This commemorates Trebonianus Gallus' decennalian vows, prayers and sacrifices he made to the gods that they might him successfully achieve his tenth of rule. In a religious context, , plural , is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).RB76162. , RIC 127a (R), 137 (10 fr.), 29, 38, 9683, VF, nice portrait, nice , on a , 17.910 g, maximum 28.0 mm, 180o, mint, special emission, August - October 251 A.D.; C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; / DECENNA / LIBVS / S C in four lines within laurel tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top; rarities; $540.00 (€480.60)
was the deity of . The epithet Martialis literally means "of or belonging to Mars" or "warlike," but the depictions of on the coins are not warlike. The epithet may refer to as the mother of . Or perhaps she is of March - her festival was on 7 March. Perhaps the title refers to her temple in the Campus , the old "Field of Mars" down by the . She is sometimes equated with Perusina, as Perugia was where came from, and as such is sometimes called Perusina by modern scholars.SH66386. , 110a ( ), 14 (same), 50, 9670, - (p. cv), VF, nice , attractive , 13.008 g, maximum 28.8 mm, 0o, mint, 251 - 253 A.D.; C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; IVNONI MARTIALIS, Shrine of : domed, rotunda with Corinthian columns, garlands hanging below dome; statue of seated facing within holding two stalks of grain in extended right; ex Triskeles Auction, lot 164, auction 2 (25 Apr 2013); $120.00 (€106.80)
, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
The last regular tetradrachms minted at Antioch were struck during Gallus' second consulate. notes, "It is highly likely that the debasement of these issues made them so unreliable in the eyes of the public that a new system had to be developed. Since a system based on the already existed in the western of the empire, it naturally replaced the in the East."SH59993.
, 1177c, 676, 644, EF, some mint luster, 12.189 g, maximum 25.9 mm, 180o, 3rd , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, second issue, 252 - 253 A.D.; AYTOK K Γ OYIB TPEB ΓAΛΛOC CEB, laureate, draped, and right, ••• below; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO ∆ (tribune of the people, consul for the 4th time), standing facing, wings open, right, in beak, Γ between legs, S C ( ) in ; ; SOLD
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