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Ancient coins dies were hand engraved and the coins were hand struck. Significant variation is normal and errors, including spelling errors, off center strikes, double strikes, etc. usually decrease, not increase, the value of ancient coins. On this page we will list only the more unusual errors, beyond those ordinarily expected.
|Kaykhusraw I, the eleventh and youngest son of KilijII, succeeded his father in 1192. He ruled 1192-1196 and 1205-1211, but had to fight his brothers for control of the Sultanate. He married a granddaughter of the emperor Manuel I Komnenos. In 1207 he seized Antalya from its Frankish garrison and furnished the Seljuq state with a on the Mediterranean. According to Niketas Choniates, he was killed in single combat by Theodore I Laskaris, the emperor of Nicaea, during the Battle of Antioch on the Meander.|