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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>GreekImperial>Macedonia

Roman Provincial Coins from Macedonia

For twenty years, from 168 to 148 B.C., after the defeat of Perseus at the battle of Pydna, Macedonia was divided into four autonomous administrative regions. To weaken the power of the area and increase dependence on the empire, Rome took control of the mines and forests, demanded half of all taxes collected and banned trade between the regions. No coins were issued from 168 - 158 B.C. Between 158 and 148 B.C. the first (PROTES) region minted a large number of tetradrachms at its capital, Amphipolis. The second (DEUTERAS) region minted a small number of very rare tetradrachm at Thessalonica. The third region, its capital at Pella, and the fourth region, its capital at Heraclea Lynci, did not issue silver. In 148 B.C. the regions were reunited as a Roman province. Silver coinage was not struck for another half century, however, bronze coins were issued by governors, praetors, quaestors and individual cities. In 93 B.C., silver coinage resumed, the most prolific issue was that of the quaestor Aesillas. Macedonian cities continued to issue coinage in imperial times, some without the imperial bust.


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Gordian III, c. 231 - 247 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

Click for a larger photo The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year.

The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus the Koinon received a second neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely ∆IC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.

RP67773. Bronze AE 25, AMNG III 608; SNG Cop 1368; BMC Macedonia p. 25, 131, weight 11.295 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 270o, Beroea(?) mint, reign of Gordian III, c. 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B NE, table with lion's feet, upon it two agonistic urns each containing palm; scarce; $225.00 (€195.75)


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

Click for a larger photo Amphipolis was home to an imperial cult, worshiping the living emperor, and to a cult dedicated to Artemis Tauropolos. The obverse depicts Trajan as a military victor and probably copies an imperial statue. The reverse may depict a local statue of Artemis Tauropolos.GB90406. Bronze AE 20, Lindgren II 978 (same dies), Varbanov 7179 (R7), AMNG III 79, Hunterian I 37, Moushmov 6068, SNG ANS -, SNG Cop -, SNG Tüb, BMC Macedonia -, gF, centered, some porosity, weight 5.099 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; obverse KAICAP TPAIANOC, emperor on horseback galloping right, brandishing spear to strike a prostrate foe below; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, Artemis Tauropolos standing left, kalathos on head, long torch before her in right hand, small branch in left hand downward at side, grounded shield behind; rare; $220.00 (€191.40)


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

Click for a larger photo Amphipolis was home to an imperial cult, worshiping the living emperor, and to a cult dedicated to Artemis Tauropolos. The obverse depicts Trajan as a military victor and probably copies an imperial statue. The reverse may depict a local statue of Artemis Tauropolos.GB90707. Bronze AE 20, Lindgren II 978 (same dies), Varbanov 7179 (R7), AMNG III 79, Hunterian I 37, Moushmov 6068, SNG ANS -, SNG Cop -, SNG Tüb, BMC Macedonia -, F, weight 6.620 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; obverse KAICAP TPAIANOC, emperor on horseback galloping right, brandishing spear to strike a prostrate foe below; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, Artemis Tauropolos standing left, kalathos on head, long torch before her in right hand, small branch in left hand downward at side, grounded shield behind; rare; $220.00 (€191.40)


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Koinon of Macedonia

Click for a larger photo The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The Koinon held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor.SH58198. Bronze AE 24, Varbanov 3052; BMC Macedonia p. 28, 156; SNG Cop 1342; SGICV 1541; Lindgren 1366, gVF, weight 8.349 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, Thessalonica(?) mint, obverse KAICAP ANTWNINOC, laureate head right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONWN, winged thunderbolt; $215.00 (€187.05)


Mark Antony and Octavian, Thessalonica, Macedonia, 37 B.C.

Click for a larger photo The reverse inscription abbreviates, MAPKOΣ ANTΩNIONΣ AYTOKPATΩP ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP AYTOKPATΩP. The bust of Libertas on the obverse "refers to the grant of freedom by the Triumvirs to Thessalonica in 42 BC after the battle of Philippi (the victory which is celebrated on the reverse)." -- RPC I, p. 29SH72307. Leaded bronze AE 31, BMC Macedonia p. 115, 63; RPC I 1551/20-26; Sear CRI 672; SNG Cop 374; SNG ANS 823, aVF, weight 17.561 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 37 B.C.; obverse ΘEΣΣAΛONKEΩN EΛEYΘEPIAΣ, diademed and draped bust of Eleutheria (Liberty) right, E (year 5) below chin; reverse M ANT AYT Γ KAI AYT, Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right, palm frond in left; $200.00 (€174.00)


Mark Antony and Octavian, Thessalonica, Macedonia, 37 B.C.

