Roman , Nov 130 - c. 138 A.D.
Both the and types on this are published but the combination does not appear to be published. Nor did we find another example online. According to , lead tesserae served as local small change in during the first to the third century A.D.
Euthenia is the Greek personification of abundance or plenty. To the Romans she was . Her attributes are grain and the . On Roman coins of she often appears to be the spouse of the Nile; yet, in the Egyptian Euthenia did not exist and the Nile had no consort.RX90574. Lead , Unpublished; cf. 6444 and 3584 (for ) and 6493 and 3575 (for ), VF , 5.107 g, maximum 22.5 mm, 270o, (?) mint, Nov 130 - c. 138 A.D. (possibly later); on horseback right, wearing hem hem crown, in right hand; reclining left on right below, nude to waist, around hips and legs, reeds in his right hand, in left; before him at his feet stands Euthenia (prosperity) wearing and , offering held in right hand; extremely ; $300.00 (€267.00)
Redux, one of the many aspects of , was in charge of bringing people safely, primarily from wars - redux means "coming back" or "returning." She may be one of the later aspects of , as the earliest mention of her is on an dedicated by the Senate in 19 B.C. for the safe return of Emperor . This refers to Hadrian's return to from his second tour of the provinces in about 132 A.D. It may have been struck before his return to appeal for her protection or after to thank her.RS84673. Silver , 789e (789d listed twice in error), 655 var. (draped), 248 var. ( leans on rudder), 3495 var. (same), gVF, excellent portrait, , slightly off center, die wear, porous, edge cracks, 2.976 g, maximum 18.2 mm, 180o, mint, 134 - 138 A.D.; HADRIANVS AVG P P, right; , on left, standing right, togate, scroll in left hand, clasping right with , goddess standing left, in her left hand; variety; $270.00 (€240.30)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., of
The mint location for the of is uncertain but it was probably . was the Roman of . made it the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the system. remained as the eastern (and most ) capital of the Roman Empire until co-emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine the Great at the Battle of Chrysopolis in 324. Constantine resided mainly in as his interim capital for the next six years, until in 330 when he declared the nearby (renamed Constantinople) the new capital. Constantine died in his royal villa in the vicinity of in 337. Due to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople.RP84486. Bronze AE 21, III 1017 (3 spec.); I.2 p. 241, 38; -; -; 38; -, gF, brown , some roughness, on , die breaks, cracks, 25.115 g, maximum 33.2 mm, 180o, uncertain ( ?) mint, 2nd issue; AYT KAIC TPAI A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate right; octastyle temple (Temple of and at ?), Corinthian columns, on podium of two steps, pellet between middle columns, ornamented with a small figure holding a and sacrificing on an , KOI-NON in divided line flanking across center, BEIOYNIANC over prow right in ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, ex Classical Numismatic Group e-auction 349 (22 Apr 2015), lot 263; better than the RPC plate coin; very ; $240.00 (€213.60)
Ceres' known mythology is indistinguishable from Demeter's. Her virgin daughter ( ) was abducted by Hades to be his wife in the underworld. searched for her endlessly lighting her way through the earth with torches. While (Demeter) searched, she was preoccupied with her loss and her grief. The halted; living things ceased their growth, then began to die. Some say that in her anger she laid a curse on the world that caused plants to wither and die, and the land to become desolate. Faced with the extinction of all life on earth, Zeus sent his messenger to the underworld to bring back. However, because she had eaten while in the underworld, Hades had a claim on her. Therefore, it was decreed that she would spend four months each year in the underworld. During these months grieves for her daughter's absence, withdrawing her gifts from the world, creating winter. Proserpina's return brings the spring.SH77274. Silver , 69a (R); 859; p. 356, - (*ref. pl. 2, 13); 409 var. ( at feet); -; -, F, dark , scratches, edge cracks, 3.172 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 180o, mint, 128 A.D.; HADRIANI , diademed and draped right, wearing , hair in a plaited on crown of ; seated left on basket, two stalks of grain and poppy in right hand, lit torch in left hand, S•C in ; extremely ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Struck at for Use in
