, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Traianopolis,
Hebros is the Romanized version of the original Thracian Ebros. Today it is the Maritsa river or, in , the Evros. The river enters the Aegean Sea near Enez. The lower course of the Maritsa/Evros forms of the Bulgarian-Greek and most of the Greek-Turkish . The upper Maritsa valley runs east-west in Bulgaria. The unnavigable river is used for power production and irrigation.
The Three , named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of (Aphrodite).SH74540. Brass AE 31, 27 (V13/R24), 2739, -, -, F, , cleaning scratches, , 11.934 g, maximum 31.2 mm, 15o, Traianopolis mint, hegemon Statilus Barbarus; AYK Λ CEΠ - CEYHPOC Π, laureate right; HΓ CTATI BAPBAPOY TPAIANOΠO−ΛITΩN, River-god Hebrus reclining left on upturned urn; the Charites (the Three ) behind his legs standing facing; left and middle Charites with heads right, left Charis holding rod(?), middle Charis holding ; big 31 mm bronze!; very ; $580.00 (€516.20)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.SH65237. Bronze AE 25, p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); , Suppl. II, 658; -, -, -, VF, green , 7.837 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped right; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very ; $460.00 (€409.40)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., ,
(Stara Zagora, Bulgaria today) was founded by , c. 106 A.D. During 2nd - 3rd century A.D., it was the second largest city in Roman , after , and was fortified by strong walls. The city struck bronze coins from the time of to .RP83509. Brass AE 31, 163, 1009 (R7), -, -, F, , , 15.997 g, maximum 30.8 mm, 0o, (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria) mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; AV K Λ CEΠTI - CEVHPOC Π, laureate right; AVΓOVCT-HC TRAIAN-HC, on raised platform, flanked on each side by a tree and a stag leaping outward, standing right within the temple, holding bow in left hand and drawing arrow from quiver on shoulder with right hand; big 31 mm bronze!; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., ,
Asklepios was the son of and a mortal woman named Coronis. killed Coronis for being unfaithful but rescued the unborn Asklepios from her womb. carried the baby to the who raised and instructed him in the art of medicine. In return for some kindness, a snake taught him secret knowledge of healing. became so proficient as a healer that he surpassed both and his father, . was even able to evade death and to bring the dead back to life. Zeus killed him to restore balance to the human population but later resurrected Asclepios as a god to prevent a feud with . Zeus instructed Asclepios to never revive the dead without his approval.
RP84488. Bronze AE 30, 184.108.40.206 (R5), 2204 var. ( leg.), 154 var. (same), -, -, VF, nice green , , some light corrosion, , 14.349 g, maximum 30.1 mm, 180o, (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, AVK M AVPH ANTΩNINOC, laureate right; OVΛΠIAC CEP∆IKHC, seated left on throne without back, torso bare, around hips and leges and over left shoulder, in right hand, snake-coiled staff in left hand; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, ex CNG e-auction 320 (12 Feb 2014), lot 281; this coin is the only example of the on Coin Archives; very ; $285.00 (€253.65)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Inferior
The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the and bring back its skin. It could not be killed with mortal weapons because its golden fur was impervious to attack. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight, the bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the , he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt but failed. , noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.RP77125. Bronze assarion, 220.127.116.11 (R4), I/I 1308, 1009, -, -, VF, nice , some marks and corrosion, 12.9 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 225o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Gallus, 201 - 203 A.D.; AV K Λ CE CEVHPOC Π, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; VΠ AVP ΓAΛΛOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC I (OV ), Herakles standing slightly right, nude, leaning on grounded club in right hand, in left hand, draped over left arm; $225.00 (€200.25)
, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Anchialus,