Click for a larger photo The reverse inscription abbreviates, MAPKOΣ ANTΩNIONΣ AYTOKPATΩP ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP AYTOKPATΩP. The bust of Libertas on the obverse "refers to the grant of freedom by the Triumvirs to Thessalonica in 42 BC after the battle of Philippi (the victory which is celebrated on the reverse)." -- RPC I, p. 29SH63716. Leaded bronze AE 31, BMC Macedonia p. 115, 63; RPC I 1551; Sear CRI 672; SNG Cop 374; SNG ANS 823, F, weight 18.710 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 37 B.C.; obverse ΘEΣΣAΛONKEΩN EΛEYΘEPIAΣ, diademed and draped bust of Eleutheria (Liberty) right, E (year 5) below chin; reverse M ANT AYT Γ KAI AYT, Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right, palm frond in left; $195.00 (€169.65)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Edessa, Macedonia

Click for a larger photo Edessa, Macedonia struck coins from 27 B.C. to 268 A.D. Located on the Via Egnatia, the city prospered in under the Romans but disappeared from history after 500 A.D. In 304 B.C., Seleucus I Nicator commemorated Edessa, Macedonia by founding a city named Edessa in northern Mesopotamia.SH65375. Bronze AE 25, SNG ANS 266 (same dies); Papaefthymiou 1, unlisted die combination (D1/R6); Varbanov 3658; SNG Cop 168 - 170 var (obv legend); AMNG III -, gVF, well centered, nice patina, weight 8.464 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 45o, Edessa mint, obverse AYT K M ANTΩIOC ΓOP∆IANOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse E∆ECCAIΩN, Roma seated left on cuirass, Nike in right, parazonium in left, Tyche standing behind crowing Roma with right, cornucopia in left; $195.00 (€169.65)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Pella, Macedonia

Click for a larger photo
Pan is depicted in the pose of the life-size marble statue known as the Barberini Faun (Drunken Satyr) in the Glyptothek in Munich. A Faun is the Roman equivalent of a Greek Satyr. The position of the right arm over the head was a classical artistic convention indicating sleep. The statue is believed to have once adorned Hadrian's Mausoleum. The historian Procopius recorded that during the siege of Rome in 537 the defenders had hurled down upon the Goths the statues adorning Hadrian's Mausoleum. When discovered, the statue was heavily damaged; the right leg, parts of both hands, and parts of the head were missing. Johann Winckelmann speculated that the place of discovery and the statue's condition suggested that it had been such a projectile.Barberini Faun
RP66884. Bronze AE 26, cf. Varbanov III 3757 (R4), BMC Macedonia p. 95, 46; AMNG III 35; SNG Hunterian 660; SNG Cop 287 (bust obscure); SNG ANS 639 (laureate); Lindgren -, VF, weight 10.082 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 135o, Pella mint, obverse IMP C M ANT GORDIANVS, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse COL IVL AVS PGLLA (sic, error not in refs), Pan seated left, on a rock, right arm over head, left elbow resting on syrinx; ex Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung auction 208, lot 1783; $195.00 (€169.65)


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Kassandreia, Macedonia

Click for a larger photo Cassandrea, previously Potidaea, was founded as a colony by Hortensius in 43 - 42 B.C. and refounded as COL IVL AVG CASSANDREN by Augustus in 30 B.C. The portrait and inscribed titles indicate this type was struck between 63 and 68 A.D. It may have been struck for Nero's visit to Greece in 66 - 67.SH59952. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1517, SNG ANS 234, Varbanov 3324, SNG Cop -, VF, nice jade patina and attractive style, weight 8.108 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Kassandreia mint, 63 - 68 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P (IMP?) P P, radiate head left; reverse COL IVL AVG - CASSANDREN, horned head of Zeus Ammon left; $190.00 (€165.30)


Thessalonica, Macedonia, Julius Caesar and Augustus, c. 28 - 27 B.C.

Click for a larger photo Gaebler (AMNG, p. 125) believed the ∆ stands for 4 asses. Touratsoglou (p. 25) interprets it to indicate year four an era of beginning with the Battle of Actium, which would date the issue to 28 - 27 B.C.RP90713. Leaded bronze AE 23, Touratsoglou 48 (V11/R44), RPC I 1554, Varbanov III 5153, SGICV 151, F, weight 10.222 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 28 - 27 B.C. (perhaps later); obverse ΘOEΣ, laureate head of Julius Caesar right; reverse ΘEΣΣAΛONIKEΩN, bare head of Augustus right, ∆ (year 4 of Augustus) below; $185.00 (€160.95)


