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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ Herennius EtruscusView Options:  |  |  | 

Herennius Etruscus, Early 251 - First Half of June 251 A.D.

Herennius Etruscus was the son of Trajan Decius and Herennia Etruscilla. He was made Caesar in 250 and co-emperor in early 251. Sometime in the first two weeks of June 251, Herennius Etruscus and his father Trajan Decius became the first Roman emperors to die in battle against a foreign enemy. Herennius died at his father's side, struck in battle by an enemy Goth arrow. Decius survived the initial confrontation, only to be slain with the rest of the army before the end of the day.


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In 250, Decius, demonstrating his pietas, began a persecution of Christians in an attempt to restore the religion of Rome. Pope Fabian was one of the first martyrs.
GS84400. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 142b, RSC IV 11, Hunter III 4, SRCV III 9520, VF, nice portrait, choice obverse, reverse struck with worn dies, weight 4.072 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 250 - early 251 A.D.; obverse Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PIETAS AVGG (to the piety of the two emperors), Mercury standing left, purse in right hand, long caduceus transverse in left hand; $90.00 (Ä80.10)


Herennius Etruscus, Early 251 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Overstruck on Severus Alexander Denarius

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This antoninianus, or double denarius, was overstruck on an older Severus Alexander denarius, earning 100% profit for the imperial treasury. The inscription and face of Severus Alexander from the older coin are clearly visible. This is the clearest undertype on any overstruck Roman coin we have handled.
SH71302. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV Decius 149, RSC IV 38, Hunter III 2, SRCV III 9526, gVF, overstruck, toned, open edge crack, weight 3.071 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 250 - early 251 A.D.; obverse Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; undertype effects: M AVR[EL] SEV AL above, face of Severus Alexander on cheek; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes walking left, flower in right hand, raising fold of robe with left; undertype effects: obscure inscription below; extraordinarily clear obverse undertype, as such extremely rare; SOLD


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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to the Prince of Youth, Herennius Etruscus. When Augustus ruled Rome, he was not called emperor or king, he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named caesar and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch.
SH30387. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV Decius 171a, Cohen V 28, Banti 6, Hunter III 22, SRCV III 9534, VF, excellent portrait, rev double struck, typical squared flan, light smoothing, weight 16.856 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 250 - early 251 A.D.; obverse Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, bare-headed, draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS (to the Prince of Youth), Herennius standing left in military dress, rod downward in right, transverse spear in left, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; ex Numismatik Lanz; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

HERENETRVMESQVDECIVSCAESAR
HERENTRVMESQVDECIVSCAESAR
IMPCQHERETRMESDECIOAVG
IMPCQHERETRMESDECIVSAVG
QHERETRMESDECIVSAVG
QHERETRMESDECIVSNOBC
QHERINNIVSETRMESDECIVSNOBC


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Caliců, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappťes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Saturday, May 27, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Herennius Etruscus