When the was abolished in 45 A.D., Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) became of the Roman province of . It was formally proclaimed a city under . Anchialos thrived in the 2nd and 3rd centuries serving as the most important import and export station of and acquired the appearance of a Roman city under the Dynasty.RP68711. Bronze 4 assaria, 464 (R5), 555, -, -, -, aVF, glossy green , 14.534 g, maximum 30.7 mm, 45o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, 209 - 212 A.D.; AY K Π CEΠ ΓETAC, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; OYΛΠIANΩN AΓ-C-IAΛEΩN, Demeter standing left, reaching with right toward coiled around large torch before her, small torch cradled in her left, two small pellets over ∆ in center ; ; $215.00 (€191.35)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., ,
Andromeda was the daughter of Cepheus, an Aethiopian , and Cassiopeia. When Cassiopeia's boasted that Andromeda was more beautiful than the Nereids, Poseidon sent a sea monster (Cetus Aethiopicus) to ravage as divine punishment. Andromeda was chained to a rock as a sacrifice to sate the monster, but she was saved by Perseus. Later Andromeda and Perseus were married.SH63219. Brass AE 23, 1241a (O109/R592); 2758 (R6); -; -, aF, 6.276 g, maximum 22.5 mm, 180o, (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; IMP GORDIANVS AG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; COL FL PAC DEVLT, Perseus (on right) standing left, helping Andromeda (on left) come down from a rock after saving her, Medusa's and in his left hand, his right foot on the sea monster, Cetus Aethiopicus, turned to stone; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., ,
The site of (modern Kyustendil, Bulgaria) was settled in the Iron Age by the Thracian Dentheletes tribe. It was located near thermal springs and remains of the ancient city include a temple of Asklepios and Roman . In the 1990s, excavation of nearby 2nd century A.D. tumuli unearthed bronze surgical instruments and a small bronze case containing a variety of medicines.RP63965. Bronze AE 30, 264 (same die), 4653, -, -, aF, , 26.306 g, maximum 30.3 mm, 180o, (Kyustendil, Bulgaria) mint, AYT K Λ CEΠTI CEYHPOC ΠEP CEB, laureate right.; HΓE K AIΛIOY ONEPATOY OYΛΠIAC ΠAYTAΛIAC, seen in three-quarters perspective, no steps, Apollo-Bonus Eventus standing within, flanked by a tree left and another right; thick sestertius-like ; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Kingdom of , Rhoemetalkes I, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.
When the Cotys VII, of , died about 48 B.C. Rhoemetalces I became the guardian of his nephew Rhescuporis I, his brother's young son and heir. In 13 B.C., Rhescuporis I was defeated and slain in battle by Vologases, chief of the Thracian Bessi, who was leading a revolt against Rome. As Rhescuporis I had left no heir, Rhoemetalces became . An ally of , the Roman Historian described Rhoemetalces as attractive and civilized. After his death, divided his realm, half for his son Cotys and the other half for Rhoemetalces' brother Rhescuporis II. states that Cotys received the cultivated parts, most towns and most Greek cities of , while Rhescuporis received the wild and savage portion with enemies on its frontier.RP72883. Bronze AE 15, 159, 1707, -, -, -, VF, 1.999 g, maximum 14.6 mm, 225o, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.; K ΣEBAΣTOY, capricorn right, globe upper right between legs; POIMH, advancing right, raising in extended right, grounded frond before her in left; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
and , 244 - 249 A.D., Marcianopolis, Inferior
The Greeks and Romans did not view snakes as evil creatures but rather as and tools for healing and fertility. , the son of and Koronis, learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one snake bringing another snake healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.RP83492. Bronze pentassarion, 18.104.22.168 (R6), 2083, I/I 1206, 850, -, -, gVF, green , porous, small edge splits, , 12.529 g, maximum 29.4 mm, 180o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Prastina Messallinus, 244 - 247; AYT M IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC AVΓ M WTAK, CEBHPAC / E (ending in two lines in ), busts of on left, facing right, laureate, draped, and , and , on right, facing left, diademed and draped; YΠ ΠPACT MECCAΛΛEINOY MAPKIANOΠOΛEIT,ΩN (final two letters in column in right ), in four coils, erect right, E (mark of value) in left ; $190.00 (€169.10)
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