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

Click for a larger photo Amphipolis was on the Via Egnatia, the principal Roman road which crossed the southern Balkans. In 50, the apostle Paul visited Amphipolis on his way to Thessaloniki. Many Christian churches were built indicating prosperity, but the region grew increasingly dangerous. In the 6th century the population had declined considerably and the old perimeter was no longer defensible against Slavic invasions. The lower city was plundered for materials to fortify the Acropolis. In the 7th century, a new wall was built, right through the bath and basilica, dividing the Acropolis. The remaining artisans moved to houses and workshops built in the unused cisterns of the upper city. In the 8th century, the last inhabitants probably abandoned the city and moved to nearby Chrysopolis (formerly Eion, once the port of Amphipolis).SH58235. Bronze AE 25, SNG Evelpidis 1186, Varbanov III 3250 var (fish in ex, same obv die), BMC 118 var (same), SNG Cop 109 var (obv legend), SNG ANS 194 var (same, draped), VF, weight 8.849 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 225o, Amphipolis mint, obverse AYTOK M AYP KOMMO∆OC ANTON, laureate head right; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, City-goddess seated left on high-backed throne, polos on head, patera in extended right; rare; $180.00 (€156.60)


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Thessalonica, Macedonia

Click for a larger photo The god Kabeiros is similar in appearance to Dionysos and the rites of his cult were likely similar to those of the Dionysian mysteries. The attributes of Kabeiros are a rhyton and hammer.RP59998. Bronze AE 25, Varbanov III 4709, BMC Macedonia p. 127, 133, SNG Cop -, VF, light scratches, weight 8.831 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, obverse AYK K M IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN ΠYΘIA, Apollo standing left, small Kabeiros in right, laurel branch in left, at his feet, agonistic urn containing a palm branch rests on a table; scarce; $180.00 (€156.60)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

Click for a larger photo Tauropolos is an epithet for the goddess Artemis, variously interpreted as worshipped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of Artemis "Tauropolos" by Iphigenia in her temple at Brauron in Attica was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians. Tauropolia was a festival of Artemis held at Athens. - WikipediaGB73165. Bronze AE 24, RPC I 1626; SNG ANS 164 - 165; SNG Cop 89 - 91; SNG Tübingen 994; BMC Macedonia p. 52, 73, VF, weight 13.459 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, c. 31 - 27 B.C.; obverse KAIΣAP ΘEOY YIOΣ (Caesar son of God), bare head right; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, Artemis Tauropolos riding bull right, holding billowing veil with both hands; $180.00 (€156.60)


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

Click for a larger photo In 168 B.C., the Romans invaded Macedonia and overthrew King Perseus in the First Battle of Pydna. In 149 B.C., Andriskos, at that time ruler of Adramyttium only, claiming to be Perseus' son, announced his intention to retake Macedonia from Rome. Andriskos travelled to Syria to request military help from Demetrius Soter of Syria. Demetrius instead handed him over Rome. Andriskos escaped captivity, raised a Thracian army, invaded Macedonia, and defeated the Roman praetor Publius Juventius. Andriskos then declared himself King Philip VI of Macedonia. In 148 B.C., Andriskos conquered Thessaly and made an alliance with Carthage, thus bringing the Roman wrath on him. In 148 B.C., in what the Romans called the Fourth Macedonian War, he was defeated by the Roman praetor Q. Caecilius Metellus at the Second Battle of Pydna. He fled to Thrace, whose prince gave him up to Rome. Andriskos' brief reign over Macedonia was marked by cruelty and extortion. After this Macedonia was formally reduced to a Roman province.RP66850. Bronze AE 25, SNG ANS 183, SNG Cop 104, BMC Macedonia -, VF, green patina, weight 8.475 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, obverse KAICAP ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, Tyche seated left, wearing turreted crown, patera in right, center dimple; scarce; $160.00 (€139.20)


Mark Antony and Octavian, Thessalonica, Macedonia, 37 B.C.

Click for a larger photo The reverse inscription abbreviates, MAPKOΣ ANTΩNIONΣ AYTOKPATΩP ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP AYTOKPATΩP. The bust of Libertas on the obverse "refers to the grant of freedom by the Triumvirs to Thessalonica in 42 BC after the battle of Philippi (the victory which is celebrated on the reverse)." -- RPC I, p. 29.RP71965. Leaded bronze AE 30, BMC Macedonia p. 115, 63; RPC I 1551; Sear CRI 672; SNG Cop 374; SNG ANS 823, gF, weight 24.719 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 37 B.C.; obverse ΘEΣΣAΛONKEΩN EΛEYΘEPIAΣ, diademed and draped bust of Eleutheria (Liberty) right, E (year 5) below chin; reverse M ANT AYT Γ KAI AYT, Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right, palm frond in left; from the Andrew McCabe collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 10, lot 493; $155.00 (€134.85)


Thessalonica, Macedonia, Julius Caesar, and Augustus, c. 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. (Possibly Later)

Click for a larger photo RPC tentatively dates the type to the reign of Augustus but notes it may have been struck as late as the reign of Domitian.RP70490. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 1555; BMC Macedonia p. 115, 60; cf. SNG Cop 395 (Julius Caesar laureate); SGICV I 151 (same), F+, weight 8.287 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. (Possibly Later); obverse ΘEOC, bare head of Julius Caesar right; reverse ΘECCAΛONI KEΩN, bare head of Augustus right; $135.00 (€117.45)


Amphipolis, Macedonia, 1st - 3rd Century A.D.

