnrale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A.U. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).

Catalog current as of Thursday, November 23, 2017.
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Byzantine Coins of John VIII Palaeologus