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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Numismatics ▸ Mint ErrorsView Options:  |  |  | 

Mint Errors

Ancient coins dies were hand engraved and the coins were hand struck. Significant variation is normal and errors, including spelling errors, off center strikes, double strikes, etc. usually decrease, not increase, the value of ancient coins. On this page we will list only the more unusual errors, beyond those ordinarily expected.

Phaselis, Lycia, 500 - 466 B.C.

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Partial brockage obverse. The obverse was re-struck off-center over a brockage of the reverse, leaving two clear impressions.
GA83588. Silver tetrobol, SNGvA 4396, SNG Berry 1200 var. (ΦA above galley, Σ below), SNG Cop -, SNG Fitzwilliam -, VF, toned, tight flan, die wear, die cracks, partial brockage, weight 3.507 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 90o, Phaselis mint, 500 - 440 B.C.; obverse prow of war galley right in the form of a boar's forepart, partial brockage with incuse letters ΦA visible on obverse; reverse stern right, ΦAΣ above, all in incuse square; ex Roma Numismatics, e-sale 21 (31 Oct 2015), 368; $230.00 SALE PRICE $207.00

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Aezanis, Phrygia

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A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.
ME85351. Bronze AE 20, cf. RPC I 3098, VF, weight 6.622 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, Aizanis (Cavdarhisar, Turkey) mint, obverse KΛAY∆IOΣ KAIΣAP, laureate head right; reverse incuse of obverse; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00

Carus, Early September 282 - c. July or August 283 A.D., Brockage

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A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.
RA84589. Billon antoninianus, aVF, green patina, deposits, areas of corrosion, weight 3.476 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, obverse IMP CARVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse incuse; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50

Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C., Brockage

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A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.
JD84590. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1145, VF, off center, weight 2.319 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription, Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse incuse of obverse; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D., Brockage

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A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.
RL84593. Bronze reduced centenionalis, aVF, weight 1.543 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, as caesar, 13 Nov 24 - 22 May 337 A.D.; obverse D N IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate and draped bust right; reverse incuse of the obverse; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00

Malaka, Punic Iberia, 175 - 91 B.C.

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Phoenicians from Tyre founded Malaka (MŠlaga, Spain today) about 770 B.C. The name was probably derived from the Phoenician word for "salt" because fish was salted near the harbor. After a period of Carthaginian rule, Malaka became part of the Roman Empire. The Roman city enjoyed remarkable development under a special law, the Lex Flavia Malacitana. A Roman theater was built at this time. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it was ruled first by the Visigoths and then the Byzantine Empire (550Ė621). It was regained by the Visigoths in 621 and ruled by them until the Umayyad Muslim conquest in 711.
RP84866. Bronze AE 28, Villaronga-Benages 786, Burgos 1727, Villaronga CNH 9, SNG Lorichs 93, SNG BM Spain 357, aVF, double struck, encrustations, corrosion, ragged edge, weight 13.180 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 90o, Malaka (MŠlaga, Spain) mint, 175/150 - 100/91 B.C.; obverse head of Vulcan right, bearded and wearing conical cap, tongs behind, neo-Punic inscription MLK outer left, all within laurel wreath; reverse radiate bust of Helios facing; ex Pegasi Numismatics ($175); $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00

Islamic, Seljuqs Sultanate of Rum, Kaykhusraw I, 1192 - 1196, 1204-1210, Brockage

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Kaykhusraw I, the eleventh and youngest son of Kilij Arslan II, succeeded his father in 1192. He ruled 1192-1196 and 1205-1211, but had to fight his brothers for control of the Sultanate. He married a granddaughter of the Byzantine emperor Manuel I Komnenos. In 1207 he seized Antalya from its Frankish garrison and furnished the Seljuq state with a port on the Mediterranean. According to Niketas Choniates, he was killed in single combat by Theodore I Laskaris, the emperor of Nicaea, during the Battle of Antioch on the Meander.Seljuqs of Rum
ME65438. Bronze fals, cf. Album 1202, Mitchiner WOI 957, Zeno OCD 121946 (all same type, not brockages), VF, brockage, weight 3.135 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, obverse horseman right, sword in right at shoulder, star at each side of his head, ornament below; reverse incuse of obverse (normal reverse is Arabic script); $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

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This interesting mint error mixes the legend LIBERTAS (liberty) with the figure of Liberalitas (generosity). Libertas usually hold a pileus and rod, symbols of liberty. On this coin, Liberalitas holds an abacus (counting board) and cornucopia, symbolic of a distribution of money to the people. The mint officials at Antioch apparently did not speak Latin and did not know the difference between the names and images of Libertas and Liberalitas.
BB85090. Silver denarius, cf. Reka Devnia p. 133; RSC III 145a (refs R.D. coin), RIC IV 284 note (same), F, bent, cracked, lamination defects, corrosion, possibly a plated counterfeit but we cannot see a base core in any of the cracks, weight 2.457 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 223 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right from behind; reverse LIBERITAS AVG, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left; extremely rare; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00

Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria

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The Battle of Antioch. After Macrinus unwisely cut legionary pay, Legio III Gallica hailed Elagabalus as emperor on 16 May 218. Macrinus sent cavalry but they too joined Elagabalus. He finally abandoned his pay cut and paid a bonus, but it was too late. Legion II Parthica defected. General Gannys, the commander of Elagabalus' forces, decisively defeated Macrinus was just outside Antioch on 8 June 218. Macrinus shaved off his hair and beard and fled, disguised as a member of the military police. He was recognized by a centurion at Chalcedon on the Bosporus, taken back to Antioch and executed.
RP65620. Brass as, McAlee 778(b), SNG Righetti 2004, aF, weight 3.652 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse AVT K M AVP C ANTΩNINIOC CE, laureate head right; reverse S C (S reversed), ∆ above, E below, all within wreath closed at the top with a star; rare; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00

Amirs of Sindh, 'Abd Allah, c. 870 - 1030 A.D.

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Sindh is an ancient name for the Indus valley from the Arabian Sea to the Salt Range with Mansura in the south and Multan in the north. The name Pakistan is formed from an acronym, the S for Sindh. From early 8th century A.D., this area was ruled by governors appointed by the Umayyad and then the Abbasid Caliphs. In the 9th century A.D., two separate kingdoms ruled from Mansura and Multan. The rulers of Mansura are known as Amirs of Sindh or Habbarids. Very little is known about them apart from their coins. The dates and even the order of reigns are unknown. In 1030, Sindh was conquered by Mahmud of Ghazni.
IS75710. Silver Qandhari dirham, Mitchiner WOI 642, Album A1502 (C, AR damma, 'Abd Allah II), F, brockage, toned, weight 0.550 g, maximum diameter 10.2 mm, Mansura (near Shahdadpur, Pakistan) mint, undated; obverse Arabic inscription in three lines: There is no god but God alone; reverse incuse of obverse (the normal reverse is - Arabic inscription in three lines: Muhammad is the Messenger of God, the prince 'Abdullah); $24.00 SALE PRICE $21.60


Catalog current as of Thursday, July 20, 2017.
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Mint Errors