Click for a larger photo Amphipolis was built on a raised plateau overlooking the east bank of the river Strymon where it emerged from Lake Cercinitis, about 3 miles from the Aegean Sea. When Xerxes I of Persia crossed the Strymon during his invasion in 480 B.C. he buried alive nine young boys and nine maidens as a sacrifice to the river god.RP69174. Bronze AE 25, AMNG III.2 p. 39, 63; Lindgren II 960; Mionnet Supplement III p. 26, 190; SNG ANS -; SNG Cop -; BMC Macedonia -; SGCV I -, Fair, weight 11.449 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 225o, Amphipolis mint, 1st - 3rd century A.D.; obverse AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, City goddess seated left on facing high-backed throne, radiate, shell(?) in right; reverse CTPYMΩN, river god Strymon reclining left on rocks, head turned right, broken reed in right, water plant in left; very rare; $110.00 (€95.70)


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

Click for a larger photo Simillar types with the club over lion reverse that identify only a single Neokorie in the reverse legend (no B) were struck under Severus Alexander, c. 231 - 238. Another similar issue is dated EOC, year 275 of the Actium Era (244 - 245 A.D.), on the reverse. They were probably struck for the visit of Philip I in 244.
RP59370. Bronze AE 27, AMNG III 741; BMC Macedonia p. 24, 118; SNG Cop 1375; SNG Bar 504; SNG Hunterian -; SNG Saroglos -; Lindgren -, aVF, weight 9.193 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 180o, Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, head of Alexander the Great right, as Herakles, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B NEΩ, lion walking right, club left above; scarce; $110.00 (€95.70)


Macedonia, Roman Protectorate, c. 168 - 167 B.C.

Click for a larger photo On 22 June 168 B.C., Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeated the Macedonian King Perseus at the Battle of Pydna, and Macedonia came under Roman rule. This coin was struck shortly after Rome's victory, under the quaestor Gaius Publilius.RP90404. Bronze AE 22, SNG Cop 1318; BMC Macedonia p 18, 72, aVF, weight 10.290 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 90o, 168 - 167 B.C.; obverse winged helmeted head of Roma (or Perseus) right, griffin at helmet peak; reverse MAKE∆ONΩN / TAMIOY ΓAIOY / ΠOΠΛIΛIOY, inscription in three lines within oak wreath; $110.00 (€95.70)


Thessalonika, Macedonia, c. 187 - 31 B.C.

Click for a larger photo King Cassander of Macedonia founded Thessalonica in 315 B.C. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. The Romans made Thessalonica the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia 168 B.C.GB67765. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop 372, BMC Macedonia p. 111, 22; SNG ANS 798 var (incorrectly identified as Zeus, E above trident on obv), VF, weight 6.077 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 315o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 187 - 31 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Poseidon right, trident behind; reverse prow right, ΘEΣΣA/ΛONI above and below; $105.00 (€91.35)


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

Click for a larger photo Simillar types with the club over lion reverse that identify only a single Neokorie in the reverse legend (no B) were struck under Severus Alexander, c. 231 - 238. Another similar issue is dated EOC, year 275 of the Actium Era (244 - 245 A.D.), on the reverse. They were probably struck for the visit of Philip I in 244.RP58833. Bronze AE 26, AMNG III 741; BMC Macedonia p. 24, 118; SNG Cop 1375; SNG Bar 504; SNG Hunterian -; SNG Saroglos -; Lindgren -, aVF, rough, weight 10.578 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 180o, Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, head of Alexander the Great right, as Herakles, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B NEΩ, lion walking right, club left above; scarce; $95.00 (€82.65)


Click for a larger photo Antonia was daughter of Marc Antony and Octavia, wife of Nero Claudius Drusus, sister-in-law of Tiberius, mother of Claudius, and grandmother of Caligula. Renowned for her beauty and virtue, Antonia spent her long life revered by the Roman people and enjoyed many honors conferred upon her by her relatives. All her coinage was issued early in the reign of Claudius. She died around 37 A.D., possibly as a result of forced suicide ordered by Caligula. RP65837. Bronze AE 17, RPC I 1582, SNG ANS 840, Touratsoglou 44, F, scuff on cheek, weight 4.441 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, reign of Claudius, 41 - 54 A.D.; obverse ANTΩNIA, draped bust right; reverse ΘEΣΣAΛONEIKEΩN, Nike standing left on globe, wreath in right, palm frond in left; $95.00 (€82.65)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Thessalonica, Macedonia

Click for a larger photo Tiberius became Augustus' stepson when the emperor married Livia in 38 B.C. Augustus forced Tiberius to divorce the wife he loved and marry his daughter Julia. Tiberius hated his new wife and escaped her by going into exile at Rhodes in 6 B.C. After the deaths of the other possible successors, he was recalled in 2 A.D. and groomed to succeed Augustus, which he did on 19 August 14.RP70927. Bronze AE 21, Touratsoglou 204 (V62/R181), RPC I 1565; BMC Macedonia p. 117, 74; SNG Cop 400, aF, weight 8.826 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 45o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, emission XI, c. 4 - 14 A.D.; obverse ΘEΣΣAΛONIKEΩN, laureate head of Augustus right; reverse TIBEPIOΣ KAIΣAP, bare head of Tiberius Caesar right; $95.00 (€82.65)


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

Click for a larger photo The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year.