The ( ) was an ancient stringed musical instrument resembling the . The was a simpler folk-instrument with two strings and tortoise shell body. The had seven strings and a flat back. A symbol of , credited with inventing it, the Kithara's origins were likely Asiatic. The was primarily used by professional musicians, called kitharodes. In modern Greek, the word has come to mean "guitar."RY76699. as, 546, 684 (S), 1354, 442, -, VF, attractive dark with red earthen highlighting, nice , , 8.031 g, maximum 22.7 mm, 180o, mint, 119 - 10 Jul 138 A.D.; HADRIANVS , laureate and draped right, from behind; , ( ), ( ) flanking across the ; $145.00 (€129.05)
References list this as a but examples without appear to be (brass) vice copper. The yellow metal indicates the is a . This coin has a near black , which is more common on brass than on bronze or copper, and the few spots of bare metal do look to be brass.RB77189. , 625, 1279, 579, 1167 (5 fr.), 3704 (all list as ), gVF, nice dark , 2.989 g, maximum 18.7 mm, mint, 120 - 123 A.D.; IMP TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, standing half right, turned left, wings open but not spread; , horizontal thunderbolt, S C below; ; $145.00 (€129.05)
Roman , Nov 130 - c. 138 A.D.
Both the and types on this are published but the combination does not appear to be published. Nor did we find another example online. According to , lead tesserae served as local small change in during the first to the third century A.D.RX74430. Lead , Unpublished; cf. 6444 and 3584 (for ), F, 3.300 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 180o, (?) mint, Nov 130 - c. 138 A.D. (possibly later); on horseback right, wearing hem hem crown, in right hand; of (?) right, (?, on ), on shoulder behind, snake entwined staff before; extremely ; $140.00 (€124.60)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Caesarea,
Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, of , 163 - 130 B.C. The last of , Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.RP84962. Silver ∆ (year 4) divided across ; $130.00 (€115.70) , 85; 257; p. 62, 143; 223; -, gVF, light marks, slight , 1.439 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 0o, , Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 120 - 121 A.D.; AYTO KAIC TPAI A∆PIANOC CEBACT, laureate right, slight drapery on far shoulder; club, ET -
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial
The ancients did not agree on the attributes of . A passage in affirms that many recognized in this god, , imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with , the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as , possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis of the infernal regions. On this coin, Pluto's influence is evident with the fearsome at Serapis' feet.RX76581. , 32.571, 1094, 1479, 1399, 892, 623, 6739 var. (date), aF, , grainy and porous, 10.343 g, maximum 13.74 mm, 0o, mint, 29 Aug 133 - 28 Aug 134 A.D.; AYT KAIC TPAIAN A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate and draped right, from behind; seated left, reaching with right to at feet left, long vertical in right, LI - H (regnal year 18) across fields; $90.00 (€80.10)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial
The Lighthouse of , also called the Pharos, built by the Ptolemaic Kingdom between 280 and 247 B.C., was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Between 393 and 450 feet (120 - 140 m) tall, it was one of the tallest man-made structures on Earth for many centuries. Damaged by three earthquakes between 956 and 1323, it then became an abandoned ruin. It was the third longest surviving ancient wonder (after the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus and the extant Great Pyramid of Giza), until in 1480 the last of its remnant stones were used to build the Citadel of Qaitbay on the site. In 1994, French archaeologists discovered some remains of the lighthouse on the floor of Alexandria's Eastern Harbor.RX77843. Bronze , 1768; 1121; 1416; 32.588; 386; p. 89, 757; 1002, F, pierced through center, 21.460 g, maximum 33.0 mm, 0o, mint, 29 Aug 133 - 28 Aug 134 A.D.; AYT KAIC TPAIAN A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate and draped right; Pharia right holding a billowing sail with both and left foot, sailing toward the Pharos, which is surmounted by a statue and two Tritons, each blowing a buccinum (sea shell trumpet); L IH (year 18) above center; $80.00 (€71.20)
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