The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus the Koinon received a second neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely ∆IC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.
RP58391. Bronze AE 26, Lindgren II 1382; cf. AMNG III 618 (no star); SNG Cop 1369 (same); SNG Hunterian 742 (same); SNG Bar 502 (same); BMC Macedonia p. 24, 115 (1 neokorie), gF, weight 11.403 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 45o, Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B NE (NE ligate), Athena seated left, Nike in right hand, spear in left hand, resting left arm on shield, star in right field; $90.00 (€78.30)


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

Click for a larger photo For the Alexander commemorative series issued by the Koinon of Macedonia, AMNG is by far the best reference listing over 500 different varieties on 100 pages, an absolutely bewildering study. With few plate images and listing many minor variations, it is a challenge to use for anyone who does not speak German. Varbanov only lists coins of the Koinon with portraits of the emperor on the obverse.RP56907. Bronze AE 28, cf. AMNG III 615 ff.; BMC Macedonia p. 24, 113 ff.; SNG Hunterian 742 - 743; SNG Saroglos 984; SNG Cop -, aVF, weight 13.408 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 180o, Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B NEΩ (or similar), Athena seated left, Nike in right presenting wreath, spear in left, shield behind; $85.00 (€73.95) ON RESERVE


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Koinon of Macedonia

Click for a larger photo The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The Koinon held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor.RP70929. Bronze AE 26, RPC I 1612; Varbanov 305; AMNG III 238; SNG Cop 1334; SGICV 425; BMC Macedonia p. 27, 145; Lindgren II 1354, aF, porous, weight 9.033 g, maximum diameter 26.9 mm, die axis 90o, Thessalonica(?) mint, 41 - 54 A.D.; obverse TI KΛAY∆IOΣ KAIΣAP, bare head left; reverse ΣEBAΣTOΣ MAKE∆ONΩN, Macedonian shield; $80.00 (€69.60)


Thessalonica, Macedonia, 88 - 31 B.C.

Click for a larger photo King Cassander of Macedonia founded Thessalonica in 315 B.C. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. The Romans made Thessalonica the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia 168 B.C.GB72620. Bronze AE 23, AMNG III 19, pl. 23, 9; SNG ANS 804; SNG Cop 369; BMC Macedonia p. 112, 35, VF, weight 9.421 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 45o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, 88 - 31 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Janus; reverse two Centaurs prancing, back to back, each holding a branch, ΘEΣΣAΛO/NIKHΣ below; $80.00 (€69.60)


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Thessalonica, Macedonia, Livia Reverse

Click for a larger photo Tiberius depicted his mother Livia on most of his coins, perhaps in gratitude for her scheming that removed potential rivals to the throne, until Augustus had no choice but to name him as heir.RP73136. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 1567; BMC Macedonia p. 117, 75; SNG Cop 403, aF, weight 9.329 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, 14 - 29 A.D.; obverse TI KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ, bare head right; reverse ΣEBAΣTH ΘEΣΣAΛONIKEΩN, laureate bust of Livia right; $70.00 (€60.90)


Macedonia, Roman Protectorate, Quaestor Gaius Publilius, 168 - 167 B.C.

Click for a larger photo On 22 June 168 B.C., Lucius Aemilius Paullus won the Battle of Pydna, ending the Third Macedonian War. According to Plutarch, Paullus kept too much plunder for himself, displeasing his legions. On his return to Rome, to keep them happy, Paullus stopped in Epirus, a kingdom suspected of sympathizing with Macedonia. He sacked 70 towns, enslaved 150,000, and left the region bankrupt. Paullus' return to Rome was glorious. With the immense plunder, he celebrated a spectacular triumph, featuring the captured king, Perseus of Macedonia. The senate awarded him the cognomen Macedonicus.RP62146. Bronze AE 20, BMC Macedonia p. 18, 76; SNG Cop 1323; AMNG III 210, MacKay pl. III, 5 var (noted variant); Lindgren 1350 var (monograms), F, weight 10.403 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Bottiaea, Pella(?) mint, 168 - 167 B.C.; obverse head of Athena Parthenos right, wearing crested Athenian helmet adorned with a griffin and foreparts of horses (as on contemporary Athenian tetradrachms); reverse ΓAIOY / TAMIOY, cow grazing right, ΠΛY (ΠOΠΛIΛIOY) monogram above right, BT (Bottiaea) monogram below; scarce; $65.00 (€56.55)


Philippi, Macedonia, 41 - 68 A.D.

Click for a larger photo This coin has traditionally been attributed to Augustus, but due to its copper composition, RPC attributes it as likely from Claudius to Nero; Philippi probably did not issue copper coins during the reign of Augustus.RP72176. Bronze AE 19, RPC I 1651, Varbanov 3229, SGICV 32, SNG Cop 305, AMNG III 14, BMC Macedonia 23, VF, weight 4.579 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Philippi mint, 41 - 68 A.D.; obverse VIC - AVG, Victory standing left on base holding wreath and palm; reverse COHOR PRAE PHIL, three standards; $55.00 (€47.85) ON RESERVE


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

Click for a larger photo The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year.

The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus the Koinon received a second neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely DIC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.

RP58834. Bronze AE 27, AMNG III 535, SNG Cop 1369 var, SNG Hunterian 742, Lindgren 1382 v., SNG Bar 502 v., SNG Saroglos 984 v., BMC - (all var rev legend arrangement), F, obverse rough, weight 11.691 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 45o, Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B, NEΩ in ex, Athena seated left, Nike in right, shield behind; $50.00 (€43.50)


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

Click for a larger photo Tauropolos is an epithet for the goddess Artemis, variously interpreted as worshipped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of Artemis "Tauropolos" by Iphigenia in her temple at Brauron in Attica was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians. Tauropolia was a festival of Artemis held at Athens. - WikipediaRP56103. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1640, SNG Cop 98, gF, weight 10.076 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, obverse TI KΛAY∆IOΣ ΣEBAΣTOΣ, Claudius standing left, right hand raised, holding eagle tipped scepter in left; reverse AMΦIΠOΛITΩN, Artemis Tauropolos riding a bull right, holding a veil billowing over her head; $45.00 (€39.15)


Pella, Macedonia, c. 187 - 31 B.C.

Click for a larger photo Pella was founded in 399 B.C. by King Archelaus (413 - 399 B.C.) as his capital. It was the seat of Philip II and of his son, Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C., it was sacked by the Romans, and its treasury transported to Rome. Later the city was destroyed by an earthquake. By 180 A.D., Lucian could describe it in passing as "now insignificant, with very few inhabitants."BB52317. Bronze AE 21, cf. SNG Cop 266 ff. (various monograms); BMC Macedonia p. 91, 21; SGCV I 1443, F, weight 8.868 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, Pella mint, under Roman rule, c. 187 - 31 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse cow grazing right, ΠEΛ/ΛHΣ above and below, Λ right, monogram below; $40.00 (€34.80)


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Stobi, Macedonia

Click for a larger photo Stobi (now Gradsko, Macedonia) was an ancient town of Paeonia, conquered by Macedonia, and later made the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia Salutaris. Stobi prospered under Rome and in 69 A.D. was designated a municipium. Citizens of Stobi enjoyed Ius Italicum and were citizens of Rome.RP63359. Bronze diassarion, Josifovski Stobi 236 var (MVNIC STOBE); Varbanov 3881 var (MVNI STOBEN); SNG Cop -; BMC Macedonia -, F, weight 5.251 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, Stobi mint, obverse IVLIA A-VGVSTA (starting at 2:00), draped bust right; reverse MVNI - STOB, Nike (Victory) standing right, with both hands holding an oval shield resting on her left knee, left foot resting on a globe; rare; $40.00 (€34.80)


Amphipolis, Macedonia, c. 187 - 31 B.C.

Click for a larger photo In 168 B.C., the Romans invaded Macedonia and overthrew King Perseus in the First Battle of Pydna. In 149 B.C., Andriskos, at that time ruler of Adramyttium only, claiming to be Perseus' son, announced his intention to retake Macedonia from Rome. Andriskos travelled to Syria to request military help from Demetrius Soter of Syria. Demetrius instead handed him over Rome. Andriskos escaped captivity, raised a Thracian army, invaded Macedonia, and defeated the Roman praetor Publius Juventius. Andriskos then declared himself King Philip VI of Macedonia. In 148 B.C., Andriskos conquered Thessaly and made an alliance with Carthage, thus bringing the Roman wrath on him. In 148 B.C., in what the Romans called the Fourth Macedonian War, he was defeated by the Roman praetor Q. Caecilius Metellus at the Second Battle of Pydna. He fled to Thrace, whose prince gave him up to Rome. Andriskos' brief reign over Macedonia was marked by cruelty and extortion. After this Macedonia was formally reduced to a Roman province.BB69295. Bronze semis, SNG ANS 135 - 136 var (monograms), SNG Cop 69 - 70 var (same), SNG Dreer 217 var (same), BMC Macedonia -, aF, weight 8.612 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 315o, Amphipolis mint, Roman rule, c. 187 - 31 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right, S behind; reverse AMΦIΠO/ΛITΩN, prow, S left, monograms right; scarce; $40.00 (€34.80)


Amphipolis, Macedonia, c. 168 - 31 B.C.

Click for a larger photo Poseidon was the god of the sea, earthquakes and horses. As god of horses, Poseidon often adopted the shape of a steed. It is not certain that he was in this form when he wooed Medusa. But when Perseus later killed the Gorgon, the winged horse Pegasus sprang from her severed neck. -- www.mythweb.comBB90345. Bronze AE 18, SNG ANS 127 corr. (says AI right but above on plate); BMC Macedonia p. 49, 46 var (control); SNG Cop 66 var (same); SNG Tübingen -, F, nice green patina, edge chips, double struck, weight 4.285 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, c. 168 - 31 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Poseidon right wearing taenia; reverse AMΦIΠO/ΛITΩN divided above and below, horse trotting right, AI ligature (control) above; ex Tom Mann (frascatius); scarce; $40.00 (€34.80)


Amphipolis, Macedonia, c. 168 - 31 B.C.

Click for a larger photo Poseidon was the god of the sea, earthquakes and horses. As god of horses, Poseidon often adopted the shape of a steed. It is not certain that he was in this form when he wooed Medusa. But when Perseus later killed the Gorgon, the winged horse Pegasus sprang from her severed neck. -- www.mythweb.comBB90346. Bronze AE 18, SNG ANS 123 ff. var (various control letters or monograms, no star/flower); BMC Macedonia p. 49, 46 ff. var (same); SNG Cop 64 ff. var (same), VF, obverse a little off center, porosity, weight 5.819 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 90exo, Amphipolis mint, c. 168 - 31 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Poseidon right wearing taenia; reverse horse trotting right, left foreleg raised, flower or star (control) below horse's belly, AMΦIΠO/ΛITΩN divided above and below; ex Rudnik Numismatics (San Jose, CA); rare control variety; $40.00 (€34.80)


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

Click for a larger photo Amphipolis was on the Via Egnatia, the principal Roman road which crossed the southern Balkans. In 50, the apostle Paul visited Amphipolis on his way to Thessaloniki. Many Christian churches were built indicating prosperity, but the region grew increasingly dangerous. In the 6th century the population had declined considerably and the old perimeter was no longer defensible against Slavic invasions. The lower city was plundered for materials to fortify the Acropolis. In the 7th century, a new wall was built, right through the bath and basilica, dividing the Acropolis. The remaining artisans moved to houses and workshops built in the unused cisterns of the upper city. In the 8th century, the last inhabitants probably abandoned the city and moved to nearby Chrysopolis (formerly Eion, once the port of Amphipolis).SH69766. Bronze AE 24, Varbanov III 3250 (R4); BMC Macedonia p. 57, 118 var (obv legend); SNG Cop 109 var (obv legend, no fish); SNG ANS 194 (same and draped), Lindgren -, F, weight 8.798 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 225o, Amphipolis mint, Mar/Apr 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.; obverse AYTOK M AYP KOMMO∆OC ANTON, laureate head right; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, City-goddess seated left on high-backed throne, kalathos on head, patera in extended right, fish in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $38.00 (€33.06)


Thessalonica, Macedonia, c. 187 - 31 B.C.

Click for a larger photo In 168 B.C. The Romans made Thessalonica the capital of the Macedonia Prima (First Macedonia) province, encompassing most of what had been the Kingdom of Macedonia.GB69294. Bronze AE 16, BMC Macedonia p. 112, 40; SNG Dreer 298 - 299; SNG ANS 770 var (controls); SNG Cop -, VF, green patina with earthen, weight 4.569 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, Macedonia; obverse head of Athena right, in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse ΘEΣΣA−ΛO/NIKHΣ, horse galloping right, caduceus (control symbol) below; $35.00 (€30.45)


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

Click for a larger photo Amphipolis was built on a raised plateau overlooking the east bank of the river Strymon where it emerged from Lake Cercinitis, about 3 miles from the Aegean Sea. When Xerxes I of Persia crossed the Strymon during his invasion in 480 B.C. he buried alive nine young boys and nine maidens as a sacrifice to the river god.RP69765. Bronze AE 25, cf. SNG Cop 105; SNG ANS 188 - 189; Lindgren II 996; BMC Macedonia p. 57, 111; RPC Online 10508; Varbanov - (none with laureate head), aF, weight 12.380 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, obverse AYT KAI M AYP ANTΩNEINOC (or similar), laureate head right; reverse AMΦIΠO−ΛEITΩN, turreted Tyche seated left on backless throne, patera in right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $35.00 (€30.45)


Pella, Macedonia, c. 187 - 31 B.C.

Click for a larger photo Pella was founded in 399 B.C. by King Archelaus (413 - 399 B.C.) as his capital. It was the seat of Philip II and of his son, Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C., it was sacked by the Romans, and its treasury transported to Rome. Later the city was destroyed by an earthquake. By 180 A.D., Lucian could describe it in passing as "now insignificant, with very few inhabitants."BB60043. Bronze AE 20, SNG Dreer 281 - 282; cf. SGCV I 1443; SNG Cop 266 ff.; BMC Macedonia p. 91, 21 (various monograms), F, weight 6.465 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 270o, Pella mint, under Roman rule, c. 187 - 31 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse cow grazing right, ΠEΛ/ΛHΣ above and below, no monograms; $30.00 (€26.10)


Pella, Macedonia, c. 168 - 31 B.C.

Click for a larger photo Pella was founded in 399 B.C. by King Archelaus (413 - 399 B.C.) as his capital. It was the seat of Philip II and of his son, Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C., it was sacked by the Romans, and its treasury transported to Rome. Later the city was destroyed by an earthquake. By 180 A.D., Lucian could describe it in passing as "now insignificant, with very few inhabitants."BB60046. Bronze AE 20, SNG ANS 581 - 583 var (monograms); BMC Macedonia p. 90, 3 - 4 var (same); SNG Cop -, F, weight 9.811 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Pella mint, Roman rule, c. 168 - 31 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Roma (or the hero Perseus) right, wearing winged helmet peaked with the head of a griffin; reverse ΠEΛΛHΣ, legend, monograms above and below, all within oak wreath; $30.00 (€26.10)


Amphipolis, Macedonia, c. 168 - 31 B.C.

Click for a larger photo In 168 B.C., the Romans invaded Macedonia and overthrew King Perseus in the First Battle of Pydna. In 149 B.C., Andriskos, at that time ruler of Adramyttium only, claiming to be Perseus' son, announced his intention to retake Macedonia from Rome. Andriskos travelled to Syria to request military help from Demetrius Soter of Syria. Demetrius instead handed him over Rome. Andriskos escaped captivity, raised a Thracian army, invaded Macedonia, and defeated the Roman praetor Publius Juventius. Andriskos then declared himself King Philip VI of Macedonia. In 148 B.C., Andriskos conquered Thessaly and made an alliance with Carthage, thus bringing the Roman wrath on him. In 148 B.C., in what the Romans called the Fourth Macedonian War, he was defeated by the Roman praetor Q. Caecilius Metellus at the Second Battle of Pydna. He fled to Thrace, whose prince gave him up to Rome. Andriskos' brief reign over Macedonia was marked by cruelty and extortion. After this Macedonia was formally reduced to a Roman province.BB90356. Bronze AE 18, cf. SNG ANS 128 (same reverse die?); BMC Macedonia p. 49, 46 (different monogram); SNG Cop 65 (uncertain monogram right); SNG Tübingen -, F, corrosion, weight 3.862 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 315o, Amphipolis mint, c. 168 - 31 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Poseidon right wearing taenia; reverse horse trotting right, AMΦIΠO/ΛITΩN divided in two lines one above and one in exergue, monogram right; ex Tom Mann (frascatius); $16.00 (€13.92)



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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Gaebler, H. Die antiken Münzen von Makedonia und Paionia, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. III. (Berlin, 1906).
Head, B. V. British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Macedonia, etc. (London, 1879).
Josifovski, P. Roman Mint of Stobi. (Skopje, 2001).
Josifovski, P. Stobi - The Kuzmanoviæ Collection, Vol. I. (Skopje, 2010).
Lindgren, H. C. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (1989).
Lindgren, H. C. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (1993).
MacKay, P. A. "Bronze Coinage in Macedonia, 168-166 B.C." in ANS MN 14 (1968), pp. 5 - 13, pl. III.
Prokopov, I. Der Silberprägung der Insel Thasos und die Tetradrachmen des "thasischen Typs" vom 2.-1. Jahrhundert v.Chr. (Berlin, 2006).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Austria, Klagenfurt, Landesmuseum für Kärnten, Sammlung Dreer, Part 3: Thracien-Macedonien-Päonien. (Klagenfurt, 1990).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum. Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (New Jersey, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, SNG Grèce, Collection Réna H. Evelpidis, Part 2: Macédoine-Thessalie-Illyrie-Epire-Corcyre. (Athens, 1975).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece, Volume IV, Numismatic Museum, Athens, The Petros Z. Saroglos Collection, Part 1: Macedonia. (Athens, 2005).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1987).
Touratsoglou, I. Die Münzstätte von Thessaloniki in der römischen Kaiserzeit. AMUGS XII. (Berlin, 1988).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).

Catalog current as of Saturday, April 18, 2015.
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Roman Macedonia